Publications associated with LSST

CODEX weak lensing: Concentration of galaxy clusters at Z ~ 0.5

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 468 (2017) 1092-1116

N Cibirka, ES Cypriano, F Brimioulle, D Gruen, T Erben, L van Waerbeke, L Miller, A Finoguenov, C Kirkpatrick, J Patrick Henry, E Rykoff, E Rozo, R Dupke, JP Kneib, H Shan, P Spinelli

© 2017 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. We present a stacked weak-lensing analysis of 27 richness selected galaxy clusters at 0.40 ≤ z ≤ 0.62 in the COnstrain Dark Energy with X-ray galaxy clusters (CODEX) survey. The fields were observed in five bands with the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT). We measure the stacked surface mass density profile with a 14σ significance in the radial range 0.1 < R Mpc h -1 < 2.5. The profile is well described by the halo model, with the main halo term following a Navarro-Frenk-White profile (NFW) profile and including the off-centring effect. We select the background sample using a conservative colour-magnitude method to reduce the potential systematic errors and contamination by cluster member galaxies. We perform a Bayesian analysis for the stacked profile and constrain the best-fitting NFW parameters M 200c = 6.6 +1.0 -0.8 × 10 14 h -1 M⊙ and c 200c = 3.7 +0.7 -0.6 . The off-centring effect was modelled based on previous observational results found for redMaPPer Sloan Digital Sky Survey clusters. Our constraints on M 200c and c 200c allow us to investigate the consistency with numerical predictions and select a concentration-mass relation to describe the high richness CODEX sample. Comparing our best-fitting values forM 200c and C 200c with other observational surveys at different redshifts, we find no evidence for evolution in the concentration-mass relation, though it could be mitigated by particular selection functions. Similar to previous studies investigating the X-ray luminosity-mass relation, our data suggest a lower evolution than expected from self-similarity.

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