Publications by Caroline Terquem

Stopping inward planetary migration by a toroidal magnetic field

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 341 (2003) 1157-1173

CEJMLJ Terquem

We calculate the linear torque exerted by a planet on a circular orbit on a disc containing a toroidal magnetic field. All fluid perturbations are singular at the so-called magnetic resonances, where the Doppler shifted frequency of the perturbation matches that of a slow MHD wave propagating along the field line. These lie on both sides of the corotation radius. Waves propagate outside the Lindblad resonances, and also in a restricted region around the magnetic resonances. The magnetic resonances contribute to a significant global torque which, like the Lindblad torque, is negative (positive) inside (outside) the planet's orbit. As these resonances are closer to the planet than the Lindblad resonances, the torque they contribute dominates over the Lindblad torque if the magnetic field is large enough. In addition, if β ≡ c2/vA2 increases fast enough with radius, the outer magnetic resonance becomes less important and the total torque is then negative, dominated by the inner magnetic resonance. This leads to outward migration of the planet. Even for β ∼ 100 at corotation, a negative torque may be obtained. A planet migrating inward through a non-magnetized region of a disc would then stall when reaching a magnetized region. It would then be able to grow to become a terrestrial planet or the core of a giant planet. In a turbulent magnetized disc in which the large-scale field structure changes sufficiently slowly, a planet may alternate between inward and outward migration, depending on the gradients of the field encountered. Its migration could then become diffusive, or be limited only to small scales.

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