Publications associated with Superconducting Quantum Devices

Coherence and decay of higher energy levels of a superconducting transmon qubit

Physical Review Letters American Physical Society 114 (2015) 010501-

MJ Peterer, SJ Bader, X Jin, F Yan, A Kamal, TJ Gudmundsen, P Leek, TP Orlando, WD Oliver, S Gustavsson

We present measurements of coherence and successive decay dynamics of higher energy levels of a superconducting transmon qubit. By applying consecutive π pulses for each sequential transition frequency, we excite the qubit from the ground state up to its fourth excited level and characterize the decay and coherence of each state. We find the decay to proceed mainly sequentially, with relaxation times in excess of 20  μs for all transitions. We also provide a direct measurement of the charge dispersion of these levels by analyzing beating patterns in Ramsey fringes. The results demonstrate the feasibility of using higher levels in transmon qubits for encoding quantum information.

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