Publications by Michele Cappellari


The Fifteenth Data Release of the Sloan Digital Sky Surveys: First Release of MaNGA-derived Quantities, Data Visualization Tools, and Stellar Library

ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES 240 (2019) ARTN 23

DS Aguado, R Ahumada, A Almeida, SF Anderson, BH Andrews, B Anguiano, E Aquino Ortiz, A Aragon-Salamanca, M Argudo-Fernandez, M Aubert, V Avila-Reese, C Badenes, SB Rembold, K Barger, J Barrera-Ballesteros, D Bates, J Bautista, RL Beaton, TC Beers, F Belfiore, M Bernardi, M Bershady, F Beutler, J Bird, D Bizyaev, GA Blanc, MR Blanton, M Blomqvist, AS Bolton, M Boquien, J Borissova, J Bovy, WN Brandt, J Brinkmann, JR Brownstein, K Bundy, A Burgasser, N Byler, MC Diaz, M Cappellari, R Carrera, B Cervantes Sodi, Y Chen, B Cherinka, PD Choi, H Chung, D Coffey, JM Comerford, J Comparat, K Covey, GDS Ilha, L da Costa, YS Dai, G Damke, J Darling, R Davies, K Dawson, V de Sainte Agathe, AD Machado, A Del Moro, N De Lee, AM Diamond-Stanic, HD Sanchez, J Donor, N Drory, HDM des Bourboux, C Duckworth, T Dwelly, G Ebelke, E Emsellem, S Escoffier, JG Fernandez-Trincado, D Feuillet, J-L Fischer, SW Fleming, A Fraser-McKelvie, G Freischlad, PM Frinchaboy, H Fu, L Galbany, R Garcia-Dias, DA Garcia-Hernandez, LA Garma Oehmichen, MA Geimba Maia, H Gil-Marin, K Grabowski, M Gu, H Guo, J Ha, E Harrington, S Hasselquist, CR Hayes, F Hearty, H Hernandez Toledo, H Hicks, DW Hogg, K Holley-Bockelmann, JA Holtzman, B-C Hsieh, JAS Hunt, HS Hwang, HJ Ibarra-Medel, CE Jimenez Angel, J Johnson, A Jones, H Jonsson, K Kinemuchi, J Kollmeier, C Krawczyk, K Kreckel, S Kruk, I Lacerna, T-W Lan, RR Lane, DR Law, Y-B Lee, C Li, J Lian, L Lin, Y-T Lin, C Lintott, D Long, P Longa-Pena, JT Mackereth, A de la Macorra, SR Majewski, O Malanushenko, A Manchado, C Maraston, V Mariappan, M Marinelli, R Marques-Chaves, T Masseron, KL Masters, RM McDermid, N Medina Pena, S Meneses-Goytia, A Merloni, M Merrifield, S Meszaros, D Minniti, R Minsley, D Muna, AD Myers, P Nair, JC do Nascimento, JA Newman, C Nitschelm, MD Olmstead, A Oravetz, D Oravetz, RA Ortega Minakata, Z Pace, N Padilla, PA Palicio, K Pan, H-A Pan, T Parikh, PJ III, S Peirani, S Penny, WJ Percival, I Perez-Fournon, T Peterken, MH Pinsonneault, A Prakash, MJ Raddick, A Raichoor, RA Riffel, R Riffel, H-W Rix, AC Robin, A Roman-Lopes, B Rose, AJ Ross, G Rossi, K Rowlands, KHR Rubin, SF Sanchez, JR Sanchez-Gallego, C Sayres, A Schaefer, RP Schiavon, JS Schimoia, E Schlafly, D Schlegel, DP Schneider, M Schultheis, H-J Seo, SJ Shamsi, Z Shao, S Shen, S Shetty, G Simonian, RJ Smethurst, J Sobeck, BJ Souter, A Spindler, DV Stark, KG Stassun, M Steinmetz, T Storchi-Bergmann, GS Stringfellow, G Suarez, J Sun, M Taghizadeh-Popp, MS Talbot, J Tayar, AR Thakar, D Thomas, P Tissera, R Tojeiro, NW Troup, E Unda-Sanzana, O Valenzuela, M Vargas-Magana, J Antonio Vazquez-Mata, D Wake, BA Weaver, A-M Weijmans, KB Westfall, V Wild, J Wilson, E Woods, R Yan, M Yang, O Zamora, G Zasowski, K Zhang, Z Zheng, G Zhu, JC Zinn, H Zou


Improved Dynamical Constraints on the Masses of the Central Black Holes in Nearby Low-mass Early-type Galactic Nuclei and the First Black Hole Determination for NGC 205

ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 872 (2019) ARTN 104

DD Nguyen, AC Seth, N Neumayer, S Iguchi, M Cappellari, J Strader, L Chomiuk, E Tremou, F Pacucci, K Nakanishi, A Bahramian, PM Nguyen, M den Brok, CC Ahn, KT Voggel, N Kacharov, T Tsukui, CK Ly, A Dumont, R Pechetti


Recovering stellar population parameters via different population models and stellar libraries

MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 485 (2019) 1675-1693

J Ge, S Mao, Y Lu, M Cappellari, R Yan


WISDOM project - IV. A molecular gas dynamical measurement of the supermassive black hole mass in NGC 524

MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 485 (2019) 4359-4374

MD Smith, M Bureau, TA Davis, M Cappellari, L Liu, EV North, K Onishi, S Iguchi, M Sarzi


WISDOM project – V. Resolving molecular gas in Keplerian rotation around the supermassive black hole in NGC 0383

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Oxford University Press (OUP) 490 (2019) 319-330

EV North, TA Davis, M Bureau, M Cappellari, S Iguchi, L Liu, K Onishi, M Sarzi, MD Smith, TG Williams

<jats:title>ABSTRACT</jats:title> <jats:p>As part of the mm-Wave Interferometric Survey of Dark Object Masses (WISDOM), we present a measurement of the mass of the supermassive black hole (SMBH) in the nearby early-type galaxy NGC 0383 (radio source 3C 031). This measurement is based on Atacama Large Millimeter/sub-millimeter Array (ALMA) cycle 4 and 5 observations of the 12CO(2–1) emission line with a spatial resolution of 58 × 32 pc2 (0.18 arcsec × 0.1 arcsec). This resolution, combined with a channel width of 10 km s−1, allows us to well resolve the radius of the black hole sphere of influence (measured as RSOI = 316 pc  =  0.98 arcsec), where we detect a clear Keplerian increase of the rotation velocities. NGC 0383 has a kinematically relaxed, smooth nuclear molecular gas disc with weak ring/spiral features. We forward model the ALMA data cube with the Kinematic Molecular Simulation (KinMS) tool and a Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo method to measure an SMBH mass of (4.2 ± 0.7) × 109 M⊙, a F160W-band stellar mass-to-light ratio that varies from 2.8 ± 0.6 M⊙/L$_{\odot ,\, \mathrm{F160W}}$ in the centre to 2.4 ± 0.3 M⊙$/\rm L_{\odot ,\, \mathrm{F160W}}$ at the outer edge of the disc and a molecular gas velocity dispersion of 8.3 ± 2.1 km s−1(all 3σ uncertainties). We also detect unresolved continuum emission across the full bandwidth, consistent with synchrotron emission from an active galactic nucleus. This work demonstrates that low-J CO emission can resolve gas very close to the SMBH ($\approx 140\, 000$ Schwarzschild radii) and hence that the molecular gas method is highly complimentary to megamaser observations, as it can probe the same emitting material.</jats:p>


Rejuvenated galaxies with very old bulges at the origin of the bending of the main sequence and of the ‘green valley’

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Oxford University Press (OUP) 489 (2019) 1265-1290

C Mancini, E Daddi, S Juneau, A Renzini, G Rodighiero, M Cappellari, L Rodríguez-Muñoz, D Liu, M Pannella, I Baronchelli, A Franceschini, P Bergamini, C D’Eugenio, A Puglisi

<jats:title>ABSTRACT</jats:title> <jats:p>We investigate the nature of star-forming galaxies with reduced specific star formation rate (sSFR) and high stellar masses, those ‘green valley’ objects that seemingly cause a reported bending, or flattening, of the star-forming main sequence. The fact that such objects host large bulges recently led some to suggest that the internal formation of bulges was a late event that induced the sSFRs of massive galaxies to drop in a slow downfall, and thus the main sequence to bend. We have studied in detail a sample of 10 galaxies at 0.45 &lt; z &lt; 1 with secure SFR from Herschel, deep Keck optical spectroscopy, and HST imaging from CANDELS allowing us to perform multiwavelength bulge to disc decomposition, and to derive star formation histories for the separated bulge and disc components. We find that the bulges hosted in these systems below main sequence are virtually all maximally old, with ages approaching the age of the Universe at the time of observation, while discs are young (〈 T50〉 ∼ 1.5 Gyr). We conclude that, at least based on our sample, the bending of the main sequence is, for a major part, due to rejuvenation, and we disfavour mechanisms that postulate the internal formation of bulges at late times. The very old stellar ages of our bulges suggest a number density of early-type galaxies at z = 1–3 higher than actually observed. If confirmed, this might represent one of the first direct validations of hierarchical assembly of bulges at high redshifts.</jats:p>


The impact of AGN on stellar kinematics and orbits in simulated massive galaxies

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Oxford University Press (OUP) 489 (2019) 2702-2722

M Frigo, T Naab, M Hirschmann, E Choi, RS Somerville, D Krajnovic, R Davé, M Cappellari

<jats:title>ABSTRACT</jats:title> <jats:p>We present a series of 10 × 2 cosmological zoom simulations of the formation of massive galaxies with and without a model for active galactic nucleus (AGN) feedback. Differences in stellar population and kinematic properties are evaluated by constructing mock integral field unit maps. The impact of the AGN is weak at high redshift when all systems are mostly fast rotating and disc-like. After z ∼ 1 the AGN simulations result in lower mass, older, less metal rich, and slower rotating systems with less discy isophotes – in general agreement with observations. 2D kinematic maps of in situ and accreted stars show that these differences result from reduced in-situ star formation due to AGN feedback. A full analysis of stellar orbits indicates that galaxies simulated with AGN are typically more triaxial and have higher fractions of x-tubes and box orbits and lower fractions of z-tubes. This trend can also be explained by reduced late in-situ star formation. We introduce a global parameter, ξ3, to characterize the anticorrelation between the third-order kinematic moment h3 and the line-of-sight velocity (Vavg/σ), and compare to ATLAS3D observations. The kinematic correlation parameter ξ3 might be a useful diagnostic for large integral field surveys as it is a kinematic indicator for intrinsic shape and orbital content.</jats:p>


Six new supermassive black hole mass determinations from adaptive-optics assisted SINFONI observations

ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS 625 (2019) ARTN A62

S Thater, D Krajnovic, M Cappellari, TA Davis, PT de Zeeuw, RM MCdermid, M Sarzi


SDSS-IV MaNGA: global stellar population and gradients for about 2000 early-type and spiral galaxies on the mass-size plane

MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 476 (2018) 1765-1775

H Li, S Mao, M Cappellari, J Ge, RJ Long, R Li, HJ Mo, C Li, Z Zheng, K Bundy, D Thomas, JR Brownstein, A Roman Lopes, DR Law, N Drory


Detecting Radio AGN Signatures in Red Geysers

ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 869 (2018) ARTN 117

N Roy, K Bundy, E Cheung, W Rujopakarn, M Cappellari, F Belfiore, R Yan, T Heckman, M Bershady, J Greene, K Westfall, N Drory, K Rubin, D Law, K Zhang, J Gelfand, D Bizyaev, D Wake, K Masters, D Thomas, C Li, RA Riffel


A quartet of black holes and a missing duo: probing the low end of the M-BH-sigma relation with the adaptive optics assisted integral-field spectroscopy

MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 477 (2018) 3030-3064

D Krajnovic, M Cappellari, RM McDermid, S Thater, K Nyland, PT de Zeeuw, J Falcon-Barroso, S Khochfar, H Kuntschner, M Sarzi, LM Young


Two channels of supermassive black hole growth as seen on the galaxies mass-size plane

MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 473 (2018) 5237-5247

D Krajnovic, M Cappellari, RM McDermid


WISDOM Project - III. Molecular gas measurement of the supermassive black hole mass in the barred lenticular galaxy NGC4429

MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 473 (2018) 3818-3834

TA Davis, M Bureau, K Onishi, F van de Voort, M Cappellari, S Iguchi, L Liu, EV North, M Sarzi, MD Smith


The KMOS Cluster Survey (KCS). II. The Effect of Environment on the Structural Properties of Massive Cluster Galaxies at Redshift 1.39 < z < 1.61

ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 856 (2018) ARTN 8

JCC Chan, A Beifiori, RP Saglia, JT Mendel, JP Stott, R Bender, A Galametz, DJ Wilman, M Cappellari, RL Davies, RCW Houghton, LJ Prichard, IJ Lewis, R Sharples, M Wegner


The Fourteenth Data Release of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey: First Spectroscopic Data from the Extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey and from the Second Phase of the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment

ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES 235 (2018) ARTN 42

B Abolfathi, DS Aguado, G Aguilar, CA Prieto, A Almeida, TT Ananna, F Anders, SF Anderson, BH Andrews, B Anguiano, A Aragon-Salamanca, M Argudo-Fernandez, E Armengaud, M Ata, E Aubourg, V Avila-Reese, C Badenes, S Bailey, C Balland, KA Barger, J Barrera-Ballesteros, C Bartosz, F Bastien, D Bates, F Baumgarten, J Bautista, R Beaton, TC Beers, F Belfiore, CF Bender, M Bernardi, MA Bershady, F Beutler, JC Bird, D Bizyaev, GA Blanc, MR Blanton, M Blomqvist, AS Bolton, M Boquien, J Borissova, J Bovy, CAB Diaz, WN Brandt, J Brinkmann, JR Brownstein, K Bundy, AJ Burgasser, E Burtin, NG Busca, CI Canas, M Cano-Diaz, M Cappellari, R Carrera, AR Casey, BC Sodi, Y Chen, B Cherinka, C Chiappini, PD Choi, D Chojnowski, C-H Chuang, H Chung, N Clerc, RE Cohen, JM Comerford, J Comparat, JC do Nascimento, L da Costa, M-C Cousinou, K Covey, JD Crane, I Cruz-Gonzalez, K Cunha, GDS Ilha, GJ Damke, J Darling, DJW Jr, K Dawson, MAC de Icaza Lizaola, A de la Macorra, S de la Torre, N de Lee, V de Sainte Agathe, AD Machado, F Dell'Agli, T Delubac, AM Diamond-Stanic, J Donor, JJ Downes, N Drory, HDMD Bourboux, CJ Duckworth, T Dwelly, J Dyer, G Ebelke, AD Eigenbrot, DJ Eisenstein, YP Elsworth, E Emsellem, M Eracleous, G Erfanianfar, S Escoffier, X Fan, EF Alvar, JG Fernandez-Trincado, RF Cirolini, D Feuillet, A Finoguenov, SW Fleming, A Font-Ribera, G Freischlad, P Frinchaboy, H Fu, YG Maqueo Chew, L Galbany, AEG Perez, R Garcia-Dias, DA Garcia-Hernandez, LA Garma Oehmichen, P Gaulme, J Gelfand, H Gil-Marin, BA Gillespie, D Goddard, JI Gonzalez Hernandez, V Gonzalez-Perez, K Grabowski, PJ Green, CJ Grier, A Gueguen, H Guo, J Guy, A Hagen, P Hall, P Harding, S Hasselquist, S Hawley, CR Hayes, F Hearty, S Hekker, J Hernandez, HH Toledo, DW Hogg, K Holley-Bockelmann, JA Holtzman, J Hou, B-C Hsieh, JAS Hunt, TA Hutchinson, HS Hwang, CE Jimenez Angel, JA Johnson, A Jones, H Jonsson, E Jullo, FS Khan, K Kinemuchi, D Kirkby, CC Kirkpatrick, F-S Kitaura, GR Knapp, J-P Kneib, JA Kollmeier, I Lacerna, RR Lane, D Lang, DR Law, J-M Le Goff, Y-B Lee, H Li, C Li, J Lian, Y Liang, M Lima, L Lin, D Long, S Lucatello, B Lundgren, JT Mackereth, CL MacLeod, S Mahadevan, MAG Maia, S Majewski, C Maraston, V Mariappan, R Marques-Chaves, T Masseron, KL Masters, RM McDermid, ID McGreer, M Melendez, S Meneses-Goytia, A Merloni, MR Merrifield, S Meszaros, A Meza, I Minchev, D Minniti, E-M Mueller, F Muller-Sanchez, D Muna, RR Munoz, AD Myers, P Nair, K Nandra, M Ness, JA Newman, RC Nichol, DL Nidever, C Nitschelm, P Noterdaeme, J O'Connell, RJ Oelkers, A Oravetz, D Oravetz, EA Ortiz, Y Osorio, Z Pace, N Padilla, N Palanque-Delabrouille, PA Palicio, H-A Pan, K Pan, T Parikh, I Paris, C Park, S Peirani, M Pellejero-Ibanez, S Penny, WJ Percival, I Perez-Fournon, P Petitjean, MM Pieri, M Pinsonneault, A Pisani, F Prada, A Prakash, AB de Andrade Queiroz, MJ Raddick, A Raichoor, SB Rembold, H Richstein, RA Riffel, H-W Rix, AC Robin, SR Torres, C Roman-Zuniga, AJ Ross, G Rossi, J Ruan, R Ruggeri, J Ruiz, M Salvato, AG Sanchez, SF Sanchez, JS Almeida, JR Sanchez-Gallego, FA Santana Rojas, BX Santiago, RP Schiavon, JS Schimoia, E Schlafly, D Schlegel, DP Schneider, WJ Schuster, A Schwope, H-J Seo, A Serenelli, S Shen, Y Shen, M Shetrone, M Shull, VS Aguirre, JD Simon, M Skrutskie, A Slosar, R Smethurst, V Smith, J Sobeck, G Somers, BJ Souter, D Souto, A Spindler, DV Stark, K Stassun, M Steinmetz, D Stello, T Storchi-Bergmann, A Streblyanska, GS Stringfellow, G Suarez, J Sun, L Szigeti, M Taghizadeh-Popp, MS Talbot, B Tang, C Tao, J Tayar, M Tembe, J Teske, AR Thakar, D Thomas, P Tissera, R Tojeiro, C Tremonti, NW Troup, M Urry, O Valenzuela, R Van den Bosch, J Vargas-Gonzalez, M Vargas-Magana, JA Vazquez, S Villanova, N Vogt, D Wake, Y Wang, BA Weaver, A-M Weijmans, DH Weinberg, KB Westfall, DG Whelan, E Wilcots, V Wild, RA Williams, J Wilson, WM Wood-Vasey, D Wylezalek, T Xiao, R Yan, M Yang, JE Ybarra, C Yeche, N Zakamska, O Zamora, P Zarrouk, G Zasowski, K Zhang, C Zhao, G-B Zhao, Z Zheng, Z Zheng, Z-M Zhou, G Zhu, JC Zinn, H Zou


SDSS-IV MaNGA: The Intrinsic Shape of Slow Rotator Early-type Galaxies

ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS 863 (2018) ARTN L19

H Li, S Mao, M Cappellari, MT Graham, E Emsellem, RJ Long


Stellar populations and star formation histories of the nuclear star clusters in six nearby galaxies

MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 480 (2018) 1973-1998

N Kacharov, N Neumayer, AC Seth, M Cappellari, R McDermid, CJ Walcher, T Boker


Recovering stellar population parameters via two full-spectrum fitting algorithms in the absence of model uncertainties

MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 478 (2018) 2633-2649

J Ge, R Yan, M Cappellari, S Mao, H Li, Y Lu


The Black Hole in the Most Massive Ultracompact Dwarf Galaxy M59-UCD3

ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 858 (2018)

CP Ahn, AC Seth, M Cappellari, D Krajnovic, J Strader, KT Voggel, JL Walsh, A Bahramian, H Baumgardt, J Brodie, I Chilingarian, L Chomiuk, M den Brok, M Frank, M Hilker, RM McDermid, S Mieske, N Neumayer, DD Nguyen, R Pechetti, AJ Romanowsky, L Spitler


Nearby Early-type Galactic Nuclei at High Resolution: Dynamical Black Hole and Nuclear Star Cluster Mass Measurements

ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 858 (2018) ARTN 118

DD Nguyen, AC Seth, N Neumayer, S Kamann, KT Voggel, M Cappellari, A Picotti, PM Nguyen, T Boker, V Debattista, N Caldwell, R McDermid, N Bastian, CC Ahn, R Pechetti

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