Publications by Rafael Alves Batista

The Giant Radio Array for Neutrino Detection (GRAND): Science and design

Science China: Physics, Mechanics and Astronomy 63 (2020)

J Álvarez-Muñiz, R Alves Batista, A Balagopal V, J Bolmont, M Bustamante, W Carvalho, D Charrier, I Cognard, V Decoene, PB Denton, S De Jong, KD De Vries, R Engel, K Fang, C Finley, S Gabici, QB Gou, JH Gu, C Guépin, HB Hu, Y Huang, K Kotera, S Le Coz, JP Lenain, GL Lü, O Martineau-Huynh, M Mostafá, F Mottez, K Murase, V Niess, F Oikonomou, T Pierog, XL Qian, B Qin, D Ran, N Renault-Tinacci, M Roth, FG Schröder, F Schüssler, C Tasse, C Timmermans, M Tueros, XP Wu, P Zarka, A Zech, BT Zhang, JL Zhang, Y Zhang, Q Zheng, A Zilles

© 2019, Science China Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature. The Giant Radio Array for Neutrino Detection (GRAND) is a planned large-scale observatory of ultra-high-energy (UHE) cosmic particles, with energies exceeding 108 GeV. Its goal is to solve the long-standing mystery of the origin of UHE cosmic rays. To do this, GRAND will detect an unprecedented number of UHE cosmic rays and search for the undiscovered UHE neutrinos and gamma rays associated to them with unmatched sensitivity. GRAND will use large arrays of antennas to detect the radio emission coming from extensive air showers initiated by UHE particles in the atmosphere. Its design is modular: 20 separate, independent sub-arrays, each of 10000 radio antennas deployed over 10000 km2. A staged construction plan will validate key detection techniques while achieving important science goals early. Here we present the science goals, detection strategy, preliminary design, performance goals, and construction plans for GRAND.

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