Publications associated with Advanced Functional Materials and Devices Group

Dominating recombination mechanisms in organic solar cells based on ZnPc and C60

Applied Physics Letters 102 (2013)

W Tress, K Leo, M Riede

We investigate the dominating recombination mechanisms in bulk heterojunction solar cells, using a blend of ZnPc and C as model system. Analyzing the open-circuit voltage (V oc) as a function of illumination intensity, we find that trap-assisted recombination dominates for low light intensities, whereas at 1 sun, direct/bimolecular recombination becomes important. The recombination parameters are not significantly influenced by the blend mixing ratio and are also valid for injected charges. By changing the hole transport layer, recombination at the contact is separately identified as further mechanism reducing V oc at higher light intensities. © 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.

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