Publications by Aneesh Subramanian

Seasonal and decadal forecasts of Atlantic Sea surface temperatures using a linear inverse model

Climate Dynamics Springer Verlag 49 (2016) 1833–1845-

B Huddart, A Subramanian, L Zanna, T Palmer

Predictability of Atlantic Ocean sea surface temperatures (SST) on seasonal and decadal timescales is investigated using a suite of statistical linear inverse models (LIM). Observed monthly SST anomalies in the Atlantic sector (between 22(Formula presented.)S and 66(Formula presented.)N) are used to construct the LIMs for seasonal and decadal prediction. The forecast skills of the LIMs are then compared to that from two current operational forecast systems. Results indicate that the LIM has good forecast skill for time periods of 3–4 months on the seasonal timescale with enhanced predictability in the spring season. On decadal timescales, the impact of inter-annual and intra-annual variability on the predictability is also investigated. The results show that the suite of LIMs have forecast skill for about 3–4 years over most of the domain when we use only the decadal variability for the construction of the LIM. Including higher frequency variability helps improve the forecast skill and maintains the correlation of LIM predictions with the observed SST anomalies for longer periods. These results indicate the importance of temporal scale interactions in improving predictability on decadal timescales. Hence, LIMs can not only be used as benchmarks for estimates of statistical skill but also to isolate contributions to the forecast skills from different timescales, spatial scales or even model components.

A study of reduced numerical precision to make superparameterization more competitive using a hardware emulator in the OpenIFS model

Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems Wiley (2017)

PD Düben, A Subramanian, A Dawson, TN Palmer

<p>The use of reduced numerical precision to reduce computing costs for the cloud resolving model of superparameterised simulations of the atmosphere is investigated. An approach to identify the optimal level of precision for many different model components is presented and a detailed analysis of precision is performed. This is non-trivial for a complex model that shows chaotic behaviour such as the cloud resolving model in this paper.</p> <br/> <p>results of the reduced precision analysis provide valuable information for the quantification of model uncertainty for individual model components. The precision analysis is also used to identify model parts that are of less importance thus enabling a reduction of model complexity. It is shown that the precision analysis can be used to improve model efficiency for both simulations in double precision and in reduced precision. Model simulations are performed with a superparametrised single-column model version of the OpenIFS model that is forced by observational datasets. A software emulator was used to mimic the use of reduced precision floating point arithmetic in simulations.</p>

Impact of stochastic physics on tropical precipitation in the coupled ECMWF model

Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society Wiley 143 (2016) 852-865

A Subramanian, A Weisheimer, T Palmer, F Vitart, P Bechtold

Uncertainties in parametrized processes in general circulation models can be represented as stochastic perturbations to the model formulation. The European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) has pioneered approaches to represent these model errors in forecasting systems. In particular, the stochastically perturbed physical tendency (SPPT) scheme for the atmosphere is used in their operational ensemble system for medium- and long-range predictions. Recent studies have shown that these stochastic approaches can both increase the reliability of the probabilistic forecasts and reduce long-term mean biases of the model climate. Towards developing a seamless prediction system in the future, these benefits of stochastic parametrization for both short-term and long-term forecasts make it an essential component of the next generation Earth System models. We present results of the impact of different configurations of the SPPT scheme in ECMWF's seasonal forecasting System 4 on the mean and variability in tropical precipitation. Small-scale perturbations in the SPPT scheme play a significant role in reducing the mean biases in tropical precipitation. The stochastic physics also nonlinearly rectify the convection and precipitation during different phases of El Niño Southern Oscillation events and improve the reliability of the ensemble forecasts for the Madden–Julian Oscillation (MJO). They impact the MJO dynamics by modulating the convective and suppressed phases of the MJO. Finally, we discuss some of the caveats to this analysis and some future prospects.