Publications by Corentin Schreiber

Revealing the environmental dependence of molecular gas content in a distant X-ray cluster at z = 2.51

Astrophysical Journal Letters IOP Publishing 867 (2018)

T Wang, D Elbaz, E Daddi, D Liu, T Kodama, I Tanaka, C Schreiber, A Zanella, F Valentino, M Sargent, K Kohno, M Xiao, M Pannella, L Ciesla, R Gobat, Y Koyama

We present a census of the molecular gas properties of galaxies in the most distant known X-ray cluster, CLJ1001, at z=2.51, using deep observations of CO(1-0) with JVLA. In total 14 cluster members with M∗ > 1010.5M are detected, including all the massive star-forming members within the virial radius, providing the largest galaxy sample in a single cluster at z > 2 with CO(1-0) measurements. We find a large variety in the gas content of these cluster galaxies, which is correlated with their relative positions (or accretion states), with those closer to the cluster core being increasingly gas-poor. Moreover, despite their low gas content, the galaxies in the cluster center exhibit an elevated star formation efficiency (SFE=SFR/Mgas) compared to field galaxies, suggesting that the suppression on the SFR is likely delayed compared to that on the gas content. Their gas depletion time is around tdep ∼ 400 Myrs, comparable to the cluster dynamical time. This implies that they will likely consume all their gas within a single orbit around the cluster center, and form a passive cluster core by z ∼ 2. This result is one of the first direct pieces of evidence for the influence of environment on the gas reservoirs and SFE of z > 2 cluster galaxies, thereby providing new insights into the rapid formation and quenching of the most massive galaxies in the early universe.

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