Strain in epitaxial MnSi films on Si(111) in the thick film limit studied by polarization-dependent extended x-ray absorption fine structure

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 94 (2016) ARTN 174107

AI Figueroa, SL Zhang, AA Baker, R Chalasani, A Kohn, SC Speller, D Gianolio, C Pfleiderer, G van der Laan, T Hesjedal

Anisotropic Absorption of Pure Spin Currents.

Physical review letters 116 (2016) 047201-

AA Baker, AI Figueroa, CJ Love, SA Cavill, T Hesjedal, G van der Laan

Spin transfer in magnetic multilayers offers the possibility of ultrafast, low-power device operation. We report a study of spin pumping in spin valves, demonstrating that a strong anisotropy of spin pumping from the source layer can be induced by an angular dependence of the total Gilbert damping parameter, α, in the spin sink layer. Using lab- and synchrotron-based ferromagnetic resonance, we show that an in-plane variation of damping in a crystalline Co_{50}Fe_{50} layer leads to an anisotropic α in a polycrystalline Ni_{81}Fe_{19} layer. This anisotropy is suppressed above the spin diffusion length in Cr, which is found to be 8 nm, and is independent of static exchange coupling in the spin valve. These results offer a valuable insight into the transmission and absorption of spin currents, and a mechanism by which enhanced spin torques and angular control may be realized for next-generation spintronic devices.

Engineering helimagnetism in MnSi thin films

AIP ADVANCES 6 (2016) ARTN 015217

SL Zhang, R Chalasani, AA Baker, N-J Steinke, AI Figueroa, A Kohn, G van der Laan, T Hesjedal

Surface Monocrystallization of Copper Foil for Fast Growth of Large Single-Crystal Graphene under Free Molecular Flow.

Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.) 28 (2016) 8968-8974

H Wang, X Xu, J Li, L Lin, L Sun, X Sun, S Zhao, C Tan, C Chen, W Dang, H Ren, J Zhang, B Deng, AL Koh, L Liao, N Kang, Y Chen, H Xu, F Ding, K Liu, H Peng, Z Liu

Wafer-sized single-crystalline Cu (100) surface can be readily achieved on stacked polycrystalline Cu foils via simple oxygen chemisorption-induced reconstruction, enabling fast growth of large-scale millimeter-sized single-crystalline graphene arrays under molecular flow. The maximum growth rate can reach 300 μm min(-1) , several orders of magnitude higher than previously reported values for millimeter-sized single-crystalline graphene growth on Cu foils.

Spin pumping in magnetic trilayer structures with an MgO barrier.

Scientific reports 6 (2016) 35582-

AA Baker, AI Figueroa, D Pingstone, VK Lazarov, G van der Laan, T Hesjedal

We present a study of the interaction mechanisms in magnetic trilayer structures with an MgO barrier grown by molecular beam epitaxy. The interlayer exchange coupling, Aex, is determined using SQUID magnetometry and ferromagnetic resonance (FMR), displaying an unexpected oscillatory behaviour as the thickness, tMgO, is increased from 1 to 4 nm. Transmission electron microscopy confirms the continuity and quality of the tunnelling barrier, eliminating the prospect of exchange arising from direct contact between the two ferromagnetic layers. The Gilbert damping is found to be almost independent of the MgO thickness, suggesting the suppression of spin pumping. The element-specific technique of x-ray detected FMR reveals a small dynamic exchange interaction, acting in concert with the static interaction to induce coupled precession across the multilayer stack. These results highlight the potential of spin pumping and spin transfer torque for device applications in magnetic tunnel junctions relying on commonly used MgO barriers.

Modulated spin helicity stabilized by incommensurate orbital density waves in a quadruple perovskite manganite

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 93 (2016) ARTN 180403

RD Johnson, DD Khalyavin, P Manuel, A Bombardi, C Martin, LC Chapon, PG Radaelli

Evidence for unidirectional nematic bond ordering in FeSe

Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics American Physical Society (2016)

MD Watson, TK Kim, LC Rhodes, M Eschrig, M Hoesch, AA Haghighirad, AI Coldea

The lifting of $d_{xz}$-$d_{yz}$ orbital degeneracy is often considered a hallmark of the nematic phase of Fe-based superconductors, including FeSe, but its origin is not yet understood. Here we report a high resolution Angle-Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy study of single crystals of FeSe, accounting for the photon-energy dependence and making a detailed analysis of the temperature dependence. We find that the hole pocket undergoes a fourfold-symmetry-breaking distortion in the nematic phase below 90~K, but in contrast the changes to the electron pockets do not require fourfold symmetry-breaking. Instead, there is an additional separation of the existing $d_{xy}$ and $d_{xz/yz}$ bands - which themselves are not split within resolution. These observations lead us to propose a new scenario of "unidirectional nematic bond ordering" to describe the low-temperature electronic structure of FeSe, supported by a good agreement with 10-orbital tight binding model calculations.

Magnetic phase diagram of La2-xSrxCoO4 revised using muon-spin relaxation

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 93 (2016) ARTN 140406

RC Williams, F Xiao, T Lancaster, R De Renzi, G Allodi, S Bordignon, PG Freeman, FL Pratt, SR Giblin, JS Moeller, SJ Blundell, AT Boothroyd, D Prabhakaran

Structural, electronic, and magnetic investigation of magnetic ordering in MBE-grown CrxSb2-xTe3 thin films

EPL 115 (2016) ARTN 27006

LJ Collins-McIntyre, LB Duffy, A Singh, N-J Steinke, CJ Kinane, TR Charlton, A Pushp, AJ Kellock, SSP Parkin, SN Holmes, CHW Barnes, G Van der Laan, S Langridge, T Hesjedal

Coherent Magnetoelastic Domains in Multiferroic BiFeO_{3} Films.

Physical review letters 117 (2016) 177601-

N Waterfield Price, RD Johnson, W Saenrang, F Maccherozzi, SS Dhesi, A Bombardi, FP Chmiel, C-B Eom, PG Radaelli

The physical properties of epitaxial films can fundamentally differ from those of bulk single crystals even above the critical thickness. By a combination of nonresonant x-ray magnetic scattering, neutron diffraction and vector-mapped x-ray magnetic linear dichroism photoemission electron microscopy, we show that epitaxial (111)-BiFeO_{3} films support submicron antiferromagnetic domains, which are magnetoelastically coupled to a coherent crystallographic monoclinic twin structure. This unique texture, which is absent in bulk single crystals, should enable control of magnetism in BiFeO_{3} film devices via epitaxial strain.

Heterometallic trinuclear {CoLn(III)} (Ln = Gd, Tb, Ho and Er) complexes in a bent geometry. Field-induced single-ion magnetic behavior of the Er(III) and Tb(III) analogues.

Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003) 45 (2016) 9235-9249

J Goura, J Brambleby, CV Topping, PA Goddard, R Suriya Narayanan, AK Bar, V Chandrasekhar

Through the use of a multi-site compartmental ligand, 2-methoxy-6-[{2-(2-hydroxyethylamino)ethylimino}methyl]phenol (LH3), the family of heterometallic, trinuclear complexes of the formula [CoLn(L)2(μ-O2CCH3)2(H2O)3]·NO3·xMeOH·yH2O has been expanded beyond Ln = Dy(III) to include Gd(III) (), Tb(III) (), Ho(III) () and Er(III) () for , and (x = 1; y = 1) and for (x = 0; y = 2). The metallic core of these complexes consists of a (Co(III)-Ln(III)-Co(III)) motif bridged in a bent geometry resulting in six-coordinated distorted Co(III) octahedra and nine-coordinated Ln(III) monocapped square-antiprisms. The magnetic characterization of these compounds reveals the erbium and terbium analogues to display a field induced single-ion magnetic behavior similar to the dysprosium analogue but at lower temperatures. The energy barrier for the reversal of the magnetization of the CoTb(III) analogue is Ueff ≥ 15.6(4) K, while for the CoEr(III) analogue Ueff ≥ 9.9(8) K. The magnetic properties are discussed in terms of distortions of the 4f electron cloud.

Magnetization dynamics and frustration in the multiferroic double perovskite Lu2MnCoO6

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 93 (2016) ARTN 134431

VS Zapf, BG Ueland, M Laver, M Lonsky, M Pohlit, J Mueller, T Lancaster, JS Moeller, SJ Blundell, J Singleton, J Mira, S Yanez-Vilar, M Antonia Senaris-Rodriguez

Modeling the angle-dependent magnetoresistance oscillations of Fermi surfaces with hexagonal symmetry

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 93 (2016) ARTN 245105

JCA Prentice, AI Coldea

Ab initio cycloidal and chiral magnetoelectric responses in Cr2O3

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 94 (2016) ARTN 100405

N Tillack, JR Yates, PG Radaelli

Oxidation Effects in Rare Earth Doped Topological Insulator Thin Films.

Scientific reports 6 (2016) 22935-

AI Figueroa, G van der Laan, SE Harrison, G Cibin, T Hesjedal

The breaking of time-reversal symmetry (TRS) in topological insulators is a prerequisite for unlocking their exotic properties and for observing the quantum anomalous Hall effect (QAHE). The incorporation of dopants which exhibit magnetic long-range order is the most promising approach for TRS-breaking. REBiTe3, wherein 50% of the Bi is substitutionally replaced by a RE atom (RE = Gd, Dy, and Ho), is a predicted QAHE system. Despite the low solubility of REs in bulk crystals of a few %, highly doped thin films have been demonstrated, which are free of secondary phases and of high crystalline quality. Here we study the effects of exposure to atmosphere of rare earth-doped Bi2(Se, Te)3 thin films using x-ray absorption spectroscopy. We demonstrate that these RE dopants are all trivalent and effectively substitute for Bi(3+) in the Bi2(Se, Te)3 matrix. We find an unexpected high degree of sample oxidation for the most highly doped samples, which is not restricted to the surface of the films. In the low-doping limit, the RE-doped films mostly show surface oxidation, which can be prevented by surface passivation, encapsulation, or in-situ cleaving to recover the topological surface state.

Magnetic phase diagram of La2−xSrxCoO4 revised using muon-spin relaxation

Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics American Physical Society (2016)

RC Williams, F Xiao, T Lancaster, R De Renzi, G Allodi, S Bordignon, PG Freeman, FL Pratt, SR Giblin, JS Moeller, SJ Blundell, AT Boothroyd, D Prabhakaran

de Haas–van Alphen study of role of electrons in antiferromagnetic as compared to its nonmagnetic analog

Physical Review B 94 (2016)

SF Blake, H Hodovanets, A McCollam, SL Bud'ko, PC Canfield, AI Coldea

Large Fermi Surface of Heavy Electrons at the Border of Mott Insulating State in NiS2

Scientific Reports 6 (2016)

S Friedemann, H Chang, MB Gamża, P Reiss, X Chen, P Alireza, WA Coniglio, D Graf, S Tozer, FM Grosche

Quantum Electronics: Evidence of Both Surface and Bulk Dirac Bands and Anisotropic Nonsaturating Magnetoresistance in ZrSiS (Adv. Electron. Mater. 10/2016)

Advanced Electronic Materials 2 (2016)

X Wang, X Pan, M Gao, J Yu, J Jiang, J Zhang, H Zuo, M Zhang, Z Wei, W Niu, Z Xia, X Wan, Y Chen, F Song, Y Xu, B Wang, G Wang, R Zhang

Observation of unusual topological surface states in half-Heusler compounds LnPtBi (Ln=Lu, Y).

Nature communications 7 (2016) 12924-

ZK Liu, LX Yang, S-C Wu, C Shekhar, J Jiang, HF Yang, Y Zhang, S-K Mo, Z Hussain, B Yan, C Felser, YL Chen

Topological quantum materials represent a new class of matter with both exotic physical phenomena and novel application potentials. Many Heusler compounds, which exhibit rich emergent properties such as unusual magnetism, superconductivity and heavy fermion behaviour, have been predicted to host non-trivial topological electronic structures. The coexistence of topological order and other unusual properties makes Heusler materials ideal platform to search for new topological quantum phases (such as quantum anomalous Hall insulator and topological superconductor). By carrying out angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and ab initio calculations on rare-earth half-Heusler compounds LnPtBi (Ln=Lu, Y), we directly observe the unusual topological surface states on these materials, establishing them as first members with non-trivial topological electronic structure in this class of materials. Moreover, as LnPtBi compounds are non-centrosymmetric superconductors, our discovery further highlights them as promising candidates of topological superconductors.