Publications by Subir Sarkar


Measurement of Atmospheric Tau Neutrino Appearance with IceCube DeepCore

Physical Review D, Particles and fields American Physical Society (0)

MG Aartsen, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, M Ahrens, D Altmann, K Andeen, T Anderson, I Ansseau, G Anton, C Argüelles, J Auffenberg, S Axani, P Backes, H Bagherpour, X Bai, A Barbano, SW Barwick, V Baum, R Bay, JJ Beatty, K-H Becker, JB Tjus, S BenZvi, D Berley, E Bernardini, DZ Besson, G Binder, D Bindig, E Blaufuss, S Blot, C Bohm, M Börner, S Böser, O Botner, E Bourbeau, J Bourbeau, F Bradascio, J Braun, H-P Bretz, S Bron, J Brostean-Kaiser, A Burgman, RS Busse, T Carver, C Chen, E Cheung, D Chirkin, K Clark, L Classen, GH Collin, JM Conrad, P Coppin, P Correa, DF Cowen, R Cross, P Dave, JPAMD André, CD Clercq, JJ DeLaunay, H Dembinski, K Deoskar, SD Ridder, P Desiati, KDD Vries, GD Wasseige, MD With, T DeYoung, JCD az-Vélez, H Dujmovic, M Dunkman, E Dvorak, B Eberhardt, T Ehrhardt, P Eller, PA Evenson, S Fahey, AR Fazely, J Felde, K Filimonov, C Finley, A Franckowiak, E Friedman, A Fritz, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, E Ganster, S Garrappa, L Gerhardt, K Ghorbani, T Glauch, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JG Gonzalez, D Grant, Z Griffith, M Gündüz, C Haack, A Hallgren, L Halve, F Halzen, K Hanson, D Hebecker, D Heereman, K Helbing, R Hellauer, F Henningsen, S Hickford, J Hignight, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, R Hoffmann, T Hoinka, B Hokanson-Fasig, K Hoshina, F Huang, M Huber, K Hultqvist, M Hünnefeld, R Hussain, S In, N Iovine, A Ishihara, E Jacobi, GS Japaridze, M Jeong, K Jero, BJP Jones, P Kalaczynski, W Kang, A Kappes, D Kappesser, T Karg, M Karl, A Karle, U Katz, M Kauer, A Keivani, JL Kelley, A Kheirandish, J Kim, T Kintscher, J Kiryluk, T Kittler, SR Klein, R Koirala, H Kolanoski, L Köpke, C Kopper, S Kopper, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, K Krings, G Krückl, N Kulacz, S Kunwar, N Kurahashi, A Kyriacou, M Labare, JL Lanfranchi, MJ Larson, F Lauber, JP Lazar, K Leonard, M Leuermann, QR Liu, E Lohfink, CJL Mariscal, L Lu, J Lünemann, W Luszczak, J Madsen, G Maggi, KBM Mahn, Y Makino, K Mallot, S Mancina, IC Mariş, R Maruyama, K Mase, R Maunu, K Meagher, M Medici, A Medina, M Meier, S Meighen-Berger, T Menne, G Merino, T Meures, S Miarecki, J Micallef, G Momenté, T Montaruli, RW Moore, M Moulai, R Nagai, R Nahnhauer, P Nakarmi, U Naumann, G Neer, H Niederhausen, SC Nowicki, DR Nygren, AO Pollmann, A Olivas, A O'Murchadha, E O'Sullivan, T Palczewski, H Pandya, DV Pankova, N Park, P Peiffer, CPDL Heros, D Pieloth, E Pinat, A Pizzuto, M Plum, PB Price, GT Przybylski, C Raab, A Raissi, M Rameez, L Rauch, K Rawlins, IC Rea, R Reimann, B Relethford, G Renzi, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Richman, S Robertson, M Rongen, C Rott, T Ruhe, D Ryckbosch, D Rysewyk, I Safa, SES Herrera, A Sandrock, J Sandroos, M Santander, S Sarkar, S Sarkar, K Satalecka, M Schaufel, P Schlunder, T Schmidt, A Schneider, J Schneider, L Schumacher, S Sclafani, D Seckel, S Seunarine, M Silva, R Snihur, J Soedingrekso, D Soldin, M Song, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, J Stachurska, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, A Stasik, R Stein, J Stettner, A Steuer, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, A Stößl, NL Strotjohann, T Stuttard, GW Sullivan, M Sutherland, I Taboada, F Tenholt, S Ter-Antonyan, A Terliuk, S Tilav, L Tomankova, C Tönnis, S Toscano, D Tosi, M Tselengidou, CF Tung, A Turcati, R Turcotte, CF Turley, B Ty, E Unger, MAU Elorrieta, M Usner, J Vandenbroucke, WV Driessche, DV Eijk, NV Eijndhoven, S Vanheule, JV Santen, M Vraeghe, C Walck, A Wallace, M Wallraff, N Wandkowsky, TB Watson, C Weaver, MJ Weiss, J Weldert, C Wendt, J Werthebach, S Westerhoff, BJ Whelan, N Whitehorn, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, L Wille, DR Williams, L Wills, M Wolf, J Wood, TR Wood, K Woschnagg, G Wrede, DL Xu, XW Xu, Y Xu, JP Yanez, G Yodh, S Yoshida, T Yuan

We present a measurement of atmospheric tau neutrino appearance from oscillations with three years of data from the DeepCore sub-array of the IceCube Neutrino Observatory. This analysis uses atmospheric neutrinos from the full sky with reconstructed energies between 5.6 GeV and 56 GeV to search for a statistical excess of cascade-like neutrino events which are the signature of nutau interactions. For CC+NC (CC-only) interactions, we measure the tau neutrino normalization to be 0.73 +0.30 -0.24 (0.57 +0.36 -0.30) and exclude the absence of tau neutrino oscillations at a significance of 3.2 sigma (2.0 sigma) These results are consistent with, and of similar precision to, a confirmatory IceCube analysis also presented, as well as measurements performed by other experiments.


Letter of Intent: The Precision IceCube Next Generation Upgrade (PINGU)

ArXiv (0)

TI-P Collaboration

The Precision IceCube Next Generation Upgrade (PINGU) is a proposed low-energy in-fill array of the IceCube Neutrino Observatory. Leveraging technology proven with IceCube, PINGU will feature the world's largest effective volume for neutrinos at an energy threshold of a few GeV, improving the sensitivity to several aspects of neutrino oscillation physics at modest cost. With its unprecedented statistical sample of low-energy atmospheric neutrinos, PINGU will have highly competitive sensitivity to $\nu_{\mu}$ disappearance, the $\theta_{23}$ octant, and maximal mixing, will make the world's best $\nu_{\tau}$ appearance measurement, allowing a unique probe of the unitarity of the PMNS mixing matrix, and will be able to distinguish the neutrino mass ordering at $3\sigma$ significance with less than 4 years of data. PINGU can also extend the indirect search for solar WIMP dark matter complimentary to the on-going and planned direct dark matter experiments. At the lower end of the energy range, PINGU may use neutrino tomography to directly probe the composition of the Earth's core. With its increased module density, PINGU will improve IceCube's sensitivity to galactic supernova neutrino bursts and enable it to extract the neutrino energy spectral shape.


The IceCube Neutrino Observatory Part III: Cosmic Rays

ArXiv (0)

I Collaboration, MG Aartsen, R Abbasi, Y Abdou, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, D Altmann, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, V Baum, R Bay, JJ Beatty, S Bechet, JB Tjus, K-H Becker, M Bell, ML Benabderrahmane, S BenZvi, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, A Bernhard, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, G Binder, D Bindig, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, J Blumenthal, DJ Boersma, S Bohaichuk, C Bohm, D Bose, S Böser, O Botner, L Brayeur, H-P Bretz, AM Brown, R Bruijn, J Brunner, M Carson, J Casey, M Casier, D Chirkin, A Christov, B Christy, K Clark, F Clevermann, S Coenders, S Cohen, DF Cowen, AHC Silva, M Danninger, J Daughhetee, JC Davis, CD Clercq, SD Ridder, P Desiati, KDD Vries, MD With, T DeYoung, JC Díaz-Vélez, M Dunkman, R Eagan, B Eberhardt, J Eisch, RW Ellsworth, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, A Fedynitch, J Feintzeig, T Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, T Fischer-Wasels, S Flis, A Franckowiak, K Frantzen, T Fuchs, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, G Golup, JG Gonzalez, JA Goodman, D Góra, DT Grandmont, D Grant, A Groß, C Ha, AH Ismail, P Hallen, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Hanson, D Heereman, D Heinen, K Helbing, R Hellauer, S Hickford, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, R Hoffmann, A Homeier, K Hoshina, W Huelsnitz, PO Hulth, K Hultqvist, S Hussain, A Ishihara, E Jacobi, J Jacobsen, K Jagielski, GS Japaridze, K Jero, O Jlelati, B Kaminsky, A Kappes, T Karg, A Karle, JL Kelley, J Kiryluk, J Kläs, SR Klein, J-H Köhne, G Kohnen, H Kolanoski, L Köpke, C Kopper, S Kopper, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, M Krasberg, K Krings, G Kroll, J Kunnen, N Kurahashi, T Kuwabara, M Labare, H Landsman, MJ Larson, M Lesiak-Bzdak, M Leuermann, J Leute, J Lünemann, J Madsen, G Maggi, R Maruyama, K Mase, HS Matis, F McNally, K Meagher, M Merck, P Mészáros, T Meures, S Miarecki, E Middell, N Milke, J Miller, L Mohrmann, T Montaruli, R Morse, R Nahnhauer, U Naumann, H Niederhausen, SC Nowicki, DR Nygren, A Obertacke, S Odrowski, A Olivas, M Olivo, A O'Murchadha, L Paul, JA Pepper, CPDL Heros, C Pfendner, D Pieloth, E Pinat, J Posselt, PB Price, GT Przybylski, L Rädel, M Rameez, K Rawlins, P Redl, R Reimann, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Ribordy, M Richman, B Riedel, JP Rodrigues, C Rott, T Ruhe, B Ruzybayev, D Ryckbosch, SM Saba, T Salameh, H-G Sander, M Santander, S Sarkar, K Schatto, M Scheel, F Scheriau, T Schmidt, M Schmitz, S Schoenen, S Schöneberg, A Schönwald, A Schukraft, L Schulte, O Schulz, D Seckel, Y Sestayo, S Seunarine, R Shanidze, C Sheremata, MWE Smith, D Soldin, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, A Stasik, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, A Stößl, EA Strahler, R Ström, GW Sullivan, H Taavola, I Taboada, A Tamburro, A Tepe, S Ter-Antonyan, G Tešić, S Tilav, PA Toale, S Toscano, M Usner, DVD Drift, NV Eijndhoven, AV Overloop, JV Santen, M Vehring, M Voge, M Vraeghe, C Walck, T Waldenmaier, M Wallraff, R Wasserman, C Weaver, M Wellons, C Wendt, S Westerhoff, N Whitehorn, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, DR Williams, H Wissing, M Wolf, TR Wood, K Woschnagg, DL Xu, XW Xu, JP Yanez, G Yodh, S Yoshida, P Zarzhitsky, J Ziemann, S Zierke, M Zoll

Papers on cosmic rays submitted to the 33nd International Cosmic Ray Conference (Rio de Janeiro 2013) by the IceCube Collaboration.


First observation of PeV-energy neutrinos with IceCube

ArXiv (0)

I Collaboration, MG Aartsen, R Abbasi, Y Abdou, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, D Altmann, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, V Baum, R Bay, JJ Beatty, S Bechet, JB Tjus, K-H Becker, M Bell, ML Benabderrahmane, S BenZvi, J Berdermann, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, A Bernhard, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, G Binder, D Bindig, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, J Blumenthal, DJ Boersma, S Bohaichuk, C Bohm, D Bose, S Böser, O Botner, L Brayeur, H-P Bretz, AM Brown, R Bruijn, J Brunner, M Carson, J Casey, M Casier, D Chirkin, A Christov, B Christy, K Clark, F Clevermann, S Coenders, S Cohen, DF Cowen, AHC Silva, M Danninger, J Daughhetee, JC Davis, CD Clercq, SD Ridder, P Desiati, MD With, T DeYoung, JC Díaz-Vélez, M Dunkman, R Eagan, B Eberhardt, J Eisch, RW Ellsworth, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, A Fedynitch, J Feintzeig, T Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, T Fischer-Wasels, S Flis, A Franckowiak, R Franke, K Frantzen, T Fuchs, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, G Golup, JG Gonzalez, JA Goodman, D Góra, D Grant, A Groß, M Gurtner, C Ha, AH Ismail, P Hallen, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Hanson, D Heereman, D Heinen, K Helbing, R Hellauer, S Hickford, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, R Hoffmann, A Homeier, K Hoshina, W Huelsnitz, PO Hulth, K Hultqvist, S Hussain, A Ishihara, E Jacobi, J Jacobsen, K Jagielski, GS Japaridze, K Jero, O Jlelati, B Kaminsky, A Kappes, T Karg, A Karle, JL Kelley, J Kiryluk, F Kislat, J Kläs, SR Klein, J-H Köhne, G Kohnen, H Kolanoski, L Köpke, C Kopper, S Kopper, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, M Krasberg, K Krings, G Kroll, J Kunnen, N Kurahashi, T Kuwabara, M Labare, H Landsman, MJ Larson, M Lesiak-Bzdak, M Leuermann, J Leute, J Lünemann, J Madsen, R Maruyama, K Mase, HS Matis, F McNally, K Meagher, M Merck, P Mészáros, T Meures, S Miarecki, E Middell, N Milke, J Miller, L Mohrmann, T Montaruli, R Morse, R Nahnhauer, U Naumann, H Niederhausen, SC Nowicki, DR Nygren, A Obertacke, S Odrowski, A Olivas, M Olivo, A O'Murchadha, L Paul, JA Pepper, CPDL Heros, C Pfendner, D Pieloth, E Pinat, N Pirk, J Posselt, PB Price, GT Przybylski, L Rädel, M Rameez, K Rawlins, P Redl, R Reimann, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Ribordy, M Richman, B Riedel, JP Rodrigues, C Rott, T Ruhe, B Ruzybayev, D Ryckbosch, SM Saba, T Salameh, H-G Sander, M Santander, S Sarkar, K Schatto, M Scheel, F Scheriau, T Schmidt, M Schmitz, S Schoenen, S Schöneberg, A Schönwald, A Schukraft, L Schulte, O Schulz, D Seckel, Y Sestayo, S Seunarine, C Sheremata, MWE Smith, M Soiron, D Soldin, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, A Stasik, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, A Stößl, EA Strahler, R Ström, GW Sullivan, H Taavola, I Taboada, A Tamburro, S Ter-Antonyan, G Tešić, S Tilav, PA Toale, S Toscano, M Usner, DVD Drift, NV Eijndhoven, AV Overloop, JV Santen, M Vehring, M Voge, M Vraeghe, C Walck, T Waldenmaier, M Wallraff, R Wasserman, C Weaver, M Wellons, C Wendt, S Westerhoff, N Whitehorn, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, DR Williams, H Wissing, M Wolf, TR Wood, K Woschnagg, C Xu, DL Xu, XW Xu, JP Yanez, G Yodh, S Yoshida, P Zarzhitsky, J Ziemann, S Zierke, A Zilles, M Zoll

We report on the observation of two neutrino-induced events which have an estimated deposited energy in the IceCube detector of 1.04 $\pm$ 0.16 and 1.14 $\pm$ 0.17 PeV, respectively, the highest neutrino energies observed so far. These events are consistent with fully contained particle showers induced by neutral-current $\nu_{e,\mu,\tau}$ ($\bar\nu_{e,\mu,\tau}$) or charged-current $\nu_{e}$ ($\bar\nu_{e}$) interactions within the IceCube detector. The events were discovered in a search for ultra-high energy neutrinos using data corresponding to 615.9 days effective livetime. The expected number of atmospheric background is $0.082 \pm 0.004 \text{(stat)}^{+0.041}_{-0.057} \text{(syst)}$. The probability to observe two or more candidate events under the atmospheric background-only hypothesis is $2.9\times10^{-3}$ ($2.8\sigma$) taking into account the uncertainty on the expected number of background events. These two events could be a first indication of an astrophysical neutrino flux, the moderate significance, however, does not permit a definitive conclusion at this time.


Neutrino analysis of the September 2010 Crab Nebula flare and time-integrated constraints on neutrino emission from the Crab using IceCube

ArXiv (0)

I Collaboration, R Abbasi, Y Abdou, T Abu-Zayyad, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, D Altmann, K Andeen, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, R Bay, JLB Alba, K Beattie, JJ Beatty, S Bechet, JK Becker, K-H Becker, ML Benabderrahmane, S BenZvi, J Berdermann, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, D Bindig, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, J Blumenthal, DJ Boersma, C Bohm, D Bose, S Böser, O Botner, AM Brown, S Buitink, KS Caballero-Mora, M Carson, D Chirkin, B Christy, J Clem, F Clevermann, S Cohen, C Colnard, DF Cowen, MV D'Agostino, M Danninger, J Daughhetee, JC Davis, CD Clercq, L Demirörs, T Denger, O Depaepe, F Descamps, P Desiati, GD Vries-Uiterweerd, T DeYoung, JC Díaz-Vélez, M Dierckxsens, J Dreyer, JP Dumm, R Ehrlich, J Eisch, RW Ellsworth, O Engdegård, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, A Fedynitch, J Feintzeig, T Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, T Fischer-Wasels, MM Foerster, BD Fox, A Franckowiak, R Franke, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JA Goodman, D Gora, D Grant, T Griesel, A Groß, S Grullon, M Gurtner, C Ha, A Hajismail, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Han, K Hanson, D Heinen, K Helbing, P Herquet, S Hickford, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, A Homeier, K Hoshina, D Hubert, W Huelsnitz, J-P Hülß, PO Hulth, K Hultqvist, S Hussain, A Ishihara, J Jacobsen, GS Japaridze, H Johansson, JM Joseph, K-H Kampert, A Kappes, T Karg, A Karle, P Kenny, J Kiryluk, F Kislat, SR Klein, J-H Köhne, G Kohnen, H Kolanoski, L Köpke, S Kopper, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, T Kowarik, M Krasberg, T Krings, G Kroll, N Kurahashi, T Kuwabara, M Labare, S Lafebre, K Laihem, H Landsman, MJ Larson, R Lauer, J Lünemann, B Madajczyk, J Madsen, P Majumdar, A Marotta, R Maruyama, K Mase, HS Matis, K Meagher, M Merck, P Mészáros, T Meures, E Middell, N Milke, J Miller, T Montaruli, R Morse, SM Movit, R Nahnhauer, JW Nam, U Naumann, P Nießen, DR Nygren, S Odrowski, A Olivas, M Olivo, A O'Murchadha, M Ono, S Panknin, L Paul, CPDL Heros, J Petrovic, A Piegsa, D Pieloth, R Porrata, J Posselt, CC Price, PB Price, GT Przybylski, K Rawlins, P Redl, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Ribordy, A Rizzo, JP Rodrigues, P Roth, F Rothmaier, C Rott, T Ruhe, D Rutledge, B Ruzybayev, D Ryckbosch, H-G Sander, M Santander, S Sarkar, K Schatto, T Schmidt, A Schönwald, A Schukraft, A Schultes, O Schulz, M Schunck, D Seckel, B Semburg, SH Seo, Y Sestayo, S Seunarine, A Silvestri, A Slipak, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, G Stephens, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, A Stössl, S Stoyanov, EA Strahler, T Straszheim, M Stür, GW Sullivan, Q Swillens, H Taavola, I Taboada, A Tamburro, A Tepe, S Ter-Antonyan, S Tilav, PA Toale, S Toscano, D Tosi, D Turčan, NV Eijndhoven, J Vandenbroucke, AV Overloop, JV Santen, M Vehring, M Voge, C Walck, T Waldenmaier, M Wallraff, M Walter, C Weaver, C Wendt, S Westerhoff, N Whitehorn, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, DR Williams, R Wischnewski, H Wissing, M Wolf, TR Wood, K Woschnagg, C Xu, XW Xu, G Yodh, S Yoshida, P Zarzhitsky, M Zoll

We present the results for a search of high-energy muon neutrinos with the IceCube detector in coincidence with the Crab nebula flare reported on September 2010 by various experiments. Due to the unusual flaring state of the otherwise steady source we performed a prompt analysis of the 79-string configuration data to search for neutrinos that might be emitted along with the observed gamma-rays. We performed two different and complementary data selections of neutrino events in the time window of 10 days around the flare. One event selection is optimized for discovery of E^-2 neutrino spectrum typical of 1st order Fermi acceleration. A similar event selection has also been applied to the 40-string data to derive the time-integrated limits to the neutrino emission from the Crab. The other event selection was optimized for discovery of neutrino spectra with softer spectral index and TeV energy cut-offs as observed for various galactic sources in gamma-rays. The 90% CL best upper limits on the Crab flux during the 10 day flare are 4.73 x 10^-11 cm-2 s-1 TeV-1 for an E^-2 neutrino spectrum and 2.50 x 10^-10 cm-2 s-1 TeV-1 for a softer neutrino spectra of E-2.7, as indicated by Fermi measurements during the flare. IceCube has also set a time-integrated limit on the neutrino emission of the Crab using 375.5 days of livetime of the 40-string configuration data. This limit is compared to existing models of neutrino production from the Crab and its impact on astrophysical parameters is discussed. The most optimistic predictions of some models are already rejected by the IceCube neutrino telescope with more than 90% CL.


Multi-year search for dark matter annihilations in the Sun with the AMANDA-II and IceCube detectors

ArXiv (0)

I Collaboration, R Abbasi, Y Abdou, T Abu-Zayyad, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, D Altmann, K Andeen, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, R Bay, JLB Alba, K Beattie, JJ Beatty, S Bechet, JK Becker, K-H Becker, M Bell, ML Benabderrahmane, S BenZvi, J Berdermann, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, D Bindig, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, J Blumenthal, DJ Boersma, C Bohm, D Bose, S Böser, O Botner, L Brayeur, AM Brown, S Buitink, KS Caballero-Mora, M Carson, M Casier, D Chirkin, B Christy, F Clevermann, S Cohen, C Colnard, DF Cowen, AHC Silva, MV D'Agostino, M Danninger, J Daughhetee, JC Davis, CD Clercq, T Degner, F Descamps, P Desiati, GD Vries-Uiterweerd, T DeYoung, JC Díaz-Vélez, M Dierckxsens, J Dreyer, JP Dumm, M Dunkman, J Eisch, RW Ellsworth, O Engdegård, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, A Fedynitch, J Feintzeig, T Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, T Fischer-Wasels, S Flis, A Franckowiak, R Franke, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JA Goodman, D Góra, D Grant, T Griesel, A Groß, S Grullon, M Gurtner, C Ha, AH Ismail, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Han, K Hanson, D Heereman, D Heinen, K Helbing, R Hellauer, S Hickford, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, B Hoffmann, A Homeier, K Hoshina, W Huelsnitz, J-P Hülß, PO Hulth, K Hultqvist, S Hussain, A Ishihara, E Jacobi, J Jacobsen, GS Japaridze, H Johansson, A Kappes, T Karg, A Karle, J Kiryluk, F Kislat, SR Klein, J-H Köhne, G Kohnen, H Kolanoski, L Köpke, S Kopper, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, T Kowarik, M Krasberg, G Kroll, J Kunnen, N Kurahashi, T Kuwabara, M Labare, K Laihem, H Landsman, MJ Larson, R Lauer, J Lünemann, J Madsen, A Marotta, R Maruyama, K Mase, HS Matis, K Meagher, M Merck, P Mészáros, T Meures, S Miarecki, E Middell, N Milke, J Miller, T Montaruli, R Morse, SM Movit, R Nahnhauer, JW Nam, U Naumann, SC Nowicki, DR Nygren, S Odrowski, A Olivas, M Olivo, A O'Murchadha, S Panknin, L Paul, CPDL Heros, A Piegsa, D Pieloth, J Posselt, PB Price, GT Przybylski, K Rawlins, P Redl, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Ribordy, M Richman, A Rizzo, JP Rodrigues, F Rothmaier, C Rott, T Ruhe, D Rutledge, B Ruzybayev, D Ryckbosch, H-G Sander, M Santander, S Sarkar, K Schatto, T Schmidt, S Schöneberg, A Schönwald, A Schukraft, L Schulte, A Schultes, O Schulz, M Schunck, D Seckel, B Semburg, SH Seo, Y Sestayo, S Seunarine, A Silvestri, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, A Stößl, EA Strahler, R Ström, M Stüer, GW Sullivan, H Taavola, I Taboada, A Tamburro, S Ter-Antonyan, S Tilav, PA Toale, S Toscano, D Tosi, NV Eijndhoven, AV Overloop, JV Santen, M Vehring1, M Voge, C Walck, T Waldenmaier, M Wallraff, M Walter, R Wasserman, C Weaver, C Wendt, S Westerhoff, N Whitehorn, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, DR Williams, R Wischnewski, H Wissing, M Wolf, TR Wood, K Woschnagg, C Xu, DL Xu, XW Xu, JP Yanez, G Yodh, S Yoshida, P Zarzhitsky, M Zoll

A search for an excess of muon-neutrinos from dark matter annihilations in the Sun has been performed with the AMANDA-II neutrino telescope using data collected in 812 days of livetime between 2001 and 2006 and 149 days of livetime collected with the AMANDA-II and the 40-string configuration of IceCube during 2008 and early 2009. No excess over the expected atmospheric neutrino background has been observed. We combine these results with the previously published IceCube limits obtained with data taken during 2007 to obtain a total livetime of 1065 days. We provide an upper limit at 90% confidence level on the annihilation rate of captured neutralinos in the Sun, as well as the corresponding muon flux limit at the Earth, both as functions of the neutralino mass in the range 50 GeV-5000 GeV. We also derive a limit on the neutralino-proton spin-dependent and spin-independent cross section. The limits presented here improve the previous results obtained by the collaboration between a factor of two and five, as well as extending the neutralino masses probed down to 50 GeV. The spin-dependent cross section limits are the most stringent so far for neutralino masses above 200 GeV, and well below direct search results in the mass range from 50 GeV to 5 TeV.


Results of a self-triggered prototype system for radio-detection of extensive air showers at the Pierre Auger Observatory

ArXiv (0)

TPA Collaboration, S Acounis, D Charrier, T Garçon, C Rivière, P Stassi

We describe the experimental setup and the results of RAuger, a small radio-antenna array, consisting of three fully autonomous and self-triggered radio-detection stations, installed close to the center of the Surface Detector (SD) of the Pierre Auger Observatory in Argentina. The setup has been designed for the detection of the electric field strength of air showers initiated by ultra-high energy cosmic rays, without using an auxiliary trigger from another detection system. Installed in December 2006, RAuger was terminated in May 2010 after 65 registered coincidences with the SD. The sky map in local angular coordinates (i.e., zenith and azimuth angles) of these events reveals a strong azimuthal asymmetry which is in agreement with a mechanism dominated by a geomagnetic emission process. The correlation between the electric field and the energy of the primary cosmic ray is presented for the first time, in an energy range covering two orders of magnitude between 0.1 EeV and 10 EeV. It is demonstrated that this setup is relatively more sensitive to inclined showers, with respect to the SD. In addition to these results, which underline the potential of the radio-detection technique, important information about the general behavior of self-triggering radio-detection systems has been obtained. In particular, we will discuss radio self-triggering under varying local electric-field conditions.


Measurement of the atmospheric neutrino energy spectrum from 100 GeV to 400 TeV with IceCube

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I Collaboration, R Abbasi, Y Abdou, T Abu-Zayyad, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, K Andeen, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, R Bay, JLB Alba, K Beattie, JJ Beatty, S Bechet, JK Becker, K-H Becker, ML Benabderrahmane, S BenZvi, J Berdermann, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, J Blumenthal, DJ Boersma, C Bohm, D Bose, S Böser, O Botner, J Braun, S Buitink, M Carson, D Chirkin, B Christy, J Clem, F Clevermann, S Cohen, C Colnard, DF Cowen, MV D'Agostino, M Danninger, JC Davis, CD Clercq, L Demirörs, O Depaepe, F Descamps, P Desiati, GD Vries-Uiterweerd, T DeYoung, JC Díaz-Vélez, M Dierckxsens, J Dreyer, JP Dumm, MR Duvoort, R Ehrlich, J Eisch, RW Ellsworth, O Engdegård, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, A Fedynitch, T Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, MM Foerster, BD Fox, A Franckowiak, R Franke, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, M Geisler, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JA Goodman, D Grant, T Griesel, A Groß, S Grullon, M Gurtner, C Ha, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Han, K Hanson, K Helbing, P Herquet, S Hickford, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, A Homeier, K Hoshina, D Hubert, W Huelsnitz, J-P Hülß, PO Hulth, K Hultqvist, S Hussain, A Ishihara, J Jacobsen, GS Japaridze, H Johansson, JM Joseph, K-H Kampert, T Karg, A Karle, JL Kelley, N Kemming, P Kenny, J Kiryluk, F Kislat, SR Klein, J-H Köhne, G Kohnen, H Kolanoski, L Köpke, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, T Kowarik, M Krasberg, T Krings, G Kroll, K Kuehn, T Kuwabara, M Labare, S Lafebre, K Laihem, H Landsman, MJ Larson, R Lauer, R Lehmann, J Lünemann, J Madsen, P Majumdar, A Marotta, R Maruyama, K Mase, HS Matis, M Matusik, K Meagher, M Merck, P Mészáros, T Meures, E Middell, N Milke, J Miller, T Montaruli, AR Morse, SM Movit, R Nahnhauer, JW Nam, U Naumann, P Nießen, DR Nygren, S Odrowski, A Olivas, M Olivo, A O'Murchadha, M Ono, S Panknin, L Paul, CPDL Heros, J Petrovic, A Piegsa, D Pieloth, R Porrata, J Posselt, PB Price, M Prikockis, GT Przybylski, K Rawlins, P Redl, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Ribordy, A Rizzo, JP Rodrigues, P Roth, F Rothmaier, C Rott, T Ruhe, D Rutledge, B Ruzybayev, D Ryckbosch, H-G Sander, M Santander, S Sarkar, K Schatto, S Schlenstedt, T Schmidt, A Schukraft, A Schultes, O Schulz, M Schunck, D Seckel, B Semburg, SH Seo, Y Sestayo, S Seunarine, A Silvestri, K Singh, A Slipak, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, M Stamatikos, BT Stanev, G Stephens, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, S Stoyanov, EA Strahler, T Straszheim, GW Sullivan, Q Swillens, H Taavola, I Taboada, A Tamburro, O Tarasova, A Tepe, S Ter-Antonyan, S Tilav, PA Toale, S Toscano, D Tosi, D Turčan, NV Eijndhoven, J Vandenbroucke, AV Overloop, JV Santen, M Voge, B Voigt, C Walck, T Waldenmaier, M Wallraff, M Walter, C Weaver, C Wendt, S Westerhoff, N Whitehorn, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, G Wikström, DR Williams, R Wischnewski, H Wissing, M Wolf, K Woschnagg, C Xu, XW Xu, G Yodh, S Yoshida, P Zarzhitsky

A measurement of the atmospheric muon neutrino energy spectrum from 100 GeV to 400 TeV was performed using a data sample of about 18,000 up-going atmospheric muon neutrino events in IceCube. Boosted decision trees were used for event selection to reject mis-reconstructed atmospheric muons and obtain a sample of up-going muon neutrino events. Background contamination in the final event sample is less than one percent. This is the first measurement of atmospheric neutrinos up to 400 TeV, and is fundamental to understanding the impact of this neutrino background on astrophysical neutrino observations with IceCube. The measured spectrum is consistent with predictions for the atmospheric muon neutrino plus muon antineutrino flux.


The IceCube Neutrino Observatory V: Future Developments

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TI Collaboration

Proposed enhancements of the IceCube observatory. Submitted papers to the 32nd International Cosmic Ray Conference, Beijing 2011.


Dark matter profiles and annihilation in dwarf spheroidal galaxies: prospectives for present and future gamma-ray observatories - I. The classical dSphs

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A Charbonnier, C Combet, M Daniel, S Funk, JA Hinton, D Maurin, C Power, JI Read, S Sarkar, MG Walker, MI Wilkinson

Due to their large dynamical mass-to-light ratios, dwarf spheroidal galaxies (dSphs) are promising targets for the indirect detection of dark matter (DM) in gamma-rays. We examine their detectability by present and future gamma-ray observatories. The key innovative features of our analysis are: (i) We take into account the angular size of the dSphs; while nearby objects have higher gamma ray flux, their larger angular extent can make them less attractive targets for background-dominated instruments. (ii) We derive DM profiles and the astrophysical J-factor (which parameterises the expected gamma-ray flux, independently of the choice of DM particle model) for the classical dSphs directly from photometric and kinematic data. We assume very little about the DM profile, modelling this as a smooth split-power law distribution, with and without sub-clumps. (iii) We use a Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) technique to marginalise over unknown parameters and determine the sensitivity of our derived J-factors to both model and measurement uncertainties. (iv) We use simulated DM profiles to demonstrate that our J-factor determinations recover the correct solution within our quoted uncertainties. Our key findings are: (i) Sub-clumps in the dSphs do not usefully boost the signal; (ii) The sensitivity of atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes to dSphs within 20 kpc with cored halos can be up to ~50 times worse than when estimated assuming them to be point-like. Even for the satellite-borne Fermi-LAT the sensitivity is significantly degraded on the relevant angular scales for long exposures, hence it is vital to consider the angular extent of the dSphs when selecting targets; (iii) No DM profile has been ruled out by current data, but using a prior on the inner dark matter cusp slope 0<=gamma<=1 provides J-factor estimates accurate to a factor of a few if an appropriate angular scale [abridged]


Anisotropy and chemical composition of ultra-high energy cosmic rays using arrival directions measured by the Pierre Auger Observatory

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TPA Collaboration, P Abreu, M Aglietta, EJ Ahn, IFM Albuquerque, D Allard, I Allekotte, J Allen, P Allison, JA Castillo, J Alvarez-Muñiz, M Ambrosio, A Aminaei, L Anchordoqui, S Andringa, T Antičić, A Anzalone, C Aramo, E Arganda, F Arqueros, H Asorey, P Assis, J Aublin, M Ave, M Avenier, G Avila, T Bäcker, M Balzer, KB Barber, AF Barbosa, R Bardenet, SLC Barroso, B Baughman, J Bäuml, JJ Beatty, BR Becker, KH Becker, A Bellétoile, JA Bellido, S BenZvi, C Berat, X Bertou, PL Biermann, P Billoir, F Blanco, M Blanco, C Bleve, H Blümer, M Boháčová, D Boncioli, C Bonifazi, R Bonino, N Borodai, J Brack, P Brogueira, WC Brown, R Bruijn, P Buchholz, A Bueno, RE Burton, KS Caballero-Mora, L Caramete, R Caruso, A Castellina, O Catalano, G Cataldi, L Cazon, R Cester, J Chauvin, SH Cheng, A Chiavassa, JA Chinellato, A Chou, J Chudoba, RW Clay, MR Coluccia, R Conceição, F Contreras, H Cook, MJ Cooper, J Coppens, A Cordier, U Cotti, S Coutu, CE Covault, A Creusot, A Criss, J Cronin, A Curutiu, S Dagoret-Campagne, R Dallier, S Dasso, K Daumiller, BR Dawson, RMD Almeida, MD Domenico, CD Donato, SJD Jong, GDL Vega, WJMDM Junior, JRTDM Neto, ID Mitri, VD Souza, KDD Vries, G Decerprit, LD Peral, O Deligny, H Dembinski, N Dhital, CD Giulio, JC Diaz, MLD Castro, PN Diep, C Dobrigkeit, W Docters, JC D'Olivo, PN Dong, A Dorofeev, JCD Anjos, MT Dova, D D'Urso, I Dutan, J Ebr, R Engel, M Erdmann, CO Escobar, A Etchegoyen, PFS Luis, IF Tapia, H Falcke, G Farrar, AC Fauth, N Fazzini, AP Ferguson, A Ferrero, B Fick, A Filevich, A Filipčič, S Fliescher, CE Fracchiolla, ED Fraenkel, U Fröhlich, B Fuchs, R Gaior, RF Gamarra, S Gambetta, B García, DG Gámez, D Garcia-Pinto, A Gascon, H Gemmeke, K Gesterling, PL Ghia, U Giaccari, M Giller, H Glass, MS Gold, G Golup, FG Albarracin, MG Berisso, P Gonçalves, D Gonzalez, JG Gonzalez, B Gookin, D Góra, A Gorgi, P Gouffon, SR Gozzini, E Grashorn, S Grebe, N Griffith, M Grigat, AF Grillo, Y Guardincerri, F Guarino, GP Guedes, A Guzman, JD Hague, P Hansen, D Harari, S Harmsma, JL Harton, A Haungs, T Hebbeker, D Heck, AE Herve, C Hojvat, N Hollon, VC Holmes, P Homola, JR Hörandel, A Horneffer, M Hrabovský, T Huege, A Insolia, F Ionita, A Italiano, C Jarne, S Jiraskova, K Kadija, KH Kampert, P Karhan, P Kasper, B Kégl, B Keilhauer, A Keivani, JL Kelley, E Kemp, RM Kieckhafer, HO Klages, M Kleifges, J Kleinfeller, J Knapp, D-H Koang, K Kotera, N Krohm, O Krömer, D Kruppke-Hansen, F Kuehn, D Kuempel, JK Kulbartz, N Kunka, GL Rosa, C Lachaud, P Lautridou, MSAB Leão, D Lebrun, P Lebrun, MALD Oliveira, A Lemiere, A Letessier-Selvon, I Lhenry-Yvon, KLR López, AL Agüera, K Louedec, JL Bahilo, A Lucero, M Ludwig, H Lyberis, MC Maccarone, C Macolino, S Maldera, D Mandat, P Mantsch, AG Mariazzi, J Marin, V Marin, IC Maris, HRM Falcon, G Marsella, D Martello, L Martin, H Martinez, OM Bravo, HJ Mathes, J Matthews, JAJ Matthews, G Matthiae, D Maurizio, PO Mazur, G Medina-Tanco, M Melissas, D Melo, E Menichetti, A Menshikov, P Mertsch, C Meurer, S Mićanović, MI Micheletti, W Miller, L Miramonti, S Mollerach, M Monasor, DM Ragaigne, F Montanet, B Morales, C Morello, E Moreno, JC Moreno, C Morris, M Mostafá, CA Moura, S Mueller, MA Muller, G Müller, M Münchmeyer, R Mussa, G Navarra, JL Navarro, S Navas, P Necesal, L Nellen, A Nelles, PT Nhung, L Niemietz, N Nierstenhoefer, D Nitz, D Nosek, L Nožka, M Nyklicek, J Oehlschläger, A Olinto, P Oliva, VM Olmos-Gilbaja, M Ortiz, N Pacheco, DP Selmi-Dei, M Palatka, J Pallotta, N Palmieri, G Parente, E Parizot, A Parra, RD Parsons, S Pastor, T Paul, M Pech, J Pȩkala, R Pelayo, IM Pepe, L Perrone, R Pesce, E Petermann, S Petrera, P Petrinca, A Petrolini, Y Petrov, J Petrovic, C Pfendner, N Phan, R Piegaia, T Pierog, P Pieroni, M Pimenta, V Pirronello, M Platino, VH Ponce, M Pontz, P Privitera, M Prouza, EJ Quel, S Querchfeld, J Rautenberg, O Ravel, D Ravignani, B Revenu, J Ridky, S Riggi, M Risse, P Ristori, H Rivera, V Rizi, J Roberts, C Robledo, WRD Carvalho, G Rodriguez, JR Martino, JR Rojo, I Rodriguez-Cabo, MD Rodríguez-Frías, G Ros, J Rosado, T Rossler, M Roth, B Rouillé-d'Orfeuil, E Roulet, AC Rovero, C Rühle, F Salamida, H Salazar, G Salina, F Sánchez, M Santander, CE Santo, E Santos, EM Santos, F Sarazin, B Sarkar, S Sarkar, R Sato, N Scharf, V Scherini, H Schieler, P Schiffer, A Schmidt, F Schmidt, T Schmidt, O Scholten, H Schoorlemmer, J Schovancova, P Schovánek, F Schröder, S Schulte, D Schuster, SJ Sciutto, M Scuderi, A Segreto, M Settimo, A Shadkam, RC Shellard, I Sidelnik, G Sigl, HHS Lopez, A Śmiałkowski, R Šmída, GR Snow, P Sommers, J Sorokin, H Spinka, R Squartini, J Stapleton, J Stasielak, M Stephan, E Strazzeri, A Stutz, F Suarez, T Suomijärvi, AD Supanitsky, T Šuša, MS Sutherland, J Swain, Z Szadkowski, M Szuba, A Tamashiro, A Tapia, M Tartare, O Taşcău, CGT Ruiz, R Tcaciuc, D Tegolo, NT Thao, D Thomas, J Tiffenberg, C Timmermans, DK Tiwari, W Tkaczyk, CJT Peixoto, B Tomé, A Tonachini, P Travnicek, DB Tridapalli, G Tristram, E Trovato, M Tueros, R Ulrich, M Unger, M Urban, JFV Galicia, I Valiño, L Valore, AMVD Berg, E Varela, BV Cárdenas, JR Vázquez, RA Vázquez, D Veberič, V Verzi, J Vicha, M Videla, L Villaseñor, H Wahlberg, P Wahrlich, O Wainberg, D Warner, AA Watson, M Weber, K Weidenhaupt, A Weindl, S Westerhoff, BJ Whelan, G Wieczorek, L Wiencke, B Wilczyńska, H Wilczyński, M Will, C Williams, T Winchen, L Winders, MG Winnick, M Wommer, B Wundheiler, T Yamamoto, T Yapici, P Younk, G Yuan, A Yushkov, B Zamorano, E Zas, D Zavrtanik, M Zavrtanik, I Zaw, A Zepeda, M Ziolkowski

The Pierre Auger Collaboration has reported evidence for anisotropy in the distribution of arrival directions of the cosmic rays with energies $E>E_{th}=5.5\times 10^{19}$ eV. These show a correlation with the distribution of nearby extragalactic objects, including an apparent excess around the direction of Centaurus A. If the particles responsible for these excesses at $E>E_{th}$ are heavy nuclei with charge $Z$, the proton component of the sources should lead to excesses in the same regions at energies $E/Z$. We here report the lack of anisotropies in these directions at energies above $E_{th}/Z$ (for illustrative values of $Z=6,\ 13,\ 26$). If the anisotropies above $E_{th}$ are due to nuclei with charge $Z$, and under reasonable assumptions about the acceleration process, these observations imply stringent constraints on the allowed proton fraction at the lower energies.


Non-Gaussianity from violation of slow-roll in multiple inflation

ArXiv (0)

S Hotchkiss, S Sarkar

Multiple inflation is a model based on N=1 supergravity wherein there are sudden changes in the mass of the inflaton because it couples to 'flat direction' scalar fields which undergo symmetry breaking phase transitions as the universe cools. The resulting brief violations of slow-roll evolution generate a non-gaussian signal which we find to be oscillatory and yielding f_NL ~ 5-20. This is potentially detectable by e.g. Planck but would require new bispectrum estimators to do so. We also derive a model-independent result relating the period of oscillations of a phase transition during inflation to the period of oscillations in the primordial curvature perturbation generated by the inflaton.


Upper limit on the cosmic-ray photon fraction at EeV energies from the Pierre Auger Observatory

ArXiv (0)

TPA Collaboration, J Abraham, P Abreu, M Aglietta, C Aguirre, EJ Ahn, D Allard, I Allekotte, J Allen, P Allison, J Alvarez-Muñiz, M Ambrosio, L Anchordoqui, S Andringa, A Anzalone, C Aramo, S Argiró, K Arisaka, F Arneodo, F Arqueros, T Asch, H Asorey, P Assis, J Aublin, M Ave, G Avila, T Bäcker, D Badagnani, KB Barber, AF Barbosa, SLC Barroso, B Baughman, P Bauleo, JJ Beatty, T Beau, BR Becker, KH Becker, A Bellétoile, JA Bellido, S BenZvi, C Berat, P Bernardini, X Bertou, PL Biermann, P Billoir, O Blanch-Bigas, F Blanco, C Bleve, H Blümer, M Boháčová, C Bonifazi, R Bonino, J Brack, P Brogueira, WC Brown, R Bruijn, P Buchholz, A Bueno, RE Burton, NG Busca, KS Caballero-Mora, L Caramete, R Caruso, W Carvalho, A Castellina, O Catalano, L Cazon, R Cester, J Chauvin, A Chiavassa, JA Chinellato, A Chou, J Chudoba, J Chye, RW Clay, E Colombo, R Conceição, B Connolly, F Contreras, J Coppens, A Cordier, U Cotti, S Coutu, CE Covault, A Creusot, A Criss, J Cronin, A Curutiu, S Dagoret-Campagne, K Daumiller, BR Dawson, RMD Almeida, MD Domenico, CD Donato, SJD Jong, GDL Vega, WJMDM Junior, JRTDM Neto, ID Mitri, VD Souza, G Decerprit, LD Peral, O Deligny, AD Selva, CD Fratte, H Dembinski, CD Giulio, JC Diaz, PN Diep, C Dobrigkeit, JC D'Olivo, PN Dong, D Dornic, A Dorofeev, JCD Anjos, MT Dova, D D'Urso, I Dutan, MA DuVernois, R Engel, M Erdmann, CO Escobar, A Etchegoyen, PFS Luis, H Falcke, G Farrar, AC Fauth, N Fazzini, F Ferrer, A Ferrero, B Fick, A Filevich, A Filipçiç, I Fleck, S Fliescher, CE Fracchiolla, ED Fraenkel, W Fulgione, RF Gamarra, S Gambetta, B García, DG Gámez, D Garcia-Pinto, X Garrido, G Gelmini, H Gemmeke, PL Ghia, U Giaccari, M Giller, H Glass, LM Goggin, MS Gold, G Golup, FG Albarracin, MG Berisso, P Gonçalves, MGD Amaral, D Gonzalez, JG Gonzalez, D Góra, A Gorgi, P Gouffon, S Grebe, M Grigat, AF Grillo, Y Guardincerri, F Guarino, GP Guedes, J Gutiérrez, JD Hague, V Halenka, P Hansen, D Harari, S Harmsma, JL Harton, A Haungs, MD Healy, T Hebbeker, G Hebrero, D Heck, C Hojvat, VC Holmes, P Homola, JR Hörandel, A Horneffer, M Hrabovský, T Huege, M Hussain, M Iarlori, A Insolia, F Ionita, A Italiano, S Jiraskova, M Kaducak, KH Kampert, T Karova, P Kasper, B Kégl, B Keilhauer, E Kemp, RM Kieckhafer, HO Klages, M Kleifges, J Kleinfeller, R Knapik, J Knapp, D-H Koang, A Krieger, O Krömer, D Kruppke, D Kuempel, N Kunka, A Kusenko, GL Rosa, C Lachaud, BL Lago, MSAB Leão, D Lebrun, P Lebrun, J Lee, MALD Oliveira, A Lemiere, A Letessier-Selvon, M Leuthold, I Lhenry-Yvon, R López, AL Agüera, JL Bahilo, A Lucero, RL García, MC Maccarone, C Macolino, S Maldera, D Mandat, P Mantsch, AG Mariazzi, IC Maris, HRM Falcon, D Martello, J Martínez, OM Bravo, HJ Mathes, J Matthews, JAJ Matthews, G Matthiae, D Maurizio, PO Mazur, M McEwen, RR McNeil, G Medina-Tanco, M Melissas, D Melo, E Menichetti, A Menshikov, R Meyhandan, MI Micheletti, G Miele, W Miller, L Miramonti, S Mollerach, M Monasor, DM Ragaigne, F Montanet, B Morales, C Morello, JC Moreno, C Morris, M Mostafá, S Mueller, MA Muller, R Mussa, G Navarra, JL Navarro, S Navas, P Necesal, L Nellen, C Newman-Holmes, D Newton, PT Nhung, N Nierstenhoefer, D Nitz, D Nosek, L Nožka, J Oehlschläger, A Olinto, VM Olmos-Gilbaja, M Ortiz, F Ortolani, N Pacheco, DP Selmi-Dei, M Palatka, J Pallotta, G Parente, E Parizot, S Parlati, S Pastor, M Patel, T Paul, V Pavlidou, K Payet, M Pech, J Pȩkala, R Pelayo, IM Pepe, L Perrone, R Pesce, E Petermann, S Petrera, P Petrinca, A Petrolini, Y Petrov, J Petrovic, C Pfendner, A Pichel, R Piegaia, T Pierog, M Pimenta, TP into, V Pirronello, O Pisanti, M Platino, J Pochon, VH Ponce, M Pontz, P Privitera, M Prouza, EJ Quel, J Rautenberg, D Ravignani, A Redondo, S Reucroft, B Revenu, FAS Rezende, J Ridky, S Riggi, M Risse, C Riviére, V Rizi, C Robledo, G Rodriguez, JR Martino, JR Rojo, I Rodriguez-Cabo, MD Rodríguez-Frías, G Ros, J Rosado, M Roth, B Rouillé-d'Orfeuil, E Roulet, AC Rovero, F Salamida, H Salazar, G Salina, F Sánchez, M Santander, CE Santo, EM Santos, F Sarazin, S Sarkar, R Sato, N Scharf, V Scherini, H Schieler, P Schiffer, A Schmidt, F Schmidt, T Schmidt, O Scholten, H Schoorlemmer, J Schovancova, P Schovánek, F Schroeder, S Schulte, F Schüssler, D Schuster, SJ Sciutto, M Scuderi, A Segreto, D Semikoz, M Settimo, RC Shellard, I Sidelnik, BB Siffert, NSD Grande, A Smiałkowski, R Šmída, BE Smith, GR Snow, P Sommers, J Sorokin, H Spinka, R Squartini, E Strazzeri, A Stutz, F Suarez, T Suomijärvi, AD Supanitsky, MS Sutherland, J Swain, Z Szadkowski, A Tamashiro, A Tamburro, T Tarutina, O Taşcǎu, R Tcaciuc, D Tcherniakhovski, NT Thao, D Thomas, R Ticona, J Tiffenberg, C Timmermans, W Tkaczyk, CJT Peixoto, B Tomé, A Tonachini, I Torres, P Travnicek, DB Tridapalli, G Tristram, E Trovato, V Tuci, M Tueros, R Ulrich, M Unger, M Urban, JFV Galicia, I Valiño, L Valore, AMVD Berg, RA Vázquez, D Veberič, A Velarde, T Venters, V Verzi, M Videla, L Villaseñor, S Vorobiov, L Voyvodic, H Wahlberg, P Wahrlich, O Wainberg, D Warner, AA Watson, S Westerhoff, BJ Whelan, G Wieczorek, L Wiencke, B Wilczyńska, H Wilczyński, C Wileman, MG Winnick, H Wu, B Wundheiler, P Younk, G Yuan, E Zas, D Zavrtanik, M Zavrtanik, I Zaw, A Zepeda, M Ziolkowski

From direct observations of the longitudinal development of ultra-high energy air showers performed with the Pierre Auger Observatory, upper limits of 3.8%, 2.4%, 3.5% and 11.7% (at 95% c.l.) are obtained on the fraction of cosmic-ray photons above 2, 3, 5 and 10 EeV (1 EeV = 10^18 eV) respectively. These are the first experimental limits on ultra-high energy photons at energies below 10 EeV. The results complement previous constraints on top-down models from array data and they reduce systematic uncertainties in the interpretation of shower data in terms of primary flux, nuclear composition and proton-air cross-section.


Predictions for high energy neutrino cross-sections from the ZEUS global PDF fits

ArXiv (0)

A Cooper-Sarkar, S Sarkar

We have updated predictions for high energy neutrino and antineutrino charged current cross-sections within the conventional DGLAP formalism of NLO QCD using a modern PDF fit to HERA data, which also accounts in a systematic way for PDF uncertainties deriving from both model uncertainties and from the experimental uncertainties of the input data sets. Furthermore the PDFs are determined using an improved treatment of heavy quark thresholds. A measurement of the neutrino cross-section much below these predictions would signal the need for extension of the conventional formalism as in BFKL resummation, or even gluon recombination effects as in the colour glass condensate model.


High-energy neutrinos from astrophysical accelerators of cosmic ray nuclei

ArXiv (0)

LA Anchordoqui, D Hooper, S Sarkar, AM Taylor

Ongoing experimental efforts to detect cosmic sources of high energy neutrinos are guided by the expectation that astrophysical accelerators of cosmic ray protons would also generate neutrinos through interactions with ambient matter and/or photons. However there will be a reduction in the predicted neutrino flux if cosmic ray sources accelerate not only protons but also significant number of heavier nuclei, as is indicated by recent air shower data. We consider plausible extragalactic sources such as active galactic nuclei, gamma-ray bursts and starburst galaxies and demand consistency with the observed cosmic ray composition and energy spectrum at Earth after allowing for propagation through intergalactic radiation fields. This allows us to calculate the expected neutrino fluxes from the sources, normalised to the observed cosmic ray spectrum. We find that the likely signals are still within reach of next generation neutrino telescopes such as IceCube.


Contributions to 2^nd TeV Particle Astrophysics Conference (TeV PA II) Madison Wisconsin - 28-31 August 2006

ArXiv (0)

I Collaboration, A Achterberg

This collection of proceedings to the TeV PA II Conference presents some of the latest results of the IceCube Collaboration.


Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (in "The Review of Particle Properties" 2004)

ArXiv (0)

B Fields, S Sarkar

A critical review is given of the current status of cosmological nucleosynthesis. In the framework of the standard model with 3 types of relativistic neutrinos, the baryon-to-photon ratio, \eta, corresponding to the inferred primordial abundances of helium-4 and lithium-7 is presently ~2 \sigma below the value implied by the abundance of deuterium. The latter value is also coincident with the independent determination of \eta from WMAP observations of CMB anisotropy. However taking systematic uncertainties in the abundance estimates into account, there is overall concordance in the range \eta = (3.4 - 6.9) x 10^{-10} @ 95% c.l. corresponding to a cosmological baryon density \Omega_B h^2 = 0.012 - 0.025. If the above discrepancy is due to a neutrino chemical potential, then upto 7.1 effective neutrino species are allowed by nucleosynthesis. Other constraints on new physics are briefly discussed.


Ruling out a critical density baryonic universe

ArXiv (0)

M Birkel, S Sarkar

It has been suggested by Bartlett and Hall that our universe may have the critical density in baryons by virtue of specific interactions with a `shadow' world. We show that this possibility is severely constrained by primordial nucleosynthesis, stellar evolution and the thermalization of the cosmic microwave background. In particular, recent observations of small angular-scale anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background conclusively rule out all such baryon-dominated cosmologies.


Successful Supersymmetric Inflation

ArXiv (0)

S Sarkar

The temperature fluctuations in the cosmic microwave background observed by COBE provide strong support for an inflationary phase in the early universe, below the GUT scale. We argue that a singlet field in a hidden sector of an effective supergravity theory yields the required inflationary potential without fine tuning. Reheating occurs to a temperature low enough to avoid the gravitino problem, but high enough to allow subsequent baryogenesis. Two observational consequences are that gravitational waves contribute negligibly to the microwave background anisotropy, and the spectrum of scalar density perturbations is `tilted', improving the fit to large-scale structure in an universe dominated by cold dark matter.


Combined search for neutrinos from dark matter self-annihilation in the Galactic Centre with ANTARES and IceCube

ArXiv (0)

ANTARES Collaboration, A Albert, M André, M Anghinolfi, M Ardid, J-J Aubert, J Aublin, B Baret, S Basa, B Belhorma, V Bertin, S Biagi, M Bissinger, J Boumaaza, M Bouta, MC Bouwhuis, H Brânzaş, R Bruijn, J Brunner, J Busto, A Capone, L Caramete, J Carr, S Celli, M Chabab, TN Chau, RCE Moursli, T Chiarusi, M Circella, A Coleiro, M Colomer, R Coniglione, P Coyle, A Creusot, AF Díaz, A Deschamps, C Distefano, ID Palma, A Domi, C Donzaud, D Dornic, D Drouhin, T Eberl, NE Khayati, A Enzenhöfer, A Ettahiri, P Fermani, G Ferrara, F Filippini, L Fusco, P Gay, H Glotin, R Gozzini, RG Ruiz, K Graf, C Guidi, S Hallmann, HV Haren, AJ Heijboer, Y Hello, JJ Hernández-Rey, J Hößl, J Hofestädt, F Huang, G Illuminati, CW James, MD Jong, PD Jong, M Jongen, M Kadler, O Kalekin, U Katz, NR Khan-Chowdhury, A Kouchner, I Kreykenbohm, V Kulikovskiy, R Lahmann, RL Breton, D Lefèvre, E Leonora, G Levi, M Lincetto, D Lopez-Coto, S Loucatos, G Maggi, J Manczak, M Marcelin, A Margiotta, A Marinelli, JA Martínez-Mora, R Mele, K Melis, P Migliozzi, M Moser, A Moussa, R Muller, L Nauta, S Navas, E Nezri, C Nielsen, A Nuñez-Castiñeyra, B O'Fearraigh, M Organokov, GE Păvălaş, C Pellegrino, M Perrin-Terrin, P Piattelli, C Poirè, V Popa, T Pradier, N Randazzo, S Reck, G Riccobene, A Sánchez-Losa, DFE Samtleben, M Sanguineti, P Sapienza, F Schüssler, M Spurio, T Stolarczyk, B Strandberg, M Taiuti, Y Tayalati, T Thakore, SJ Tingay, A Trovato, B Vallage, VV Elewyck, F Versari, S Viola, D Vivolo, J Wilms, D Zaborov, A Zegarelli, JD Zornoza, J Zúñiga, I Collaboration, MG Aartsen, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, M Ahrens, C Alispach, K Andeen, T Anderson, I Ansseau, G Anton, C Argüelles, J Auffenberg, S Axani, H Bagherpour, X Bai, AB V, A Barbano, SW Barwick, B Bastian, V Baum, S Baur, R Bay, JJ Beatty, K-H Becker, JB Tjus, S BenZvi, D Berley, E Bernardini, DZ Besson, G Binder, D Bindig, E Blaufuss, S Blot, C Bohm, S Böser, O Botner, J Böttcher, E Bourbeau, J Bourbeau, F Bradascio, J Braun, S Bron, J Brostean-Kaiser, A Burgman, J Buscher, RS Busse, T Carver, C Chen, E Cheung, D Chirkin, S Choi, BA Clark, K Clark, L Classen, A Coleman, GH Collin, JM Conrad, P Coppin, P Correa, DF Cowen, R Cross, P Dave, CD Clercq, JJ DeLaunay, H Dembinski, K Deoskar, SD Ridder, P Desiati, KDD Vries, GD Wasseige, MD With, T DeYoung, A Diaz, JC Díaz-Vélez, H Dujmovic, M Dunkman, E Dvorak, B Eberhardt, T Ehrhardt, P Eller, R Engel, PA Evenson, S Fahey, AR Fazely, J Felde, K Filimonov, C Finley, D Fox, A Franckowiak, E Friedman, A Fritz, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, E Ganster, S Garrappa, L Gerhardt, K Ghorbani, T Glauch, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JG Gonzalez, D Grant, T Grégoire, Z Griffith, S Griswold, M Günder, M Gündüz, C Haack, A Hallgren, R Halliday, L Halve, F Halzen, K Hanson, A Haungs, D Hebecker, D Heereman, P Heix, K Helbing, R Hellauer, F Henningsen, S Hickford, J Hignight, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, R Hoffmann, T Hoinka, B Hokanson-Fasig, K Hoshina, M Huber, T Huber, K Hultqvist, M Hünnefeld, R Hussain, S In, N Iovine, A Ishihara, M Jansson, GS Japaridze, M Jeong, K Jero, BJP Jones, F Jonske, R Joppe, D Kang, W Kang, A Kappes, D Kappesser, T Karg, M Karl, A Karle, M Kauer, M Kellermann, JL Kelley, A Kheirandish, J Kim, T Kintscher, J Kiryluk, T Kittler, SR Klein, R Koirala, H Kolanoski, L Köpke, C Kopper, S Kopper, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, K Krings, G Krückl, N Kulacz, N Kurahashi, A Kyriacou, JL Lanfranchi, MJ Larson, F Lauber, JP Lazar, K Leonard, A Leszczyńska, QR Liu, E Lohfink, CJL Mariscal, L Lu, F Lucarelli, A Ludwig, J Lünemann, W Luszczak, Y Lyu, WY Ma, J Madsen, KBM Mahn, Y Makino, P Mallik, K Mallot, S Mancina, IC Mariş, R Maruyama, K Mase, R Maunu, F McNally, K Meagher, M Medici, A Medina, M Meier, S Meighen-Berger, G Merino, T Meures, J Micallef, D Mockler, G Momenté, T Montaruli, RW Moore, R Morse, M Moulai, P Muth, R Nagai, U Naumann, G Neer, LV Nguyen, H Niederhausen, MU Nisa, SC Nowicki, DR Nygren, AO Pollmann, M Oehler, A Olivas, A O'Murchadha, E O'Sullivan, T Palczewski, H Pandya, DV Pankova, N Park, P Peiffer, CPDL Heros, S Philippen, D Pieloth, S Pieper, E Pinat, A Pizzuto, M Plum, A Porcelli, PB Price, GT Przybylski, C Raab, A Raissi, M Rameez, L Rauch, K Rawlins, IC Rea, A Rehman, R Reimann, B Relethford, M Renschler, G Renzi, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Richman, S Robertson, M Rongen, C Rott, T Ruhe, D Ryckbosch, DR Cantu, I Safa, SES Herrera, A Sandrock, J Sandroos, M Santander, S Sarkar, S Sarkar, K Satalecka, M Schaufel, H Schieler, P Schlunder, T Schmidt, A Schneider, J Schneider, FG Schröder, L Schumacher, S Sclafani, D Seckel, S Seunarine, S Shefali, M Silva, R Snihur, J Soedingrekso, D Soldin, M Song, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, J Stachurska, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, R Stein, J Stettner, A Steuer, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, ASSS l, NL Strotjohann, T Stürwald, T Stuttard, GW Sullivan, I Taboada, F Tenholt, S Ter-Antonyan, A Terliuk, S Tilav, K Tollefson, L Tomankova, C Tönnis, S Toscano, D Tosi, A Trettin, M Tselengidou, CF Tung, A Turcati, R Turcotte, CF Turley, B Ty, E Unger, MAU Elorrieta, M Usner, J Vandenbroucke, WV Driessche, DV Eijk, NV Eijndhoven, JV Santen, S Verpoest, M Vraeghe, C Walck, A Wallace, M Wallraff, N Wandkowsky, TB Watson, C Weaver, A Weindl, MJ Weiss, J Weldert, C Wendt, J Werthebach, BJ Whelan, N Whitehorn, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, L Wille, DR Williams, L Wills, M Wolf, J Wood, TR Wood, K Woschnagg, G Wrede, J Wulff, DL Xu, XW Xu, Y Xu, JP Yanez, G Yodh, S Yoshida, T Yuan, M Zöcklein

We present the results of the first combined dark matter search targeting the Galactic Centre using the ANTARES and IceCube neutrino telescopes. For dark matter particles with masses from 50 to 1000 GeV, the sensitivities on the self-annihilation cross section set by ANTARES and IceCube are comparable, making this mass range particularly interesting for a joint analysis. Dark matter self-annihilation through the $\tau^+\tau^-$, $\mu^+\mu^-$, $b\bar{b}$ and $W^+W^-$ channels is considered for both the Navarro-Frenk-White and Burkert halo profiles. In the combination of 2,101.6 days of ANTARES data and 1,007 days of IceCube data, no excess over the expected background is observed. Limits on the thermally-averaged dark matter annihilation cross section $\langle\sigma_A\upsilon\rangle$ are set. These limits present an improvement of up to a factor of two in the studied dark matter mass range with respect to the individual limits published by both collaborations. When considering dark matter particles with a mass of 200 GeV annihilating through the $\tau^+\tau^-$ channel, the value obtained for the limit is $7.44 \times 10^{-24} \text{cm}^{3}\text{s}^{-1}$ for the Navarro-Frenk-White halo profile. For the purpose of this joint analysis, the model parameters and the likelihood are unified, providing a benchmark for forthcoming dark matter searches performed by neutrino telescopes.

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