Publications associated with Quantum Magnetism and Quantum Phase Transitions

Anomalous excitation spectra of frustrated quantum antiferromagnets.

Phys Rev Lett 96 (2006) 057201-

W Zheng, JO Fjaerestad, RRP Singh, RH McKenzie, R Coldea

We use series expansions to study the excitation spectra of spin-1/2 antiferromagnets on anisotropic triangular lattices. For the isotropic triangular lattice model (TLM), the high-energy spectra show several anomalous features that differ strongly from linear spin-wave theory (LSWT). Even in the Néel phase, the deviations from LSWT increase sharply with frustration, leading to rotonlike minima at special wave vectors. We argue that these results can be interpreted naturally in a spinon language and provide an explanation for the previously observed anomalous finite-temperature properties of the TLM. In the coupled-chains limit, quantum renormalizations strongly enhance the one-dimensionality of the spectra, in agreement with experiments on Cs2CuCl4.

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