Publications associated with Advanced Functional Materials and Devices Group

Electroabsorption studies of organic p-i-n solar cells: Increase of the built-in voltage by higher doping concentration in the hole transport layer

Organic Electronics: physics, materials, applications 15 (2014) 563-568

E Siebert-Henze, VG Lyssenko, J Fischer, M Tietze, R Brueckner, T Menke, K Leo, M Riede

The built-in voltage in solar cells has a significant influence on the extraction of photogenerated charge carriers. For small molecule organic solar cells based on the p-i-n structure, we investigate the dependence of the built-in voltage on the work function of both the hole transport layer and the electrode material. The model system investigated here consists of a planar heterojunction with N,N,N′,N′-tetrakis(4-methoxyphenyl)-benzidine (MeO-TPD) as donor and Buckminster Fullerene (C 60 ) as acceptor material. A higher concentration of the dopant C 60 F 36 in the hole transport layer induces a shift of the work function towards the transport level. The resulting increase of the built-in voltage is studied using electroabsorption spectroscopy, measuring the change in absorption (Stark effect) caused by an externally applied electric field. An evaluation of these electroabsorption spectra as a function of the applied DC voltage enables the direct measurement of the built-in voltage. It is also shown that an increased built-in voltage does lead to a larger short-circuit current as well as a larger fill factor. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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