Publications associated with TORCH

First observation of the rare purely baryonic decay B0 → pp¯

Physical Review Letters American Physical Society 119 (2017) 232001-

R Aaij, B Adeva, M Adinolfi, M Bjørn, T Evans, P Gandini, BR Gruberg Cazon, T Hadavizadeh, TH Hancock, N Harnew, D Hill, PG Jalocha, MJJ John, NP Jurik, S Malde, AK Nandi, HL Pullen, A Rollings, M Vesterinen, GR Wilkinson

The first observation of the decay of a B0 meson to a purely baryonic final state, B0→pp¯ , is reported. The proton-proton collision data sample used was collected with the LHCb experiment at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 3.0 fb^−1. The branching fraction is determined to be B(B0→pp¯)=(1.25±0.27±0.18)×10^−8, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. The decay mode B0→pp¯ is the rarest decay of the B0 meson observed to date. The decay B0s→pp¯ is also investigated. No signal is seen and the upper limit B(B0s→pp¯)<1.5×10^−8 at 90% confidence level is set on the branching fraction.

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