Publications associated with Optical Quantum Technologies

Integrated photonic sensing

New Journal of Physics 13 (2011)

N Thomas-Peter, NK Langford, A Datta, L Zhang, BJ Smith, JB Spring, BJ Metcalf, HB Coldenstrodt-Ronge, M Hu, J Nunn, IA Walmsley

Loss is a critical roadblock to achieving photonic quantum-enhanced technologies. We explore a modular platform for implementing integrated photonics experiments and consider the effects of loss at different stages of these experiments, including state preparation, manipulation and measurement. We frame our discussion mainly in the context of quantum sensing and focus particularly on the use of loss-tolerant Holland-Burnett states for optical phase estimation. In particular, we discuss spontaneous four-wave mixing in standard birefringent fibre as a source of pure, heralded single photons and present methods of optimizing such sources. We also outline a route to programmable circuits that allows the control of photonic interactions even in the presence of fabrication imperfections and describe a ratiometric characterization method for beam splitters, which allows the characterization of complex circuits without the need for full process tomography. Finally, we present a framework for performing state tomography on heralded states using lossy measurement devices. This is motivated by a calculation of the effects of fabrication imperfections on precision measurement using Holland-Burnett states. © IOP Publishing Ltd and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft.

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