Publications associated with Quantum Optoelectronics

Plasmonic gas sensing using nanocube patch antennas

Advanced Optical Materials Wiley (2016) n/a-n/a

AW Powell, J Smith, DM Coles, RA Taylor, AAR Watt, HE Assender

The ability of individual nanocube patch antennas, consisting of a silver nanocube separated from an Ag sheet by a thin fluoropolymer spacer, to act as subwavelength sensing elements is demonstrated. An increase in relative humidity (RH) causes the spacer to expand, which alters the resonance of the plasmon cavity mode formed between the cube and the sheet. Using bottom-up fabrication techniques, sensitivities up to 0.57 nm/% RH are recorded, and a resolution of better than 1% RH achieved with a rapid response time, making this the most effective single nanoparticle plasmonic humidity sensor to date. Finite-difference time-domain simulations are conducted to understand the effects of particle geometry on the sensitivity. This platform could be utilized to detect a variety of gases with an appropriate choice of spacer material, and could be scaled up to create a large-area metamaterial sensor, or used as a subwavelength sensing element with the potential for integration into plasmonic circuitry.

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