Publications associated with Visible and Infrared Instruments

The relativistic jet of the γ-ray emitting narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxy 1H 0323+342

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Oxford University Press 475 (2017) 404–423-

D Kynoch, H Landt, MJ Ward, C Done, E Gardner, C Boisson, M Arrieta-Lobo, A Zech, K Steenbrugge, M Pereira Santaella

The detection of several radio-loud narrow-line Seyfert 1 (NLS1) galaxies by the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope hints at the existence of a rare, new class of γ -ray emitting active galactic nuclei with low black hole masses. Like flat spectrum radio quasars (FSRQs), their γ -ray emission is thought to be produced via the external Compton mechanism whereby relativistic jet electrons upscatter a photon field external to the jet, e.g. from the accretion disc, broad line region (BLR), and dusty torus, to higher energies. Here we study the origin of the γ -ray emission in the lowest-redshift candidate among the currently known γ -ray emitting NLS1s, 1H 0323+342, and take a new approach. We observationally constrain the external photon field using quasi-simultaneous near-infrared, optical, and X-ray spectroscopy. Applying a one-zone leptonic jet model, we simulate the range of jet parameters for which this photon field, when Compton scattered to higher energies, can explain the γ -ray emission. We find that the site of the γ -ray emission lies well within the BLR and that the seed photons mainly originate from the accretion disc. The jet power that we determine, 1.0 × 1045 erg s−1, is approximately half the accretion disc luminosity. We show that this object is not simply a low-mass FSRQ, its jet is intrinsically less powerful than predicted by scaling a typical FSRQ jet by black hole mass and accretion rate. That γ -ray-emitting NLS1s appear to host underpowered jets may go some way to explaining why so few have been detected to date.

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