Publications


Measurement of the bulk and surface bands in Dirac line-node semimetal ZrSiS

CHINESE PHYSICS B 27 (2018) ARTN 017105

G-H Hong, C-W Wang, J Jiang, C Chen, S-T Cui, H-F Yang, A-J Liang, S Liu, Y-Y Lv, J Zhou, Y-B Chen, S-H Yao, M-H Lu, Y-F Chen, M-X Wang, L-X Yang, Z-K Liu, Y-L Chen


Nodal multigap superconductivity in KCa2Fe4As4F2

Physical Review B 97 (2018) 060509(R)

M Smidman, FKK Kirschner, DT Adroja, AD Hillier, F Lang, Z-C Zhang, G-H Cao, SJ Blundell


Multi-band magnetotransport in exfoliated thin films of Cu Bi 2 Se 3

Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 30 (2018) 155302-155302

JA Alexander-Webber, J Huang, J Beilsten-Edmands, P Čermák, Č Drašar, RJ Nicholas, AI Coldea


Extreme Sensitivity of a Topochemical Reaction to Cation Substitution: SrVO2H versus SrV1- xTi xO1.5H1.5.

Inorganic chemistry 57 (2018) 2890-2898

M Amano Patino, D Zeng, SJ Blundell, JE McGrady, MA Hayward

The anion-ordered oxide-hydride SrVO2H is an antiferromagnetic insulator due to strong correlations between vanadium d electrons. In an attempt to hole-dope SrVO2H into a metallic state, a strategy of first preparing SrV1- xTi xO3 phases and then converting them to the corresponding SrV1- xTi xO2H phases via reaction with CaH2 was followed. This revealed that the solid solution between SrVO3 and SrTiO3 is only stable at high temperature. In addition, reactions between SrV0.95Ti0.05O3 and CaH2 were observed to yield SrV0.95Ti0.05O1.5H1.5 not SrV0.95Ti0.05O2H. This dramatic change in reactivity for a very modest change in initial chemical composition is attributed to an electronic destabilization of SrVO2H on titanium substitution. Density functional theory calculations indicate that the presence of an anion-ordered, tetragonal SrMO2H phase is uniquely associated with a d2 electron count and that titanium substitution leads to an electronic destabilization of SrV1- xTi xO2H phases, which, ultimately, drives further reaction of SrV1- xTi xO2H to SrV1- xTi xO1.5H1.5. The observed sensitivity of the reaction products to the chemical composition of initial phases highlights some of the difficulties associated with electronically doping metastable materials prepared by topochemical reactions.


Ab initio calculation of spin fluctuation spectra using time-dependent density functional perturbation theory, plane waves, and pseudopotentials

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 97 (2018) ARTN 024420

K Cao, H Lambert, PG Radaelli, F Giustino

We present an implementation of time-dependent density functional perturbation theory for spin fluctuations, based on plane waves and pseudopotentials. We compute the dynamic spin susceptibility self-consistently by solving the time-dependent Sternheimer equation, within the adiabatic local density approximation to the exchange and correlation kernel. We demonstrate our implementation by calculating the spin susceptibility of representative elemental transition metals, namely bcc Fe, fcc Ni, and bcc Cr. The calculated magnon dispersion relations of Fe and Ni are in agreement with previous work. The calculated spin susceptibility of Cr exhibits a soft-paramagnon instability, indicating the tendency of the Cr spins to condense in an incommensurate spin density wave phase, in agreement with experiment.


Observation of topological surface states and strong electron/hole imbalance in extreme magnetoresistance compound LaBi

PHYSICAL REVIEW MATERIALS 2 (2018) ARTN 024201

J Jiang, NBM Schroter, S-C Wu, N Kumar, C Shekhar, H Peng, X Xu, C Chen, HF Yang, C-C Hwang, S-K Mo, C Felser, BH Yan, ZK Liu, LX Yang, YL Chen


Breaking Symmetry with Light: Ultra-Fast Ferroelectricity and Magnetism from Three-Phonon Coupling

Physical review B: Condensed matter and materials physics American Physical Society (2018)

PG Radaelli

A theory describing how ferroic properties can emerge transiently in the ultra-fast regime by breaking symmetry with light through three-phonon coupling is presented. Particular emphasis is placed on the special case when two exactly degenerate mid-infra-red or THz phonons are resonantly pumped, since this situation can give rise to an exactly rectified ferroic response with damping envelopes of ~ 1 ps or less. Light-induced ferroelectricity and ferromagnetism are discussed in this context, and a number of candidate materials that could display these phenomena are proposed. The same analysis is also applied to the interpretation of previous femto-magnetism experiments, performed in different frequency ranges (visible and near-infrared), but sharing similar symmetry characteristics.


Author Correction: How to probe the spin contribution to momentum relaxation in topological insulators.

Nature communications 9 (2018) 729-

M-S Nam, BH Williams, Y Chen, S Contera, S Yao, M Lu, Y-F Chen, GA Timco, CA Muryn, REP Winpenny, A Ardavan

The original version of this Article contained an error in the spelling of the author Benjamin H. Williams, which was incorrectly given as Benjamin H. Willams. This has now been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the Article.


How to probe the spin contribution to momentum relaxation in topological insulators (vol 8, 2017)

NATURE COMMUNICATIONS 9 (2018) ARTN 729

M-S Nam, BH Willams, Y Chen, S Contera, S Yao, M Lu, Y-F Chen, GA Timco, CA Muryn, REP Winpenny, A Ardavan


Microscopic effects of Dy doping in the topological insulator Bi2Te3

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 97 (2018) ARTN 174427

LB Duffy, N-J Steinke, JA Krieger, AI Figueroa, K Kummer, T Lancaster, SR Giblin, FL Pratt, SJ Blundell, T Prokscha, A Suter, S Langridge, VN Strocov, Z Salman, G van der Laan, T Hesjedal


Two-gap superconductivity with line nodes in CsCa2Fe4As4F2

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 97 (2018) ARTN 060506

FKK Kirschner, DT Adroja, Z-C Wang, F Lang, M Smidman, PJ Baker, G-H Cao, SJ Blundell


Endohedral Metallofullerene as Molecular High Spin Qubit: Diverse Rabi Cycles in Gd2@C79N.

Journal of the American Chemical Society 140 (2018) 1123-1130

Z Hu, B-W Dong, Z Liu, J-J Liu, J Su, C Yu, J Xiong, D-E Shi, Y Wang, B-W Wang, A Ardavan, Z Shi, S-D Jiang, S Gao

An anisotropic high-spin qubit with long coherence time could scale the quantum system up. It has been proposed that Grover's algorithm can be implemented in such systems. Dimetallic aza[80]fullerenes M2@C79N (M = Y or Gd) possess an unpaired electron located between two metal ions, offering an opportunity to manipulate spin(s) protected in the cage for quantum information processing. Herein, we report the crystallographic determination of Gd2@C79N for the first time. This molecular magnet with a collective high-spin ground state (S = 15/2) generated by strong magnetic coupling (JGd-Rad = 350 ± 20 cm-1) has been unambiguously validated by magnetic susceptibility experiments. Gd2@C79N has quantum coherence and diverse Rabi cycles, allowing arbitrary superposition state manipulation between each adjacent level. The phase memory time reaches 5 μs at 5 K by dynamic decoupling. This molecule fulfills the requirements of Grover's searching algorithm proposed by Leuenberger and Loss.


Crossover from lattice to plasmonic polarons of a spin-polarised electron gas in ferromagnetic EuO.

Nature communications 9 (2018) 2305-

JM Riley, F Caruso, C Verdi, LB Duffy, MD Watson, L Bawden, K Volckaert, G van der Laan, T Hesjedal, M Hoesch, F Giustino, PDC King

Strong many-body interactions in solids yield a host of fascinating and potentially useful physical properties. Here, from angle-resolved photoemission experiments and ab initio many-body calculations, we demonstrate how a strong coupling of conduction electrons with collective plasmon excitations of their own Fermi sea leads to the formation of plasmonic polarons in the doped ferromagnetic semiconductor EuO. We observe how these exhibit a significant tunability with charge carrier doping, leading to a polaronic liquid that is qualitatively distinct from its more conventional lattice-dominated analogue. Our study thus suggests powerful opportunities for tailoring quantum many-body interactions in solids via dilute charge carrier doping.


Proposal of a micromagnetic standard problem for ferromagnetic resonance simulations

JOURNAL OF MAGNETISM AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS 421 (2017) 428-439

A Baker, M Beg, G Ashton, M Albert, D Chernyshenko, W Wang, S Zhang, M-A Bisotti, M Franchin, CL Hu, R Stamps, T Hesjedal, H Fangohr


Inelastic neutron scattering investigations of an anisotropic hybridization gap in the kondo insulators: CeT<inf>2</inf>Al<inf>10</inf>(T=Fe, Ru and Os)

Solid State Phenomena 257 (2017) 11-25

DT Adroja, Y Muro, T Takabatake, MD Le, HC Walker, KA McEwen, AT Boothroyd

� 2017 Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland. The recent discovery of topological Kondo insulating behaviour in strongly correlated electron systems has generated considerable interest in Kondo insulators both experimentally and theoretically. The Kondo semiconductors CeT2Al10(T=Fe, Ru and Os) possessing a c-f hybridization gap have received considerable attention recently because of the unexpected high magnetic ordering temperature of CeRu2Al10(TN=27 K) and CeOs2Al10(TN=28.5 K) and the Kondo insulating behaviour observed in the valence fluctuating compound CeFe2Al10with a paramagnetic ground state down to 50 mK. We are investigating this family of compounds, both in polycrystalline and single crystal form, using inelastic neutron scattering to understand the role of anisotropic c-f hybridization on the spin gap formation as well as on their magnetic properties. We have observed a clear sign of a spin gap in all three compounds from our polycrystalline study as well as the existence of a spin gap above the magnetic ordering temperature in T=Ru and Os. Our inelastic neutron scattering studies on single crystals of CeRu2Al10and CeOs2Al10revealed dispersive gapped spin wave excitations below TN. Analysis of the spin wave spectrum reveals the presence of strong anisotropic exchange, along the c-axis (or z-axis) stronger than in the ab-plane. These anisotropic exchange interactions force the magnetic moment to align along the c-axis, competing with the single ion crystal field anisotropy, which prefers moments along the a-axis. In the paramagnetic state (below 50 K) of the Kondo insulator CeFe2Al10, we have also observed dispersive gapped magnetic excitations which transform into quasi-elastic scattering on heating to 100 K. We will discuss the origin of the anisotropic hybridization gap in CeFe2Al10based on theoretical models of heavy-fermion semiconductors.


Crystal growth of pyrochlore rare-earth stannates

JOURNAL OF CRYSTAL GROWTH 468 (2017) 335-339

D Prabhakaran, S Wang, AT Boothroyd


Spectroscopic evidence for the gapless electronic structure in bulk ZrTe5

JOURNAL OF ELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY AND RELATED PHENOMENA 219 (2017) 45-52

L Shen, MX Wang, SC Sun, J Jiang, X Xu, T Zhang, QH Zhang, YY Lv, SH Yao, YB Chen, MH Lu, YF Chen, C Felser, BH Yan, ZK Liu, LX Yang, YL Chen


Thermoelectric Measurement of a Single, TiO2-Catalyzed Bi2Te3 Nanowire

Proceedings 1 (2017) 311-311

SH Moosavi, D Kojda, M Kockert, P Schoenherr, T Hesjedal, SF Fischer, M Kroener, P Woias


Adiabatic physics of an exchange-coupled spin-dimer system: Magnetocaloric effect, zero-point fluctuations, and possible two-dimensional universal behavior

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 95 (2017) ARTN 024404

J Brambleby, PA Goddard, J Singleton, M Jaime, T Lancaster, L Huang, J Wosnitza, CV Topping, KE Carreiro, HE Tran, ZE Manson, JL Manson


Direct experimental determination of spiral spin structures via the dichroism extinction effect in resonant elastic soft x-ray scattering

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 96 (2017) ARTN 094401

SL Zhang, G van der Laan, T Hesjedal

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