Publications by Henry Snaith

Evidence of Nitrogen Contribution to the Electronic Structure of the CH3 NH3 PbI3 Perovskite.

Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany) 24 (2018) 3539-3544

M Kot, K Wojciechowski, H Snaith, D Schmeißer

Despite fast development of hybrid perovskite solar cells, there are many fundamental questions related to the perovskite film which remain open. For example, there are contradicting theoretical reports on the role of the organic methylammonium cation (CH3 NH3+ ) in the methylammonium lead triiodide (CH3 NH3 PbI3 ) perovskite film. From one side it is reported that the organic cation does not contribute to electronic structure of the CH3 NH3 PbI3 film. From the other side, valence band maximum fluctuations, dependent on the CH3 NH3+ rotation, have been theoretically predicted. The resonant X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy results reported here show experimental evidence of nitrogen contribution to the CH3 NH3 PbI3 electronic structure. Moreover, the observed strong resonances of nitrogen with the I 5s and the Pb 5d-6s levels indicate that the CH3 NH3 PbI3 valence band is extended up to ≈18 eV below the Fermi energy, and therefore one should also consider these shallow core levels while modeling its electronic structure.

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