# Publications

## Spin Jahn-Teller antiferromagnetism in CoTi$_2$O$_5$

Physical Review B American Physical Society (0)

FKK Kirschner, RD Johnson, F Lang, DD Khalyavin, P Manuel, T Lancaster, D Prabhakaran, SJ Blundell

We have used neutron powder diffraction to solve the magnetic structure of orthorhombic CoTi$_2$O$_5$, showing that the long-range ordered state below 26 K identified in our muon-spin rotation experiments is antiferromagnetic with propagation vector ${\bf k}=(\pm \frac{1}{2}, \frac{1}{2}, 0)$ and moment of 2.72(1)$\mu_{\rm B}$ per Co$^{2+}$ ion. This long range magnetic order is incompatible with the experimentally determined crystal structure because the imposed symmetry completely frustrates the exchange coupling. We conclude that the magnetic transition must therefore be associated with a spin Jahn-Teller effect which lowers the structural symmetry and thereby relieves the frustration. These results show that CoTi$_2$O$_5$ is a highly unusual low symmetry material exhibiting a purely spin-driven lattice distortion critical to the establishment of an ordered magnetic ground state.

## Electric field control of spins in molecular magnets

Physical Review Letters American Physical Society (0)

A ARDAVAN, J LIU, J Mrozek, W MYERS, G Timco, R Winpenny, B Kinzel, W Plass

## Spin waves and revised crystal structure of honeycomb iridate Na2IrO3

ArXiv (0)

SK Choi, R Coldea, AN Kolmogorov, T Lancaster, II Mazin, SJ Blundell, PG Radaelli, Y Singh, P Gegenwart, KR Choi, S-W Cheong, PJ Baker, C Stock, J Taylor

We report inelastic neutron scattering measurements on Na2IrO3, a candidate for the Kitaev spin model on the honeycomb lattice. We observe spin-wave excitations below 5 meV with a dispersion that can be accounted for by including substantial further-neighbor exchanges that stabilize zig-zag magnetic order. The onset of long-range magnetic order below 15.3 K is confirmed via the observation of oscillations in zero-field muon-spin rotation experiments. Combining single-crystal diffraction and density functional calculations we propose a revised crystal structure model with significant departures from the ideal 90 deg Ir-O-Ir bonds required for dominant Kitaev exchange.

## Intrinsic magnetic order in Cs2AgF4 detected by muon-spin relaxation

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 75 (0) 22

T Lancaster, SJ Blundell, PJ Baker, W Hayes, SR Giblin, SE McLain, FL Pratt, Z Salman, EA Jacobs, JFC Turner, T Barnes

We present the results of a muon-spin relaxation study of the high-T-c analog material Cs2AgF4. We find unambiguous evidence for magnetic order, intrinsic to the material, below T-C=13.95(3) K. The ratio of interplane to intraplane coupling is estimated to be vertical bar J(’)/J vertical bar=1.9x10(-2), while fits of the temperature dependence of the order parameter reveal a critical exponent beta=0.292(3), implying an intermediate character between pure two- and three-dimensional magnetism in the critical regime. Above T-C we observe a signal characteristic of dipolar interactions due to linear F-mu(+)-F bonds, allowing the muon stopping sites in this compound to be characterized.

## FeTi$_2$O$_5$: a spin Jahn-Teller transition tuned by cation substitution

ArXiv (0)

F Lang, L Jowitt, D Prabhakaran, RD Johnson, SJ Blundell

We have used muon-spin rotation, heat capacity and x-ray diffraction measurements in combination with density functional theory and dipole field calculations to investigate the crystal and magnetic structure of FeTi$_2$O$_5$. We observe a long range ordered state below 41.8(5) K with indications of significant correlations existing above this temperature. We determine candidate muon stopping sites in this compound, and find that our data are consistent with the spin Jahn-Teller driven antiferromagnetic ground state with $\boldsymbol{k}$=(1/2,1/2,0) reported for CoTi$_2$O$_5$. By comparing our data with calculated dipolar fields we can restrict the possible moment size and directions of the Fe$^{2+}$ ions.