Publications by Lesley Gray

Solar influences on climate over the Atlantic / European sector

AIP Conference Proceedings AIP Publishing 1810 (2017)

L Gray, W Ball, S Misios

There is growing evidence that variability associated with the 11-year solar cycle has an impact at the Earth’s surface and influences its weather and climate. Although the direct response to the Sun’s variability is extremely small, a number of different mechanisms have been suggested that could amplify the signal, resulting in regional signals that are much larger than expected. In this paper the observed solar cycle signal at the Earth’s surface is described, together with proposed mechanisms that involve modulation via the total incoming solar irradiance and via modulation of the ultra-violet part of the solar spectrum that influences ozone production in the stratosphere.

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