Publications associated with Plasma Theory

The 'PAMELA anomaly' indicates a nearby cosmic ray accelerator

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P Mertsch, S Sarkar

We discuss the recently observed `excesses' in cosmic ray electron and positron fluxes which have been widely interpreted as signals of dark matter. By considering the production and acceleration of secondary electrons and positrons in nearby supernova remnants, we predict an additional, harder component that becomes dominant at high energies. The unknown spatial distribution of the supernova remnants introduces a stochastic uncertainty which we estimate analytically. Fitting the prediction for different source distributions to the total electron + positron flux measured by Fermi--LAT fixes all free parameters and allows us to `postdict' the rise in the positron fraction seen by PAMELA. A similar rise in the B/C ratio is predicted at high energies.

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