Publications


Stellar mergers as the origin of magnetic massive stars.

Nature 574 (2019) 211-214

FRN Schneider, ST Ohlmann, P Podsiadlowski, FK Röpke, SA Balbus, R Pakmor, V Springel

About ten per cent of 'massive' stars (those of more than 1.5 solar masses) have strong, large-scale surface magnetic fields1-3. It has been suggested that merging of main-sequence and pre-main-sequence stars could produce such strong fields4,5, and the predicted fraction of merged massive stars is also about ten per cent6,7. The merger hypothesis is further supported by a lack of magnetic stars in close binaries8,9, which is as expected if mergers produce magnetic stars. Here we report three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamical simulations of the coalescence of two massive stars and follow the evolution of the merged product. Strong magnetic fields are produced in the simulations, and the merged star rejuvenates such that it appears younger and bluer than other coeval stars. This can explain the properties of the magnetic 'blue straggler' star τ Sco in the Upper Scorpius association that has an observationally inferred, apparent age of less than five million years, which is less than half the age of its birth association10. Such massive blue straggler stars seem likely to be progenitors of magnetars, perhaps giving rise to some of the enigmatic fast radio bursts observed11, and their supernovae may be affected by their strong magnetic fields12.


No surviving non-compact stellar companion to Cassiopeia A

ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS 623 (2019) ARTN A34

WE Kerzendorf, T Do, SE de Mink, Y Gotberg, D Milisavljevic, E Zapartas, M Renzo, S Justham, P Podsiadlowski, RA Fesen


Surveys with small optical telescopes

ASTRONOMY & GEOPHYSICS 60 (2019) 14-18

T Lynas-Gray


Massive Stellar Mergers as Precursors of Hydrogen-rich Pulsational Pair Instability Supernovae

ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS 876 (2019) ARTN L29

A Vigna-Gomez, S Justham, I Mandel, SE de Mink, P Podsiadlowski


New hot subdwarf variables from the EC survey

MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 485 (2019) 4330-4342

D Kilkenny, HL Worters, AE Lynas-Gray


New Hot Subdwarf Variables from the EC Survey

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Oxford University Press (OUP) (2019)

D Kilkenny, H Worters, A Lynas-Gray


Comprehensive Study of Ejecta-companion Interaction for Core-collapse Supernovae in Massive Binaries

ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 864 (2018) ARTN 119

R Hirai, P Podsiadlowski, S Yamada


The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey XXVIII. Nitrogen abundances for apparently single dwarf and giant B-type stars with small projected rotational velocities

ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS 615 (2018) ARTN A101

PL Dufton, A Thompson, PA Crowther, CJ Evans, FRN Schneider, A de Koter, SE de Mink, R Garland, N Langer, DJ Lennon, CM McEvoy, OH Ramirez-Agudelo, H Sana, S Simon Diaz, WD Taylor, JS Vink


An excess of massive stars in the local 30 Doradus starburst.

Science (New York, N.Y.) 359 (2018) 69-71

FRN Schneider, H Sana, CJ Evans, JM Bestenlehner, N Castro, L Fossati, G Gräfener, N Langer, OH Ramírez-Agudelo, C Sabín-Sanjulián, S Simón-Díaz, F Tramper, PA Crowther, A de Koter, SE de Mink, PL Dufton, M Garcia, M Gieles, V Hénault-Brunet, A Herrero, RG Izzard, V Kalari, DJ Lennon, J Maíz Apellániz, N Markova, F Najarro, P Podsiadlowski, J Puls, WD Taylor, JT van Loon, JS Vink, C Norman

The 30 Doradus star-forming region in the Large Magellanic Cloud is a nearby analog of large star-formation events in the distant universe. We determined the recent formation history and the initial mass function (IMF) of massive stars in 30 Doradus on the basis of spectroscopic observations of 247 stars more massive than 15 solar masses ([Formula: see text]). The main episode of massive star formation began about 8 million years (My) ago, and the star-formation rate seems to have declined in the last 1 My. The IMF is densely sampled up to 200 [Formula: see text] and contains 32 ± 12% more stars above 30 [Formula: see text] than predicted by a standard Salpeter IMF. In the mass range of 15 to 200 [Formula: see text], the IMF power-law exponent is [Formula: see text], shallower than the Salpeter value of 2.35.


Do SN 2002cx-like and SN Ia-CSM Objects Share the Same Origin?

ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 861 (2018) ARTN 127

X Meng, P Podsiadlowski


On the formation history of Galactic double neutron stars

MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 481 (2018) 4009-4029

A Vigna-Gomez, CJ Neijssel, S Stevenson, JW Barrett, K Belczynski, S Justham, SE de Mink, B Mueller, P Podsiadlowski, M Renzo, D Szecsi, I Mandel


The VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey XXIX. Massive star formation in the local 30 Doradus starburst

ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS 618 (2018) ARTN A73

FRN Schneider, OH Ramirez-Agudelo, F Tramper, JM Bestenlehner, N Castro, H Sana, CJ Evans, C Sabin-Sanjulian, S Simon-Diaz, N Langer, L Fossati, G Graefener, PA Crowther, SE de Mink, A de Koter, M Gieles, A Herrero, RG Izzard, V Kalari, RS Klessen, DJ Lennon, L Mahy, J Maiz Apellaniz, N Markova, JT van Loon, JS Vink, NR Walborn


Orbital Characteristics of the Subdwarf-B and F V Star Binary EC 20117-4014 (=V4640 Sgr)

ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 859 (2018) ARTN 145

T Otani, TD Oswalt, AE Lynas-Gray, D Kilkenny, C Koen, M Amaral, R Jordan


Response to Comment on "An excess of massive stars in the local 30 Doradus starburst".

Science (New York, N.Y.) 361 (2018)

FRN Schneider, H Sana, CJ Evans, JM Bestenlehner, N Castro, L Fossati, G Gräfener, N Langer, OH Ramírez-Agudelo, C Sabín-Sanjulián, S Simón-Díaz, F Tramper, PA Crowther, A de Koter, SE de Mink, PL Dufton, M Garcia, M Gieles, V Hénault-Brunet, A Herrero, RG Izzard, V Kalari, DJ Lennon, J Maíz Apellániz, N Markova, F Najarro, P Podsiadlowski, J Puls, WD Taylor, JT van Loon, JS Vink, C Norman

Farr and Mandel reanalyze our data, finding initial mass function slopes for high-mass stars in 30 Doradus that agree with our results. However, their reanalysis appears to underpredict the observed number of massive stars. Their technique results in more precise slopes than in our work, strengthening our conclusion that there is an excess of massive stars (>30 solar masses) in 30 Doradus.


A kilonova as the electromagnetic counterpart to a gravitational-wave source.

Nature 551 (2017) 75-79

SJ Smartt, T-W Chen, A Jerkstrand, M Coughlin, E Kankare, SA Sim, M Fraser, C Inserra, K Maguire, KC Chambers, ME Huber, T Krühler, G Leloudas, M Magee, LJ Shingles, KW Smith, DR Young, J Tonry, R Kotak, A Gal-Yam, JD Lyman, DS Homan, C Agliozzo, JP Anderson, CR Angus, C Ashall, C Barbarino, FE Bauer, M Berton, MT Botticella, M Bulla, J Bulger, G Cannizzaro, Z Cano, R Cartier, A Cikota, P Clark, A De Cia, M Della Valle, L Denneau, M Dennefeld, L Dessart, G Dimitriadis, N Elias-Rosa, RE Firth, H Flewelling, A Flörs, A Franckowiak, C Frohmaier, L Galbany, S González-Gaitán, J Greiner, M Gromadzki, AN Guelbenzu, CP Gutiérrez, A Hamanowicz, L Hanlon, J Harmanen, KE Heintz, A Heinze, M-S Hernandez, ST Hodgkin, IM Hook, L Izzo, PA James, PG Jonker, WE Kerzendorf, S Klose, Z Kostrzewa-Rutkowska, M Kowalski, M Kromer, H Kuncarayakti, A Lawrence, TB Lowe, EA Magnier, I Manulis, A Martin-Carrillo, S Mattila, O McBrien, A Müller, J Nordin, D O'Neill, F Onori, JT Palmerio, A Pastorello, F Patat, G Pignata, P Podsiadlowski, ML Pumo, SJ Prentice, A Rau, A Razza, A Rest, T Reynolds, R Roy, AJ Ruiter, KA Rybicki, L Salmon, P Schady, ASB Schultz, T Schweyer, IR Seitenzahl, M Smith, J Sollerman, B Stalder, CW Stubbs, M Sullivan, H Szegedi, F Taddia, S Taubenberger, G Terreran, B van Soelen, J Vos, RJ Wainscoat, NA Walton, C Waters, H Weiland, M Willman, P Wiseman, DE Wright, Ł Wyrzykowski, O Yaron

Gravitational waves were discovered with the detection of binary black-hole mergers and they should also be detectable from lower-mass neutron-star mergers. These are predicted to eject material rich in heavy radioactive isotopes that can power an electromagnetic signal. This signal is luminous at optical and infrared wavelengths and is called a kilonova. The gravitational-wave source GW170817 arose from a binary neutron-star merger in the nearby Universe with a relatively well confined sky position and distance estimate. Here we report observations and physical modelling of a rapidly fading electromagnetic transient in the galaxy NGC 4993, which is spatially coincident with GW170817 and with a weak, short γ-ray burst. The transient has physical parameters that broadly match the theoretical predictions of blue kilonovae from neutron-star mergers. The emitted electromagnetic radiation can be explained with an ejected mass of 0.04 ± 0.01 solar masses, with an opacity of less than 0.5 square centimetres per gram, at a velocity of 0.2 ± 0.1 times light speed. The power source is constrained to have a power-law slope of -1.2 ± 0.3, consistent with radioactive powering from r-process nuclides. (The r-process is a series of neutron capture reactions that synthesise many of the elements heavier than iron.) We identify line features in the spectra that are consistent with light r-process elements (atomic masses of 90-140). As it fades, the transient rapidly becomes red, and a higher-opacity, lanthanide-rich ejecta component may contribute to the emission. This indicates that neutron-star mergers produce gravitational waves and radioactively powered kilonovae, and are a nucleosynthetic source of the r-process elements.


Episodic mass ejections from common-envelope objects

MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 470 (2017) 1788-1808

M Clayton, P Podsiadlowski, N Ivanova, S Justham


Multi-messenger Observations of a Binary Neutron Star Merger

ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS 848 (2017) ARTN L12

BP Abbott, R Abbott, TD Abbott, F Acernese, K Ackley, C Adams, T Adams, P Addesso, RX Adhikari, VB Adya, C Affeldt, M Afrough, B Agarwal, M Agathos, K Agatsuma, N Aggarwal, OD Aguiar, L Aiello, A Ain, P Ajith, B Allen, G Allen, A Allocca, PA Altin, A Amato, A Ananyeva, SB Anderson, WG Anderson, SV Angelova, S Antier, S Appert, K Arai, MC Araya, JS Areeda, N Arnaud, KG Arun, S Ascenzi, G Ashton, M Ast, SM Aston, P Astone, DV Atallah, P Aufmuth, C Aulbert, K AultONeal, C Austin, A Avila-Alvarez, S Babak, P Bacon, MKM Bader, S Bae, PT Baker, F Baldaccini, G Ballardin, SW Ballmer, S Banagiri, JC Barayoga, SE Barclay, BC Barish, D Barker, K Barkett, F Barone, B Barr, L Barsotti, M Barsuglia, D Barta, SD Barthelmy, J Bartlett, I Bartos, R Bassiri, A Basti, JC Batch, M Bawaj, JC Bayley, M Bazzan, B Becsy, C Beer, M Bejger, I Belahcene, AS Bell, BK Berger, G Bergmann, JJ Bero, CPL Berry, D Bersanetti, A Bertolini, J Betzwieser, S Bhagwat, R Bhandare, IA Bilenko, G Billingsley, CR Billman, J Birch, R Birney, O Birnholtz, S Biscans, S Biscoveanu, A Bisht, M Bitossi, C Biwer, MA Bizouard, JK Blackburn, J Blackman, CD Blair, DG Blair, RM Blair, S Bloemen, O Bock, N Bode, M Boer, G Bogaert, A Bohe, F Bondu, E Bonilla, R Bonnand, BA Boom, R Bork, V Boschi, S Bose, K Bossie, Y Bouffanais, A Bozzi, C Bradaschia, PR Brady, M Branchesi, JE Brau, T Briant, A Brillet, M Brinkmann, V Brisson, P Brockill, JE Broida, AF Brooks, DA Brown, DD Brown, S Brunett, CC Buchanan, A Buikema, T Bulik, HJ Bulten, A Buonanno, D Buskulic, C Buy, RL Byer, M Cabero, L Cadonati, G Cagnoli, C Cahillane, JC Bustillo, TA Callister, E Calloni, JB Camp, M Canepa, P Canizares, KC Cannon, H Cao, J Cao, CD Capano, E Capocasa, F Carbognani, S Caride, MF Carney, JC Diaz, C Casentini, S Caudill, M Cavagli, F Cavalier, R Cavalieri, G Cella, CB Cepeda, P Cerd-Durn, G Cerretani, E Cesarini, SJ Chamberlin, M Chan, S Chao, P Charlton, E Chase, E Chassande-Mottin, D Chatterjee, K Chatziioannou, BD Cheeseboro, HY Chen, X Chen, Y Chen, H-P Cheng, H Chia, A Chincarini, A Chiummo, T Chmiel, HS Cho, M Cho, JH Chow, N Christensen, Q Chu, AJK Chua, S Chua, AKW Chung, S Chung, G Ciani, R Ciolfi, CE Cirelli, A Cirone, F Clara, JA Clark, P Clearwater, F Cleva, C Cocchieri, E Coccia, P-F Cohadon, D Cohen, A Colla, CG Collette, LR Cominsky, M Constancio, L Conti, SJ Cooper, P Corban, TR Corbitt, I Cordero-Carrion, KR Corley, N Cornish, A Corsi, S Cortese, CA Costa, MW Coughlin, SB Coughlin, J-P Coulon, ST Countryman, P Couvares, PB Covas, EE Cowan, DM Coward, MJ Cowart, DC Coyne, R Coyne, JDE Creighton, TD Creighton, J Cripe, SG Crowder, TJ Cullen, A Cumming, L Cunningham, E Cuoco, T Dal Canton, G Dlya, SL Danilishin, S D'Antonio, K Danzmann, A Dasgupta, CFDS Costa, V Dattilo, I Dave, M Davier, D Davis, EJ Daw, B Day, S De, D Debra, J Degallaix, M De laurentis, S Deleglise, W Del Pozzo, N Demos, T Denker, T Dent, R De Pietri, V Dergachev, R De Rosa, RT DeRosa, C De Rossi, R DeSalvo, O De Varona, J Devenson, S Dhurandhar, MC Diaz, L Di Fiore, M Di Giovanni, T Di Girolamo, A Di Lieto, S Di Pace, I Di Palma, F Di Renzo, Z Doctor, V Dolique, F Donovan, KL Dooley, S Doravari, I Dorrington, R Douglas, MD Alvarez, TP Downes, M Drago, C Dreissigacker, JC Driggers, Z Du, M Ducrot, P Dupej, SE Dwyer, TB Edo, MC Edwards, A Effler, H-B Eggenstein, P Ehrens, J Eichholz, SS Eikenberry, RA Eisenstein, RC Essick, D Estevez, ZB Etienne, T Etzel, M Evans, TM Evans, M Factourovich, V Fafone, H Fair, S Fairhurst, X Fan, S Farinon, B Farr, WM Farr, EJ Fauchon-Jones, M Favata, M Fays, C Fee, H Fehrmann, J Feicht, MM Fejer, A Fernandez-Galiana, I Ferrante, EC Ferreira, F Ferrini, F Fidecaro, D Finstad, I Fiori, D Fiorucci, M Fishbach, RP Fisher, M Fitz-Axen, R Flaminio, M Fletcher, H Fong, JA Font, PWF Forsyth, SS Forsyth, J-D Fournier, S Frasca, F Frasconi, Z Frei, A Freise, R Frey, V Frey, EM Fries, P Fritschel, VV Frolov, P Fulda, M Fyffe, H Gabbard, BU Gadre, SM Gaebel, JR Gair, L Gammaitoni, MR Ganija, SG Gaonkar, C Garcia-Quiros, F Garufi, B Gateley, S Gaudio, G Gaur, V Gayathri, N Gehrels, G Gemme, E Genin, A Gennai, D George, J George, L Gergely, V Germain, S Ghonge, A Ghosh, A Ghosh, S Ghosh, JA Giaime, KD Giardina, A Giazotto, K Gill, L Glover, E Goetz, R Goetz, S Gomes, B Goncharov, G Gonzlez, JMG Castro, A Gopakumar, ML Gorodetsky, SE Gossan, M Gosselin, R Gouaty, A Grado, C Graef, M Granata, A Grant, S Gras, C Gray, G Greco, AC Green, EM Gretarsson, B Griswold, P Groot, H Grote, S Grunewald, P Gruning, GM Guidi, X Guo, A Gupta, MK Gupta, KE Gushwa, EK Gustafson, R Gustafson, O Halim, BR Hall, ED Hall, EZ Hamilton, G Hammond, M Haney, MM Hanke, J Hanks, C Hanna, MD Hannam, OA Hannuksela, J Hanson, T Hardwick, J Harms, GM Harry, IW Harry, MJ Hart, C-J Haster, K Haughian, J Healy, A Heidmann, MC Heintze, H Heitmann, P Hello, G Hemming, M Hendry, IS Heng, J Hennig, AW Heptonstall, M Heurs, S Hild, T Hinderer, D Hoak, D Hofman, K Holt, DE Holz, P Hopkins, C Horst, J Hough, EA Houston, EJ Howell, A Hreibi, YM Hu, EA Huerta, D Huet, B Hughey, S Husa, SH Huttner, T Huynh-Dinh, N Indik, R Inta, G Intini, HN Isa, J-M Isac, M Isi, BR Iyer, K Izumi, T Jacqmin, K Jani, P Jaranowski, S Jawahar, F Jimenez-Forteza, WW Johnson, DI Jones, R Jones, RJG Jonker, L Ju, J Junker, CV Kalaghatgi, V Kalogera, B Kamai, S Kandhasamy, G Kang, JB Kanner, SJ Kapadia, S Karki, KS Karvinen, M Kasprzack, M Katolik, E Katsavounidis, W Katzman, S Kaufer, K Kawabe, F Kefelian, D Keitel, AJ Kemball, R Kennedy, C Kent, JS Key, FY Khalili, I Khan, S Khan, Z Khan, EA Khazanov, N Kijbunchoo, C Kim, JC Kim, K Kim, W Kim, WS Kim, Y-M Kim, SJ Kimbrell, EJ King, PJ King, M Kinley-Hanlon, R Kirchhoff, JS Kissel, L Kleybolte, S Klimenko, TD Knowles, P Koch, SM Koehlenbeck, S Koley, V Kondrashov, A Kontos, M Korobko, WZ Korth, I Kowalska, DB Kozak, C Krmer, V Kringel, B Krishnan, A Krlak, G Kuehn, P Kumar, R Kumar, S Kumar, L Kuo, A Kutynia, S Kwang, BD Lackey, KH Lai, M Landry, RN Lang, J Lange, B Lantz, RK Lanza, SL Larson, A Lartaux-Vollard, PD Lasky, M Laxen, A Lazzarini, C Lazzaro, P Leaci, S Leavey, CH Lee, HK Lee, HM Lee, HW Lee, K Lee, J Lehmann, A Lenon, M Leonardi, N Leroy, N Letendre, Y Levin, TGF Li, SD Linker, TB Littenberg, J Liu, RKL Lo, NA Lockerbie, LT London, JE Lord, M Lorenzini, V Loriette, M Lormand, G Losurdo, JD Lough, CO Lousto, G Lovelace, H Lck, D Lumaca, AP Lundgren, R Lynch, Y Ma, R Macas, S Macfoy, B Machenschalk, M MacInnis, DM Macleod, IM Hernandez, F Magaa-Sandoval, LM Zertuche, RM Magee, E Majorana, I Maksimovic, N Man, V Mandic, V Mangano, GL Mansell, M Manske, M Mantovani, F Marchesoni, F Marion, S Mrka, Z Mrka, C Markakis, AS Markosyan, A Markowitz, E Maros, A Marquina, P Marsh, F Martelli, L Martellini, IW Martin, RM Martin, DV Martynov, K Mason, E Massera, A Masserot, TJ Massinger, M Masso-Reid, S Mastrogiovanni, A Matas, F Matichard, L Matone, N Mavalvala, N Mazumder, R McCarthy, DE McClelland, S McCormick, L McCuller, SC McGuire, G McIntyre, J McIver, DJ McManus, L McNeill, T Mcrae, ST McWilliams, D Meacher, GD Meadors, M Mehmet, J Meidam, E Mejuto-Villa, A Melatos, G Mendell, RA Mercer, EL Merilh, M Merzougui, S Meshkov, C Messenger, C Messick, R Metzdorff, PM Meyers, H Miao, C Michel, H Middleton, EE Mikhailov, L Milano, AL Mueller, BB Mueller, J Miller, M Millhouse, MC Milovich-Goff, O Minazzoli, Y Minenkov, J Ming, C Mishra, S Mitra, VP Mitrofanov, G Mitselmakher, R Mittleman, D Moffa, A Moggi, K Mogushi, M Mohan, SRP Mohapatra, M Montani, CJ Moore, D Moraru, G Moreno, SR Morriss, B Mours, CM Mow-Lowry, G Mueller, AW Muir, A Mukherjee, D Mukherjee, S Mukherjee, N Mukund, A Mullavey, J Munch, EA Muniz, M Muratore, PG Murray, K Napier, I Nardecchia, L Naticchioni, RK Nayak, J Neilson, G Nelemans, TJN Nelson, M Nery, A Neunzert, L Nevin, JM Newport, G Newton, KKY Ng, P Nguyen, TT Nguyen, D Nichols, AB Nielsen, S Nissanke, A Nitz, A Noack, F Nocera, D Nolting, C North, LK Nuttall, J Oberling, GD O'Dea, GH Ogin, JJ Oh, SH Oh, F Ohme, MA Okada, M Oliver, P Oppermann, RJ Oram, B O'Reilly, R Ormiston, LF Ortega, R O'Shaughnessy, S Ossokine, DJ Ottaway, H Overmier, BJ Owen, AE Pace, J Page, MA Page, A Pai, SA Pai, JR Palamos, O Palashov, C Palomba, A Pal-Singh, H Pan, H-W Pan, B Pang, PTH Pang, C Pankow, F Pannarale, BC Pant, F Paoletti, A Paoli, MA Papa, A Parida, W Parker, D Pascucci, A Pasqualetti, R Passaquieti, D Passuello, M Patil, B Patricelli, BL Pearlstone, M Pedraza, R Pedurand, L Pekowsky, A Pele, S Penn, CJ Perez, A Perreca, LM Perri, HP Pfeiffer, M Phelps, OJ Piccinni, M Pichot, F Piergiovanni, V Pierro, G Pillant, L Pinard, IM Pinto, M Pirello, M Pitkin, M Poe, R Poggiani, P Popolizio, EK Porter, A Post, J Powell, J Prasad, JWW Pratt, G Pratten, V Predoi, T Prestegard, LR Price, M Prijatelj, M Principe, S Privitera, GA Prodi, LG Prokhorov, O Puncken, M Punturo, P Puppo, M Prrer, H Qi, V Quetschke, EA Quintero, R Quitzow-James, FJ Raab, DS Rabeling, H Radkins, P Raffai, S Raja, C Rajan, B Rajbhandari, M Rakhmanov, KE Ramirez, A Ramos-Buades, P Rapagnani, V Raymond, M Razzano, J Read, T Regimbau, L Rei, S Reid, DH Reitze, W Ren, SD Reyes, F Ricci, PM Ricker, S Rieger, K Riles, M Rizzo, NA Robertson, R Robie, F Robinet, A Rocchi, L Rolland, JG Rollins, VJ Roma, R Romano, CL Romel, JH Romie, D Rosinska, MP Ross, S Rowan, A Rdiger, P Ruggi, G Rutins, K Ryan, S Sachdev, T Sadecki, L Sadeghian, M Sakellariadou, L Salconi, M Saleem, F Salemi, A Samajdar, L Sammut, LM Sampson, EJ Sanchez, LE Sanchez, N Sanchis-Gual, V Sandberg, JR Sanders, B Sassolas, BS Sathyaprakash, PR Saulson, O Sauter, RL Savage, A Sawadsky, P Schale, M Scheel, J Scheuer, J Schmidt, P Schmidt, R Schnabel, RMS Schofield, A Schonbeck, E Schreiber, D Schuette, BW Schulte, BF Schutz, SG Schwalbe, J Scott, SM Scott, E Seidel, D Sellers, AS Sengupta, D Sentenac, V Sequino, A Sergeev, DA Shaddock, TJ Shaffer, AA Shah, MS Shahriar, MB Shaner, L Shao, B Shapiro, P Shawhan, A Sheperd, DH Shoemaker, DM Shoemaker, K Siellez, X Siemens, M Sieniawska, D Sigg, AD Silva, LP Singer, A Singh, A Singhal, AM Sintes, BJJ Slagmolen, B Smith, JR Smith, RJE Smith, S Somala, EJ Son, JA Sonnenberg, B Sorazu, F Sorrentino, T Souradeep, AP Spencer, AK Srivastava, K Staats, A Staley, M Steinke, J Steinlechner, S Steinlechner, D Steinmeyer, SP Stevenson, R Stone, DJ Stops, KA Strain, G Stratta, SE Strigin, A Strunk, R Sturani, AL Stuver, TZ Summerscales, L Sun, S Sunil, J Suresh, PJ Sutton, BL Swinkels, MJ Szczepanczyk, M Tacca, SC Tait, C Talbot, D Talukder, DB Tanner, M Tpai, A Taracchini, JD Tasson, JA Taylor, R Taylor, SV Tewari, T Theeg, F Thies, EG Thomas, M Thomas, P Thomas, KA Thorne, KS Thorne, E Thrane, S Tiwari, V Tiwari, KV Tokmakov, K Toland, M Tonelli, Z Tornasi, A Torres-Forn, CI Torrie, D Toyr, F Travasso, G Traylor, J Trinastic, MC Tringali, L Trozzo, KW Tsang, M Tse, R Tso, L Tsukada, D Tsuna, D Tuyenbayev, K Ueno, D Ugolini, CS Unnikrishnan, AL Urban, SA Usman, H Vahlbruch, G Vajente, G Valdes, N Van Bakel, M Van Beuzekom, JFJ van den Brand, C van den Broeck, DC Vander-Hyde, L van der Schaaf, JV van Heijningen, AA van Veggel, M Vardaro, V Varma, S Vass, M Vasuth, A Vecchio, G Vedovato, J Veitch, PJ Veitch, K Venkateswara, G Venugopalan, D Verkindt, F Vetro, A Vicere, AD Viets, S Vinciguerra, DJ Vine, JY Vinet, S Vitale, T Vo, H Vocca, C Vorvick, SP Vyatchanin, AR Wade, LE Wade, M Wade, R Walet, M Walker, L Wallace, S Walsh, G Wang, H Wang, JZ Wang, WH Wang, YF Wang, RL Ward, J Warner, M Was, J Watchi, B Weaver, L-W Wei, M Weinert, AJ Weinstein, R Weiss, L Wen, EK Wessel, P Wessels, J Westerweck, T Westphal, K Wette, JT Whelan, SE Whitcomb, BF Whiting, C Whittle, D Wilken, D Williams, RD Williams, AR Williamson, JL Willis, B Willke, MH Wimmer, W Winkler, CC Wipf, H Wittel, G Woan, J Woehler, J Wofford, KWK Wong, J Worden, JL Wright, DS Wu, DM Wysocki, S Xiao, H Yamamoto, CC Yancey, L Yang, MJ Yap, M Yazback, H Yu, H Yu, M Yvert, A Zadrozny, M Zanolin, T 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Zepeda, B Zimmermann, M Ziolkowski, Z Zong, F Zuccarello, S Kim, S Schulze, FE Bauer, JM Corral-Santana, I De Gregorio-Monsalvo, J Gonzlez-Lopez, DH Hartmann, CH Ishwara-Chandra, S Martin, A Mehner, K Misra, MJ Michalowski, L Resmi, Z Paragi, I Agudo, T An, R Beswick, C Casadio, S Frey, P Jonker, M Kettenis, B Marcote, J Moldon, A Szomoru, HJ Langevelde, J Yang, A Cwiek, M Cwiok, H Czyrkowski, R Dabrowski, G Kasprowicz, L Mankiewicz, K Nawrocki, R Opiela, LW Piotrowski, G Wrochna, M Zaremba, AF Zarnecki, D Haggard, M Nynka, JJ Ruan, PA Bland, T Booler, HAR Devillepoix, JS De Gois, PJ Hancock, RM Howie, J Paxman, EK Sansom, MC Towner, J Tonry, M Coughlin, CW Stubbs, L Denneau, A Heinze, B Stalder, H Weiland, RP Eatough, M Kramer, A Kraus, E Troja, L Piro, JB Gonzlez, NR Butler, OD Fox, HG Khandrika, A Kutyrev, WH Lee, R Ricci, RRE Jr, R Sanchez-Ramirez, S Veilleux, AM Watson, MH Wieringa, JM Burgess, H Van Eerten, CJ Fontes, CL Fryer, O Korobkin, RT Wollaeger, F Camilo, AR Foley, S Goedhart, S Makhathini, N Oozeer, OM Smirnov, RP Fender, PA Woudt, LIGOSC Virgo, GBM Fermi, INTERGRAL, I Collaboration, ACZ Telluride, IPN Collaboration, I-H Collaboration, ANTARES Collaboration, S Collaboration, AGILE Team, TM Team, DEC GW-EM, D Collaboration, GRAWITAG Wave, FLA Telescope, ATCAA Telescope, ASKAPASKA Pathfinder, LCO Grp, ODWFDW Faster, VINROUGE Collaboration, MASTER Collaboration, J-GEM, GJ CALTECH, Pan-STARRS, MAXI Team, TZAC Consortium, KU Collaboration, NO Telescope, ePESSTO, GROUND, TT Univ, S Grp, TTR Observat, BOOTES Collaboration, MWAMW Array, CALET Collaboration, IKI-GWF-U Collaboration, HESS Collaboration, LOFAR Collaboration, LWALW Array, HAWC Collaboration, PA Collaboration, ALMA Collaboration, EVLBI Team, PS Collaboration, CTM Univ, DFNDF Network, ATLAS, HTR Universe, R RATIR, SKASA MeerKAT


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