Publications


Wave number selection in the presence of noise: Experimental results

Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science 28 (2018) 053110-053110

D Zhilenko, O Krivonosova, M Gritsevich, P Read


Meat consumption, health, and the environment.

Science (New York, N.Y.) 361 (2018)

HCJ Godfray, P Aveyard, T Garnett, JW Hall, TJ Key, J Lorimer, RT Pierrehumbert, P Scarborough, M Springmann, SA Jebb

Both the global average per capita consumption of meat and the total amount of meat consumed are rising, driven by increasing average individual incomes and by population growth. The consumption of different types of meat and meat products has substantial effects on people's health, and livestock production can have major negative effects on the environment. Here, we explore the evidence base for these assertions and the options policy-makers have should they wish to intervene to affect population meat consumption. We highlight where more research is required and the great importance of integrating insights from the natural and social sciences.


Assessing the long-term variability of acetylene and ethane in the stratosphere of Jupiter

ICARUS 305 (2018) 301-313

H Melin, LN Fletcher, PT Donnelly, TK Greathouse, JH Lacy, GS Orton, RS Giles, JA Sinclair, PGJ Irwin


Haze and cloud structure of Saturn's North Pole and Hexagon Wave from Cassini/ISS imaging

Icarus (2018)

JF Sanz-Requena, S Pérez-Hoyos, A Sánchez-Lavega, A Antuñano, PGJ Irwin

© 2017 Elsevier Inc. In this paper we present a study of the vertical haze and cloud structure in the upper two bars of Saturn's Northern Polar atmosphere using the Imaging Science Subsystem (ISS) instrument onboard the Cassini spacecraft. We focus on the characterization of latitudes from 53° to 90° N. The observations were taken during June 2013 with five different filters (VIO, BL1, MT2, CB2 and MT3) covering spectral range from the 420 nm to 890 nm (in a deep methane absorption band). Absolute reflectivity measurements of seven selected regions at all wavelengths and several illumination and observation geometries are compared with the values produced by a radiative transfer model. The changes in reflectivity at these latitudes are mostly attributed to changes in the tropospheric haze. This includes the haze base height (from 600 ± 200 mbar at the lowest latitudes to 1000 ± 300 mbar in the pole), its particle number density (from 20 ± 2 particles/cm 3 to 2 ± 0.5 particles/cm 3 at the haze base) and its scale height (from 18 ± 0.1 km to 50 ± 0.1 km). We also report variability in the retrieved particle size distribution and refractive indices. We find that the Hexagonal Wave dichotomizes the studied stratospheric and tropospheric hazes between the outer, equatorward regions and the inner, Polar Regions. This suggests that the wave or the jet isolates the particle distribution at least at tropospheric levels.


The Origin of Titan's External Oxygen: Further Constraints from ALMA Upper Limits on CS and CH2NH

ASTRONOMICAL JOURNAL 155 (2018) ARTN 251

NA Teanby, MA Cordiner, CA Nixon, PGJ Irwin, SM Horst, M Sylvestre, J Serigano, AE Thelen, AMS Richards, SB Charnley


LRG-BEASTS III: ground-based transmission spectrum of the gas giant orbiting the cool dwarf WASP-80

MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 474 (2018) 876-885

J Kirk, PJ Wheatley, T Louden, I Skillen, GW King, J McCormac, PGJ Irwin


Spatial variations in Titan's atmospheric temperature: ALMA and Cassini comparisons from 2012 to 2015

Icarus (2018)

AE Thelen, CA Nixon, NJ Chanover, EM Molter, MA Cordiner, RK Achterberg, J Serigano, PGJ Irwin, N Teanby, SB Charnley

© 2017 Elsevier Inc. Submillimeter emission lines of carbon monoxide (CO) in Titan's atmosphere provide excellent probes of atmospheric temperature due to the molecule's long chemical lifetime and stable, well constrained volume mixing ratio. Here we present the analysis of 4 datasets obtained with the Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array (ALMA) in 2012, 2013, 2014, and 2015 that contain strong CO rotational transitions. Utilizing ALMA's high spatial resolution in the 2012, 2014, and 2015 observations, we extract spectra from 3 separate regions on Titan's disk using datasets with beam sizes ranging from 0.35 × 0.28'' to 0.39 × 0.34''. Temperature profiles retrieved by the NEMESIS radiative transfer code are compared to Cassini Composite Infrared Spectrometer (CIRS) and radio occultation science results from similar latitude regions. Disk-averaged temperature profiles stay relatively constant from year to year, while small seasonal variations in atmospheric temperature are present from 2012 to 2015 in the stratosphere and mesosphere (~100-500 km) of spatially resolved regions. We measure the stratopause (320 km) to increase in temperature by 5 K in northern latitudes from 2012 to 2015, while temperatures rise throughout the stratosphere at lower latitudes. We observe generally cooler temperatures in the lower stratosphere (~100 km) than those obtained through Cassini radio occultation measurements, with the notable exception of warming in the northern latitudes and the absence of previous instabilities; both of these results are indicators that Titan's lower atmosphere responds to seasonal effects, particularly at higher latitudes. While retrieved temperature profiles cover a range of latitudes in these observations, deviations from CIRS nadir maps and radio occultation measurements convolved with the ALMA beam-footprint are not found to be statistically significant, and discrepancies are often found to be less than 5 K throughout the atmosphere. ALMA's excellent sensitivity in the lower stratosphere (60-300 km) provides a highly complementary dataset to contemporary CIRS and radio science observations, including altitude regions where both of those measurement sets contain large uncertainties. The demonstrated utility of CO emission lines in the submillimeter as a tracer of Titan's atmospheric temperature lays the groundwork for future studies of other molecular species - particularly those that exhibit strong polar abundance enhancements or are pressure-broadened in the lower atmosphere, as temperature profiles are found to consistently vary with latitude in all three years by up to 15 K.


Venus Upper Clouds and the UV Absorber From MESSENGER/MASCS Observations

JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-PLANETS 123 (2018) 145-162

S Perez-Hoyos, A Sanchez-Lavega, A Garcia-Munoz, PGJ Irwin, J Peralta, G Holsclaw, WM McClintock, JF Sanz-Requena


Descent Rate Models of the Synchronization of the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation by the Annual Cycle in Tropical Upwelling

JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES 75 (2018) 2281-2297

K Rajendran, IM Moroz, SM Osprey, PL Read


The Atmospheric Chemistry Suite (ACS) of Three Spectrometers for the ExoMars 2016 Trace Gas Orbiter

SPACE SCIENCE REVIEWS 214 (2018) UNSP 7

O Korablev, F Montmessin, A Trokhimovskiy, AA Fedorova, AV Shakun, AV Grigoriev, BE Moshkin, NI Ignatiev, F Forget, F Lefevre, K Anufreychik, I Dzuban, YS Ivanov, YK Kalinnikov, TO Kozlova, A Kungurov, V Makarov, F Martynovich, I Maslov, D Merzlyakov, PP Moiseev, Y Nikolskiy, A Patrakeev, D Patsaev, A Santos-Skripko, O Sazonov, N Semena, A Semenov, V Shashkin, A Sidorov, AV Stepanov, I Stupin, D Timonin, AY Titov, A Viktorov, A Zharkov, F Altieri, G Arnold, DA Belyaev, JL Bertaux, DS Betsis, N Duxbury, T Encrenaz, T Fouchet, J-C Gerard, D Grass, S Guerlet, P Hartogh, Y Kasaba, I Khatuntsev, VA Krasnopolsky, RO Kuzmin, E Lellouch, MA Lopez-Valverde, M Luginin, A Maattanen, E Marcq, J Martin Torres, AS Medvedev, E Millour, KS Olsen, MR Patel, C Quantin-Nataf, AV Rodin, VI Shematovich, I Thomas, N Thomas, L Vazquez, M Vincendon, V Wilquet, CF Wilson, LV Zasova, LM Zelenyi, MP Zorzano


Exploring the Atmosphere of Neoproterozoic Earth: The Effect of O-2 on Haze Formation and Composition

ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 858 (2018) ARTN 119

SM Horst, C He, MS Ugelow, AM Jellinek, RT Pierrehumbert, MA Tolbert


Superrotation on Venus, on Titan, and Elsewhere

ANNUAL REVIEW OF EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCES, VOL 46 46 (2018) 175-202

PL Read, S Lebonnois


Jupiter's auroral-related stratospheric heating and chemistry II: Analysis of IRTF-TEXES spectra measured in December 2014

ICARUS 300 (2018) 305-326

JA Sinclair, GS Orton, TK Greathouse, LN Fletcher, JI Moses, V Hue, PGJ Irwin


Analysis of gaseous ammonia (NH3) absorption in the visible spectrum of Jupiter

ICARUS 302 (2018) 426-436

PGJ Irwin, N Bowles, AS Braude, R Garland, S Calcutt


Detection of hydrogen sulfide above the clouds in Uranus's atmosphere

NATURE ASTRONOMY 2 (2018) 420-427

PGJ Irwin, D Toledo, R Garland, NA Teanby, LN Fletcher, GA Orton, B Bezard


New spectro-photometric characterization of the substellar object HR2562B using SPHERE

ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS 612 (2018) ARTN A92

D Mesa, J-L Baudino, B Charnay, V D'Orazi, S Desidera, A Boccaletti, R Gratton, M Bonnefoy, P Delorme, M Langlois, A Vigan, A Zurlo, A-L Maire, M Janson, J Antichi, A Baruffolo, P Bruno, E Cascone, G Chauvin, RU Claudi, V De Caprio, D Fantinel, G Farisato, M Feldt, E Giro, J Hagelberg, S Incorvaia, E Lagadec, A-M Lagrange, C Lazzoni, L Lessio, B Salasnich, S Scuderi, E Sissa, M Turatto


The DREAMS experiment flown on the ExoMars 2016 mission for the study of Martian environment during the dust storm season

MEASUREMENT 122 (2018) 484-493

C Bettanini, F Esposito, S Debei, C Molfese, G Colombatti, A Aboudan, JR Brucato, F Cortecchia, G Di Achille, GP Guizzo, E Friso, F Ferri, L Marty, V Mennella, R Molinaro, P Schipani, S Silvestro, R Mugnuolo, S Pirrotta, E Marchetti, A-M Harri, F Montmessin, C Wilson, I Arruego Rodriguez, S Abbaki, V Apestigue, G Bellucci, J-J Berthelier, SB Calcutt, F Forget, M Genzer, P Gilbert, H Haukka, JJ Jimenez, S Jimenez, J-L Josset, O Karatekin, G Landis, R Lorenz, J Martinez, D Moehlmann, D Moirin, E Palomba, M Patel, J-P Pommereau, CI Popa, S Rafkin, P Rannou, NO Renno, W Schmidt, F Simoes, A Spiga, F Valero, L Vazquez, F Vivat, O Witasse, IDREAMS Team


Investigations of the Mars Upper Atmosphere with ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter

SPACE SCIENCE REVIEWS 214 (2018) UNSP 29

MA Lopez-Valverde, J-C Gerard, F Gonzalez-Galindo, A-C Vandaele, I Thomas, O Korablev, N Ignatiev, A Fedorova, F Montmessin, A Maattanen, S Guilbon, F Lefevre, MR Patel, S Jimenez-Monferrer, M Garcia-Comas, A Cardesin, CF Wilson, RT Clancy, A Kleinboehl, DJ McCleese, DM Kass, NM Schneider, MS Chaffin, JJ Lopez-Moreno, J Rodriguez


Seasonal evolution of C2N2, C3H4, and C4H2 abundances in Titan's lower stratosphere

ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS 609 (2018) ARTN A64

M Sylvestre, NA Teanby, S Vinatier, S Lebonnois, PGJ Irwin


Uranus's Northern Polar Cap in 2014

GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS 45 (2018) 5329-5335

D Toledo, PGJ Irwin, NA Teanby, AA Simon, MH Wong, GS Orton

Pages