Publications


Efficient Classical Algorithm for Boson Sampling with Partially Distinguishable Photons.

Phys Rev Lett 120 (2018) 220502-220502

JJ Renema, A Menssen, WR Clements, G Triginer, WS Kolthammer, IA Walmsley

We demonstrate how boson sampling with photons of partial distinguishability can be expressed in terms of interference of fewer photons. We use this observation to propose a classical algorithm to simulate the output of a boson sampler fed with photons of partial distinguishability. We find conditions for which this algorithm is efficient, which gives a lower limit on the required indistinguishability to demonstrate a quantum advantage. Under these conditions, adding more photons only polynomially increases the computational cost to simulate a boson sampling experiment.


A Noiseless Quantum Optical Memory at Room Temperature

2017 CONFERENCE ON LASERS AND ELECTRO-OPTICS EUROPE & EUROPEAN QUANTUM ELECTRONICS CONFERENCE (CLEO/EUROPE-EQEC) (2018)

PM Ledingham, KT Kaczmarek, B Brecht, A Feizpour, GS Thekkadath, SE Thomas, JHD Munns, DJ Saunders, J Nunn, IA Walmsley


High-speed noise-free optical quantum memory

PHYSICAL REVIEW A 97 (2018) ARTN 042316

KT Kaczmarek, PM Ledingham, B Brecht, SE Thomas, GS Thekkadath, O Lazo-Arjona, JHD Munns, E Poem, A Feizpour, DJ Saunders, J Nunn, IA Walmsley


All-fiber single photon sources - modal control for active routing

Optics InfoBase Conference Papers Part F111-SOF 2018 (2018)

RJA Francis-Jones, RA Hoggarth, OR Gibson, PJ Mosley

© 2018 The Author(s). Speciality fiber has enabled the development of fully-integrated heralded single-photon sources incorporating feedforward and active switching to enhance performance. We present recent results and future directions.


Challenging local realism with human choices

NATURE 557 (2018) 212-+

C Abellan, A Acin, A Alarcon, O Alibart, CK Andersen, F Andreoli, A Beckert, FA Beduini, A Bendersky, M Bentivegna, P Bierhorst, D Burchardt, A Cabello, J Carine, S Carrasco, G Carvacho, D Cavalcanti, R Chaves, J Cortes-Vega, A Cuevas, A Delgado, H de Riedmatten, C Eichler, P Farrera, J Fuenzalida, M Garcia-Matos, R Garthoff, S Gasparinetti, T Gerrits, FG Jouneghani, S Glancy, ES Gomez, P Gonzalez, J-Y Guan, J Handsteiner, J Heinsoo, G Heinze, A Hirschmann, O Jimenez, F Kaiser, E Knill, LT Knoll, S Krinner, P Kurpiers, MA Larotonda, J-A Larsson, A Lenhard, H Li, M-H Li, G Lima, B Liu, Y Liu, IH Lopez Grande, T Lunghi, X Ma, OS Magana-Loaiza, P Magnard, A Magnoni, M Marti-Prieto, D Martinez, P Mataloni, A Mattar, M Mazzera, RP Mirin, MW Mitchell, S Nam, M Oppliger, J-W Pan, RB Patel, GJ Pryde, D Rauch, K Redeker, D Rielander, M Ringbauer, T Roberson, W Rosenfeld, Y Salathe, L Santodonato, G Sauder, T Scheidl, CT Schmiegelow, F Sciarrino, A Seri, LK Shalm, S-C Shi, S Slussarenko, MJ Stevens, S Tanzilli, F Toledo, J Tura, R Ursin, P Vergyris, VB Verma, T Walter, A Wallraff, Z Wang, H Weinfurter, MM Weston, AG White, C Wu, GB Xavier, L You, X Yuan, A Zeilinger, Q Zhang, W Zhang, J Zhong, BIGBT Collaboration


Strong Unitary and Overlap Uncertainty Relations: Theory and Experiment

PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS 120 (2018) ARTN 230402

K-W Bong, N Tischler, RB Patel, S Wollmann, GJ Pryde, MJW Hall


Quantum interference beyond the fringe.

Science (New York, N.Y.) 358 (2017) 1001-1002

I Walmsley


Temporal-mode selection with a Raman quantum memory

Optics InfoBase Conference Papers Part F66-FiO 2017 (0)

JHD Munns, SE Thomas, KT Kaczmarek, PM Ledingham, DJ Saunders, J Nunn, B Brecht, IA Walmsley

© OSA 2017. Temporal modes (TMs) of pulsed single-photon states have been identified as appealing basis states for quantum information science. Recent work has seen progress towards TM-selective operations based on nonlinear optics. Here, we demonstrate for the first time a linear TM-selective device, namely a Raman quantum memory in warm atomic Caesium vapour. We achieve switching fidelities of 86.5% when operating the memory with ns-duration pulses. These results pave the way towards new quantum information applications, where TM-selection, TM-reshaping, and network synchronisation are achieved with one single device.


Resource-efficient fibre-integrated temporal multiplexing of heralded single photons

JOURNAL OF OPTICS 19 (2017) ARTN 125503

RA Hoggarth, RJA Francis-Jones, PJ Mosley


Fibre-integrated noise gating of high-purity heralded single photonsE

JOURNAL OF OPTICS 19 (2017) ARTN 104005

RJA Francis-Jones, PJ Mosley


Theory of noise suppression in Lambda-type quantum memories by means of a cavity

PHYSICAL REVIEW A 96 (2017) ARTN 012338

J Nunn, JHD Munns, S Thomas, KT Kaczmarek, C Qiu, A Feizpour, E Poem, B Brecht, DJ Saunders, PM Ledingham, DV Reddy, MG Raymer, IA Walmsley


QLad: A noise-free quantum memory for broadband light at room temperature

Optics InfoBase Conference Papers Part F42-CLEO_QELS 2017 (2017)

KT Kaczmarek, PM Ledingham, B Brecht, A Feizpour, GS Thekkadath, SE Thomas, JHD Munns, DJ Saunders, IA Walmsley, J Nunn

© OSA 2017. We implement a low-noise, broadband quantum memory for light via off-resonant two-photon absorption in warm atomic vapour. We store heralded single photons and verify that the retrieved fields are anti-bunched.


A noiseless quantum optical memory at room temperature

Optics InfoBase Conference Papers Part F66-FiO 2017 (2017)

KT Kaczmarek, PM Ledingham, B Brecht, SE Thomas, GS Thekkadath, O Lazo-Arjona, JHD Munns, E Poem, A Feizpour, DJ Saunders, J Nunn, IA Walmsley

© OSA 2017. Quantum optical memories are devices that store quantum states of light, which can allow for the active synchronization of probabilistic events within large-scale quantum networks. Recent work on quantum memories have seen impressive quantum operation, albeit still suffering from noise on the output mode of the device. Here we demonstrate a noise-free quantum memory for light based on the off-resonant cascaded absorption of photons in a warm vapour of caesium atoms. The memory is characterized by measuring a noise floor of 8×10-6photons per pulse. We demonstrate genuine quantum operation by storing and recalling on-demand heralded single photons with a heralded second-order autocorrelation function of g(2)= 0:028±0:009.


Quantum Correlations between Single Telecom Photons and a Multimode On-Demand Solid-State Quantum Memory

PHYSICAL REVIEW X 7 (2017) ARTN 021028

A Seri, A Lenhard, D Rielander, M Gundogan, PM Ledingham, M Mazzera, H de Riedmatten


A noise-free quantum memory for broadband light at room temperature

Optics InfoBase Conference Papers Part F73-QIM 2017 (2017)

KT Kaczmarek, PM Ledingham, B Brecht, A Feizpour, GS Thekkadath, SE Thomas, JHD Munns, DJ Saunders, IA Walmsley, J Nunn

© OSA 2017. We have developed a novel protocol for broadband, noise-free light-matter interactions using off-resonant two-photon absorption. We have successfully stored and retrieved 1.5 GHz bandwidth heralded single photons in warm cesium vapour, measuring a g(2)h= 0:39±0:05.


Experimental demonstration of nonbilocal quantum correlations.

Science advances 3 (2017) e1602743-

DJ Saunders, DJ Saunders, AJ Bennet, C Branciard, GJ Pryde

Quantum mechanics admits correlations that cannot be explained by local realistic models. The most studied models are the standard local hidden variable models, which satisfy the well-known Bell inequalities. To date, most works have focused on bipartite entangled systems. We consider correlations between three parties connected via two independent entangled states. We investigate the new type of so-called "bilocal" models, which correspondingly involve two independent hidden variables. These models describe scenarios that naturally arise in quantum networks, where several independent entanglement sources are used. Using photonic qubits, we build such a linear three-node quantum network and demonstrate nonbilocal correlations by violating a Bell-like inequality tailored for bilocal models. Furthermore, we show that the demonstration of nonbilocality is more noise-tolerant than that of standard Bell nonlocality in our three-party quantum network.


QLad: A Noise-Free Quantum Memory for Broadband Light at Room Temperature

2017 CONFERENCE ON LASERS AND ELECTRO-OPTICS (CLEO) (0)

KT Kaczmarek, PM Ledingham, B Brecht, A Feizpour, GS Thekkadath, SE Thomas, JHD Munns, DJ Saunders, IA Walmsley, J Nunn


High efficiency Raman memory by suppressing radiation trapping

NEW JOURNAL OF PHYSICS 19 (2017) ARTN 063034

SED Thomas, JHD Munns, KT Kaczmarek, C Qiu, B Brecht, A Feizpour, PM Ledingham, IA Walmsley, J Nunn, DJ Saunders


Chip-based array of near-identical, pure, heralded single-photon sources

OPTICA 4 (2017) 90-96

JB Spring, PL Mennea, BJ Metcalf, PC Humphreys, JC Gates, HL Rogers, C Soller, BJ Smith, WS Kolthammer, PGR Smith, IA Walmsley


Distinguishability and Many-Particle Interference.

Physical review letters 118 (2017) 153603-

AJ Menssen, AE Jones, BJ Metcalf, MC Tichy, S Barz, WS Kolthammer, IA Walmsley

Quantum interference of two independent particles in pure quantum states is fully described by the particles' distinguishability: the closer the particles are to being identical, the higher the degree of quantum interference. When more than two particles are involved, the situation becomes more complex and interference capability extends beyond pairwise distinguishability, taking on a surprisingly rich character. Here, we study many-particle interference using three photons. We show that the distinguishability between pairs of photons is not sufficient to fully describe the photons' behavior in a scattering process, but that a collective phase, the triad phase, plays a role. We are able to explore the full parameter space of three-photon interference by generating heralded single photons and interfering them in a fiber tritter. Using multiple degrees of freedom-temporal delays and polarization-we isolate three-photon interference from two-photon interference. Our experiment disproves the view that pairwise two-photon distinguishability uniquely determines the degree of nonclassical many-particle interference.

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