Publications by Katherine Blundell

When microquasar jets and supernova collide: Hydrodynamically simulating the SS433-W50 interaction

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2011)

PT Goodall, F Alouani-Bibi, KM Blundell

We present investigations of the interaction between the relativistic, precessing jets of the microquasar SS433 and the surrounding, expanding supernova remnant (SNR) shell, W50, and the consequent evolution in the inhomogeneous interstellar medium (ISM). We model their evolution using the hydrodynamic flash code, which uses adaptive mesh refinement. We show that the peculiar morphology of the entire nebula can be reproduced to a good approximation, due to the combined effects of (i) the evolution of the SNR shell from the free-expansion phase through the Sedov blast wave in an exponential density profile from the Milky Way disc, and (ii) the subsequent interaction of the relativistic, precessing jets of SS433. Our simulations reveal: (1) Independent measurement of the Galaxy scaleheight and density local to SS433 (as n 0 = 0.2cm -3 ,Z d = 40pc), with this scaleheight being in excellent agreement with the work of Dehnen and Binney. (2) A new mechanism for hydrodynamic refocusing of conical jets. (3) The current jet precession characteristics do not simply extrapolate back to produce the lobes of W50, but a history of episodic jet activity having at least three different outbursts with different precession characteristics would be sufficient to produce the W50 nebula. A history of intermittent episodes of jet activity from SS433 is also suggested in a kinematic study of W50 detailed in a companion paper. (4) An estimate of the age of W50, and equivalently the age of SS433's black hole created during the supernova explosion, in the range of 17000-21000yr. © 2011 The Authors. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society © 2011 RAS.

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