Publications associated with Quantum Materials

Direct observation of the energy gain underpinning ferromagnetic superexchange in the electronic structure of CrGeTe3

Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics American Physical Society 101 (2020) 205125

M Watson, I Markovic, F Mazzola, A Rajan, E Morales, D Burn, T Hesjedal, G van der Laan, S Mukherjee, T Kim, C Bigi, I Vobornik, M Hatnean, G Balakrishnan, P King

We investigate the temperature-dependent electronic structure of the van der Waals ferromagnet, CrGeTe3. Using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we identify atomic- and orbital-specific band shifts upon cooling through TC. From these, together with x-ray absorption spectroscopy and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurements, we identify the states created by a covalent bond between the Te 5p and the Cr eg orbitals as the primary driver of the ferromagnetic ordering in this system, while it is the Cr t2g states that carry the majority of the spin moment. The t2g states furthermore exhibit a marked bandwidth increase and a remarkable lifetime enhancement upon entering the ordered phase, pointing to a delicate interplay between localized and itinerant states in this family of layered ferromagnets.

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