Publications by Philip James Marshall

The mass distribution and assembly of the milky way from the properties of the magellanic clouds

Astrophysical Journal 743 (2011)

MT Busha, PJ Marshall, RH Wechsler, A Klypin, J Primack

We present a new measurement of the mass of the Milky Way (MW) based on observed properties of its largest satellite galaxies, the Magellanic Clouds (MCs), and an assumed prior of a ΛCDM universe. The large, high-resolution Bolshoi cosmological simulation of this universe provides a means to statistically sample the dynamical properties of bright satellite galaxies in a large population of dark matter halos. The observed properties of the MCs, including their circular velocity, distance from the center of the MW, and velocity within the MW halo, are used to evaluate the likelihood that a given halo would have each or all of these properties; the posterior probability distribution function (PDF) for any property of the MW system can thus be constructed. This method provides a constraint on the MW virial mass, 1.2 +0.7- 0.4 (stat.)+0.3- 0.3 (sys.) × 1012 M ⊙ (68% confidence), which is consistent with recent determinations that involve very different assumptions. In addition, we calculate the posterior PDF for the density profile of the MW and its satellite accretion history. Although typical satellites of 10 12 M ⊙ halos are accreted over a wide range of epochs over the last 10Gyr, we find a ∼72% probability that the MCs were accreted within the lastGyr, and a 50% probability that they were accreted together. © 2011. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

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