Publications by Garret Cotter


Searching for clusters of galaxies with SUMSS

NEW ERA IN COSMOLOGY 283 (2002) 245-246

HJ Buttery, G Cotter, RW Hunstead, EM Sadler


Detection of a cosmic microwave background decrement towards a cluster of mJy radio sources

MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 331 (2002) 1-6

G Cotter, HJ Buttery, S Rawlings, S Croft, GJ Hill, P Gay, R Das, N Drory, K Grainge, WF Grainger, ME Jones, GG Pooley, R Saunders


Deep optical imaging of the field of PC 1643+4631A&B - I. Spatial distributions and the counts of faint galaxies

MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 334 (2002) 262-282

T Haynes, G Cotter, JC Baker, S Eales, ME Jones, S Rawlings, R Saunders


Surveying the sky with the Arcminute Microkelvin Imager: Expected constraints on galaxy cluster evolution and cosmology

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 328 (2001) 783-794

R Kneissl, ME Jones, R Saunders, VR Eke, AN Lasenby, K Grainge, G Cotter

We discuss prospects for cluster detection via the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect in a blank field survey with the interferometer array, the Arcminute MicroKelvin Imager (AMI). Clusters of galaxies selected in the SZ effect probe cosmology and structure formation with little observational bias, because the effect measures integrated gas pressure directly, and does so independently of cluster redshift. We use hydrodynamical simulations in combination with the Press-Schechter expression to simulate SZ cluster sky maps. These are used with simulations of the observation process to gauge the expected SZ cluster counts. Even with a very conservative choice of parameters we find that AMI will discover at least several tens of clusters every year with Mtot ≥ 1014M⊙; the numbers depend on factors such as the mean matter density, the density fluctuation power spectrum and cluster gas evolution. The AMI survey itself can distinguish between these to some degree, and parameter degeneracies are largely eliminated given optical and X-ray follow-up of these clusters; this will also permit direct investigation of cluster physics and what drives the evolution.


Stellar populations in the nuclear regions of nearby radio galaxies

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 325 (2001) 636-648

I Aretxaga, E Terlevich, RJ Terlevich, G Cotter, AI Díaz

We present optical spectra of the nuclei of seven luminous (P178MHz ≳ 1025 W Hz-1 Sr-1 ) nearby (z < 0.08) radio galaxies, which mostly correspond to the FR II class. In two cases, Hydra A and 3C 285, the Balmer and λ4000-Å break indices constrain the spectral types and luminosity classes of the stars involved, revealing that the blue spectra are dominated by blue supergiant and/or giant stars. The ages derived for the last burst of star formation in Hydra A are between 7 and 40Myr, and in 3C 285 about 10 Myr. The rest of the narrow-line radio galaxies (four) have a λ4000-Å break and metallic indices consistent with those of elliptical galaxies. The only broad-line radio galaxy in our sample, 3C 382, has a strong featureless blue continuum and broad emission lines that dilute the underlying blue stellar spectra. We are able to detect the Ca II triplet in absorption in the seven objects, with good quality data for only four of them. The strengths of the absorptions are similar to those found in normal elliptical galaxies, but these values are consistent both with stellar populations of roughly similar ages (as derived from the Balmer absorption and break strengths) and with mixed young+old populations.


The redshift distribution of FIRST radio sources at 1 mJy

MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 318 (2000) 1047-1067

M Magliocchetti, SJ Maddox, JV Wall, CR Benn, G Cotter


Completeness and confusion in the identification of Lyman-break galaxies

HY-REDSHIFT UNIVERSE: GALAXY FORMATION AND EVOLUTION AT HIGH REDSHIFT 193 (1999) 513-516

G Cotter, T Haynes, JC Baker, ME Jones, R Saunders


Deep multicolour imaging of the field towards the quasar pair PC1643+463 A&B

YOUNG UNIVERSE: GALAXY FORMATION AND EVOLUTION AT INTERMEDIATE AND HIGH REDSHIFT 146 (1998) 492-495

G Cotter, T Haynes


The cosmic evolution of giant radiosources

OBSERVATIONAL COSMOLOGY 226 (1998) 233-238

G Cotter


Detection of a cosmic microwave background decrement toward the z = 3.8 quasar pair PC 1643+4631A, B

Astrophysical Journal 479 (1997)

ME Jones, R Saunders, JC Baker, G Cotter, A Edge, K Grainge, T Haynes, A Lasenby, G Pooley, H Röttoering

In a 15 GHz Ryle Telescope observation of PC 1643+4631A, B, a pair of quasars at redshifts z = 3.79 and 3.83 separated by 198″ on the sky, we find a decrement in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) of -380 ± 64 μJy in a 110″ × 175″ beam. Assuming this to be a Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect due to an intervening cluster, the minimum magnitude of the central temperature decrement is 560 μK. A serendipitous ROSAT observation shows that there is no X-ray-luminous cluster in the direction of the decrement at z < 1. The implied gas mass is ≳2 × 1014 M⊙ (assuming a temperature of ∼5 keV), indicating a total mass of more than 1015 M⊙. This result demonstrates the existence of a massive system too distant to be detected by its emission, but which can be found via its imprint on the CMB. © 1997. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.


Optical and infrared investigation toward the z = 3.8 quasar pair PC 1643+4631A, B

Astrophysical Journal 479 (1997)

R Saunders, JC Baker, MN Bremer, AJ Bunker, G Cotter, S Eales, K Grainge, T Haynes, ME Jones, M Lacy, G Pooley, S Rawlings

In a companion Letter, Jones et al. report the discovery of a cosmic microwave background decrement, indicative of a distant cluster with mass ∼1015 M⊙, toward the quasar pair PC 1643+4631A, B (z = 3.79, 3.83, separation 198″). To search for the cluster responsible, we have obtained R-, J-, and K-band images of the field and have also carried out optical spectroscopy of selected objects in it. No such cluster is evident in these images. Assuming that the cluster causing the decrement is similar to massive clusters already known, our magnitude limits imply that it must lie at about or beyond z = 1. This provides independent support for the X-ray-based distance argument of Jones et al. The cluster must gravitationally lens objects behind it; for a cluster z around 1-2, the Einstein ring radius for sources at z ≈ 3.8 is ∼100″. Simple modeling, producing simultaneously the Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect and the lensing, shows that the source positions of quasars A and B lie within ∼10″ of each other and may indeed be coincident. The two quasar spectra are found to be remarkably similar apart from their 1% redshift difference. Assuming that A and B are images of a single quasar, we present a possible explanation of this difference. © 1997. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.


A first sample of faint radio sources with virtually complete redshifts - I. Infrared images, the Hubble diagram and the alignment effect

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 291 (1997) 593-615

S Bales, S Rawlings, D Law-Green, G Cotter, M Lacy

We have obtained redshifts and infrared images for a sample of faint B2/6C radio sources, the fluxes of which are about six times fainter than those of sources in the bright 3C sample. We now have unambiguous redshifts for 90 per cent of the sources, making this the first faint radio sample with such complete redshift information. We find that the infrared Hubble diagrams (K versus z) of the 3C sample and the B2/6C sample are similar at a low redshift (z < 0.6), but by a redshift of z∼1 the 6C/B2 galaxies are on average ≃0.6 mag fainter in the K-band than are 3C galaxies at the same redshift. This suggests that the bright K magnitudes of 3C galaxies at z∼1 are not the result of stellar evolution, but of a correlation between infrared and radio luminosity. We also find that the infrared structures of B2/6C galaxies at z∼1 are less clearly aligned with their radio structures than are 3C galaxies at this redshift, implying that the strength of the alignment effect depends on radio luminosity. Finally, above a redshift of 2 we find that the dispersion in the K-z relation of the B2/6C sample is ≃2.7 times greater than that at low redshift, a result which is expected if, at these redshifts, we are beginning to penetrate into the epoch in which radio galaxies formed. © 1997 RAS.


Spectrophotometry of a sample of 7C giant radio sources

MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 281 (1996) 1081-1093

G Cotter, S Rawlings, R Saunders


8C1435+635 - A RADIO GALAXY AT Z=4.25

MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 271 (1994) 504-512

M LACY, G MILEY, S RAWLINGS, R SAUNDERS, M DICKINSON, S GARRINGTON, S MADDOX, G POOLEY, CC STEIDEL, MN BREMER, G COTTER, R VANOJIK, H ROTTGERING, P WARNER


On the relative importance of hadronic emission processes along the jet axis of Active Galactic Nuclei

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Oxford University Press (OUP) (0)

M Hoerbe, P Morris, G Cotter, J Becker Tjus

Pages