# Publications by Andrei Starinets

## Holography and hydrodynamics: Diffusion on stretched horizons

Journal of High Energy Physics **7** (2003) 1675-1701

We show that long-time, long-distance fluctuations of plane-symmetric horizons exhibit universal hydrodynamic behavior. By considering classical fluctuations around black-brane backgrounds, we find both diffusive and shear modes. The diffusion constant and the shear viscosity are given by simple formulas, in terms of metric components. For a given metric, the answers can be interpreted as corresponding kinetic coefficients in the holographically dual theory. For the near-extremal DP, M2 and M5 branes, the computed kinetic coefficients coincide with the results of independent AdS/CFT calculations. In all the examples, the ratio of shear viscosity to entropy density is equal to ℏ/(4πkB, suggesting a special meaning of this value. © SISSA/ISAS 2003.

Show full publication list