Publications associated with Thin Film Quantum Materials

Massive Dirac Fermion Observed in Lanthanide-Doped Topological Insulator Thin Films.

Scientific reports 5 (2015) 15767-

SE Harrison, LJ Collins-McIntyre, P Schönherr, A Vailionis, V Srot, PA van Aken, AJ Kellock, A Pushp, SS Parkin, JS Harris, B Zhou, YL Chen, T Hesjedal

The breaking of time reversal symmetry (TRS) in three-dimensional (3D) topological insulators (TIs), and thus the opening of a 'Dirac-mass gap' in the linearly dispersed Dirac surface state, is a prerequisite for unlocking exotic physical states. Introducing ferromagnetic long-range order by transition metal doping has been shown to break TRS. Here, we present the study of lanthanide (Ln) doped Bi2Te3, where the magnetic doping with high-moment lanthanides promises large energy gaps. Using molecular beam epitaxy, single-crystalline, rhombohedral thin films with Ln concentrations of up to ~35%, substituting on Bi sites, were achieved for Dy, Gd, and Ho doping. Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy shows the characteristic Dirac cone for Gd and Ho doping. In contrast, for Dy doping above a critical doping concentration, a gap opening is observed via the decreased spectral intensity at the Dirac point, indicating a topological quantum phase transition persisting up to room-temperature.

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