Publications by Berislav Buca

Isolated Heisenberg magnet as a quantum time crystal

Physical Review B American Physical Society (APS) 102 (2020) 41117

M Medenjak, B Buča, D Jaksch

We demonstrate analytically and numerically that the paradigmatic model of quantum magnetism, the Heisenberg XXZ spin chain, does not relax to stationarity and hence constitutes a genuine time crystal that does not rely on external driving or coupling to an environment. We trace this phenomenon to the existence of extensive dynamical symmetries and find their frequency to be a no-where continuous (fractal) function of the anisotropy parameter of the chain. We discuss how the ensuing persistent oscillations that violate one of the most fundamental laws of physics could be observed experimentally and identify potential metrological applications.

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