Publications associated with X-ray and Neutron Scattering

Disentangling orbital and spin exchange interactions for Co2+ on a rocksalt lattice

Physical Review B American Physical Society 98 (2018) 024415

PM Sarte, D Le, V García-Sakai, AJ Browne, JP Attfield, C Stock, RA Cowley, EE Rodriguez, E Pachoud, JW Taylor, D Prabhakaran, CD Frost, C Macewen, A Kitada, M Songvilay, Z Yamani, WJL Buyers

Neutron spectroscopy was applied to study the magnetic interactions of orbitally degenerate Co2+ on a host MgO rocksalt lattice where no long-range spin or orbital order exists. The paramagnetic nature of the substituted monoxide Co0.03Mg0.97O allows for the disentanglement of spin exchange and spin-orbit interactions. By considering the prevalent excitations from Co2+ spin pairs, we extract seven exchange constants out to the fourth coordination shell. An antiferromagnetic next-nearest-neighbor 180◦ exchange interaction is dominant; however, dual ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic interactions are observed for pairings with other pathways. These interactions can be understood in terms of a combination of orbital degeneracy in the t2g channel and the Goodenough-Kanamori-Anderson rules. Our work suggest that such a hierarchy of exchange interactions exists in transition-metal-based oxides with a t2g orbital degeneracy.

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