Publications by Richard Berry

High-resolution single-molecule characterization of the enzymatic states in Escherichia coli F1-ATPase.

Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences 368 (2013) 20120023-

T Bilyard, M Nakanishi-Matsui, BC Steel, T Pilizota, AL Nord, H Hosokawa, M Futai, RM Berry

The rotary motor F(1)-ATPase from the thermophilic Bacillus PS3 (TF(1)) is one of the best-studied of all molecular machines. F(1)-ATPase is the part of the enzyme F(1)F(O)-ATP synthase that is responsible for generating most of the ATP in living cells. Single-molecule experiments have provided a detailed understanding of how ATP hydrolysis and synthesis are coupled to internal rotation within the motor. In this work, we present evidence that mesophilic F(1)-ATPase from Escherichia coli (EF(1)) is governed by the same mechanism as TF(1) under laboratory conditions. Using optical microscopy to measure rotation of a variety of marker particles attached to the γ-subunit of single surface-bound EF(1) molecules, we characterized the ATP-binding, catalytic and inhibited states of EF(1). We also show that the ATP-binding and catalytic states are separated by 35±3°. At room temperature, chemical processes occur faster in EF(1) than in TF(1), and we present a methodology to compensate for artefacts that occur when the enzymatic rates are comparable to the experimental temporal resolution. Furthermore, we show that the molecule-to-molecule variation observed at high ATP concentration in our single-molecule assays can be accounted for by variation in the orientation of the rotating markers.

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