Publications by Subir Sarkar


Measurements using the inelasticity distribution of multi-TeV neutrino interactions in IceCube

Physical Review D, Particles and fields American Physical Society (0)

I Collaboration, MG Aartsen, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, M Ahrens, IA Samarai, D Altmann, K Andeen, T Anderson, I Ansseau, G Anton, C Argüelles, J Auffenberg, S Axani, P Backes, H Bagherpour, X Bai, A Barbano, JP Barron, SW Barwick, V Baum, R Bay, JJ Beatty, JB Tjus, K-H Becker, S BenZvi, D Berley, E Bernardini, DZ Besson, G Binder, D Bindig, E Blaufuss, S Blot, C Bohm, M Börner, F Bos, S Böser, O Botner, E Bourbeau, J Bourbeau, F Bradascio, J Braun, M Brenzke, H-P Bretz, S Bron, J Brostean-Kaiser, A Burgman, RS Busse, T Carver, E Cheung, D Chirkin, K Clark, L Classen, GH Collin, JM Conrad, P Coppin, P Correa, DF Cowen, R Cross, P Dave, M Day, JPAMD André, CD Clercq, JJ DeLaunay, H Dembinski, K Deoskar, SD Ridder, P Desiati, KDD Vries, GD Wasseige, MD With, T DeYoung, JC Díaz-Vélez, VD Lorenzo, H Dujmovic, JP Dumm, M Dunkman, E Dvorak, B Eberhardt, T Ehrhardt, B Eichmann, P Eller, PA Evenson, S Fahey, AR Fazely, J Felde, K Filimonov, C Finley, A Franckowiak, E Friedman, A Fritz, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, E Ganster, S Garrappa, L Gerhardt, K Ghorbani, W Giang, T Glauch, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JG Gonzalez, D Grant, Z Griffith, C Haack, A Hallgren, L Halve, F Halzen, K Hanson, D Hebecker, D Heereman, K Helbing, R Hellauer, S Hickford, J Hignight, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, R Hoffmann, T Hoinka, B Hokanson-Fasig, K Hoshina, F Huang, M Huber, K Hultqvist, M Hünnefeld, R Hussain, S In, N Iovine, A Ishihara, E Jacobi, GS Japaridze, M Jeong, K Jero, BJP Jones, P Kalaczynski, W Kang, A Kappes, D Kappesser, T Karg, A Karle, U Katz, M Kauer, A Keivani, JL Kelley, A Kheirandish, J Kim, T Kintscher, J Kiryluk, T Kittler, SR Klein, R Koirala, H Kolanoski, L Köpke, C Kopper, S Kopper, JP Koschinsky, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, K Krings, M Kroll, G Krückl, S Kunwar, N Kurahashi, A Kyriacou, M Labare, JL Lanfranchi, MJ Larson, F Lauber, K Leonard, M Leuermann, QR Liu, E Lohfink, CJL Mariscal, L Lu, J Lünemann, W Luszczak, J Madsen, G Maggi, KBM Mahn, Y Makino, S Mancina, IC Mariş, R Maruyama, K Mase, R Maunu, K Meagher, M Medici, M Meier, T Menne, G Merino, T Meures, S Miarecki, J Micallef, G Momenté, T Montaruli, RW Moore, M Moulai, R Nagai, R Nahnhauer, P Nakarmi, U Naumann, G Neer, H Niederhausen, SC Nowicki, DR Nygren, AO Pollmann, A Olivas, A O'Murchadha, E O'Sullivan, T Palczewski, H Pandya, DV Pankova, P Peiffer, JA Pepper, CPDL Heros, D Pieloth, E Pinat, A Pizzuto, M Plum, PB Price, GT Przybylski, C Raab, M Rameez, L Rauch, K Rawlins, IC Rea, R Reimann, B Relethford, G Renzi, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Richman, S Robertson, M Rongen, C Rott, T Ruhe, D Ryckbosch, D Rysewyk, I Safa, SES Herrera, A Sandrock, J Sandroos, M Santander, S Sarkar, S Sarkar, K Satalecka, M Schaufel, P Schlunder, T Schmidt, A Schneider, J Schneider, S Schöneberg, L Schumacher, S Sclafani, D Seckel, S Seunarine, J Soedingrekso, D Soldin, M Song, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, J Stachurska, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, A Stasik, R Stein, J Stettner, A Steuer, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, A Stößl, NL Strotjohann, T Stuttard, GW Sullivan, M Sutherland, I Taboada, F Tenholt, S Ter-Antonyan, A Terliuk, S Tilav, PA Toale, MN Tobin, C Tönnis, S Toscano, D Tosi, M Tselengidou, CF Tung, A Turcati, CF Turley, B Ty, E Unger, MAU Elorrieta, M Usner, J Vandenbroucke, WV Driessche, DV Eijk, NV Eijndhoven, S Vanheule, JV Santen, M Vraeghe, C Walck, A Wallace, M Wallraff, FD Wandler, N Wandkowsky, TB Watson, A Waza, C Weaver, MJ Weiss, C Wendt, J Werthebach, S Westerhoff, BJ Whelan, N Whitehorn, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, L Wille, DR Williams, L Wills, M Wolf, J Wood, TR Wood, E Woolsey, K Woschnagg, G Wrede, DL Xu, XW Xu, Y Xu, JP Yanez, G Yodh, S Yoshida, T Yuan

Inelasticity--the fraction of a neutrino's energy transferred to hadrons--is a quantity of interest in the study of astrophysical and atmospheric neutrino interactions at multi-TeV energies with IceCube. In this work, a sample of contained neutrino interactions in IceCube is obtained from 5 years of data and classified as 2650 tracks and 965 cascades. Tracks arise predominantly from charged-current $\nu_{\mu}$ interactions, and we demonstrate that we can reconstruct their energy and inelasticity. The inelasticity distribution is found to be consistent with the calculation of Cooper-Sarkar et al. across the energy range from $\sim$ 1 TeV to $\sim$ 100 TeV. Along with cascades from neutrinos of all flavors, we also perform a fit over the energy, zenith angle, and inelasticity distribution to characterize the flux of astrophysical and atmospheric neutrinos. The energy spectrum of diffuse astrophysical neutrinos is well-described by a power-law in both track and cascade samples, and a best-fit index $\gamma=2.62\pm0.07$ is found in the energy range from 3.5 TeV to 2.6 PeV. Limits are set on the astrophysical flavor composition that are compatible with a ratio of $\left(\frac{1}{3}:\frac{1}{3}:\frac{1}{3}\right)_{\oplus}$. Exploiting the distinct inelasticity distribution of $\nu_{\mu}$ and $\bar{\nu}_{\mu}$ interactions, the atmospheric $\nu_{\mu}$ to $\bar{\nu}_{\mu}$ flux ratio in the energy range from 770 GeV to 21 TeV is found to be $0.77^{+0.44}_{-0.25}$ times the calculation by Honda et al. Lastly, the inelasticity distribution is also sensitive to neutrino charged-current charm production. The data are consistent with a leading-order calculation, with zero charm production excluded at $91\%$ confidence level. Future analyses of inelasticity distributions may probe new physics that affects neutrino interactions both in and beyond the Standard Model.


Measurement of the multi-TeV neutrino cross section with IceCube using Earth absorption

ArXiv (0)

I Collaboration, MG Aartsen, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, M Ahrens, IA Samarai, D Altmann, K Andeen, T Anderson, I Ansseau, G Anton, C Argüelles, J Auffenberg, S Axani, H Bagherpour, X Bai, JP Barron, SW Barwick, V Baum, R Bay, JJ Beatty, JB Tjus, K-H Becker, S BenZvi, D Berley, E Bernardini, DZ Besson, G Binder, D Bindig, E Blaufuss, S Blot, C Bohm, M Börner, F Bos, D Bose, S Böser, O Botner, J Bourbeau, F Bradascio, J Braun, L Brayeur, M Brenzke, H-P Bretz, S Bron, J Brostean-Kaiser, A Burgman, T Carver, J Casey, M Casier, E Cheung, D Chirkin, A Christov, K Clark, L Classen, S Coenders, GH Collin, JM Conrad, DF Cowen, R Cross, M Day, JPAMD André, CD Clercq, JJ DeLaunay, H Dembinski, SD Ridder, P Desiati, KDD Vries, GD Wasseige, MD With, T DeYoung, JC Díaz-Vélez, VD Lorenzo, H Dujmovic, JP Dumm, M Dunkman, B Eberhardt, T Ehrhardt, B Eichmann, P Eller, PA Evenson, S Fahey, AR Fazely, J Felde, K Filimonov, C Finley, S Flis, A Franckowiak, E Friedman, T Fuchs, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, L Gerhardt, K Ghorbani, W Giang, T Glauch, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JG Gonzalez, D Grant, Z Griffith, C Haack, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Hanson, D Hebecker, D Heereman, K Helbing, R Hellauer, S Hickford, J Hignight, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, R Hoffmann, B Hokanson-Fasig, K Hoshina, F Huang, M Huber, K Hultqvist, M Hünnefeld, S In, A Ishihara, E Jacobi, GS Japaridze, M Jeong, K Jero, BJP Jones, P Kalaczynski, W Kang, A Kappes, T Karg, A Karle, U Katz, M Kauer, A Keivani, JL Kelley, A Kheirandish, J Kim, M Kim, T Kintscher, J Kiryluk, T Kittler, SR Klein, G Kohnen, R Koirala, H Kolanoski, L Köpke, C Kopper, S Kopper, JP Koschinsky, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, K Krings, M Kroll, G Krückl, J Kunnen, S Kunwar, N Kurahashi, T Kuwabara, A Kyriacou, M Labare, JL Lanfranchi, MJ Larson, F Lauber, D Lennarz, M Lesiak-Bzdak, M Leuermann, QR Liu, L Lu, J Lünemann, W Luszczak, J Madsen, G Maggi, KBM Mahn, S Mancina, R Maruyama, K Mase, R Maunu, F McNally, K Meagher, M Medici, M Meier, T Menne, G Merino, T Meures, S Miarecki, J Micallef, G Momenté, T Montaruli, RW Moore, M Moulai, R Nahnhauer, P Nakarmi, U Naumann, G Neer, H Niederhausen, SC Nowicki, DR Nygren, AO Pollmann, A Olivas, A O'Murchadha, T Palczewski, H Pandya, DV Pankova, P Peiffer, JA Pepper, CPDL Heros, D Pieloth, E Pinat, M Plum, PB Price, GT Przybylski, C Raab, L Rädel, M Rameez, K Rawlins, IC Rea, R Reimann, B Relethford, M Relich, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Richman, S Robertson, M Rongen, C Rott, T Ruhe, D Ryckbosch, D Rysewyk, T Sälzer, SES Herrera, A Sandrock, J Sandroos, S Sarkar, S Sarkar, K Satalecka, P Schlunder, T Schmidt, A Schneider, S Schoenen, S Schöneberg, L Schumacher, D Seckel, S Seunarine, J Soedingrekso, D Soldin, M Song, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, J Stachurska, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, A Stasik, J Stettner, A Steuer, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, A Stößl, NL Strotjohann, GW Sullivan, M Sutherland, I Taboada, J Tatar, F Tenholt, S Ter-Antonyan, A Terliuk, G Tešić, S Tilav, PA Toale, MN Tobin, S Toscano, D Tosi, M Tselengidou, CF Tung, A Turcati, CF Turley, B Ty, E Unger, M Usner, J Vandenbroucke, WV Driessche, NV Eijndhoven, S Vanheule, JV Santen, M Vehring, E Vogel, M Vraeghe, C Walck, A Wallace, M Wallraff, FD Wandler, N Wandkowsky, A Waza, C Weaver, MJ Weiss, C Wendt, J Werthebach, S Westerhoff, BJ Whelan, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, L Wille, DR Williams, L Wills, M Wolf, J Wood, TR Wood, E Woolsey, K Woschnagg, DL Xu, XW Xu, Y Xu, JP Yanez, G Yodh, S Yoshida, T Yuan, M Zoll

Neutrinos interact only very weakly, so they are extremely penetrating. However, the theoretical neutrino-nucleon interaction cross section rises with energy such that, at energies above 40 TeV, neutrinos are expected to be absorbed as they pass through the Earth. Experimentally, the cross section has been measured only at the relatively low energies (below 400 GeV) available at neutrino beams from accelerators \cite{Agashe:2014kda, Formaggio:2013kya}. Here we report the first measurement of neutrino absorption in the Earth, using a sample of 10,784 energetic upward-going neutrino-induced muons observed with the IceCube Neutrino Observatory. The flux of high-energy neutrinos transiting long paths through the Earth is attenuated compared to a reference sample that follows shorter trajectories through the Earth. Using a fit to the two-dimensional distribution of muon energy and zenith angle, we determine the cross section for neutrino energies between 6.3 TeV and 980 TeV, more than an order of magnitude higher in energy than previous measurements. The measured cross section is $1.30^{+0.21}_{-0.19}$ (stat.) $^{+0.39}_{-0.43}$ (syst.) times the prediction of the Standard Model \cite{CooperSarkar:2011pa}, consistent with the expectation for charged and neutral current interactions. We do not observe a dramatic increase in the cross section, expected in some speculative models, including those invoking new compact dimensions \cite{AlvarezMuniz:2002ga} or the production of leptoquarks \cite{Romero:2009vu}.


The IceCube Neutrino Observatory, the Pierre Auger Observatory and the Telescope Array: Joint Contribution to the 34th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC 2015)

ArXiv (0)

I Collaboration, MG Aartsen, K Abraham, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, M Ahrens, D Altmann, T Anderson, I Ansseau, M Archinger, C Arguelles, TC Arlen, J Auffenberg, X Bai, SW Barwick, V Baum, R Bay, JJ Beatty, JB Tjus, K-H Becker, E Beiser, S BenZvi, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, A Bernhard, DZ Besson, G Binder, D Bindig, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, J Blumenthal, DJ Boersma, C Bohm, M Börner, F Bos, D Bose, S Böser, O Botner, J Braun, L Brayeur, H-P Bretz, N Buzinsky, J Casey, M Casier, E Cheung, D Chirkin, A Christov, K Clark, L Classen, S Coenders, DF Cowen, AHC Silva, J Daughhetee, JC Davis, M Day, JPAMD André, CD Clercq, EDP Rosendo, H Dembinski, SD Ridder, P Desiati, KDD Vries, GD Wasseige, MD With, T DeYoung, JC Díaz-Vélez, VD Lorenzo, JP Dumm, M Dunkman, R Eagan, B Eberhardt, T Ehrhardt, B Eichmann, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, S Fahey, AR Fazely, A Fedynitch, J Feintzeig, J Felde, K Filimonov, C Finley, T Fischer-Wasels, S Flis, C-C Fösig, T Fuchs, TK Gaisser, R Gaior, J Gallagher, L Gerhardt, K Ghorbani, D Gier, L Gladstone, M Glagla, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, G Golup, JG Gonzalez, D Góra, D Grant, JC Groh, A Groß, C Ha, C Haack, AH Ismail, A Hallgren, F Halzen, B Hansmann, K Hanson, D Hebecker, D Heereman, K Helbing, R Hellauer, D Hellwig, S Hickford, J Hignight, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, R Hoffmann, K Holzapfel, A Homeier, K Hoshina, F Huang, M Huber, W Huelsnitz, PO Hulth, K Hultqvist, S In, A Ishihara, E Jacobi, GS Japaridze, K Jero, M Jurkovic, B Kaminsky, A Kappes, T Karg, A Karle, M Kauer, A Keivani, JL Kelley, J Kemp, A Kheirandish, J Kiryluk, J Kläs, SR Klein, G Kohnen, R Koirala, H Kolanoski, R Konietz, A Koob, L Köpke, C Kopper, S Kopper, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, K Krings, G Kroll, M Kroll, J Kunnen, N Kurahashi, T Kuwabara, M Labare, JL Lanfranchi, MJ Larson, M Lesiak-Bzdak, M Leuermann, J Leuner, L Lu, J Lünemann, J Madsen, G Maggi, KBM Mahn, R Maruyama, K Mase, HS Matis, R Maunu, F McNally, K Meagher, M Medici, A Meli, T Menne, G Merino, T Meures, S Miarecki, E Middell, E Middlemas, L Mohrmann, T Montaruli, R Morse, R Nahnhauer, U Naumann, G Neer, H Niederhausen, SC Nowicki, DR Nygren, A Obertacke, A Olivas, A Omairat, A O'Murchadha, T Palczewski, H Pandya, L Paul, JA Pepper, CPDL Heros, C Pfendner, D Pieloth, E Pinat, J Posselt, PB Price, GT Przybylski, J Pütz, M Quinnan, C Raab, L Rädel, M Rameez, K Rawlins, R Reimann, M Relich, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Richman, S Richter, B Riedel, S Robertson, M Rongen, C Rott, T Ruhe, D Ryckbosch, SM Saba, L Sabbatini, H-G Sander, A Sandrock, J Sandroos, S Sarkar, K Schatto, F Scheriau, M Schimp, T Schmidt, M Schmitz, S Schoenen, S Schöneberg, A Schönwald, L Schulte, D Seckel, S Seunarine, R Shanidze, MWE Smith, D Soldin, M Song, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, M Stahlberg, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, NA Stanisha, A Stasik, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, A Stößl, R Ström, NL Strotjohann, GW Sullivan, M Sutherland, H Taavola, I Taboada, S Ter-Antonyan, A Terliuk, G Tešić, S Tilav, PA Toale, MN Tobin, S Toscano, D Tosi, M Tselengidou, A Turcati, E Unger, M Usner, S Vallecorsa, J Vandenbroucke, NV Eijndhoven, S Vanheule, JV Santen, J Veenkamp, M Vehring, M Voge, M Vraeghe, C Walck, A Wallace, M Wallraff, N Wandkowsky, C Weaver, C Wendt, S Westerhoff, BJ Whelan, N Whitehorn, C Wichary, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, L Wille, DR Williams, H Wissing, M Wolf, TR Wood, K Woschnagg, DL Xu, XW Xu, Y Xu, JP Yanez, G Yodh, S Yoshida, M Zoll, PA Collaboration, A Aab, P Abreu, M Aglietta, EJ Ahn, IA Samarai, IFM Albuquerque, I Allekotte, P Allison, A Almela, JA Castillo, J Alvarez-Muñiz, RA Batista, M Ambrosio, A Aminaei, GA Anastasi, L Anchordoqui, S Andringa, C Aramo, F Arqueros, N Arsene, H Asorey, P Assis, J Aublin, G Avila, N Awal, AM Badescu, C Baus, JJ Beatty, KH Becker, JA Bellido, C Berat, ME Bertaina, X Bertou, PL Biermann, P Billoir, SG Blaess, A Blanco, M Blanco, J Blazek, C Bleve, H Blümer, M Boháčová, D Boncioli, C Bonifazi, N Borodai, J Brack, I Brancus, T Bretz, A Bridgeman, P Brogueira, P Buchholz, A Bueno, S Buitink, M Buscemi, KS Caballero-Mora, B Caccianiga, L Caccianiga, M Candusso, L Caramete, R Caruso, A Castellina, G Cataldi, L Cazon, R Cester, AG Chavez, A Chiavassa, JA Chinellato, J Chudoba, M Cilmo, RW Clay, G Cocciolo, R Colalillo, A Coleman, L Collica, MR Coluccia, R Conceição, F Contreras, MJ Cooper, A Cordier, S Coutu, CE Covault, R Dallier, B Daniel, S Dasso, K Daumiller, BR Dawson, RMD Almeida, SJD Jong, GD Mauro, JRTDM Neto, ID Mitri, JD Oliveira, VD Souza, LD Peral, O Deligny, N Dhital, CD Giulio, AD Matteo, JC Diaz, MLD Castro, F Diogo, C Dobrigkeit, W Docters, JC D'Olivo, A Dorofeev, QD Hasankiadeh, RCD Anjos, MT Dova, J Ebr, R Engel, M Erdmann, M Erfani, CO Escobar, J Espadanal, A Etchegoyen, H Falcke, K Fang, G Farrar, AC Fauth, N Fazzini, AP Ferguson, B Fick, JM Figueira, A Filevich, A Filipčič, O Fratu, MM Freire, T Fujii, B García, D García-Gámez, D Garcia-Pinto, F Gate, H Gemmeke, A Gherghel-Lascu, PL Ghia, U Giaccari, M Giammarchi, M Giller, D Głas, C Glaser, H Glass, G Golup, MG Berisso, PFG Vitale, N González, B Gookin, J Gordon, A Gorgi, P Gorham, P Gouffon, N Griffith, AF Grillo, TD Grubb, F Guarino, GP Guedes, MR Hampel, P Hansen, D Harari, TA Harrison, S Hartmann, JL Harton, A Haungs, T Hebbeker, D Heck, P Heimann, AE Hervé, GC Hill, C Hojvat, N Hollon, E Holt, P Homola, JR Hörandel, P Horvath, M Hrabovský, D Huber, T Huege, A Insolia, PG Isar, I Jandt, S Jansen, C Jarne, JA Johnsen, M Josebachuili, A Kääpä, O Kambeitz, KH Kampert, P Kasper, I Katkov, B Keilhauer, E Kemp, RM Kieckhafer, HO Klages, M Kleifges, J Kleinfeller, R Krause, N Krohm, D Kuempel, GK Mezek, N Kunka, AWK Awad, D LaHurd, L Latronico, R Lauer, M Lauscher, P Lautridou, SL Coz, D Lebrun, P Lebrun, MALD Oliveira, A Letessier-Selvon, I Lhenry-Yvon, K Link, L Lopes, R López, AL Casado, K Louedec, A Lucero, M Malacari, M Mallamaci, J Maller, D Mandat, P Mantsch, AG Mariazzi, V Marin, IC Mariş, G Marsella, D Martello, H Martinez, OM Bravo, D Martraire, JJM Meza, HJ Mathes, S Mathys, J Matthews, JAJ Matthews, G Matthiae, D Maurizio, E Mayotte, PO Mazur, C Medina, G Medina-Tanco, R Meissner, VBB Mello, D Melo, A Menshikov, S Messina, MI Micheletti, L Middendorf, IA Minaya, L Miramonti, B Mitrica, L Molina-Bueno, S Mollerach, F Montanet, C Morello, M Mostafá, CA Moura, G Müller, MA Muller, S Müller, S Navas, P Necesal, L Nellen, A Nelles, J Neuser, PH Nguyen, M Niculescu-Oglinzanu, M Niechciol, L Niemietz, T Niggemann, D Nitz, D Nosek, V Novotny, L Nožka, LA Núñez, L Ochilo, F Oikonomou, A Olinto, N Pacheco, DP Selmi-Dei, M Palatka, J Pallotta, P Papenbreer, G Parente, A Parra, T Paul, M Pech, J Pȩkala, R Pelayo, IM Pepe, L Perrone, E Petermann, C Peters, S Petrera, Y Petrov, J Phuntsok, R Piegaia, T Pierog, P Pieroni, M Pimenta, V Pirronello, M Platino, M Plum, A Porcelli, C Porowski, RR Prado, P Privitera, M Prouza, EJ Quel, S Querchfeld, S Quinn, J Rautenberg, O Ravel, D Ravignani, D Reinert, B Revenu, J Ridky, M Risse, P Ristori, V Rizi, WRD Carvalho, JR Rojo, MD Rodríguez-Frías, D Rogozin, J Rosado, M Roth, E Roulet, AC Rovero, SJ Saffi, A Saftoiu, F Salamida, H Salazar, A Saleh, FS Greus, G Salina, JDS Gomez, F Sánchez, P Sanchez-Lucas, EM Santos, E Santos, F Sarazin, B Sarkar, R Sarmento, C Sarmiento-Cano, R Sato, C Scarso, M Schauer, V Scherini, H Schieler, D Schmidt, O Scholten, H Schoorlemmer, P Schovánek, FG Schröder, A Schulz, J Schulz, J Schumacher, SJ Sciutto, A Segreto, M Settimo, A Shadkam, RC Shellard, G Sigl, O Sima, A Śmiałkowski, R Šmída, GR Snow, P Sommers, S Sonntag, J Sorokin, R Squartini, YN Srivastava, D Stanca, S Stanič, J Stapleton, J Stasielak, M Stephan, A Stutz, F Suarez, MS Durán, T Suomijärvi, AD Supanitsky, MS Sutherland, J Swain, Z Szadkowski, OA Taborda, A Tapia, A Tepe, VM Theodoro, O Tibolla, C Timmermans, CJT Peixoto, G Toma, L Tomankova, B Tomé, A Tonachini, GT Elipe, DT Machado, P Travnicek, M Trini, R Ulrich, M Unger, M Urban, JFV Galicia, I Valiño, L Valore, GV Aar, PV Bodegom, AMVD Berg, SV Velzen, AV Vliet, E Varela, BV Cárdenas, G Varner, R Vasquez, JR Vázquez, RA Vázquez, D Veberič, V Verzi, J Vicha, M Videla, L Villaseñor, B Vlcek, S Vorobiov, H Wahlberg, O Wainberg, D Walz, AA Watson, M Weber, K Weidenhaupt, A Weindl, C Welling, F Werner, A Widom, L Wiencke, H Wilczyński, T Winchen, D Wittkowski, B Wundheiler, S Wykes, L Yang, T Yapici, A Yushkov, E Zas, D Zavrtanik, M Zavrtanik, A Zepeda, B Zimmermann, M Ziolkowski, F Zuccarello, TA Collaboration, RU Abbasi, M Abe, T Abu-Zayyad, M Allen, R Azuma, E Barcikowski, JW Belz, DR Bergman, SA Blake, R Cady, MJ Chae, BG Cheon, J Chiba, M Chikawa, WR Cho, T Fujii, M Fukushima, T Goto, W Hanlon, Y Hayashi, N Hayashida, K Hibino, K Honda, D Ikeda, N Inoue, T Ishii, R Ishimori, H Ito, D Ivanov, CCH Jui, K Kadota, F Kakimoto, O Kalashev, K Kasahara, H Kawai, S Kawakami, S Kawana, K Kawata, E Kido, HB Kim, JH Kim, JH Kim, S Kitamura, Y Kitamura, V Kuzmin, YJ Kwon, J Lan, SI Lim, JP Lundquist, K Machida, K Martens, T Matsuda, T Matsuyama, JN Matthews, M Minamino, Y Mukai, I Myers, K Nagasawa, S Nagataki, T Nakamura, T Nonaka, A Nozato, S Ogio, J Ogura, M Ohnishi, H Ohoka, K Oki, T Okuda, M Ono, A Oshima, S Ozawa, IH Park, MS Pshirkov, DC Rodriguez, G Rubtsov, D Ryu, H Sagawa, N Sakurai, LM Scott, PD Shah, F Shibata, T Shibata, H Shimodaira, BK Shin, HS Shin, JD Smith, P Sokolsky, RW Springer, BT Stokes, SR Stratton, TA Stroman, T Suzawa, M Takamura, M Takeda, R Takeishi, A Taketa, M Takita, Y Tameda, H Tanaka, K Tanaka, M Tanaka, SB Thomas, GB Thomson, P Tinyakov, I Tkachev, H Tokuno, T Tomida, S Troitsky, Y Tsunesada, K Tsutsumi, Y Uchihori, S Udo, F Urban, G Vasiloff, T Wong, R Yamane, H Yamaoka, K Yamazaki, J Yang, K Yashiro, Y Yoneda, S Yoshida, H Yoshii, R Zollinger, Z Zundel

We have conducted three searches for correlations between ultra-high energy cosmic rays detected by the Telescope Array and the Pierre Auger Observatory, and high-energy neutrino candidate events from IceCube. Two cross-correlation analyses with UHECRs are done: one with 39 cascades from the IceCube `high-energy starting events' sample and the other with 16 high-energy `track events'. The angular separation between the arrival directions of neutrinos and UHECRs is scanned over. The same events are also used in a separate search using a maximum likelihood approach, after the neutrino arrival directions are stacked. To estimate the significance we assume UHECR magnetic deflections to be inversely proportional to their energy, with values $3^\circ$, $6^\circ$ and $9^\circ$ at 100 EeV to allow for the uncertainties on the magnetic field strength and UHECR charge. A similar analysis is performed on stacked UHECR arrival directions and the IceCube sample of through-going muon track events which were optimized for neutrino point-source searches.


IceTop: The surface component of IceCube

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I Collaboration, R Abbasi, Y Abdou, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, D Altmann, K Andeen, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, V Baum, R Bay, K Beattie, JJ Beatty, S Bechet, JB Tjus, K-H Becker, M Bell, ML Benabderrahmane, S BenZvi, J Berdermann, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, D Bindig, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, J Blumenthal, DJ Boersma, C Bohm, D Bose, S Böser, O Botner, L Brayeur, AM Brown, R Bruijn, J Brunner, S Buitink, KS Caballero-Mora, M Carson, J Casey, M Casier, D Chirkin, B Christy, F Clevermann, S Cohen, DF Cowen, AHC Silva, M Danninger, J Daughhetee, JC Davis, CD Clercq, F Descamps, P Desiati, GD Vries-Uiterweerd, T DeYoung, JC Díaz-Vélez, J Dreyer, JP Dumm, M Dunkman, R Eagan, J Eisch, C Elliott, RW Ellsworth, O Engdegård, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, A Fedynitch, J Feintzeig, T Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, T Fischer-Wasels, S Flis, A Franckowiak, R Franke, K Frantzen, T Fuchs, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JA Goodman, D Góra, D Grant, A Groß, S Grullon, M Gurtner, C Ha, AH Ismail, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Hanson, D Heereman, P Heimann, D Heinen, K Helbing, R Hellauer, S Hickford, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, R Hoffmann, A Homeier, K Hoshina, W Huelsnitz, PO Hulth, K Hultqvist, S Hussain, A Ishihara, E Jacobi, J Jacobsen, GS Japaridze, O Jlelati, H Johansson, A Kappes, T Karg, A Karle, J Kiryluk, F Kislat, J Kläs, SR Klein, S Klepser, J-H Köhne, G Kohnen, H Kolanoski, L Köpke, C Kopper, S Kopper, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, M Krasberg, G Kroll, J Kunnen, N Kurahashi, T Kuwabara, M Labare, K Laihem, H Landsman, MJ Larson, R Lauer, M Lesiak-Bzdak, J Lünemann, J Madsen, R Maruyama, K Mase, HS Matis, A McDermott, F McNally, K Meagher, M Merck, P Mészáros, T Meures, S Miarecki, E Middell, N Milke, J Miller, L Mohrmann, T Montaruli, R Morse, SM Movit, R Nahnhauer, U Naumann, P Nießen, SC Nowicki, DR Nygren, A Obertacke, S Odrowski, A Olivas, M Olivo, A O'Murchadha, S Panknin, L Paul, JA Pepper, CPDL Heros, D Pieloth, N Pirk, J Posselt, PB Price, GT Przybylski, L Rädel, K Rawlins, P Redl, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Ribordy, M Richman, B Riedel, JP Rodrigues, J Roth, F Rothmaier, C Rott, C Roucelle, T Ruhe, D Rutledge, B Ruzybayev, D Ryckbosch, SM Saba, T Salameh, H-G Sander, M Santander, S Sarkar, K Schatto, M Scheel, F Scheriau, T Schmidt, M Schmitz, S Schoenen, S Schöneberg, L Schönherr, A Schönwald, A Schukraft, L Schulte, O Schulz, D Seckel, SH Seo, Y Sestayo, S Seunarine, L Shulman, MWE Smith, M Soiron, D Soldin, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, A Stasik, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, A Stößl, S Stoyanov, EA Strahler, R Ström, K-H Sulanke, GW Sullivan, H Taavola, I Taboada, A Tamburro, S Ter-Antonyan, S Tilav, PA Toale, S Toscano, M Usner, DVD Drift, NV Eijndhoven, AV Overloop, JV Santen, M Vehring, M Voge, C Walck, T Waldenmaier, M Wallraff, M Walter, R Wasserman, C Weaver, C Wendt, S Westerhoff, N Whitehorn, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, DR Williams, H Wissing, M Wolf, TR Wood, K Woschnagg, C Xu, DL Xu, XW Xu, JP Yanez, G Yodh, S Yoshida, P Zarzhitsky, J Ziemann, A Zilles, M Zoll

IceTop, the surface component of the IceCube Neutrino Observatory at the South Pole, is an air shower array with an area of 1 km2. The detector allows a detailed exploration of the mass composition of primary cosmic rays in the energy range from about 100 TeV to 1 EeV by exploiting the correlation between the shower energy measured in IceTop and the energy deposited by muons in the deep ice. In this paper we report on the technical design, construction and installation, the trigger and data acquisition systems as well as the software framework for calibration, reconstruction and simulation. Finally the first experience from commissioning and operating the detector and the performance as an air shower detector will be discussed.


Search for Galactic PeV Gamma Rays with the IceCube Neutrino Observatory

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I collaboration, MG Aartsen, R Abbasi, Y Abdou, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, D Altmann, K Andeen, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, V Baum, R Bay, K Beattie, JJ Beatty, S Bechet, JB Tjus, K-H Becker, M Bell, ML Benabderrahmane, S BenZvi, J Berdermann, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, D Bindig, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, J Blumenthal, DJ Boersma, S Bohaichuk, C Bohm, D Bose1, S Böser, O Botner, L Brayeur, AM Brown, R Bruijn, J Brunner, S Buitink, M Carson, J Casey, M Casier, D Chirkin, B Christy, K Clark, F Clevermann, S Cohen, DF Cowen, AHC Silva, M Danninger, J Daughhetee, JC Davis, CD Clercq, SD Ridder, F Descamps, P Desiati, GD Vries-Uiterweerd, T DeYoung, JC Díaz-Vélez, J Dreyer, JP Dumm, M Dunkman, R Eagan, B Eberhardt, J Eisch, RW Ellsworth, O Engdegård, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, A Fedynitch, J Feintzeig, T Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, T Fischer-Wasels, S Flis, A Franckowiak, R Franke, K Frantzen, T Fuchs, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, G Golup, JA Goodman, D Góra, D Grant, A Groß, S Grullon, M Gurtner, C Ha, AH Ismail, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Hanson, D Heereman, P Heimann, D Heinen, K Helbing, R Hellauer, S Hickford, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, R Hoffmann, A Homeier, K Hoshina, W Huelsnitz, PO Hulth, K Hultqvist, S Hussain, A Ishihara, E Jacobi, J Jacobsen, GS Japaridze, O Jlelati, A Kappes, T Karg, A Karle, J Kiryluk, F Kislat, J Kläs, SR Klein, J-H Köhne, G Kohnen, H Kolanoski, L Köpke, C Kopper, S Kopper, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, M Krasberg, G Kroll, J Kunnen, N Kurahashi, T Kuwabara, M Labare, H Landsman, MJ Larson, R Lauer, M Lesiak-Bzdak, J Lünemann, J Madsen, R Maruyama, K Mase, HS Matis, F McNally, K Meagher, M Merck, P Mészáros, T Meures, S Miarecki, E Middell, N Milke, J Miller, L Mohrmann, T Montaruli, R Morse, R Nahnhauer, U Naumann, SC Nowicki, DR Nygren, A Obertacke, S Odrowski, A Olivas, M Olivo, A O'Murchadha, S Panknin, L Paul, JA Pepper, CPDL Heros, D Pieloth, N Pirk, J Posselt, PB Price, GT Przybylski, L Rädel, K Rawlins, P Redl, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Ribordy, M Richman, B Riedel, JP Rodrigues, C Rott, T Ruhe, B Ruzybayev, D Ryckbosch, SM Saba, T Salameh, H-G Sander, M Santander, S Sarkar, K Schatto, M Scheel, F Scheriau, T Schmidt, M Schmitz, S Schoenen, S Schöneberg, L Schönherr, A Schönwald, A Schukraft, L Schulte, O Schulz, D Seckel, SH Seo, Y Sestayo, S Seunarine, C Sheremata, MWE Smith, M Soiron, D Soldin, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, A Stasik, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, A Stöß, EA Strahler, R Ström, GW Sullivan, H Taavola, I Taboada, A Tamburro, S Ter-Antonyan, S Tilav, PA Toale, S Toscano, M Usner, DVD Drift, NV Eijndhoven, AV Overloop, JV Santen, M Vehring, M Voge1, M Vraeghe, C Walck, T Waldenmaier, M Wallraff, M Walter, R Wasserman, C Weaver, C Wendt, S Westerhoff, N Whitehorn, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, DR Williams, H Wissing, M Wolf, TR Wood, K Woschnagg, C Xu, DL Xu, XW Xu, JP Yanez, G Yodh, S Yoshida, P Zarzhitsky, J Ziemann, S Zierke, A Zilles, M Zoll

Gamma-ray induced air showers are notable for their lack of muons, compared to hadronic showers. Hence, air shower arrays with large underground muon detectors can select a sample greatly enriched in photon showers by rejecting showers containing muons. IceCube is sensitive to muons with energies above ~500 GeV at the surface, which provides an efficient veto system for hadronic air showers with energies above 1 PeV. One year of data from the 40-string IceCube configuration was used to perform a search for point sources and a Galactic diffuse signal. No sources were found, resulting in a 90% C.L. upper limit on the ratio of gamma rays to cosmic rays of 1.2 x 10^(-3)for the flux coming from the Galactic Plane region (-80 deg < l < -30 deg; -10 deg < b < 5 deg) in the energy range 1.2 - 6.0 PeV. In the same energy range, point source fluxes with E^(-2) spectra have been excluded at a level of (E/TeV)^2 d\Phi/dE ~ 10^(-12)-10^(-11) cm^2/s/TeV depending on source declination. The complete IceCube detector will have a better sensitivity, due to the larger detector size, improved reconstruction and vetoing techniques. Preliminary data from the nearly-final IceCube detector configuration has been used to estimate the 5 year sensitivity of the full detector. It is found to be more than an order of magnitude better, allowing the search for PeV extensions of known TeV gamma-ray emitters.


A Search for UHE Tau Neutrinos with IceCube

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I Collaboration, R Abbasi, Y Abdou, T Abu-Zayyad, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, D Altmann, K Andeen, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, V Baum, R Bay, K Beattie, JJ Beatty, S Bechet, JK Becker, K-H Becker, M Bell, ML Benabderrahmane, S BenZvi, J Berdermann, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, D Bindig, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, J Blumenthal, DJ Boersma, C Bohm, D Bose1, S Böser, O Botner, L Brayeur, AM Brown, S Buitink, KS Caballero-Mora, M Carson, M Casier, D Chirkin, B Christy, F Clevermann, S Cohen, DF Cowen, AHC Silva, MV D'Agostino, M Danninger, J Daughhetee, JC Davis, CD Clercq, T Degner, F Descamps, P Desiati, GD Vries-Uiterweerd, T DeYoung, JC Díaz-Vélez, J Dreyer, JP Dumm, M Dunkman, J Eisch, RW Ellsworth, O Engdegård, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, A Fedynitch, J Feintzeig, T Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, T Fischer-Wasels, S Flis, A Franckowiak, R Franke, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JA Goodman, D Góra, D Grant, A Groß, S Grullon, M Gurtner, C Ha, AH Ismail, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Hanson, D Heereman, P Heimann, D Heinen, K Helbing, R Hellauer, S Hickford, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, B Hoffmann, A Homeier, K Hoshina, W Huelsnitz, PO Hulth, K Hultqvist, S Hussain, A Ishihara, E Jacobi, J Jacobsen, GS Japaridze, H Johansson, A Kappes, T Karg, A Karle, J Kiryluk, F Kislat, SR Klein, J-H Köhne, G Kohnen, H Kolanoski, L Köpke, S Kopper, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, M Krasberg, G Kroll, J Kunnen, N Kurahashi, T Kuwabara, M Labare1, K Laihem, H Landsman, MJ Larson, R Lauer, J Lünemann, J Madsen, R Maruyama, K Mase, HS Matis, K Meagher, M Merck, P Mészáros, T Meures, S Miarecki, E Middell, N Milke, J Miller, T Montaruli, R Morse, SM Movit, R Nahnhauer, JW Nam, U Naumann, SC Nowicki, DR Nygren, S Odrowski, A Olivas, M Olivo, A O'Murchadha, S Panknin1, L Paul, CPDL Heros, D Pieloth, J Posselt, PB Price, GT Przybylski, K Rawlins, P Redl, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Ribordy, M Richman, B Riedel, JP Rodrigues, F Rothmaier, C Rott, T Ruhe, D Rutledge, B Ruzybayev, D Ryckbosch, H-G Sander, M Santander, S Sarkar, K Schatto, M Scheel, T Schmidt, S Schöneberg, A Schönwald, A Schukraft, L Schulte1, A Schultes, O Schulz, M Schunck, D Seckel, B Semburg, SH Seo, Y Sestayo, S Seunarine1, A Silvestri, MWE Smith, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, A Stößl, EA Strahler, R Ström, M Stüer, GW Sullivan, H Taavola, I Taboada, A Tamburro, S Ter-Antonyan, S Tilav, PA Toale, S Toscano, NV Eijndhoven, AV Overloop, JV Santen, M Vehring, M Voge1, C Walck, T Waldenmaier, M Wallraff, M Walter, R Wasserman, C Weaver, C Wendt, S Westerhoff, N Whitehorn, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, DR Williams, R Wischnewski, H Wissing, M Wolf, TR Wood, K Woschnagg, C Xu, DL Xu, XW Xu, JP Yanez, G Yodh, S Yoshida, P Zarzhitsky, M Zoll

The first dedicated search for ultra-high energy (UHE) tau neutrinos of astrophysical origin was performed using the IceCube detector in its 22-string configuration with an instrumented volume of roughly 0.25 km^3. The search also had sensitivity to UHE electron and muon neutrinos. After application of all selection criteria to approximately 200 live-days of data, we expect a background of 0.60 +/- 0.19 (stat.) $^{+0.56}_{-0.58}$ (syst.) events and observe three events, which after inspection emerge as being compatible with background but are kept in the final sample. Therefore, we set an upper limit on neutrinos of all-flavors from UHE astrophysical sources at 90% CL of $E^{2} \Phi(\nu_{x}) < 16.3 * 10^-8 GeV cm^-2 sr^-1 s^-1 over an estimated primary neutrino energy range of 340 TeV to 200 PeV.


Observation of an Anisotropy in the Galactic Cosmic Ray arrival direction at 400 TeV with IceCube

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I Collaboration, R Abbasi, Y Abdou, T Abu-Zayyad, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, MM Allen, D Altmann, K Andeen, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, R Bay, JLB Alba, K Beattie, JJ Beatty, S Bechet, JK Becker, K-H Becker, ML Benabderrahmane, S BenZvi, J Berdermann, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, D Bindig, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, J Blumenthal, DJ Boersma, C Bohm, D Bose, S Böser, O Botner, AM Brown, S Buitink, KS Caballero-Mora, M Carson, D Chirkin, B Christy, F Clevermann, S Cohen, C Colnard, DF Cowen, AHC Silva, MV D'Agostino, M Danninger, J Daughhetee, JC Davis, CD Clercq, T Degner, L Demirörs, F Descamps, P Desiati, GD Vries-Uiterweerd, T DeYoung, JC Díaz-Vélez, M Dierckxsens, J Dreyer, JP Dumm, M Dunkman, J Eisch, RW Ellsworth, O Engdegård, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, A Fedynitch, J Feintzeig, T Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, T Fischer-Wasels, BD Fox, A Franckowiak, R Franke, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JA Goodman, D Góra, D Grant, T Griesel, A Groß, S Grullon, M Gurtner, C Ha, AH Ismail, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Han, K Hanson, D Heinen, K Helbing, R Hellauer, S Hickford, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, B Hoffmann, A Homeier, K Hoshina, W Huelsnitz, J-P Hülß, PO Hulth, K Hultqvist, S Hussain, A Ishihara, E Jacobi, J Jacobsen, GS Japaridze, H Johansson, K-H Kampert, A Kappes, T Karg, A Karle, P Kenny, J Kiryluk, F Kislat, SR Klein, J-H Köhne, G Kohnen, H Kolanoski, L Köpke, S Kopper, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, T Kowarik, M Krasberg, G Kroll, N Kurahashi, T Kuwabara, M Labare, K Laihem, H Landsman, MJ Larson, R Lauer, J Lünemann, J Madsen, A Marotta, R Maruyama, K Mase, HS Matis, K Meagher, M Merck, P Mészáros, T Meures, S Miarecki, E Middell, N Milke, J Miller, T Montaruli, R Morse, SM Movit, R Nahnhauer, JW Nam, U Naumann, DR Nygren, S Odrowski, A Olivas, M Olivo, A O'Murchadha, S Panknin, L Paul, CPDL Heros, J Petrovic, A Piegsa, D Pieloth, R Porrata, J Posselt, CC Price, PB Price, GT Przybylski, K Rawlins, P Redl, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Ribordy, M Richman, JP Rodrigues, F Rothmaier, C Rott, T Ruhe, D Rutledge, B Ruzybayev, D Ryckbosch, H-G Sander, M Santander, S Sarkar, K Schatto, T Schmidt, A Schönwald, A Schukraft, A Schultes, O Schulz, M Schunck, D Seckel, B Semburg, SH Seo, Y Sestayo, S Seunarine, A Silvestri, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, A Stößl, EA Strahler, R Ström, M Stüer, GW Sullivan, Q Swillens, H Taavola, I Taboada, A Tamburro, A Tepe, S Ter-Antonyan, S Tilav, PA Toale, S Toscano, D Tosi, NV Eijndhoven, J Vandenbroucke, AV Overloop, JV Santen, M Vehring, M Voge, C Walck, T Waldenmaier, M Wallraff, M Walter, C Weaver, C Wendt, S Westerhoff, N Whitehorn, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, DR Williams, R Wischnewski, H Wissing, M Wolf, TR Wood, K Woschnagg, C Xu, DL Xu, XW Xu, JP Yanez, G Yodh, S Yoshida, P Zarzhitsky, M Zoll

In this paper we report the first observation in the Southern hemisphere of an energy dependence in the Galactic cosmic ray anisotropy up to a few hundred TeV. This measurement was performed using cosmic ray induced muons recorded by the partially deployed IceCube observatory between May 2009 and May 2010. The data include a total of 33$\times 10^{9}$ muon events with a median angular resolution of $\sim3^{\circ}$ degrees. A sky map of the relative intensity in arrival direction over the Southern celestial sky is presented for cosmic ray median energies of 20 and 400 TeV. The same large-scale anisotropy observed at median energies around 20 TeV is not present at 400 TeV. Instead, the high energy skymap shows a different anisotropy structure including a deficit with a post-trial significance of -6.3$\sigma$. This anisotropy reveals a new feature of the Galactic cosmic ray distribution, which must be incorporated into theories of the origin and propagation of cosmic rays.


First search for atmospheric and extraterrestrial neutrino-induced cascades with the IceCube detector

ArXiv (0)

I Collaboration, R Abbasi, Y Abdou, T Abu-Zayyad, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, K Andeen, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, R Bay, JLB Alba, K Beattie, JJ Beatty, S Bechet, JK Becker, K-H Becker, ML Benabderrahmane, S BenZvi, J Berdermann, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, D Bindig, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, J Blumenthal, DJ Boersma, C Bohm, D Bose, S B, oser, O Botner, J Braun, AM Brown, S Buitink, M Carson, D Chirkin, B Christy, J Clem, F Clevermann, S Cohen, C Colnard, DF Cowen, MV D'Agostino, M Danninger, J Daughhetee, JC Davis, CD Clercq, L Demir, ors, T Denger, O Depaepe, F Descamps, P Desiati, GD Vries-Uiterweerd, T DeYoung, JC D'iaz-Vélez, M Dierckxsens, J Dreyer, JP Dumm, R Ehrlich, J Eisch, RW Ellsworth, OE aard, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, A Fedynitch, T Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, T Fischer-Wasels, MM Foerster, BD Fox, A Franckowiak, R Franke, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, M Geisler, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JA Goodman, D Grant, T Griesel, A Gross, S Grullon, M Gurtner, C Ha, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Han, K Hanson, D Heinen, K Helbing, P Herquet, S Hickford, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, A Homeier, K Hoshina, D Hubert, W Huelsnitz, J-P Hülß, PO Hulth, K Hultqvist, S Hussain, A Ishihara, J Jacobsen, GS Japaridze, H Johansson, JM Joseph, K-H Kampert, A Kappes, T Karg, A Karle, JL Kelley, P Kenny, J Kiryluk, F Kislat, SR Klein, J-H Köhne, G Kohnen, H Kolanoski, L Köpke, S Kopper, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, T Kowarik, M Krasberg, T Krings, G Kroll, K Kuehn, T Kuwabara, M Labare, S Lafebre, K Laihem, H Landsman, MJ Larson, R Lauer, J Lünemann, J Madsen, P Majumdar, A Marotta, R Maruyama, K Mase, HS Matis, K Meagher, M Merck, P Mészáros, T Meures, E Middell, N Milke, J Miller, T Montaruli, R Morse, SM Movit, R Nahnhauer, JW Nam, U Naumann, P Nießen, DR Nygren, S Odrowski, A Olivas, M Olivo, A O'Murchadha, M Ono, S Panknin, L Paul, CPDL Heros, J Petrovic, A Piegsa, D Pieloth, R Porrata, J Posselt, PB Price, M Prikockis, GT Przybylski, K Rawlins, P Redl, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Ribordy, A Rizzo, JP Rodrigues, P Roth, F Rothmaier, C Rott, T Ruhe, D Rutledge, B Ruzybayev, D Ryckbosch, H-G Sander, M Santander, S Sarkar, K Schatto, T Schmidt, A Schoenwald, A Schukraft, A Schultes, O Schulz, M Schunck, D Seckel, B Semburg, SH Seo, Y Sestayo, S Seunarine, A Silvestri, A Slipak, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, G Stephens, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, S Stoyanov, EA Strahler, T Straszheim, M Stür, GW Sullivan, Q Swillens, H Taavola, I Taboada, A Tamburro, O Tarasova, A Tepe, S Ter-Antonyan, S Tilav, PA Toale, S Toscano, D Tosi, DTV can, NV Eijndhoven, J Vandenbroucke, AV Overloop, JV Santen, M Vehring, M Voge, B Voigt, C Walck, T Waldenmaier, M Wallraff, M Walter, C Weaver, C Wendt, S Westerhoff, N Whitehorn, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, DR Williams, R Wischnewski, H Wissing, M Wolf, K Woschnagg, C Xu, XW Xu, G Yodh, S Yoshida, P Zarzhitsky

We report on the first search for atmospheric and for diffuse astrophysical neutrino-induced showers (cascades) in the IceCube detector using 257 days of data collected in the year 2007-2008 with 22 strings active. A total of 14 events with energies above 16 TeV remained after event selections in the diffuse analysis, with an expected total background contribution of $8.3\pm 3.6$. At 90% confidence we set an upper limit of $E^2\Phi_{90%CL}<3.6\times10^{-7} GeV \cdot cm^{-2} \cdot s^{-1}\cdot sr^{-1} $ on the diffuse flux of neutrinos of all flavors in the energy range between 24 TeV and 6.6 PeV assuming that $\Phi \propto E^{-2}$ and that the flavor composition of the $\nu_e : \nu_\mu : \nu_\tau$ flux is $1 : 1 : 1$ at the Earth. The atmospheric neutrino analysis was optimized for lower energies. A total of 12 events were observed with energies above 5 TeV. The observed number of events is consistent with the expected background, within the uncertainties.


Mixed dark matter from technicolor

ArXiv (0)

A Belyaev, MT Frandsen, F Sannino, S Sarkar

We study natural composite cold dark matter candidates which are pseudo Nambu-Goldstone bosons (pNGB) in models of dynamical electroweak symmetry breaking. Some of these can have a significant thermal relic abundance, while others must be mainly asymmetric dark matter. By considering the thermal abundance alone we find a lower bound of MW on the pNGB mass when the (composite) Higgs is heavier than 115 GeV. Being pNGBs, the dark matter candidates are in general light enough to be produced at the LHC.


The IceCube Neutrino Observatory Part I: Point Source Searches

ArXiv (0)

I Collaboration, MG Aartsen, R Abbasi, Y Abdou, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, D Altmann, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, V Baum, R Bay, JJ Beatty, S Bechet, JB Tjus, K-H Becker, M Bell, ML Benabderrahmane, S BenZvi, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, A Bernhard, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, G Binder, D Bindig, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, J Blumenthal, DJ Boersma, S Bohaichuk, C Bohm, D Bose, S Böser, O Botner, L Brayeur, H-P Bretz, AM Brown, R Bruijn, J Brunner, M Carson, J Casey, M Casier, D Chirkin, A Christov, B Christy, K Clark, F Clevermann, S Coenders, S Cohen, DF Cowen, AHC Silva, M Danninger, J Daughhetee, JC Davis, CD Clercq, SD Ridder, P Desiati, KDD Vries, MD With, T DeYoung, JC Díaz-Vélez, M Dunkman, R Eagan, B Eberhardt, J Eisch, RW Ellsworth, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, A Fedynitch, J Feintzeig, T Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, T Fischer-Wasels, S Flis, A Franckowiak, K Frantzen, T Fuchs, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, G Golup, JG Gonzalez, JA Goodman, D Góra, DT Grandmont, D Grant, A Groß, C Ha, AH Ismail, P Hallen, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Hanson, D Heereman, D Heinen, K Helbing, R Hellauer, S Hickford, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, R Hoffmann, A Homeier, K Hoshina, W Huelsnitz, PO Hulth, K Hultqvist, S Hussain, A Ishihara, E Jacobi, J Jacobsen, K Jagielski, GS Japaridze, K Jero, O Jlelati, B Kaminsky, A Kappes, T Karg, A Karle, JL Kelley, J Kiryluk, J Kläs, SR Klein, J-H Köhne, G Kohnen, H Kolanoski, L Köpke, C Kopper, S Kopper, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, M Krasberg, K Krings, G Kroll, J Kunnen, N Kurahashi, T Kuwabara, M Labare, H Landsman, MJ Larson, M Lesiak-Bzdak, M Leuermann, J Leute, J Lünemann, J Madsen, G Maggi, R Maruyama, K Mase, HS Matis, F McNally, K Meagher, M Merck, P Mészáros, T Meures, S Miarecki, E Middell, N Milke, J Miller, L Mohrmann, T Montaruli, R Morse, R Nahnhauer, U Naumann, H Niederhausen, SC Nowicki, DR Nygren, A Obertacke, S Odrowski, A Olivas, M Olivo, A O'Murchadha, L Paul, JA Pepper, CPDL Heros, C Pfendner, D Pieloth, E Pinat, J Posselt, PB Price, GT Przybylski, L Rädel, M Rameez, K Rawlins, P Redl, R Reimann, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Ribordy, M Richman, B Riedel, JP Rodrigues, C Rott, T Ruhe, B Ruzybayev, D Ryckbosch, SM Saba, T Salameh, H-G Sander, M Santander, S Sarkar, K Schatto, M Scheel, F Scheriau, T Schmidt, M Schmitz, S Schoenen, S Schöneberg, A Schönwald, A Schukraft, L Schulte, O Schulz, D Seckel, Y Sestayo, S Seunarine, R Shanidze, C Sheremata, MWE Smith, D Soldin, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, A Stasik, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, A Stößl, EA Strahler, R Ström, GW Sullivan, H Taavola, I Taboada, A Tamburro, A Tepe, S Ter-Antonyan, G Tešić, S Tilav, PA Toale, S Toscano, M Usner, DVD Drift, NV Eijndhoven, AV Overloop, JV Santen, M Vehring, M Voge, M Vraeghe, C Walck, T Waldenmaier, M Wallraff, R Wasserman, C Weaver, M Wellons, C Wendt, S Westerhoff, N Whitehorn, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, DR Williams, H Wissing, M Wolf, TR Wood, K Woschnagg, DL Xu, XW Xu, JP Yanez, G Yodh, S Yoshida, P Zarzhitsky, J Ziemann, S Zierke, M Zoll

Papers on point source searches submitted to the 33nd International Cosmic Ray Conference (Rio de Janeiro 2013) by the IceCube Collaboration.


Atmospheric effects on extensive air showers observed with the Surface Detector of the Pierre Auger Observatory

ArXiv (0)

TPA Collaboration

Atmospheric parameters, such as pressure (P), temperature (T) and density, affect the development of extensive air showers initiated by energetic cosmic rays. We have studied the impact of atmospheric variations on extensive air showers by means of the surface detector of the Pierre Auger Observatory. The rate of events shows a ~10% seasonal modulation and ~2% diurnal one. We find that the observed behaviour is explained by a model including the effects associated with the variations of pressure and density. The former affects the longitudinal development of air showers while the latter influences the Moliere radius and hence the lateral distribution of the shower particles. The model is validated with full simulations of extensive air showers using atmospheric profiles measured at the site of the Pierre Auger Observatory.


Implications of cosmic ray results for UHE neutrinos

ArXiv (0)

S Sarkar

Recent measurements of the spectrum and composition of ultrahigh energy cosmic rays suggest that their extragalactic sources may be accelerating heavy nuclei in addition to protons. This can suppress the cosmogenic neutrino flux relative to the usual expectation for an all-proton composition. Cosmic neutrino detectors may therefore need to be even larger than currently planned but conversely they will also be able to provide valuable information concerning astrophysical accelerators. Moreover measurement of ultrahigh energy cosmic neutrino interactions can provide an unique probe of QCD dynamics at high parton density.


Probing low-x QCD with cosmic neutrinos at the Pierre Auger Observatory

ArXiv (0)

LA Anchordoqui, AM Cooper-Sarkar, D Hooper, S Sarkar

The sources of the observed ultra-high energy cosmic rays must also generate ultra-high energy neutrinos. Deep inelastic scattering of these neutrinos with nucleons on Earth probe center-of-mass energies $\sqrt{s} \sim 100$ TeV, well beyond those attainable at terrestrial colliders. By comparing the rates for two classes of observable events, any departure from the benchmark (unscreened perturbative QCD) neutrino-nucleon cross-section can be constrained. Using the projected sensitivity of the Pierre Auger Observatory to quasi-horizontal showers and Earth-skimming tau neutrinos, we show that a `Super-Auger' detector can thus provide an unique probe of strong interaction dynamics.


On the APM power spectrum and the CMB anisotropy: Evidence for a phase transition during inflation?

ArXiv (0)

J Barriga, E Gaztanaga, M Santos, S Sarkar

Adams et al. (1997b) have noted that according to our current understanding of the unification of fundamental interactions, there should have been phase transitions associated with spontaneous symmetry breaking {\em during} the inflationary era. This may have resulted in the breaking of scale-invariance of the primordial density perturbation for brief periods. A possible such feature was identified in the power spectrum of galaxy clustering in the APM survey at the scale $k \sim 0.1 h$ Mpc^{-1} and it was shown that the secondary acoustic peaks in the power spectrum of the CMB anisotropy should consequently be suppressed. We demonstrate that this prediction is confirmed by the recent Boomerang and Maxima observations, which favour a step-like spectral feature in the range $k \sim (0.06-0.6)h$ Mpc^{-1}, independently of the similar previous indication from the APM data. Such a spectral break enables an excellent fit to both APM and CMB data with a baryon density consistent with the BBN value. It also allows the possibility of a matter-dominated universe with zero cosmological constant, which we show can now account for even the evolution of the abundance of rich clusters.


Big bang nucleosynthesis limit on N_nu

ArXiv (0)

E Lisi, S Sarkar, FL Villante

Recently we presented a simple method for determining the correlated uncertainties of the light element abundances expected from big bang nucleosynthesis, which avoids the need for lengthy Monte Carlo simulations. We now extend this approach to consider departures from the Standard Model, in particular to constrain any new light degrees of freedom present in the thermal plasma during nucleosynthesis. Since the observational situation regarding the inferred primordial abundances has not yet stabilized, we present illustrative bounds on the equivalent number of neutrino species N_nu for various combinations of individual abundance determinations. Our 95% C.L. bounds on N_nu range between 2 and 4, and can easily be reevaluated using the technique provided when the abundances are known more accurately.


Quantifying uncertainties in primordial nucleosynthesis without Monte Carlo simulations

ArXiv (0)

G Fiorentini, E Lisi, S Sarkar, FL Villante

We present a simple method for determining the (correlated) uncertainties of the light element abundances expected from big bang nucleosynthesis, which avoids the need for lengthy Monte Carlo simulations. Our approach helps to clarify the role of the different nuclear reactions contributing to a particular elemental abundance and makes it easy to implement energy-independent changes in the measured reaction rates. As an application, we demonstrate how this method simplifies the statistical estimation of the nucleon-to-photon ratio through comparison of the standard BBN predictions with the observationally inferred abundances.


Summary of the NOW'98 Phenomenology Working Group

ArXiv (0)

SM Bilenky, A Geiser, C Giunti, S Mohanty, S Otwinowski, S Sarkar, ZZ Xing

Summary of the Phenomenology Working Group at the Europhysics Neutrino Oscillation Workshop (NOW'98), 7-9 September 1998, Amsterdam.


Neutrinos below 100 TeV from the southern sky employing refined veto techniques to IceCube data

Astroparticle Physics Elsevier (0)

I Collaboration, MG Aartsen, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, M Ahrens, C Alispach, D Altmann, K Andeen, T Anderson, I Ansseau, G Anton, C Argüelles, J Auffenberg, S Axani, P Backes, H Bagherpour, X Bai, A Barbano, SW Barwick, V Baum, R Bay, JJ Beatty, K-H Becker, JB Tjus, S BenZvi, D Berley, E Bernardini, DZ Besson, G Binder, D Bindig, E Blaufuss, S Blot, C Bohm, M Börner, S Böser, O Botner, E Bourbeau, J Bourbeau, F Bradascio, J Braun, H-P Bretz, S Bron, J Brostean-Kaiser, A Burgman, RS Busse, T Carver, C Chen, E Cheung, D Chirkin, K Clark, L Classen, GH Collin, JM Conrad, P Coppin, P Correa, DF Cowen, R Cross, P Dave, JPAMD André, CD Clercq, JJ DeLaunay, H Dembinski, K Deoskar, SD Ridder, P Desiati, KDD Vries, GD Wasseige, MD With, T DeYoung, JC Díaz-Vélez, H Dujmovic, M Dunkman, E Dvorak, B Eberhardt, T Ehrhardt, P Eller, PA Evenson, S Fahey, AR Fazely, J Felde, K Filimonov, C Finley, A Franckowiak, E Friedman, A Fritz, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, E Ganster, S Garrappa, L Gerhardt, K Ghorbani, T Glauch, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JG Gonzalez, D Grant, Z Griffith, M Günder, M Gündüz, C Haack, A Hallgren, L Halve, F Halzen, K Hanson, D Hebecker, D Heereman, K Helbing, R Hellauer, F Henningsen, S Hickford, J Hignight, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, R Hoffmann, T Hoinka, B Hokanson-Fasig, K Hoshina, F Huang, M Huber, K Hultqvist, M Hünnefeld, R Hussain, S In, N Iovine, A Ishihara, E Jacobi, GS Japaridze, M Jeong, K Jero, BJP Jones, W Kang, A Kappes, D Kappesser, T Karg, M Karl, A Karle, U Katz, M Kauer, A Keivani, JL Kelley, A Kheirandish, J Kim, T Kintscher, J Kiryluk, T Kittler, SR Klein, R Koirala, H Kolanoski, L Köpke, C Kopper, S Kopper, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, K Krings, G Krückl, N Kulacz, S Kunwar, N Kurahashi, A Kyriacou, M Labare, JL Lanfranchi, MJ Larson, F Lauber, JP Lazar, K Leonard, M Leuermann, QR Liu, E Lohfink, CJL Mariscal, L Lu, F Lucarelli, J Lünemann, W Luszczak, J Madsen, G Maggi, KBM Mahn, Y Makino, K Mallot, S Mancina, IC Mariş, R Maruyama, K Mase, R Maunu, K Meagher, M Medici, A Medina, M Meier, S Meighen-Berger, T Menne, G Merino, T Meures, S Miarecki, J Micallef, G Momenté, T Montaruli, RW Moore, M Moulai, R Nagai, R Nahnhauer, P Nakarmi, U Naumann, G Neer, H Niederhausen, SC Nowicki, DR Nygren, AO Pollmann, A Olivas, A O'Murchadha, E O'Sullivan, T Palczewski, H Pandya, DV Pankova, N Park, P Peiffer, CPDL Heros, D Pieloth, E Pinat, A Pizzuto, M Plum, PB Price, GT Przybylski, C Raab, A Raissi, M Rameez, L Rauch, K Rawlins, IC Rea, R Reimann, B Relethford, G Renzi, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Richman, S Robertson, M Rongen, C Rott, T Ruhe, D Ryckbosch, D Rysewyk, I Safa, SES Herrera, A Sandrock, J Sandroos, M Santander, S Sarkar, S Sarkar, K Satalecka, M Schaufel, P Schlunder, T Schmidt, A Schneider, J Schneider, L Schumacher, S Sclafani, D Seckel, S Seunarine, M Silva, R Snihur, J Soedingrekso, D Soldin, M Song, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, J Stachurska, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, A Stasik, R Stein, J Stettner, A Steuer, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, A Stößl, NL Strotjohann, R, R Ström, T Stuttard, GW Sullivan, M Sutherland, I Taboada, F Tenholt, S Ter-Antonyan, A Terliuk, S Tilav, L Tomankova, C Tönnis, S Toscano, D Tosi, M Tselengidou, CF Tung, A Turcati, R Turcotte, CF Turley, B Ty, E Unger, MAU Elorrieta, M Usner, J Vandenbroucke, WV Driessche, DV Eijk, NV Eijndhoven, S Vanheule, JV Santen, M Vraeghe, C Walck, A Wallace, M Wallraff, N Wandkowsky, TB Watson, C Weaver, MJ Weiss, J Weldert, C Wendt, J Werthebach, S Westerhoff, BJ Whelan, N Whitehorn, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, L Wille, DR Williams, L Wills, M Wolf, J Wood, TR Wood, K Woschnagg, G Wrede, DL Xu, XW Xu, Y Xu, JP Yanez, G Yodh, S Yoshida, T Yuan

Many Galactic sources of gamma rays, such as supernova remnants, are expected to produce neutrinos with a typical energy cutoff well below 100 TeV. For the IceCube Neutrino Observatory located at the South Pole, the southern sky, containing the inner part of the Galactic plane and the Galactic Center, is a particularly challenging region at these energies, because of the large background of atmospheric muons. In this paper, we present recent advancements in data selection strategies for track-like muon neutrino events with energies below 100 TeV from the southern sky. The strategies utilize the outer detector regions as veto and features of the signal pattern to reduce the background of atmospheric muons to a level which, for the first time, allows IceCube searching for point-like sources of neutrinos in the southern sky at energies between 100 GeV and several TeV in the muon neutrino charged current channel. No significant clustering of neutrinos above background expectation was observed in four years of data recorded with the completed IceCube detector. Upper limits on the neutrino flux for a number of spectral hypotheses are reported for a list of astrophysical objects in the southern hemisphere.


Design and Performance of the first IceAct Demonstrator at the South Pole

ArXiv (0)

MG Aartsen, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, M Ahrens, C Alispach, K Andeen, T Anderson, I Ansseau, G Anton, C Argüelles, TC Arlen, J Auffenberg, S Axani, P Backes, H Bagherpour, X Bai, AB V, A Barbano, I Bartos, SW Barwick, B Bastian, V Baum, S Baur, R Bay, JJ Beatty, K-H Becker, JB Tjus, S BenZvi, D Berley, E Bernardini, DZ Besson, G Binder, D Bindig, E Blaufuss, S Blot, C Bohm, M Bohmer, M Börner, S Böser, O Botner, J Böttcher, E Bourbeau, J Bourbeau, F Bradascio, J Braun, S Bron, J Brostean-Kaiser, A Burgman, J Buscher, RS Busse, T Carver, C Chen, E Cheung, D Chirkin, S Choi, K Clark, L Classen, A Coleman, GH Collin, JM Conrad, P Coppin, P Correa, DF Cowen, R Cross, P Dave, CD Clercq, JJ DeLaunay, H Dembinski, K Deoskar, SD Ridder, P Desiati, KDD Vries, GD Wasseige, MD With, T DeYoung, A Diaz, JC Díaz-Vélez, H Dujmovic, M Dunkman, MA DuVernois, E Dvorak, B Eberhardt, T Ehrhardt, P Eller, R Engel, JJ Evans, PA Evenson, S Fahey, K Farrag, AR Fazely, J Felde, K Filimonov, C Finley, D Fox, A Franckowiak, E Friedman, A Fritz, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, E Ganster, S Garrappa, A Gartner, L Gerhardt, R Gernhaeuser, K Ghorbani, T Glauch, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JG Gonzalez, D Grant, Z Griffith, S Griswold, M Günder, M Gündüz, C Haack, A Hallgren, R Halliday, L Halve, F Halzen, K Hanson, J Haugen, A Haungs, D Hebecker, D Heereman, P Heix, K Helbing, R Hellauer, F Henningsen, S Hickford, J Hignight, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, B Hoffmann, R Hoffmann, T Hoinka, B Hokanson-Fasig, K Holzapfel, K Hoshina, F Huang, M Huber, T Huber, T Huege, K Hultqvist, M Hünnefeld, R Hussain, S In, N Iovine, A Ishihara, GS Japaridze, M Jeong, K Jero, BJP Jones, F Jonske, R Joppe, O Kalekin, D Kang, W Kang, A Kappes, D Kappesser, T Karg, M Karl, A Karle, T Katori, U Katz, M Kauer, A Keivani, JL Kelley, A Kheirandish, J Kim, T Kintscher, J Kiryluk, T Kittler, SR Klein, R Koirala, H Kolanoski, L Köpke, C Kopper, S Kopper, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, CB Krauss, K Krings, G Krückl, N Kulacz, N Kurahashi, A Kyriacou, M Labare, JL Lanfranchi, MJ Larson, F Lauber, JP Lazar, K Leonard, A Leszczyńska, M Leuermann, QR Liu, E Lohfink, J LoSecco, CJL Mariscal, L Lu, F Lucarelli, J Lünemann, W Luszczak, Y Lyu, WY Ma, J Madsen, G Maggi, KBM Mahn, Y Makino, P Mallik, K Mallot, S Mancina, S Mandalia, IC Mariş, S Marka, Z Marka, R Maruyama, K Mase, R Maunu, F McNally, K Meagher, M Medici, A Medina, M Meier, S Meighen-Berger, T Menne, G Merino, T Meures, J Micallef, D Mockler, G Momenté, T Montaruli, RW Moore, R Morse, M Moulai, P Muth, R Nagai, P Nakarmi, U Naumann, G Neer, H Niederhausen, MU Nisa, SC Nowicki, DR Nygren, AO Pollmann, M Oehler, A Olivas, A O'Murchadha, E O'Sullivan, A Palazzo, T Palczewski, H Pandya, DV Pankova, L Papp, N Park, P Peiffer, CPDL Heros, TC Petersen, S Philippen, D Pieloth, E Pinat, JL Pinfold, A Pizzuto, M Plum, A Porcelli, PB Price, GT Przybylski, C Raab, A Raissi, M Rameez, L Rauch, K Rawlins, IC Rea, R Reimann, B Relethford, M Renschler, G Renzi, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Richman, M Riegel, S Robertson, M Rongen, C Rott, T Ruhe, D Ryckbosch, D Rysewyk, I Safa, SES Herrera, A Sandrock, J Sandroos, P Sandstrom, M Santander, S Sarkar, S Sarkar, K Satalecka, M Schaufel, H Schieler, P Schlunder, T Schmidt, A Schneider, J Schneider, FG Schröder, L Schumacher, S Sclafani, D Seckel, S Seunarine, MH Shaevitz, S Shefali, M Silva, R Snihur, J Soedingrekso, D Soldin, S Söldner-Rembold, M Song, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, J Stachurska, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, R Stein, P Steinmüller, J Stettner, A Steuer, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, A Stößl, NL Strotjohann, T Stürwald, T Stuttard, GW Sullivan, I Taboada, A Taketa, HKM Tanaka, F Tenholt, S Ter-Antonyan, A Terliuk, S Tilav, K Tollefson, L Tomankova, C Tönnis, S Toscano, D Tosi, A Trettin, M Tselengidou, CF Tung, A Turcati, R Turcotte, CF Turley, B Ty, E Unger, MAU Elorrieta, M Usner, J Vandenbroucke, WV Driessche, DV Eijk, NV Eijndhoven, S Vanheule, JV Santen, D Veberic, M Vraeghe, C Walck, A Wallace, M Wallraff, N Wandkowsky, TB Watson, C Weaver, A Weindl, MJ Weiss, J Weldert, C Wendt, J Werthebach, BJ Whelan, N Whitehorn, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, L Wille, DR Williams, L Wills, M Wolf, J Wood, TR Wood, K Woschnagg, G Wrede, S Wren, DL Xu, XW Xu, Y Xu, JP Yanez, G Yodh, S Yoshida, T Yuan, M Zöcklein, T Bretz, L Rädel, S Schoenen, J Schumacher

In this paper we describe the first results of a compact imaging air-Cherenkov telescope, IceAct, operating in coincidence with the IceCube Neutrino Observatory (IceCube) at the geographic South Pole. An array of IceAct telescopes (referred to as the IceAct project) is under consideration as part of the IceCube-Gen2 extension to IceCube. Surface detectors in general will be a powerful tool in IceCube-Gen2 for distinguishing astrophysical neutrinos from the dominant backgrounds of cosmic-ray induced atmospheric muons and neutrinos: the IceTop array is already in place as part of IceCube, but has a high energy threshold. Although the duty cycle will be lower for the IceAct telescopes than the present IceTop tanks, the IceAct telescopes may prove to be more effective at lowering the detection threshold for air showers. Additionally, small imaging air-Cherenkov telescopes in combination with IceTop, the deep IceCube detector or other future detector systems might improve measurements of the composition of the cosmic ray energy spectrum. In this paper we present measurements of a first 7-pixel imaging air Cherenkov telescope demonstrator, proving the capability of this technology to measure air showers at the South Pole in coincidence with IceTop and the deep IceCube detector.


Stochastic transport of high-energy particles through a turbulent plasma

Journal of Plasma Physics Cambridge University Press (CUP) (0)

LE Chen, AFA Bott, P Tzeferacos, A Rigby, A Bell, R Bingham, C Graziani, J Katz, M Koenig, CK Li, R Petrasso, H-S Park, JS Ross, D Ryu, D Ryutov, TG White, B Reville, J Matthews, J Meinecke, F Miniati, EG Zweibel, S Sarkar, AA Schekochihin, DQ Lamb, DH Froula, G Gregori

The interplay between charged particles and turbulent magnetic fields is crucial to understanding how cosmic rays propagate through space. A key parameter which controls this interplay is the ratio of the particle gyroradius to the correlation length of the magnetic turbulence. For the vast majority of cosmic rays detected at the Earth, this parameter is small, and the particles are well confined by the Galactic magnetic field. But for cosmic rays more energetic than about 30 EeV, this parameter is large. These highest energy particles are not confined to the Milky Way and are presumed to be extragalactic in origin. Identifying their sources requires understanding how they are deflected by the intergalactic magnetic field, which appears to be weak, turbulent with an unknown correlation length, and possibly spatially intermittent. This is particularly relevant given the recent detection by the Pierre Auger Observatory of a significant dipole anisotropy in the arrival directions of cosmic rays of energy above 8 EeV. Here we report measurements of energetic-particle propagation through a random magnetic field in a laser-produced plasma. We characterize the diffusive transport of these particles and recover experimentally pitch-angle scattering measurements and extrapolate to find their mean free path and the associated diffusion coefficient, which show scaling-relations consistent with theoretical studies. This experiment validates these theoretical tools for analyzing the propagation of ultra-high energy cosmic rays through the intergalactic medium.

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