The full magnon spectrum of yttrium iron garnet

npj Quantum Materials 2 (2017)

AJ Princep, RA Ewings, S Ward, S Tóth, C Dubs, D Prabhakaran, AT Boothroyd

© 2017 The Author(s). The magnetic insulator yttrium iron garnet can be grown with exceptional quality, has a ferrimagnetic transition temperature of nearly 600 K, and is used in microwave and spintronic devices that can operate at room temperature. The most accurate prior measurements of the magnon spectrum date back nearly 40 years, but cover only 3 of the lowest energy modes out of 20 distinct magnon branches. Here we have used time-of-flight inelastic neutron scattering to measure the full magnon spectrum throughout the Brillouin zone. We find that the existing models of the excitation spectrum fail to describe the optical magnon modes. Using a very general spin Hamiltonian, we show that the magnetic interactions are both longer-ranged and more complex than was previously understood. The results provide the basis for accurate microscopic models of the finite temperature magnetic properties of yttrium iron garnet, necessary for next-generation electronic devices.

The Full Magnon Spectrum of Yttrium Iron Garnet

npj Quantum Materials (2017)

Princep, RA Ewings, S Ward, S Toth, C Dubs, D Prabhakaran, AT Boothroyd

Temperature-induced phase transition from cycloidal to collinear antiferromagnetism in multiferroic Bi0.9Sm0.1FeO3 driven by f-d induced magnetic anisotropy

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 95 (2017) ARTN 054420

RD Johnson, PA McClarty, DD Khalyavin, P Manuel, P Svedlindh, CS Knee

Proposal of a micromagnetic standard problem for ferromagnetic resonance simulations


A Baker, M Beg, G Ashton, M Albert, D Chernyshenko, W Wang, S Zhang, M-A Bisotti, M Franchin, CL Hu, R Stamps, T Hesjedal, H Fangohr

Low-field spin dynamics of Cr7Ni and Cr7Ni-Cu-Cr7Ni molecular rings as detected by mu SR

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 96 (2017) ARTN 184403

S Sanna, P Arosio, L Bordonali, F Adelnia, M Mariani, E Garlatti, C Baines, A Amato, KPV Sabareesh, G Timco, REP Winpenny, SJ Blundell, A Lascialfari

Spectroscopic evidence for the gapless electronic structure in bulk ZrTe5


L Shen, MX Wang, SC Sun, J Jiang, X Xu, T Zhang, QH Zhang, YY Lv, SH Yao, YB Chen, MH Lu, YF Chen, C Felser, BH Yan, ZK Liu, LX Yang, YL Chen

Thermoelectric Measurement of a Single, TiO2-Catalyzed Bi2Te3 Nanowire

Proceedings 1 (2017) 311-311

SH Moosavi, D Kojda, M Kockert, P Schoenherr, T Hesjedal, SF Fischer, M Kroener, P Woias

Proposal of a micromagnetic standard problem for ferromagnetic resonance simulations

Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 421 (2017) 428

AA Baker, M Beg, G Ashton, M Albert, D Chernyshenko, W Wang, S Zhang, M-A Bisotti, M Franchin, CL Hu, R Stamps, T Hesjedal, H Fangohr

Nowadays, micromagnetic simulations are a common tool for studying a wide range of different magnetic phenomena, including the ferromagnetic resonance. A technique for evaluating reliability and validity of different micromagnetic simulation tools is the simulation of proposed standard problems. We propose a new standard problem by providing a detailed specification and analysis of a sufficiently simple problem. By analyzing the magnetization dynamics in a thin permalloy square sample, triggered by a well defined excitation, we obtain the ferromagnetic resonance spectrum and identify the resonance modes via Fourier transform. Simulations are performed using both finite difference and finite element numerical methods, with OOMMF and Nmag simulators, respectively. We report the effects of initial conditions and simulation parameters on the character of the observed resonance modes for this standard problem. We provide detailed instructions and code to assist in using the results for evaluation of new simulator tools, and to help with numerical calculation of ferromagnetic resonance spectra and modes in general.

X-ray magnetic circular dichroism study of Dy-doped Bi2Te3 topological insulator thin films


AI Figueroa, AA Baker, SE Harrison, K Kummer, G van der Laan, T Hesjedal

Doping Dependence of Collective Spin and Orbital Excitations in the Spin-1 Quantum Antiferromagnet La_{2-x}Sr_{x}NiO_{4} Observed by X Rays.

Physical review letters 118 (2017) 156402-

G Fabbris, D Meyers, L Xu, VM Katukuri, L Hozoi, X Liu, Z-Y Chen, J Okamoto, T Schmitt, A Uldry, B Delley, GD Gu, D Prabhakaran, AT Boothroyd, J van den Brink, DJ Huang, MPM Dean

We report the first empirical demonstration that resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) is sensitive to collective magnetic excitations in S=1 systems by probing the Ni L_{3} edge of La_{2-x}Sr_{x}NiO_{4} (x=0, 0.33, 0.45). The magnetic excitation peak is asymmetric, indicating the presence of single and multi-spin-flip excitations. As the hole doping level is increased, the zone boundary magnon energy is suppressed at a much larger rate than that in hole doped cuprates. Based on the analysis of the orbital and charge excitations observed by RIXS, we argue that this difference is related to the orbital character of the doped holes in these two families. This work establishes RIXS as a probe of fundamental magnetic interactions in nickelates opening the way towards studies of heterostructures and ultrafast pump-probe experiments.

Quantum Griffiths Phase Inside the Ferromagnetic Phase of Ni_{1-x}V_{x}.

Physical review letters 118 (2017) 267202-267202

R Wang, A Gebretsadik, S Ubaid-Kassis, A Schroeder, T Vojta, PJ Baker, FL Pratt, SJ Blundell, T Lancaster, I Franke, JS Möller, K Page

We study by means of bulk and local probes the d-metal alloy Ni_{1-x}V_{x} close to the quantum critical concentration, x_{c}≈11.6%, where the ferromagnetic transition temperature vanishes. The magnetization-field curve in the ferromagnetic phase takes an anomalous power-law form with a nonuniversal exponent that is strongly x dependent and mirrors the behavior in the paramagnetic phase. Muon spin rotation experiments demonstrate inhomogeneous magnetic order and indicate the presence of dynamic fluctuating magnetic clusters. These results provide strong evidence for a quantum Griffiths phase on the ferromagnetic side of the quantum phase transition.

Local magnetism and spin dynamics of the frustrated honeycomb rhodate Li2RhO3

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 96 (2017) ARTN 094432

P Khuntia, S Manni, FR Foronda, T Lancaster, SJ Blundell, P Gegenwart, M Baenitz

Strong Coupling of Microwave Photons to Antiferromagnetic Fluctuations in an Organic Magnet.

Physical review letters 119 (2017) 147701-

M Mergenthaler, J Liu, JJ Le Roy, N Ares, AL Thompson, L Bogani, F Luis, SJ Blundell, T Lancaster, A Ardavan, GAD Briggs, PJ Leek, EA Laird

Coupling between a crystal of di(phenyl)-(2,4,6-trinitrophenyl)iminoazanium radicals and a superconducting microwave resonator is investigated in a circuit quantum electrodynamics (circuit QED) architecture. The crystal exhibits paramagnetic behavior above 4 K, with antiferromagnetic correlations appearing below this temperature, and we demonstrate strong coupling at base temperature. The magnetic resonance acquires a field angle dependence as the crystal is cooled down, indicating anisotropy of the exchange interactions. These results show that multispin modes in organic crystals are suitable for circuit QED, offering a platform for their coherent manipulation. They also utilize the circuit QED architecture as a way to probe spin correlations at low temperature.

Adiabatic physics of an exchange-coupled spin-dimer system: Magnetocaloric effect, zero-point fluctuations, and possible two-dimensional universal behavior

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 95 (2017) ARTN 024404

J Brambleby, PA Goddard, J Singleton, M Jaime, T Lancaster, L Huang, J Wosnitza, CV Topping, KE Carreiro, HE Tran, ZE Manson, JL Manson

Direct experimental determination of spiral spin structures via the dichroism extinction effect in resonant elastic soft x-ray scattering

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 96 (2017) ARTN 094401

SL Zhang, G van der Laan, T Hesjedal

Perfect quintuple layer Bi2Te3 nanowires: Growth and thermoelectric properties

APL MATERIALS 5 (2017) ARTN 086110

P Schonherr, D Kojda, V Srot, SF Fischer, PA van Aken, T Hesjedal

Strain and Magnetic Field Induced Spin-Structure Transitions in Multiferroic BiFeO3


A Agbelele, D Sando, C Toulouse, C Paillard, RD Johnson, R Ruffer, AF Popkov, C Carretero, P Rovillain, J-M Le Breton, B Dkhil, M Cazayous, Y Gallais, M-A Measson, A Sacuto, P Manuel, AK Zvezdin, A Barthelemy, J Juraszek, M Bibes

Topological triplon modes and bound states in a Shastry-Sutherland magnet

NATURE PHYSICS 13 (2017) 736-+

PA McClarty, F Krueger, T Guidi, SF Parker, K Refson, AW Parker, D Prabhakaran, R Coldea

Magnetic Field Dependence of Excitations Near Spin-Orbital Quantum Criticality.

Physical review letters 118 (2017) 067205-

A Biffin, C Rüegg, J Embs, T Guidi, D Cheptiakov, A Loidl, V Tsurkan, R Coldea

The spinel FeSc_{2}S_{4} has been proposed to realize a near-critical spin-orbital singlet (SOS) state, where entangled spin and orbital moments fluctuate in a global singlet state on the verge of spin and orbital order. Here we report powder inelastic neutron scattering measurements that observe the full bandwidth of magnetic excitations and we find that spin-orbital triplon excitations of an SOS state can capture well key aspects of the spectrum in both zero and applied magnetic fields up to 8.5 T. The observed shift of low-energy spectral weight to higher energies upon increasing applied field is naturally explained by the entangled spin-orbital character of the magnetic states, a behavior that is in strong contrast to spin-only singlet ground state systems, where the spin gap decreases upon increasing applied field.

Emergence of Dirac-like bands in the monolayer limit of epitaxial Ge films on Au(1 1 1)

2D Materials 4 (2017) 031005

NBM Schröter, MD Watson, LB Duffy, M Hoesch, Y Chen, T Hesjedal, TK Kim

After the discovery of Dirac fermions in graphene, it has become a natural question to ask whether it is possible to realize Dirac fermions in other two-dimensional (2D) materials as well. In this work, we report the discovery of multiple Dirac-like electronic bands in ultrathin Ge flms grown on Au(1 1 1) by angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy. By tuning the thickness of the flms, we are able to observe the evolution of their electronic structure when passing through the monolayer limit. Our discovery may signify the synthesis of germanene, a 2D honeycomb structure made of Ge, which is a promising platform for exploring exotic topological phenomena and enabling potential applications.