Publications by Subir Sarkar


The exposure of the hybrid detector of the Pierre Auger Observatory

Astroparticle Physics (2010)

P Abreu, M Aglietta, EJ Ahn, D Allard, I Allekotte, J Allen, J Alvarez Castillo, J Alvarez-Muñiz, M Ambrosio, A Aminaei, L Anchordoqui, S Andringa, T Antičić, A Anzalone, C Aramo, E Arganda, K Arisaka, F Arqueros, H Asorey, P Assis, J Aublin, M Ave, M Avenier, G Avila, T Bäcker, D Badagnani, M Balzer, KB Barber, AF Barbosa, R Bardenet, SLC Barroso, B Baughman, JJ Beatty, BR Becker, KH Becker, A Bellétoile, JA Bellido, S BenZvi, C Berat, T Bergmann, X Bertou, PL Biermann, P Billoir, F Blanco, M Blanco, C Bleve, H Blümer, M Boháčová, D Boncioli, C Bonifazi, R Bonino, N Borodai, J Brack, P Brogueira, WC Brown, R Bruijn, P Buchholz, A Bueno, RE Burton, NG Busca, KS Caballero-Mora, L Caramete, R Caruso, A Castellina, O Catalano, G Cataldi, L Cazon, R Cester, J Chauvin, A Chiavassa, JA Chinellato, A Chou, J Chudoba, RW Clay, E Colombo, MR Coluccia, R Conceição, F Contreras, H Cook, MJ Cooper, J Coppens, A Cordier, U Cotti, S Coutu, CE Covault, A Creusot, A Criss, J Cronin, A Curutiu, S Dagoret-Campagne, R Dallier, S Dasso, K Daumiller, BR Dawson, RM de Almeida, M De Domenico, C De Donato, SJ de Jong, G De La Vega, WJM de Mello Junior, JRT de Mello Neto, I De Mitri, V de Souza, KD de Vries, G Decerprit, L del Peral, O Deligny, A Della Selva, H Dembinski, A Denkiewicz, C Di Giulio, JC Diaz, ML Díaz Castro, PN Diep, C Dobrigkeit, JC D'Olivo, PN Dong, A Dorofeev, JC dos Anjos, MT Dova, D D'Urso, I Dutan, J Ebr, R Engel, M Erdmann, CO Escobar, A Etchegoyen, P Facal San Luis, H Falcke, G Farrar, AC Fauth, N Fazzini, AP Ferguson, A Ferrero, B Fick, A Filevich, A Filipčič, I Fleck, S Fliescher, CE Fracchiolla, ED Fraenkel, U Fröhlich, B Fuchs, W Fulgione, RF Gamarra, S Gambetta, B García, D García Gámez, D Garcia-Pinto, X Garrido, A Gascon, G Gelmini, H Gemmeke, K Gesterling, PL Ghia, U Giaccari, M Giller, H Glass, MS Gold, G Golup, F Gomez Albarracin, M Gómez Berisso, P Gonçalves, D Gonzalez, JG Gonzalez, B Gookin, D Góra, A Gorgi, P Gouffon, SR Gozzini, E Grashorn, S Grebe, M Grigat, AF Grillo, Y Guardincerri, F Guarino, GP Guedes, JD Hague, P Hansen, D Harari, S Harmsma, JL Harton, A Haungs, T Hebbeker, D Heck, AE Herve, C Hojvat, VC Holmes, P Homola, JR Hörandel, A Horneffer, M Hrabovský, T Huege, A Insolia, F Ionita, A Italiano, S Jiraskova, K Kadija, M Kaducak, KH Kampert, P Karhan, T Karova, P Kasper, B Kégl, B Keilhauer, A Keivani, JL Kelley, E Kemp, RM Kieckhafer, HO Klages, M Kleifges, J Kleinfeller, J Knapp, D-H Koang, K Kotera, N Krohm, O Krömer, D Kruppke-Hansen, F Kuehn, D Kuempel, JK Kulbartz, N Kunka, G La Rosa, C Lachaud, P Lautridou, MSAB Leão, D Lebrun, P Lebrun, MA Leigui de Oliveira, A Lemiere, A Letessier-Selvon, I Lhenry-Yvon, K Link, R López, A Lopez Agüera, K Louedec, J Lozano Bahilo, A Lucero, M Ludwig, H Lyberis, MC Maccarone, C Macolino, S Maldera, D Mandat, P Mantsch, AG Mariazzi, V Marin, IC Maris, HR Marquez Falcon, G Marsella, D Martello, L Martin, O Martínez Bravo, HJ Mathes, J Matthews, JAJ Matthews, G Matthiae, D Maurizio, PO Mazur, M McEwen, G Medina-Tanco, M Melissas, D Melo, E Menichetti, A Menshikov, C Meurer, S Mičanović, MI Micheletti, W Miller, L Miramonti, S Mollerach, M Monasor, D Monnier Ragaigne, F Montanet, B Morales, C Morello, E Moreno, JC Moreno, C Morris, M Mostafá, S Mueller, MA Muller, M Münchmeyer, R Mussa, G Navarra, JL Navarro, S Navas, P Necesal, L Nellen, PT Nhung, N Nierstenhoefer, D Nitz, D Nosek, L Nožka, M Nyklicek, J Oehlschläger, A Olinto, P Oliva, VM Olmos-Gilbaja, M Ortiz, N Pacheco, D Pakk Selmi-Dei, M Palatka, J Pallotta, N Palmieri, G Parente, E Parizot, A Parra, J Parrisius, RD Parsons, S Pastor, T Paul, V Pavlidou, K Payet, M Pech, J Pe kala, R Pelayo, IM Pepe, L Perrone, R Pesce, E Petermann, S Petrera, P Petrinca, A Petrolini, Y Petrov, J Petrovic, C Pfendner, N Phan, R Piegaia, T Pierog, M Pimenta, V Pirronello, M Platino, VH Ponce, M Pontz, P Privitera, M Prouza, EJ Quel, J Rautenberg, O Ravel, D Ravignani, B Revenu, J Ridky, S Riggi, M Risse, P Ristori, H Rivera, C Rivière, V Rizi, C Robledo, G Rodriguez, J Rodriguez Martino, J Rodriguez Rojo, I Rodriguez-Cabo, MD Rodríguez-Frías, G Ros, J Rosado, T Rossler, M Roth, B Rouillé-d'Orfeuil, E Roulet, AC Rovero, F Salamida, H Salazar, G Salina, F Sánchez, M Santander, CE Santo, E Santos, EM Santos, F Sarazin, S Sarkar, R Sato, N Scharf, V Scherini, H Schieler, P Schiffer, A Schmidt, F Schmidt, T Schmidt, O Scholten, H Schoorlemmer, J Schovancova, P Schovánek, F Schroeder, S Schulte, F Schüssler, D Schuster, SJ Sciutto, M Scuderi, A Segreto, D Semikoz, M Settimo, A Shadkam, RC Shellard, I Sidelnik, G Sigl, A Śmiałkowski, R Šmída, GR Snow, P Sommers, J Sorokin, H Spinka, R Squartini, J Stapleton, J Stasielak, M Stephan, E Strazzeri, A Stutz, F Suarez, T Suomijärvi, AD Supanitsky, T Šuša, MS Sutherland, J Swain, Z Szadkowski, A Tamashiro, A Tapia, T Tarutina, O Taşcǎu, R Tcaciuc, D Tcherniakhovski, D Tegolo, NT Thao, D Thomas, J Tiffenberg, C Timmermans, DK Tiwari, W Tkaczyk, CJ Todero Peixoto, B Tomé, A Tonachini, P Travnicek, DB Tridapalli, G Tristram, E Trovato, M Tueros, R Ulrich, M Unger, M Urban, JF Valdés Galicia, I Valiño, L Valore, AM van den Berg, B Vargas Cárdenas, JR Vázquez, RA Vázquez, D Veberič, T Venters, V Verzi, M Videla, L Villaseñor, H Wahlberg, P Wahrlich, O Wainberg, D Warner, AA Watson, K Weidenhaupt, A Weindl, S Westerhoff, BJ Whelan, G Wieczorek, L Wiencke, B Wilczyńska, H Wilczyński, M Will, C Williams, T Winchen, L Winders, MG Winnick, M Wommer, B Wundheiler, T Yamamoto, P Younk, G Yuan, A Yushkov, B Zamorano, E Zas, D Zavrtanik, M Zavrtanik, I Zaw, A Zepeda, M Ziolkowski


Erratum to "Atmospheric effects on extensive air showers observed with the surface detector of the Pierre Auger observatory" [Astroparticle Physics 32(2) (2009), 89-99] (DOI:10.1016/j.astropartphys.2009.06.004)

Astroparticle Physics 33 (2010) 65-67

J Abraham, P Abreu, M Aglietta, C Aguirre, EJ Ahn, D Allard, I Allekotte, J Allen, P Allison, J Alvarez-Muñiz, M Ambrosio, L Anchordoqui, S Andringa, A Anzalone, C Aramo, E Arganda, S Argirò, K Arisaka, F Arneodo, F Arqueros, T Asch, H Asorey, P Assis, J Aublin, M Ave, G Avila, T Bäcker, D Badagnani, KB Barber, AF Barbosa, SLC Barroso, B Baughman, P Bauleo, JJ Beatty, T Beau, BR Becker, KH Becker, A Bellétoile, JA Bellido, S BenZvi, C Berat, P Bernardini, X Bertou, PL Biermann, P Billoir, O Blanch-Bigas, F Blanco, C Bleve, H Blümer, M Boháčová, C Bonifazi, R Bonino, N Borodai, J Brack, P Brogueira, WC Brown, R Bruijn, P Buchholz, A Bueno, RE Burton, NG Busca, KS Caballero-Mora, L Caramete, R Caruso, W Carvalho, A Castellina, O Catalano, L Cazon, R Cester, J Chauvin, A Chiavassa, JA Chinellato, A Chou, J Chudoba, J Chye, RW Clay, E Colombo, R Conceição, B Connolly, F Contreras, J Coppens, A Cordier, U Cotti, S Coutu, CE Covault, A Creusot, A Criss, J Cronin, A Curutiu, S Dagoret-Campagne, R Dallier, K Daumiller, BR Dawson, RM de Almeida, M De Domenico, C De Donato, SJ de Jong, G De La Vega, WJM de Mello, JRT de Mello Neto


Light asymmetric dark matter

Axions, WIMPs and WISPs. Proceedings, 6th Patras Workshop, PATRAS 2010, Zurich, Switzerland, July 5-9, 2010 (2010) 150-155

MT Frandsen, S Sarkar


Update on the correlation of the highest energy cosmic rays with nearby extragalactic matter

Astroparticle Physics 34 (2010) 314-326

P Abreu, M Aglietta, EJ Ahn, D Allard, I Allekotte, J Allen, J Alvarez Castillo, J Alvarez-Muñiz, M Ambrosio, A Aminaei, L Anchordoqui, S Andringa, T Antičić, A Anzalone, C Aramo, E Arganda, K Arisaka, F Arqueros, H Asorey, P Assis, J Aublin, M Ave, M Avenier, G Avila, T Bäcker, D Badagnani, M Balzer, KB Barber, AF Barbosa, R Bardenet, SLC Barroso, B Baughman, JJ Beatty, BR Becker, KH Becker, A Bellétoile, JA Bellido, C Berat, T Bergmann, X Bertou, PL Biermann, P Billoir, F Blanco, M Blanco, C Bleve, H Blümer, M Boháčová, D Boncioli, C Bonifazi, R Bonino, N Borodai, J Brack, P Brogueira, WC Brown, R Bruijn, P Buchholz, A Bueno, RE Burton, NG Busca, KS Caballero-Mora, L Caramete, R Caruso, A Castellina, O Catalano, G Cataldi, L Cazon, R Cester, J Chauvin, A Chiavassa, JA Chinellato, A Chou, J Chudoba, RW Clay, E Colombo, MR Coluccia, R Conceião, F Contreras, H Cook, MJ Cooper, J Coppens, A Cordier, U Cotti, S Coutu, CE Covault, A Creusot, A Criss, J Cronin, A Curutiu, S Dagoret-Campagne, R Dallier, S Dasso, K Daumiller, BR Dawson, RM De Almeida, M De Domenico, C De Donato, SJ De Jong, G De La Vega, WJM De Mello Junior, JRT De Mello Neto

Data collected by the Pierre Auger Observatory through 31 August 2007 showed evidence for anisotropy in the arrival directions of cosmic rays above the Greisen-Zatsepin-Kuz'min energy threshold, 6 × 1019 eV. The anisotropy was measured by the fraction of arrival directions that are less than 3.1° from the position of an active galactic nucleus within 75 Mpc (using the Véron-Cetty and Véron 12th catalog). An updated measurement of this fraction is reported here using the arrival directions of cosmic rays recorded above the same energy threshold through 31 December 2009. The number of arrival directions has increased from 27 to 69, allowing a more precise measurement. The correlating fraction is 38-6+7%, compared with 21% expected for isotropic cosmic rays. This is down from the early estimate of 69-13+11%. The enlarged set of arrival directions is examined also in relation to other populations of nearby extragalactic objects: galaxies in the 2 Microns All Sky Survey and active galactic nuclei detected in hard X-rays by the Swift Burst Alert Telescope. A celestial region around the position of the radiogalaxy Cen A has the largest excess of arrival directions relative to isotropic expectations. The 2-point autocorrelation function is shown for the enlarged set of arrival directions and compared to the isotropic expectation. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


The northern site of the Pierre Auger Observatory

NEW JOURNAL OF PHYSICS 12 (2010) ARTN 035001

J Bluemer, PA Collaboration


Limits on a muon flux from Kaluza-Klein dark matter annihilations in the Sun from the IceCube 22-string detector

Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology 81 (2010)

R Abbasi, Y Abdou, T Abu-Zayyad, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, K Andeen, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, R Bay, JL Bazo Alba, K Beattie, JJ Beatty, S Bechet, JK Becker, KH Becker, ML Benabderrahmane, J Berdermann, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, DJ Boersma, C Bohm, J Bolmont, O Botner, L Bradley, J Braun, D Breder, M Carson, T Castermans, D Chirkin, B Christy, J Clem, S Cohen, DF Cowen, MV D'Agostino, M Danninger, CT Day, C De Clercq, L Demirörs, O Depaepe, F Descamps, P Desiati, G De Vries-Uiterweerd, T Deyoung, JC Díaz-Vélez, J Dreyer, JP Dumm, MR Duvoort, WR Edwards, R Ehrlich, J Eisch, RW Ellsworth, O Engdegård, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, T Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, MM Foerster, BD Fox, A Franckowiak, R Franke, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, R Ganugapati, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, A Goldschmidt, JA Goodman, R Gozzini, D Grant, T Griesel, A Groß, S Grullon, RM Gunasingha, M Gurtner, C Ha, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Han, K Hanson, Y Hasegawa, K Helbing, P Herquet, S Hickford, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, A Homeier, K Hoshina, D Hubert, W Huelsnitz

A search for muon neutrinos from Kaluza-Klein dark matter annihilations in the Sun has been performed with the 22-string configuration of the IceCube neutrino detector using data collected in 104.3 days of live time in 2007. No excess over the expected atmospheric background has been observed. Upper limits have been obtained on the annihilation rate of captured lightest Kaluza-Klein particle (LKP) WIMPs in the Sun and converted to limits on the LKP-proton cross sections for LKP masses in the range 250-3000 GeV. These results are the most stringent limits to date on LKP annihilation in the Sun. © 2010 The American Physical Society.


Asymmetric dark matter and the sun.

Phys Rev Lett 105 (2010) 011301-

MT Frandsen, S Sarkar

Cold dark matter particles with an intrinsic matter-antimatter asymmetry do not annihilate after gravitational capture by the Sun and can affect its interior structure. The rate of capture is exponentially enhanced when such particles have self-interactions of the right order to explain structure formation on galactic scales. A "dark baryon" of mass 5 GeV is a natural candidate and has the required relic abundance if its asymmetry is similar to that of ordinary baryons. We show that such particles can solve the "solar composition problem." The predicted small decrease in the low energy neutrino fluxes may be measurable by the Borexino and SNO+ experiments.


Search for relativistic magnetic monopoles with the AMANDA-II neutrino telescope

EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL C 69 (2010) 361-378

R Abbasi, Y Abdou, T Abu-Zayyad, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, K Andeen, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, R Bay, JLB Alba, K Beattie, JJ Beatty, S Bechet, JK Becker, K-H Becker, ML Benabderrahmane, S BenZvi, J Berdermann, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, DJ Boersma, C Bohm, S Boeser, O Botner, L Bradley, J Braun, S Buitink, M Carson, D Chirkin, B Christy, J Clem, F Clevermann, S Cohen, C Colnard, DF Cowen, MV D'Agostino, M Danninger, JC Davis, C De Clercq, L Demiroers, O Depaepe, F Descamps, P Desiati, G de Vries-Uiterweerd, T DeYoung, JC Diaz-Velez, M Dierckxsens, J Dreyer, JP Dumm, MR Duvoort, R Ehrlich, J Eisch, RW Ellsworth, O Engdegard, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, T Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, MM Foerster, BD Fox, A Franckowiak, R Franke, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, M Geisler, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, T Gluesenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JA Goodman, D Grant, T Griesel, A Gross, S Grullon, M Gurtner, C Ha, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Han, K Hanson, K Helbing, P Herquet, S Hickford, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, A Homeier, K Hoshina, D Hubert, W Huelsnitz, J-P Huelss, PO Hulth, K Hultqvist, S Hussain, A Ishihara, J Jacobsen, GS Japaridze, H Johansson, JM Joseph, K-H Kampert, T Karg, A Karle, JL Kelley, N Kemming, P Kenny, J Kiryluk, F Kislat, SR Klein, S Knops, J-H Koehne, G Kohnen, H Kolanoski, L Koepke, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, T Kowarik, M Krasberg, T Krings, G Kroll, K Kuehn, T Kuwabara, M Labare, S Lafebre, K Laihem, H Landsman, R Lauer, R Lehmann, D Lennarz, J Luenemann, J Madsen, P Majumdar, A Marotta, R Maruyama, K Mase, HS Matis, M Matusik, K Meagher, M Merck, P Meszaros, T Meures, E Middell, N Milke, J Miller, T Montaruli, R Morse, SM Movit, R Nahnhauer, JW Nam, U Naumann, P Niessen, DR Nygren, S Odrowski, A Olivas, M Olivo, A O'Murchadha, M Ono, S Panknin, L Paul, CP de los Heros, J Petrovic, A Piegsa, D Pieloth, R Porrata, J Posselt, PB Price, M Prikockis, GT Przybylski, K Rawlins, P Redl, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Ribordy, A Rizzo, JP Rodrigues, P Roth, F Rothmaier, C Rott, C Roucelle, T Ruhe, D Rutledge, B Ruzybayev, D Ryckbosch, H-G Sander, M Santander, S Sarkar, K Schatto, S Schlenstedt, T Schmidt, A Schukraft, A Schultes, O Schulz, M Schunck, D Seckel, B Semburg, SH Seo, Y Sestayo, S Seunarine, A Silvestri, A Slipak, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, G Stephens, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, S Stoyanov, EA Strahler, T Straszheim, GW Sullivan, Q Swillens, H Taavola, I Taboada, A Tamburro, O Tarasova, A Tepe, S Ter-Antonyan, S Tilav, PA Toale, S Toscano, D Tosi, D Turcan, N van Eijndhoven, J Vandenbroucke, A Van Overloop, J van Santen, M Voge, B Voigt, C Walck, T Waldenmaier, M Wallraff, M Walter, C Weaver, C Wendt, S Westerhoff, N Whitehorn, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, G Wikstrom, DR Williams, R Wischnewski, H Wissing, M Wolf, K Woschnagg, C Xu, XW Xu, G Yodh, S Yoshida, P Zarzhitsky, I Collaboration


Search for muon neutrinos from gamma-ray bursts with the IceCube neutrino telescope

Astrophysical Journal 710 (2010) 346-359

R Abbasi, Y Abdou, T Abu-Zayyad, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, K Andeen, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, R Bay, JL Bazo Alba, K Beattie, JJ Beatty, S Bechet, JK Becker, KH Becker, ML Benabderrahmane, J Berdermann, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, DJ Boersma, C Bohm, J Bolmont, O Botner, L Bradley, J Braun, D Breder, T Castermans, D Chirkin, B Christy, J Clem, S Cohen, DF Cowen, MV D'Agostino, M Danninger, CT Day, C De Clercq, L Demirörs, O Depaepe, F Descamps, P Desiati, G De Vries-Uiterweerd, T Deyoung, JC Diaz-Velez, J Dreyer, JP Dumm, MR Duvoort, WR Edwards, R Ehrlich, J Eisch, RW Ellsworth, O Engdegrd, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, T Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, MM Foerster, BD Fox, A Franckowiak, R Franke, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, R Ganugapati, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, A Goldschmidt, JA Goodman, R Gozzini, D Grant, T Griesel, A Gross, S Grullon, RM Gunasingha, M Gurtner, C Ha, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Han, K Hanson, Y Hasegawa, J Heise, K Helbing, P Herquet, S Hickford, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, K Hoshina, D Hubert, W Huelsnitz, JP Hül

We present the results of searches for high-energy muon neutrinos from 41 gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) in the northern sky with the IceCube detector in its 22 string configuration active in 2007/2008. The searches cover both the prompt and a possible precursor emission as well as a model-independent, wide time window of -1 hr to +3hr around each GRB. In contrast to previous searches with a large GRB population, we do not utilize a standard Waxman-Bahcall GRB flux for the prompt emission but calculate individual neutrino spectra for all 41 GRBs from the burst parameters measured by satellites. For all of the three time windows, the best estimate for the number of signal events is zero. Therefore, we place 90% CL upper limits on the fluence from the prompt phase of 3.7 × 10 -3 erg cm-2 (72TeV-6.5PeV) and on the fluence from the precursor phase of 2.3 × 10-3 erg cm-2 (2.2-55TeV), where the quoted energy ranges contain 90% of the expected signal events in the detector. The 90% CL upper limit for the wide time window is 2.7 × 10 -3 erg cm-2 (3TeV-2.8PeV) assuming an E -2 flux. © 2010. The American Astronomical Society.


Light asymmetric dark matter

Proceedings of the 6th Patras Workshop on Axions, WIMPs and WISPs, PATRAS 2010 (2010) 158-163

MT Frandsen, S Sarkar

Stable relic particles of mass around 5 GeV with an intrinsic matter-antimatter asymmetry would naturally provide the dark matter. They do not annihilate after being captured by the Sun and the capture rate is exponentially enhanced if they have self-interactions (of the right order to solve the excessive substructure problem of collisionless cold dark matter). Such particles can significantly affect heat transport in the Sun and may solve the 'Solar composition problem' - the predicted small changes in low energy neutrino fluxes are potentially measurable by Borexino and the proposed SNO+ and LENS experiments.


Atmospheric effects on extensive air showers observed with the surface detector of the Pierre Auger observatory (vol 32, pg 89, 2009)

ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS 33 (2010) 65-67

J Abraham, P Abreu, M Aglietta, C Aguirre, EJ Ahn, D Allard, I Allekotte, J Allen, P Allison, J Alvarez-Muniz, M Ambrosio, L Anchordoqui, S Andringa, A Anzalone, C Aramo, E Arganda, S Argiro, K Arisaka, F Arneodo, F Arqueros, T Asch, H Asorey, P Assis, J Aublin, M Ave, G Avila, T Baecker, D Badagnani, KB Barber, AF Barbosa, SLC Barroso, B Baughman, P Bauleo, JJ Beatty, T Beau, BR Becker, KH Becker, A Belletoile, JA Bellido, S BenZvi, C Berat, P Bernardini, X Bertou, PL Biermann, P Billoir, O Blanch-Bigas, F Blanco, C Bleve, H Bluemer, M Bohacova, C Bonifazi, R Bonino, N Borodai, J Brack, P Brogueira, WC Brown, R Bruijn, P Buchholz, A Bueno, RE Burton, NG Busca, KS Caballero-Mora, L Caramete, R Caruso, W Carvalho, A Castellina, O Catalano, L Cazon, R Cester, J Chauvin, A Chiavassa, JA Chinellato, A Chou, J Chudoba, J Chye, RW Clay, E Colombo, R Conceicao, B Connolly, F Contreras, J Coppens, A Cordier, U Cotti, S Coutu, CE Covault, A Creusot, A Criss, J Cronin, A Curutiu, S Dagoret-Campagne, R Dallier, K Daumiller, BR Dawson, RM de Almeida, M De Domenico, C De Donato, SJ de Jong, G De La Vega, DMWJM Jr, JRT de Mello Neto, I De Mitri, V de Souza, KD de Vries, G Decerprit, L del Peral, O Deligny, A Della Selva, C Delle Fratte, H Dembinski, C Di Giulio, JC Diaz, PN Diep, C Dobrigkeit, JC D'Olivo, PN Dong, D Dornic, A Dorofeev, JC dos Anjos, MT Dova, D D'Urso, I Dutan, MA DuVernois, R Engel, M Erdmann, CO Escobar, A Etchegoyen, P Facal San Luis, H Falcke, G Farrar, AC Fauth, N Fazzini, F Ferrer, A Ferrero, B Fick, A Filevich, A Filipcic, I Fleck, S Fliescher, CE Fracchiolla, ED Fraenkel, W Fulgione, RF Gamarra, S Gambetta, B Garcia, D Garcia Gamez, D Garcia-Pinto, X Garrido, G Gelmini, H Gemmeke, PL Ghia, U Giaccari, M Giller, H Glass, LM Goggin, MS Gold, G Golup, F Gomez Albarracin, M Gomez Berisso, P Goncalves, MG do Amaral, D Gonzalez, JG Gonzalez, D Gora, A Gorgi, P Gouffon, E Grashorn, S Grebe, M Grigat, AF Grillo, Y Guardincerri, F Guarino, GP Guedes, J Gutierrez, JD Hague, V Halenka, P Hansen, D Harari, S Harmsma, JL Harton, A Haungs, MD Healy, T Hebbeker, G Hebrero, D Heck, C Hojvat, VC Holmes, P Homola, JR Horandel, A Horneffer, M Hrabovsky, T Huege, M Hussain, M Iarlori, A Insolia, F Ionita, A Italiano, S Jiraskova, M Kaducak, KH Kampert, T Karova, P Kasper, B Kegl, B Keilhauer, E Kemp, RM Kieckhafer, HO Klages, M Kleifges, J Kleinfeller, R Knapik, J Knapp, D-H Koang, A Krieger, O Kroemer, D Kruppke-Hansen, D Kuempel, N Kunka, A Kusenko, G La Rosa, C Lachaud, BL Lago, P Lautridou, MSAB Leao, D Lebrun, P Lebrun, J Lee, MA Leigui de Oliveira, A Lemiere, A Letessier-Selvon, M Leuthold, I Lhenry-Yvon, R Lopez, A Lopez Agueera, K Louedec, J Lozano Bahilo, A Lucero, RL Garcia, H Lyberis, MC Maccarone, C Macolino, S Maldera, D Mandat, P Mantsch, AG Mariazzi, IC Maris, HR Marquez Falcon, D Martello, J Martinez, O Martinez Bravo, HJ Mathes, J Matthews, JAJ Matthews, G Matthiae, D Maurizio, PO Mazur, M McEwen, RR McNeil, G Medina-Tanco, M Melissas, D Melo, E Menichetti, A Menshikov, R Meyhandan, MI Micheletti, G Miele, W Miller, L Miramonti, S Mollerach, M Monasor, DM Ragaigne, F Montanet, B Morales, C Morello, JC Moreno, C Morris, M Mostafa, CA Moura, S Mueller, MA Muller, R Mussa, G Navarra, JL Navarro, S Navas, P Necesal, L Nellen, C Newman-Holmes, D Newton, PT Nhung, N Nierstenhoefer, D Nitz, D Nosek, L Nozka, M Nyklicek, J Oehischlaeger, A Olinto, P Oliva, VM Olmos-Gilbaja, M Ortiz, F Ortolani, N Pacheco, DP Selmi-Dei, M Palatka, J Pallotta, G Parente, E Parizot, S Parlati, S Pastor, M Patel, T Paul, V Pavlidou, K Payet, M Pech, J Pekala, R Pelayo, IM Pepe, L Perrone, R Pesce, E Petermann, S Petrera, P Petrinca, A Petrolini, Y Petrov, J Petrovic, C Pfendner, R Piegaia, T Pierog, M Pimenta, T Pinto, V Pirrpnello, O Pisanti, M Platino, J Pochon, VH Ponce, M Pontz, P Privitera, M Prouza, EJ Quel, J Rautenberg, O Ravel, D Ravignani, A Redondo, S Reucroft, B Revenu, FAS Rezende, J Ridky, S Riggi, M Risse, C Riviere, V Rizzi, C Robledo, G Rodriguez, JR Martino, J Rodriguez Rojo, I Rodriguez-Cabo, MD Rodriguez-Frias, G Ros, J Rosado, T Rossler, M Roth, A Rouille-d'Orfeuil, E Roulet, AC Rovero, F Salamida, H Salazar, G Salina, F Sanchez, M Santander, CE Santo, EM Santos, F Sarazin, S Sarkar, R Sato, N Scharf, V Scherini, H Schieler, P Schiffer, A Schmidt, F Schmidt, T Schmidt, O Scholten, H Schoorlemmer, J Schovancova, P Schovanek, F Schroeder, S Schulte, F Schuessler, D Schuster, SJ Sciutto, M Scuderi, A Segreto, D Semikoz, M Settimo, RC Shellard, I Sidelnik, BB Siffert, A Smialkowski, R Smida, BE Smith, GR Snow, P Sommers, J Sorokin, H Spinka, R Squartini, E Strazzeri, A Stutz, F Suarez, T Suomijaervi, AD Supanitsky, MS Sutherland, J Swain, Z Szadowski, A Tamashiro, A Tamburro, T Tarutina, O Tascau, R Tcaciuc, D Tcherniakhovski, NT Thao, D Thomas, R Ticona, J Tiffenberg, C Timmermans, W Tkaczyk, CJ Todero Peixoto, B Tome, A Tonachini, I Torres, P Travnicek, DB Tridapalli, G Tristram, E Trovato, V Tuci, M Tueros, R Ulrich, M Unger, M Urban, JF Valdes Galicia, I Valino, L Valore, AM van den Berg, JR Vazquez, RA Vazquez, D Veberic, A Velarde, T Venters, V Verzi, M Videla, L Villasenor, S Vorobiov, L Voyvodic, H Wahlberg, P Wahrlich, O Wainberg, D Warner, AA Watson, S Westerhoff, BJ Whelan, G Wieczorek, L Wiencke, B Wilczyn'ska, H Wilczyn'ski, C Wileman, MG Winnick, H Wu, B Wundheiler, T Yamamoto, P Younk, G Yuan, E Zas, D Zavrtanik, M Zavrtanik, I Zaw, A Zepeda, M Ziolkowski, PA Collaboration


SEARCH FOR HIGH-ENERGY MUON NEUTRINOS FROM THE "NAKED-EYE" GRB 080319B WITH THE ICECUBE NEUTRINO TELESCOPE (vol 701, pg 1721, 2009)

ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 708 (2010) 911-912

R Abbasi, Y Abdou, M Ackermann, J Adams, M Ahlers, K Andeen, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, R Bay, JLB Alba, K Beattie, S Bechet, JK Becker, K-H Becker, ML Benabderrahmane, J Berdermann, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, DJ Boersma, C Bohm, J Bolmont, S Boeser, O Botner, L Bradley, J Braun, D Breder, T Burgess, T Castermans, D Chirkin, B Christy, J Clem, S Cohen, DF Cowen, MV D'Agostino, M Danninger, CT Day, C De Clercq, L Demiroers, O Depaepe, F Descamps, P Desiati, G de Vries-Uiterweerd, T DeYoung, JC Diaz-Velez, J Dreyer, JP Dumm, MR Duvoort, WR Edwards, R Ehrlich, J Eisch, RW Ellsworth, O Engdegard, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, T Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, MM Foerster, BD Fox, A Franckowiak, R Franke, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, R Ganugapati, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, A Goldschmidt, JA Goodman, R Gozzini, D Grant, T Griesel, A Gross, S Grullon, RM Gunasingha, M Gurtner, C Ha, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Han, K Hanson, Y Hasegawa, J Heise, K Helbing, P Herquet, S Hickford, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, K Hoshina, D Hubert, W Huelsnitz, J-P Huelss, PO Hulth, K Hultqvist, S Hussain, RL Imlay, M Inaba, A Ishihara, J Jacobsen, GS Japaridze, H Johansson, JM Joseph, K-H Kampert, A Kappes, T Karg, A Karle, JL Kelley, P Kenny, J Kiryluk, F Kislat, SR Klein, S Klepser, S Knops, G Kohnen, H Kolanoski, L Koepke, M Kowalski, T Kowarik, M Krasberg, K Kuehn, T Kuwabara, M Labare, K Laihem, H Landsman, R Lauer, H Leich, D Lennarz, A Lucke, J Lundberg, J Luenemann, J Madsen, P Majumdar, R Maruyama, K Mase, HS Matis, CP McParland, K Meagher, M Merck, P Meszaros, E Middell, N Milke, H Miyamoto, A Mohr, T Montaruli, R Morse, SM Movit, K Muenich, R Nahnhauer, JW Nam, P Nieen, DR Nygren, S Odrowski, A Olivas, M Olivo, M Ono, S Panknin, S Patton, CP de los Heros, J Petrovic, A Piegsa, D Pieloth, AC Pohl, R Porrata, N Potthoff, PB Price, M Prikockis, GT Przybylski, K Rawlins, P Redl, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Ribordy, A Rizzo, JP Rodrigues, P Roth, F Rothmaier, C Rott, C Roucelle, D Rutledge, D Ryckbosch, H-G Sander, S Sarkar, K Satalecka, S Schlenstedt, T Schmidt, D Schneider, A Schukraft, O Schulz, M Schunck, D Seckel, B Semburg, SH Seo, Y Sestayo, S Seunarine, A Silvestri, A Slipak, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, G Stephens, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, MC Stoufer, S Stoyanov, EA Strahler, T Straszheim, K-H Sulanke, GW Sullivan, Q Swillens, I Taboada, O Tarasova, A Tepe, S Ter-Antonyan, C Terranova, S Tilav, M Tluczykont, PA Toale, D Tosi, D Turcan, N van Eijndhoven, J Vandenbroucke, A Van Overloop, B Voigt, C Walck, T Waldenmaier, M Walter, C Wendt, S Westerhoff, N Whitehorn, CH Wiebusch, A Wiedemann, G Wikstroem, DR Williams, R Wischnewski, H Wissing, K Woschnagg, XW Xu, G Yodh, S Yoshida, I Collaboration


The energy spectrum of atmospheric neutrinos between 2 and 200 TeV with the AMANDA-II detector

Astroparticle Physics 34 (2010) 48-58

R Abbasi, Y Abdou, T Abu-Zayyad, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, K Andeen, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, R Bay, JL Bazo Alba, K Beattie, JJ Beatty, S Bechet, JK Becker, KH Becker, ML Benabderrahmane, J Berdermann, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, DJ Boersma, C Bohm, S Böser, O Botner, L Bradley, J Braun, S Buitink, M Carson, D Chirkin, B Christy, J Clem, F Clevermann, S Cohen, C Colnard, DF Cowen, MV D'Agostino, M Danninger, C De Clercq, L Demirörs, O Depaepe, F Descamps, P Desiati, G De Vries-Uiterweerd, T Deyoung, JC Díaz-Vélez, J Dreyer, JP Dumm, MR Duvoort, R Ehrlich, J Eisch, RW Ellsworth, O Engdegrd, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, A Fedynitch, T Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, MM Foerster, BD Fox, A Franckowiak, R Franke, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, R Ganugapati, M Geisler, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JA Goodman, D Grant, T Griesel, A Groß, S Grullon, RM Gunasingha, M Gurtner, C Ha, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Han, K Hanson, K Helbing, P Herquet, S Hickford, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, A Homeier, K Hoshina, D Hubert, W Huelsnitz

The muon and anti-muon neutrino energy spectrum is determined from 2000-2003 AMANDA telescope data using regularised unfolding. This is the first measurement of atmospheric neutrinos in the energy range 2-200 TeV. The result is compared to different atmospheric neutrino models and it is compatible with the atmospheric neutrinos from pion and kaon decays. No significant contribution from charm hadron decays or extraterrestrial neutrinos is detected. The capabilities to improve the measurement of the neutrino spectrum with the successor experiment IceCube are discussed.


REVIEW OF PARTICLE PHYSICS

JOURNAL OF PHYSICS G-NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS 37 (2010) ARTN 075021

K Nakamura, K Hagiwara, K Hikasa, H Murayama, M Tanabashi, T Watari, C Amsler, M Antonelli, DM Asner, H Baer, HR Band, RM Barnett, T Basaglia, E Bergren, J Beringer, G Bernardi, W Bertl, H Bichsel, O Biebel, E Blucher, S Blusk, RN Cahn, M Carena, A Ceccucci, D Chakraborty, M-C Chen, RS Chivukula, G Cowan, O Dahl, G D'Ambrosio, T Damour, D de Florian, A de Gouvea, T DeGrand, G Dissertori, B Dobrescu, M Doser, M Drees, DA Edwards, S Eidelman, J Erler, VV Ezhela, W Fetscher, BD Fields, B Foster, TK Gaisser, L Garren, H-J Gerber, G Gerbier, T Gherghetta, CF Giudice, S Golwala, M Goodman, C Grab, AV Gritsan, J-F Grivaz, DE Groom, M Grunewald, A Gurtu, T Gutsche, HE Haber, C Hagmann, KG Hayes, M Heffner, B Heltsley, JJ Hernandez-Rey, A Hoecker, J Holder, J Huston, JD Jackson, KF Johnson, T Junk, A Karle, D Karlen, B Kayser, D Kirkby, SR Klein, C Kolda, RV Kowalewski, B Krusche, YV Kuyanov, Y Kwon, O Lahav, P Langacker, A Liddle, Z Ligeti, C-J Lin, TM Liss, L Littenberg, KS Lugovsky, SB Lugovsky, J Lys, H Mahlke, T Mannel, AV Manohar, WJ Marciano, AD Martin, A Masoni, D Milstead, R Miquel, K Moenig, M Narain, P Nason, S Navas, P Nevski, Y Nir, KA Olive, L Pape, C Patrignani, JA Peacock, ST Petcov, A Piepke, G Punzi, A Quadt, S Raby, G Raffelt, BN Ratcliff, P Richardson, S Roesler, S Rolli, A Romaniouk, LJ Rosenberg, JL Rosner, CT Sachrajda, Y Sakai, GP Salam, S Sarkar, F Sauli, O Schneider, K Scholberg, D Scott, WG Seligman, MH Shaevitz, M Silari, T Sjostrand, JG Smith, GF Smoot, S Spanier, H Spieler, A Stahl, T Stanev, SL Stone, T Sumiyoshi, MJ Syphers, J Terning, M Titov, NP Tkachenko, NA Tornqvist, D Tovey, TG Trippe, G Valencia, K van Bibber, G Venanzoni, MG Vincter, P Vogel, A Vogt, W Walkowiak, CW Walter, DR Ward, BR Webber, G Weiglein, EJ Weinberg, JD Wells, A Wheeler, LR Wiencke, CG Wohl, L Wolfenstein, J Womersley, CL Woody, RL Workman, A Yamamoto, W-M Yao, OV Zenin, J Zhang, R-Y Zhu, PA Zyla, G Harper, VS Lugovsky, P Schaffner, PD Grp


Measurement of the depth of maximum of extensive air showers above 10{18} eV.

Phys Rev Lett 104 (2010) 091101-

J Abraham, P Abreu, M Aglietta, EJ Ahn, D Allard, I Allekotte, J Allen, J Alvarez-Muñiz, M Ambrosio, L Anchordoqui, S Andringa, T Anticić, A Anzalone, C Aramo, E Arganda, K Arisaka, F Arqueros, H Asorey, P Assis, J Aublin, M Ave, G Avila, T Bäcker, D Badagnani, M Balzer, KB Barber, AF Barbosa, SLC Barroso, B Baughman, P Bauleo, JJ Beatty, BR Becker, KH Becker, A Bellétoile, JA Bellido, S Benzvi, C Berat, T Bergmann, X Bertou, PL Biermann, P Billoir, O Blanch-Bigas, F Blanco, M Blanco, C Bleve, H Blümer, M Bohácová, D Boncioli, C Bonifazi, R Bonino, N Borodai, J Brack, P Brogueira, WC Brown, R Bruijn, P Buchholz, A Bueno, RE Burton, NG Busca, KS Caballero-Mora, L Caramete, R Caruso, A Castellina, O Catalano, G Cataldi, L Cazon, R Cester, J Chauvin, A Chiavassa, JA Chinellato, A Chou, J Chudoba, RW Clay, E Colombo, MR Coluccia, R Conceição, F Contreras, H Cook, MJ Cooper, J Coppens, A Cordier, U Cotti, S Coutu, CE Covault, A Creusot, A Criss, J Cronin, A Curutiu, S Dagoret-Campagne, R Dallier, K Daumiller, BR Dawson, RM de Almeida, M De Domenico, C De Donato, SJ de Jong, G De La Vega, WJM de Mello Junior, JRT de Mello Neto, I De Mitri, V de Souza, KD de Vries, G Decerprit, L Del Peral, O Deligny, A Della Selva, C Delle Fratte, H Dembinski, C Di Giulio, JC Diaz, ML Díaz Castro, PN Diep, C Dobrigkeit, JC D'Olivo, PN Dong, A Dorofeev, JC Dos Anjos, MT Dova, D D'Urso, I Dutan, MA Duvernois, J Ebr, R Engel, M Erdmann, CO Escobar, A Etchegoyen, P Facal San Luis, H Falcke, G Farrar, AC Fauth, N Fazzini, A Ferrero, B Fick, A Filevich, A Filipcic, I Fleck, S Fliescher, CE Fracchiolla, ED Fraenkel, U Fröhlich, W Fulgione, RF Gamarra, S Gambetta, B García, D García Gámez, D Garcia-Pinto, X Garrido, G Gelmini, H Gemmeke, PL Ghia, U Giaccari, M Giller, H Glass, LM Goggin, MS Gold, G Golup, F Gomez Albarracin, M Gómez Berisso, P Gonçalves, D Gonzalez, JG Gonzalez, D Góra, A Gorgi, P Gouffon, SR Gozzini, E Grashorn, S Grebe, M Grigat, AF Grillo, Y Guardincerri, F Guarino, GP Guedes, JD Hague, V Halenka, P Hansen, D Harari, S Harmsma, JL Harton, A Haungs, T Hebbeker, D Heck, AE Herve, C Hojvat, VC Holmes, P Homola, JR Hörandel, A Horneffer, M Hrabovský, T Huege, M Hussain, M Iarlori, A Insolia, F Ionita, A Italiano, S Jiraskova, K Kadija, M Kaducak, KH Kampert, T Karova, P Kasper, B Kégl, B Keilhauer, A Keivani, J Kelley, E Kemp, RM Kieckhafer, HO Klages, M Kleifges, J Kleinfeller, R Knapik, J Knapp, D-H Koang, A Krieger, O Krömer, D Kruppke-Hansen, F Kuehn, D Kuempel, K Kulbartz, N Kunka, A Kusenko, G La Rosa, C Lachaud, BL Lago, P Lautridou, MSAB Leão, D Lebrun, P Lebrun, J Lee, MA Leigui de Oliveira, A Lemiere, A Letessier-Selvon, I Lhenry-Yvon, R López, A Lopez Agüera, K Louedec, J Lozano Bahilo, A Lucero, M Ludwig, H Lyberis, MC Maccarone, C Macolino, S Maldera, D Mandat, P Mantsch, AG Mariazzi, V Marin, IC Maris, HR Marquez Falcon, G Marsella, D Martello, O Martínez Bravo, HJ Mathes, J Matthews, JAJ Matthews, G Matthiae, D Maurizio, PO Mazur, M McEwen, G Medina-Tanco, M Melissas, D Melo, E Menichetti, A Menshikov, C Meurer, S Micanović, MI Micheletti, W Miller, L Miramonti, S Mollerach, M Monasor, D Monnier Ragaigne, F Montanet, B Morales, C Morello, E Moreno, JC Moreno, C Morris, M Mostafá, S Mueller, MA Muller, R Mussa, G Navarra, JL Navarro, S Navas, P Necesal, L Nellen, PT Nhung, N Nierstenhoefer, D Nitz, D Nosek, L Nozka, M Nyklicek, J Oehlschläger, A Olinto, P Oliva, VM Olmos-Gilbaja, M Ortiz, N Pacheco, D Pakk Selmi-Dei, M Palatka, J Pallotta, N Palmieri, G Parente, E Parizot, S Parlati, A Parra, J Parrisius, RD Parsons, S Pastor, T Paul, V Pavlidou, K Payet, M Pech, J Pekala, R Pelayo, IM Pepe, L Perrone, R Pesce, E Petermann, S Petrera, P Petrinca, A Petrolini, Y Petrov, J Petrovic, C Pfendner, R Piegaia, T Pierog, M Pimenta, V Pirronello, M Platino, VH Ponce, M Pontz, P Privitera, M Prouza, EJ Quel, J Rautenberg, O Ravel, D Ravignani, A Redondo, B Revenu, FAS Rezende, J Ridky, S Riggi, M Risse, P Ristori, C Rivière, V Rizi, C Robledo, G Rodriguez, J Rodriguez Martino, J Rodriguez Rojo, I Rodriguez-Cabo, MD Rodríguez-Frías, G Ros, J Rosado, T Rossler, M Roth, B Rouillé-d'Orfeuil, E Roulet, AC Rovero, F Salamida, H Salazar, G Salina, F Sánchez, M Santander, CE Santo, E Santos, EM Santos, F Sarazin, S Sarkar, R Sato, N Scharf, V Scherini, H Schieler, P Schiffer, A Schmidt, F Schmidt, T Schmidt, O Scholten, H Schoorlemmer, J Schovancova, P Schovánek, F Schroeder, S Schulte, F Schüssler, D Schuster, SJ Sciutto, M Scuderi, A Segreto, D Semikoz, M Settimo, A Shadkam, RC Shellard, I Sidelnik, BB Siffert, G Sigl, A Smiałkowski, R Smída, GR Snow, P Sommers, J Sorokin, H Spinka, R Squartini, J Stasielak, M Stephan, E Strazzeri, A Stutz, F Suarez, T Suomijärvi, AD Supanitsky, T Susa, MS Sutherland, J Swain, Z Szadkowski, A Tamashiro, A Tamburro, A Tapia, T Tarutina, O Taşcău, R Tcaciuc, D Tcherniakhovski, D Tegolo, NT Thao, D Thomas, J Tiffenberg, C Timmermans, W Tkaczyk, CJ Todero Peixoto, B Tomé, A Tonachini, P Travnicek, DB Tridapalli, G Tristram, E Trovato, M Tueros, R Ulrich, M Unger, M Urban, JF Valdés Galicia, I Valiño, L Valore, AM van den Berg, JR Vázquez, RA Vázquez, D Veberic, T Venters, V Verzi, M Videla, L Villaseñor, S Vorobiov, L Voyvodic, H Wahlberg, P Wahrlich, O Wainberg, D Warner, AA Watson, S Westerhoff, BJ Whelan, G Wieczorek, L Wiencke, B Wilczyńska, H Wilczyński, C Williams, T Winchen, MG Winnick, B Wundheiler, T Yamamoto, P Younk, G Yuan, A Yushkov, E Zas, D Zavrtanik, M Zavrtanik, I Zaw, A Zepeda, M Ziolkowski, Pierre Auger Collaboration

We describe the measurement of the depth of maximum, X{max}, of the longitudinal development of air showers induced by cosmic rays. Almost 4000 events above 10;{18} eV observed by the fluorescence detector of the Pierre Auger Observatory in coincidence with at least one surface detector station are selected for the analysis. The average shower maximum was found to evolve with energy at a rate of (106{-21}{+35}) g/cm{2}/decade below 10{18.24+/-0.05} eV, and (24+/-3) g/cm{2}/decade above this energy. The measured shower-to-shower fluctuations decrease from about 55 to 26 g/cm{2}. The interpretation of these results in terms of the cosmic ray mass composition is briefly discussed.


Testing astrophysical models for the PAMELA positron excess with cosmic ray nuclei.

Phys Rev Lett 103 (2009) 081104-

P Mertsch, S Sarkar

The excess in the positron fraction measured by PAMELA has been interpreted as due to annihilation or decay of dark matter in the Galaxy. More prosaically it has been ascribed to direct production of positrons by nearby pulsars or due to pion production during diffusive shock acceleration of hadronic cosmic rays in nearby sources. We point out that measurements of secondary cosmic ray nuclei can discriminate between these possibilities. New data on the titanium-to-iron ratio support the hadronic source model above and enable a prediction for the boron-to-carbon ratio at energies above 100 GeV.


Extending the search for neutrino point sources with IceCube above the horizon.

Phys Rev Lett 103 (2009) 221102-

R Abbasi, Y Abdou, T Abu-Zayyad, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, K Andeen, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, R Bay, JL Bazo Alba, K Beattie, JJ Beatty, S Bechet, JK Becker, K-H Becker, ML Benabderrahmane, J Berdermann, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, DJ Boersma, C Bohm, O Botner, L Bradley, J Braun, D Breder, M Carson, T Castermans, D Chirkin, B Christy, J Clem, S Cohen, DF Cowen, MV D'Agostino, M Danninger, CT Day, C De Clercq, L Demirörs, O Depaepe, F Descamps, P Desiati, G de Vries-Uiterweerd, T DeYoung, JC Díaz-Vélez, J Dreyer, JP Dumm, MR Duvoort, WR Edwards, R Ehrlich, J Eisch, RW Ellsworth, O Engdegård, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, T Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, MM Foerster, BD Fox, A Franckowiak, R Franke, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, R Ganugapati, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, A Goldschmidt, JA Goodman, R Gozzini, D Grant, T Griesel, A Gross, S Grullon, RM Gunasingha, M Gurtner, C Ha, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Han, K Hanson, Y Hasegawa, K Helbing, P Herquet, S Hickford, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, A Homeier, K Hoshina, D Hubert, W Huelsnitz, J-P Hülss, PO Hulth, K Hultqvist, S Hussain, RL Imlay, M Inaba, A Ishihara, J Jacobsen, GS Japaridze, H Johansson, JM Joseph, K-H Kampert, A Kappes, T Karg, A Karle, JL Kelley, N Kemming, P Kenny, J Kiryluk, F Kislat, SR Klein, S Knops, G Kohnen, H Kolanoski, L Köpke, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, T Kowarik, M Krasberg, T Krings, G Kroll, K Kuehn, T Kuwabara, M Labare, S Lafebre, K Laihem, H Landsman, R Lauer, R Lehmann, D Lennarz, J Lundberg, J Lünemann, J Madsen, P Majumdar, R Maruyama, K Mase, HS Matis, CP McParland, K Meagher, M Merck, P Mészáros, T Meures, E Middell, N Milke, H Miyamoto, T Montaruli, R Morse, SM Movit, R Nahnhauer, JW Nam, P Niessen, DR Nygren, S Odrowski, A Olivas, M Olivo, M Ono, S Panknin, S Patton, L Paul, C Pérez de los Heros, J Petrovic, A Piegsa, D Pieloth, AC Pohl, R Porrata, N Potthoff, PB Price, M Prikockis, GT Przybylski, K Rawlins, P Redl, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Ribordy, A Rizzo, JP Rodrigues, P Roth, F Rothmaier, C Rott, C Roucelle, D Rutledge, B Ruzybayev, D Ryckbosch, H-G Sander, S Sarkar, K Schatto, S Schlenstedt, T Schmidt, D Schneider, A Schukraft, O Schulz, M Schunck, D Seckel, B Semburg, SH Seo, Y Sestayo, S Seunarine, A Silvestri, A Slipak, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, G Stephens, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, MC Stoufer, S Stoyanov, EA Strahler, T Straszheim, GW Sullivan, Q Swillens, I Taboada, A Tamburro, O Tarasova, A Tepe, S Ter-Antonyan, C Terranova, S Tilav, PA Toale, J Tooker, D Tosi, D Turcan, N van Eijndhoven, J Vandenbroucke, A Van Overloop, J van Santen, B Voigt, C Walck, T Waldenmaier, M Wallraff, M Walter, C Wendt, S Westerhoff, N Whitehorn, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, A Wiedemann, G Wikström, DR Williams, R Wischnewski, H Wissing, K Woschnagg, C Xu, XW Xu, G Yodh, S Yoshida, IceCube Collaboration

Point source searches with the IceCube neutrino telescope have been restricted to one hemisphere, due to the exclusive selection of upward going events as a way of rejecting the atmospheric muon background. We show that the region above the horizon can be included by suppressing the background through energy-sensitive cuts. This improves the sensitivity above PeV energies, previously not accessible for declinations of more than a few degrees below the horizon due to the absorption of neutrinos in Earth. We present results based on data collected with 22 strings of IceCube, extending its field of view and energy reach for point source searches. No significant excess above the atmospheric background is observed in a sky scan and in tests of source candidates. Upper limits are reported, which for the first time cover point sources in the southern sky up to EeV energies.


Search for high-energy muon neutrinos from the "naked-eye" grb080319b with the icecube neutrino telescope

Astrophysical Journal 701 (2009) 1721-1731

R Abbasi, Y Abdou, T Abu-Zayyad, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, K Andeen, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, R Bay, JLB Alba, K Beattie, JJ Beatty, S Bechet, JK Becker, KH Becker, ML Benabderrahmane, J Berdermann, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, DJ Boersma, C Bohm, J Bolmont, O Botner, L Bradley, J Braun, D Breder, T Castermans, D Chirkin, B Christy, J Clem, S Cohen, DF Cowen, MV D'Agostino, M Danninger, CT Day, C De Clercq, L Demirörs, O Depaepe, F Descamps, P Desiati, G De Vries-Uiterweerd, T Deyoung, JC Diaz-Velez, J Dreyer, JP Dumm, MR Duvoort, WR Edwards, R Ehrlich, J Eisch, RW Ellsworth, O Engdegrd, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, T Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, MM Foerster, BD Fox, A Franckowiak, R Franke, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, R Ganugapati, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, A Goldschmidt, JA Goodman, R Gozzini, D Grant, T Griesel, A Gro, S Grullon, RM Gunasingha, M Gurtner, C Ha, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Han, K Hanson, Y Hasegawa, J Heise, K Helbing, P Herquet, S Hickford, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, K Hoshina, D Hubert, W Huelsnitz, JP Hül

We report on a search with the IceCube detector for high-energy muon neutrinos from GRB080319B, one of the brightest gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) ever observed. The fireball model predicts that a mean of 0.1 events should be detected by IceCube for a bulk Lorentz boost of the jet of 300. In both the direct on-time window of 66s and an extended window of about 300s around the GRB, no excess was found above background. The 90% CL upper limit on the number of track-like events from the GRB is 2.7, corresponding to a muon neutrino fluence limit of 9.5 × 10-3 erg cm-2 in the energy range between 120 TeV and 2.2 PeV, which contains 90% of the expected events. © 2009 The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.


Search for point sources of high energy neutrinos with final data from AMANDA-II

Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology 79 (2009)

R Abbasi, M Ackermann, J Adams, M Ahlers, J Ahrens, K Andeen, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, B Baret, SW Barwick, R Bay, JL Bazo Alba, K Beattie, T Becka, JK Becker, KH Becker, J Berdermann, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, E Blaufuss, DJ Boersma, C Bohm, J Bolmont, S Böser, O Botner, J Braun, D Breder, T Burgess, T Castermans, D Chirkin, B Christy, J Clem, DF Cowen, MV D'Agostino, M Danninger, A Davour, CT Day, O Depaepe, C De Clercq, L Demirörs, F Descamps, P Desiati, G De Vries-Uiterweerd, T Deyoung, JC Diaz-Velez, J Dreyer, JP Dumm, MR Duvoort, WR Edwards, R Ehrlich, J Eisch, RW Ellsworth, O Engdegård, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, K Filimonov, C Finley, MM Foerster, BD Fox, A Franckowiak, R Franke, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, R Ganugapati, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, A Goldschmidt, JA Goodman, R Gozzini, D Grant, T Griesel, A Groß, S Grullon, RM Gunasingha, M Gurtner, C Ha, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Han, K Hanson, R Hardtke, Y Hasegawa, J Heise, K Helbing, M Hellwig, P Herquet, S Hickford, GC Hill, J Hodges, KD Hoffman, K Hoshina, D Hubert, W Huelsnitz, B Hughey

We present a search for point sources of high energy neutrinos using 3.8 yr of data recorded by AMANDA-II during 2000-2006. After reconstructing muon tracks and applying selection criteria designed to optimally retain neutrino-induced events originating in the northern sky, we arrive at a sample of 6595 candidate events, predominantly from atmospheric neutrinos with primary energy 100 GeV to 8 TeV. Our search of this sample reveals no indications of a neutrino point source. We place the most stringent limits to date on E-2 neutrino fluxes from points in the northern sky, with an average upper limit of E2Φνμ+ντ≤5.2×10-11TeVcm-2s-1 on the sum of νμ and ντ fluxes, assumed equal, over the energy range from 1.9 TeV to 2.5 PeV. © 2009 The American Physical Society.


The IceCube data acquisition system: Signal capture, digitization, and timestamping

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment 601 (2009) 294-316

R Abbasi, M Ackermann, J Adams, M Ahlers, J Ahrens, K Andeen, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, R Bay, JL Bazo Alba, K Beattie, T Becka, JK Becker, KH Becker, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, B Bingham, E Blaufuss, DJ Boersma, C Bohm, J Bolmont, S Böser, O Botner, J Braun, D Breeder, T Burgess, W Carithers, T Castermans, H Chen, D Chirkin, B Christy, J Clem, DF Cowen, MV D'Agostino, M Danninger, A Davour, CT Day, O Depaepe, C De Clercq, L Demirörs, F Descamps, P Desiati, G de Vries-Uiterweerd, T DeYoung, JC Diaz-Velez, J Dreyer, JP Dumm, MR Duvoort, WR Edwards, R Ehrlich, J Eisch, RW Ellsworth, O Engdegård, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, T Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, MM Foerster, BD Fox, A Franckowiak, R Franke, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, R Ganugapati, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, D Glowacki, A Goldschmidt, JA Goodman, R Gozzini, D Grant, T Griesel, A Groß, S Grullon, RM Gunasingha, M Gurtner, C Ha, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Han, K Hanson, R Hardtke, Y Hasegawa, J Haugen, D Hays, J Heise, K Helbing, M Hellwig, P Herquet, S Hickford, GC Hill, J Hodges

IceCube is a km-scale neutrino observatory under construction at the South Pole with sensors both in the deep ice (InIce) and on the surface (IceTop). The sensors, called Digital Optical Modules (DOMs), detect, digitize and timestamp the signals from optical Cherenkov-radiation photons. The DOM Main Board (MB) data acquisition subsystem is connected to the central DAQ in the IceCube Laboratory (ICL) by a single twisted copper wire-pair and transmits packetized data on demand. Time calibration is maintained throughout the array by regular transmission to the DOMs of precisely timed analog signals, synchronized to a central GPS-disciplined clock. The design goals and consequent features, functional capabilities, and initial performance of the DOM MB, and the operation of a combined array of DOMs as a system, are described here. Experience with the first InIce strings and the IceTop stations indicates that the system design and performance goals have been achieved. © 2009 Elsevier B.V.

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