Publications by Olivia Ashton

A phosphine oxide route to formamidinium lead tribromide nanoparticles

Chemistry of Materials American Chemical Society 32 (2020) 7172-7180

OJ Ashton, AR Marshall, JH Warby, B Wenger, HJ Snaith

We present the synthesis of formamidinium lead tribromide (FAPbBr3) perovskite nanocrystals through a phosphine oxide route, where in comparison to more traditional syntheses oleylamine is replaced with trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPO). This route has previously been shown to be successful for the inorganic cesium lead tribromide perovskite nanocrystals. We examine the interactions between the precursors via nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR). We confirm the existence of an interaction between FA-oleate and TOPO and use this to guide the optimization of our synthesis. When the reaction is conducted at room temperature, we observe the formation of nanoparticles with high photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY, ∼70%) at 2.39 eV (518 nm) with little ripening or size defocusing over time. Although we obtain narrow emission peaks, the crystals are irregular in shape—a testament to the impact of the FA-oleate:TOPO interaction. Despite a drop in PLQY in the washed solutions, films made maintain a high PLQY of ∼50% at 2.33 eV (532 nm), which is fortuitously the ideal wavelength for the green emission channel in displays, and we demonstrate 532 nm electroluminescence in light-emitting diodes with an EQE of 3.7%.

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