Publications by Subir Sarkar


Searching for soft relativistic jets in core-collapse supernovae with the IceCube optical follow-up program

Astronomy and Astrophysics 539 (2012)

R Abbasi, Y Abdou, T Abu-Zayyad, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, MM Allen, D Altmann, K Andeen, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, R Bay, JL Bazo Alba, K Beattie, JJ Beatty, S Bechet, JK Becker, KH Becker, ML Benabderrahmane, S Benzvi, J Berdermann, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, D Bindig, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, J Blumenthal, DJ Boersma, C Bohm, D Bose, S Böser, O Botner, AM Brown, S Buitink, KS Caballero-Mora, M Carson, D Chirkin, B Christy, F Clevermann, S Cohen, C Colnard, DF Cowen, AH Cruz Silva, MV D'Agostino, M Danninger, J Daughhetee, JC Davis, C De Clercq, T Degner, L Demirörs, F Descamps, P Desiati, G De Vries-Uiterweerd, T Deyoung, JC Díaz-Vélez, M Dierckxsens, J Dreyer, JP Dumm, M Dunkman, J Eisch, RW Ellsworth, O Engdegård, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, A Fedynitch, J Feintzeig, T Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, T Fischer-Wasels, BD Fox, A Franckowiak, R Franke, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JA Goodman, D Góra, D Grant, T Griesel, A Groß, S Grullon, M Gurtner, C Ha, A Haj Ismail, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Han, K Hanson

Context. Transient neutrino sources such as gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and supernovae (SNe) are hypothesized to emit bursts of high-energy neutrinos on a time-scale of ≲ 100 s. While GRB neutrinos would be produced in high relativistic jets, core-collapse SNe might host soft-relativistic jets, which become stalled in the outer layers of the progenitor star leading to an efficient production of high-energy neutrinos. Aims. To increase the sensitivity to these neutrinos and identify their sources, a low-threshold optical follow-up program for neutrino multiplets detected with the IceCube observatory has been implemented. Methods. If a neutrino multiplet, i.e. two or more neutrinos from the same direction within 100 s, is found by IceCube a trigger is sent to the Robotic Optical Transient Search Experiment, ROTSE. The 4 ROTSE telescopes immediately start an observation program of the corresponding region of the sky in order to detect an optical counterpart to the neutrino events. Results. No statistically significant excess in the rate of neutrino multiplets has been observed and furthermore no coincidence with an optical counterpart was found. Conclusions. The search allows, for the first time, to set stringent limits on current models predicting a high-energy neutrino flux from soft relativistic hadronic jets in core-collapse SNe. We conclude that a sub-population of SNe with typical Lorentz boost factor and jet energy of 10 and 3 × 1051 erg, respectively, does not exceed 4.2% at 90% confidence. © 2012 ESO.


Multiyear search for dark matter annihilations in the Sun with the AMANDA-II and IceCube detectors

Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology 85 (2012)

R Abbasi, Y Abdou, T Abu-Zayyad, M Ackermann, J Adams, K Andeen, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, D Altmann, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, R Bay, JL Bazo Alba, K Beattie, JJ Beatty, S Bechet, JK Becker, KH Becker, M Bell, ML Benabderrahmane, S Benzvi, J Berdermann, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, D Bindig, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, J Blumenthal, DJ Boersma, C Bohm, D Bose, S Böser, O Botner, L Brayeur, AM Brown, S Buitink, KS Caballero-Mora, M Carson, M Casier, D Chirkin, B Christy, F Clevermann, S Cohen, C Colnard, DF Cowen, AH Cruz Silva, MV D'Agostino, M Danninger, J Daughhetee, JC Davis, C De Clercq, T Degner, F Descamps, P Desiati, G De Vries-Uiterweerd, T Deyoung, JC Díaz-Vélez, M Dierckxsens, J Dreyer, JP Dumm, M Dunkman, J Eisch, RW Ellsworth, O Engdegård, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, A Fedynitch, J Feintzeig, T Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, T Fischer-Wasels, S Flis, A Franckowiak, R Franke, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JA Goodman, D Góra, D Grant, T Griesel, A Groß, S Grullon, M Gurtner, C Ha, A Haj Ismail, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Han

A search for an excess of muon neutrinos from dark matter annihilations in the Sun has been performed with the AMANDA-II neutrino telescope using data collected in 812 days of live time between 2001 and 2006 and 149 days of live time collected with the AMANDA-II and the 40-string configuration of IceCube during 2008 and early 2009. No excess over the expected atmospheric neutrino background has been observed. We combine these results with the previously published IceCube limits obtained with data taken during 2007 to obtain a total live time of 1065 days. We provide an upper limit at 90% confidence level on the annihilation rate of captured neutralinos in the Sun, as well as the corresponding muon flux limit at the Earth, both as functions of the neutralino mass in the range 50-5000GeV. We also derive a limit on the neutralino-proton spin-dependent and spin-independent cross section. The limits presented here improve the previous results obtained by the collaboration between a factor of 2 and 5, as well as extending the neutralino masses probed down to 50GeV. The spin-dependent cross section limits are the most stringent so far for neutralino masses above 200GeV, and well below direct search results in the mass range from 50GeV to 5TeV. © 2012 American Physical Society.


Fundamental Physics at the Intensity Frontier

Argonne National Laboratory (2012) 1-223

JN Butler, H Weerts, R Brock, AD Gouvea, BCK Casey, J Collar, R Essig, G Bonvicini, F Bossi, J Boyce, R Breedon, M Breidenbach, SJ Brice, RA Briere, KS Kumar, S Kulkarni, T Kutter, Y Kuno, T Lachenmaier, M Lamm, J Lancaster, M Lancaster, C Lane, K Lang, O Naviliat-Cuncin

The Proceedings of the 2011 workshop on Fundamental Physics at the Intensity Frontier. Science opportunities at the intensity frontier are identified and described in the areas of heavy quarks, charged leptons, neutrinos, proton decay, new light weakly-coupled particles, and nucleons, nuclei, and atoms.


Erratum: The lateral trigger probability function for the ultra-high energy cosmic ray showers detected by the Pierre Auger Observatory (Astroparticle Physics (2011) 35 (266-276))

Astroparticle Physics 35 (2012) 681-684

P Abreu, M Aglietta, EJ Ahn, IFM Albuquerque, D Allard, I Allekotte, J Allen, P Allison, J Alvarez Castillo, J Alvarez-Muñiz, M Ambrosio, A Aminaei, L Anchordoqui, S Andringa, T Antičić, A Anzalone, C Aramo, E Arganda, F Arqueros, H Asorey, P Assis, J Aublin, M Ave, M Avenier, G Avila, T Bäcker, M Balzer, KB Barber, AF Barbosa, R Bardenet, SLC Barroso, B Baughman, J Bäuml, JJ Beatty, BR Becker, KH Becker, A Bellétoile, JA Bellido, S Benzvi, C Berat, X Bertou, PL Biermann, P Billoir, F Blanco, M Blanco, C Bleve, H Blümer, M Boháčová, D Boncioli, C Bonifazi, R Bonino, N Borodai, J Brack, P Brogueira, WC Brown, R Bruijn, P Buchholz, A Bueno, RE Burton, KS Caballero-Mora, L Caramete, R Caruso, A Castellina, O Catalano, G Cataldi, L Cazon, R Cester, J Chauvin, SH Cheng, A Chiavassa, JA Chinellato, A Chou, J Chudoba, RW Clay, MR Coluccia, R Conceião, F Contreras, H Cook, MJ Cooper, J Coppens, A Cordier, U Cotti, S Coutu, CE Covault, A Creusot, A Criss, J Cronin, A Curutiu, S Dagoret-Campagne, R Dallier, S Dasso, K Daumiller, BR Dawson, RM De Almeida, M De Domenico, C De Donato, SJ De Jong, G De La Vega, WJM De Mello Junior, JRT De Mello Neto, I De Mitri, V De Souza, KD De Vries, G Decerprit, L Del Peral, O Deligny, H Dembinski, N Dhital, C Di Giulio, JC Diaz, ML Díaz Castro, PN Diep, C Dobrigkeit, W Docters, JC D'Olivo, PN Dong, A Dorofeev, JC Dos Anjos, MT Dova, D D'Urso, I Dutan, J Ebr, R Engel, M Erdmann, CO Escobar, A Etchegoyen, P Facal San Luis, I Fajardo Tapia, H Falcke, G Farrar, AC Fauth, N Fazzini, AP Ferguson, A Ferrero, B Fick, A Filevich, A Filipčič, S Fliescher, CE Fracchiolla, ED Fraenkel, U Fröhlich, B Fuchs, R Gaior, RF Gamarra, S Gambetta, B García, D García Gámez, D Garcia-Pinto, A Gascon, H Gemmeke, K Gesterling, PL Ghia, U Giaccari, M Giller, H Glass, MS Gold, G Golup, F Gomez Albarracin, M Gómez Berisso, P Gonalves, D Gonzalez, JG Gonzalez, B Gookin, D Góra, A Gorgi, P Gouffon, SR Gozzini, E Grashorn, S Grebe, N Griffith, M Grigat, AF Grillo, Y Guardincerri, F Guarino, GP Guedes, A Guzman, JD Hague, P Hansen, D Harari, S Harmsma, JL Harton, A Haungs, T Hebbeker, D Heck, AE Herve, C Hojvat, N Hollon, VC Holmes, P Homola, JR Hörandel, A Horneffer, M Hrabovský, T Huege, A Insolia, F Ionita, A Italiano, C Jarne, S Jiraskova, K Kadija, KH Kampert, P Karhan, P Kasper, B Kégl, B Keilhauer, A Keivani, JL Kelley, E Kemp, RM Kieckhafer, HO Klages, M Kleifges, J Kleinfeller, J Knapp, D-H Koang, K Kotera, N Krohm, O Krömer, D Kruppke-Hansen, F Kuehn, D Kuempel, JK Kulbartz, N Kunka, G La Rosa, C Lachaud, P Lautridou, MSAB Leão, D Lebrun, P Lebrun, MA Leigui De Oliveira, A Lemiere, A Letessier-Selvon, I Lhenry-Yvon, K Link, R López, A Lopez Agüera, K Louedec, J Lozano Bahilo, A Lucero, M Ludwig, H Lyberis, MC MacCarone, C MacOlino, S Maldera, D Mandat, P Mantsch, AG Mariazzi, J Marin, V Marin, IC Maris, HR Marquez Falcon, G Marsella, D Martello, L Martin, H Martinez, O Martínez Bravo, HJ Mathes, J Matthews, JAJ Matthews, G Matthiae, D Maurizio, PO Mazur, G Medina-Tanco, M Melissas, D Melo, E Menichetti, A Menshikov, P Mertsch, C Meurer, S Mićanović, MI Micheletti, W Miller, L Miramonti, S Mollerach, M Monasor, D Monnier Ragaigne, F Montanet, B Morales, C Morello, E Moreno, JC Moreno, C Morris, M Mostafá, CA Moura, S Mueller, MA Muller, G Müller, M Münchmeyer, R Mussa, G Navarra, JL Navarro, S Navas, P Necesal, L Nellen, A Nelles, PT Nhung, L Niemietz, N Nierstenhoefer, D Nitz, D Nosek, L Nožka, M Nyklicek, J Oehlschläger, A Olinto, P Oliva, VM Olmos-Gilbaja, M Ortiz, N Pacheco, D Pakk Selmi-Dei, M Palatka, J Pallotta, N Palmieri, G Parente, E Parizot, A Parra, RD Parsons, S Pastor, T Paul, M Pech, J Pȩkala, R Pelayo, IM Pepe, L Perrone, R Pesce, E Petermann, S Petrera, P Petrinca, A Petrolini, Y Petrov, J Petrovic, C Pfendner, N Phan, R Piegaia, T Pierog, P Pieroni, M Pimenta, V Pirronello, M Platino, VH Ponce, M Pontz, P Privitera, M Prouza, EJ Quel, S Querchfeld, J Rautenberg, O Ravel, D Ravignani, B Revenu, J Ridky, S Riggi, M Risse, P Ristori, H Rivera, V Rizi, J Roberts, C Robledo, W Rodrigues De Carvalho, G Rodriguez, J Rodriguez Martino, J Rodriguez Rojo, I Rodriguez-Cabo, MD Rodríguez-Frías, G Ros, J Rosado, T Rossler, M Roth, B Rouillé-D'Orfeuil, E Roulet, AC Rovero, C Rühle, F Salamida, H Salazar, G Salina, F Sánchez, M Santander, CE Santo, E Santos, EM Santos, F Sarazin, B Sarkar, S Sarkar, R Sato, N Scharf, V Scherini, H Schieler, P Schiffer, A Schmidt, F Schmidt, T Schmidt, O Scholten, H Schoorlemmer, J Schovancova, P Schovánek, F Schröder, S Schulte, D Schuster, SJ Sciutto, M Scuderi, A Segreto, M Settimo, A Shadkam, RC Shellard, I Sidelnik, G Sigl, HH Silva Lopez, A Śmiałkowski, R Šmída, GR Snow, P Sommers, J Sorokin, H Spinka, R Squartini, J Stapleton, J Stasielak, M Stephan, E Strazzeri, A Stutz, F Suarez, T Suomijärvi, AD Supanitsky, T Šuša, MS Sutherland, J Swain, Z Szadkowski, M Szuba, A Tamashiro, A Tapia, M Tartare, O Tacu, CG Tavera Ruiz, R Tcaciuc, D Tegolo, NT Thao, D Thomas, J Tiffenberg, C Timmermans, DK Tiwari, W Tkaczyk, CJ Todero Peixoto, B Tomé, A Tonachini, P Travnicek, DB Tridapalli, G Tristram, E Trovato, M Tueros, R Ulrich, M Unger, M Urban, JF Valdés Galicia, I Valiño, L Valore, AM Van Den Berg, E Varela, B Vargas Cárdenas, JR Vázquez, RA Vázquez, D Veberič, V Verzi, J Vicha, M Videla, L Villaseñor, H Wahlberg, P Wahrlich, O Wainberg, D Warner, AA Watson, M Weber, K Weidenhaupt, A Weindl, S Westerhoff, BJ Whelan, G Wieczorek, L Wiencke, B Wilczyńska, H Wilczyński, M Will, C Williams, T Winchen, L Winders, MG Winnick, M Wommer, B Wundheiler, T Yamamoto, T Yapici, P Younk, G Yuan, A Yushkov, B Zamorano, E Zas, D Zavrtanik, M Zavrtanik, I Zaw, A Zepeda, M Ziolkowski


Measurement of the cosmic ray energy spectrum using hybrid events of the Pierre Auger Observatory

EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL PLUS 127 (2012)

EJ Ahn, J Allen, A Almela, J Alvarez Castillo, R Alves Batista, M Ambrosio, L Anchordoqui, A Aminaei, S Andring, H Asorey, P Assis, J Aublin, M Ave, M Avenier, AF Barbosa, B Baughman, J Bauml, F Blanco, C Bleve, M Blanco, M Bohacova, H Blumer, D Boncioli, C Bonifazi, R Bonino


Erratum: The lateral trigger probability function for the ultra-high energy cosmic ray showers detected by the Pierre Auger Observatory (Astroparticle Physics (2011) 35 (266-276))

Astroparticle Physics 35 (2012) 681-684

P Abreu, M Aglietta, EJ Ahn, IFM Albuquerque, D Allard, I Allekotte, J Allen, P Allison, J Alvarez Castillo, J Alvarez-Muñiz, M Ambrosio, A Aminaei, L Anchordoqui, S Andringa, T Antičić, A Anzalone, C Aramo, E Arganda, F Arqueros, H Asorey, P Assis, J Aublin, M Ave, M Avenier, G Avila, T Bäcker, M Balzer, KB Barber, AF Barbosa, R Bardenet, SLC Barroso, B Baughman, J Bäuml, JJ Beatty, BR Becker, KH Becker, A Bellétoile, JA Bellido, S Benzvi, C Berat, X Bertou, PL Biermann, P Billoir, F Blanco, M Blanco, C Bleve, H Blümer, M Boháčová, D Boncioli, C Bonifazi, R Bonino, N Borodai, J Brack, P Brogueira, WC Brown, R Bruijn, P Buchholz, A Bueno, RE Burton, KS Caballero-Mora, L Caramete, R Caruso, A Castellina, O Catalano, G Cataldi, L Cazon, R Cester, J Chauvin, SH Cheng, A Chiavassa, JA Chinellato, A Chou, J Chudoba, RW Clay, MR Coluccia, R Conceião, F Contreras, H Cook, MJ Cooper, J Coppens, A Cordier, U Cotti, S Coutu, CE Covault, A Creusot, A Criss, J Cronin, A Curutiu, S Dagoret-Campagne, R Dallier, S Dasso, K Daumiller, BR Dawson, RM De Almeida, M De Domenico, C De Donato, SJ De Jong, G De La Vega, WJM De Mello Junior, JRT De Mello Neto


Description of atmospheric conditions at the Pierre Auger Observatory using the Global Data Assimilation System (GDAS)

Astroparticle Physics 35 (2012) 591-607

P Abreu, M Aglietta, M Ahlers, EJ Ahn, IFM Albuquerque, D Allard, I Allekotte, J Allen, P Allison, A Almela, J Alvarez Castillo, J Alvarez-Muñiz, M Ambrosio, A Aminaei, L Anchordoqui, S Andringa, T Antičic, C Aramo, E Arganda, F Arqueros, H Asorey, P Assis, J Aublin, M Ave, M Avenier, G Avila, T Bäcker, AM Badescu, M Balzer, KB Barber, AF Barbosa, R Bardenet, SLC Barroso, B Baughman, J Bäuml, JJ Beatty, BR Becker, KH Becker, A Bellétoile, JA Bellido, S Benzvi, C Berat, X Bertou, PL Biermann, P Billoir, F Blanco, M Blanco, C Bleve, H Blümer, M Boháčová, D Boncioli, C Bonifazi, R Bonino, N Borodai, J Brack, I Brancus, P Brogueira, WC Brown, R Bruijn, P Buchholz, A Bueno, RE Burton, KS Caballero-Mora, B Caccianiga, L Caramete, R Caruso, A Castellina, O Catalano, G Cataldi, L Cazon, R Cester, J Chauvin, SH Cheng, A Chiavassa, JA Chinellato, J Chirinos Diaz, J Chudoba, RW Clay, MR Coluccia, R Conceião, F Contreras, H Cook, MJ Cooper, J Coppens, A Cordier, S Coutu, CE Covault, A Creusot, A Criss, J Cronin, A Curutiu, S Dagoret-Campagne, R Dallier, B Daniel, S Dasso, K Daumiller, BR Dawson, RM De Almeida, M De Domenico, C De Donato

Atmospheric conditions at the site of a cosmic ray observatory must be known for reconstructing observed extensive air showers. The Global Data Assimilation System (GDAS) is a global atmospheric model predicated on meteorological measurements and numerical weather predictions. GDAS provides altitude-dependent profiles of the main state variables of the atmosphere like temperature, pressure, and humidity. The original data and their application to the air shower reconstruction of the Pierre Auger Observatory are described. By comparisons with radiosonde and weather station measurements obtained on-site in Malargüe and averaged monthly models, the utility of the GDAS data is shown. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Background studies for acoustic neutrino detection at the South Pole

Astroparticle Physics 35 (2012) 312-324

R Abbasi, Y Abdou, T Abu-Zayyad, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, K Andeen, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, R Bay, JL Bazo Alba, K Beattie, JJ Beatty, S Bechet, JK Becker, KH Becker, ML Benabderrahmane, S Benzvi, J Berdermann, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, D Bindig, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, J Blumenthal, DJ Boersma, C Bohm, D Bose, S Böser, O Botner, J Braun, AM Brown, S Buitink, M Carson, D Chirkin, B Christy, J Clem, F Clevermann, S Cohen, C Colnard, DF Cowen, MV D'Agostino, M Danninger, J Daughhetee, JC Davis, C De Clercq, L Demirörs, T Denger, O Depaepe, F Descamps, P Desiati, G De Vries-Uiterweerd, T Deyoung, JC Díaz-Vélez, M Dierckxsens, J Dreyer, JP Dumm, R Ehrlich, J Eisch, RW Ellsworth, O Engdegrd, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, A Fedynitch, T Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, T Fischer-Wasels, MM Foerster, BD Fox, A Franckowiak, R Franke, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, M Geisler, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JA Goodman, D Grant, T Griesel, A Groß, S Grullon, M Gurtner, C Ha, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Han, K Hanson, D Heinen, K Helbing, P Herquet

The detection of acoustic signals from ultra-high energy neutrino interactions is a promising method to measure the flux of cosmogenic neutrinos expected on Earth. The energy threshold for this process depends strongly on the absolute noise level in the target material. The South Pole Acoustic Test Setup (SPATS), deployed in the upper part of four boreholes of the IceCube Neutrino Observatory, has monitored the noise in Antarctic ice at the geographic South Pole for more than two years down to 500 m depth. The noise is very stable and Gaussian distributed. Lacking an in situ calibration up to now, laboratory measurements have been used to estimate the absolute noise level in the 10-50 kHz frequency range to be smaller than 20 mPa. Using a threshold trigger, sensors of the South Pole Acoustic Test Setup registered acoustic events in the IceCube detector volume and its vicinity. Acoustic signals from refreezing IceCube holes and from anthropogenic sources have been used to test the localization of acoustic events. An upper limit on the neutrino flux at energies E ν > 10 11 GeV is derived from acoustic data taken over eight months. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Resolving astrophysical uncertainties in dark matter direct detection

Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics 2012 (2012)

MT Frandsen, F Kahlhoefer, C McCabe, S Sarkar, K Schmidt-Hoberg

We study the impact of the assumed velocity distribution of galactic dark matter particles on the interpretation of results from nuclear recoil detectors. By converting experimental data to variables that make the astrophysical unknowns explicit, different experiments can be compared without implicit assumptions concerning the dark matter halo. We extend this framework to include the annual modulation signal, as well as multiple target elements. Recent results from DAMA, CoGeNT and CRESST-II can be brought into agreement if the velocity distribution is very anisotropic and thus allows a large modulation fraction. However constraints from CDMS and XENON cannot be evaded by appealing to such astrophysical uncertainties alone. © 2012 IOP Publishing Ltd and SISSA.


Time-dependent searches for point sources of neutrinos with the 40-string and 22-string configurations of icecube

Astrophysical Journal 744 (2012)

R Abbasi, Y Abdou, T Abu-Zayyad, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, K Andeen, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, R Bay, JL Bazo Alba, K Beattie, JJ Beatty, S Bechet, JK Becker, KH Becker, ML Benabderrahmane, S Benzvi, J Berdermann, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, D Bindig, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, J Blumenthal, DJ Boersma, C Bohm, D Bose, S Böser, O Botner, J Braun, AM Brown, S Buitink, M Carson, D Chirkin, B Christy, J Clem, F Clevermann, S Cohen, C Colnard, DF Cowen, MV D'Agostino, M Danninger, J Daughhetee, JC Davis, C De Clercq, L Demirörs, T Denger, O Depaepe, F Descamps, P Desiati, G De Vries-Uiterweerd, T Deyoung, JC Díaz-Vélez, M Dierckxsens, J Dreyer, JP Dumm, R Ehrlich, J Eisch, RW Ellsworth, O Engdegrd, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, A Fedynitch, T Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, T Fischer-Wasels, MM Foerster, BD Fox, A Franckowiak, R Franke, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, M Geisler, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JA Goodman, D Grant, T Griesel, A Groß, S Grullon, M Gurtner, C Ha, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Han, K Hanson, D Heinen, K Helbing, P Herquet

This paper presents four searches for flaring sources of neutrinos using the IceCube neutrino telescope. For the first time, a search is performed over the entire parameter space of energy, direction, and time with sensitivity to neutrino flares lasting between 20 μs and a year duration from astrophysical sources. Searches that integrate over time are less sensitive to flares because they are affected by a larger background of atmospheric neutrinos and muons that can be reduced by the use of additional timing information. Flaring sources considered here, such as active galactic nuclei, soft gamma-ray repeaters, and gamma-ray bursts, are promising candidate neutrino emitters. Two searches are "untriggered" in the sense that they look for any possible flare in the entire sky and from a predefined catalog of sources from which photon flares have been recorded. The other two searches are triggered by multi-wavelength information on flares from blazars and from a soft gamma-ray repeater. One triggered search uses lightcurves from Fermi-LAT which provides continuous monitoring. A second triggered search uses information where the flux states have been measured only for short periods of time near the flares. The untriggered searches use data taken by 40 strings of IceCube between 2008 April 5 and 2009 May 20. The triggered searches also use data taken by the 22-string configuration of IceCube operating between 2007 May 31 and 2008 April 5. The results from all four searches are compatible with a fluctuation of the background.


Search for ultrahigh-energy tau neutrinos with IceCube

Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology 86 (2012)

R Abbasi, Y Abdou, T Abu-Zayyad, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, D Altmann, K Andeen, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, V Baum, R Bay, K Beattie, JJ Beatty, S Bechet, JK Becker, KH Becker, M Bell, ML Benabderrahmane, S Benzvi, J Berdermann, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, D Bindig, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, J Blumenthal, DJ Boersma, C Bohm, D Bose, S Böser, O Botner, L Brayeur, AM Brown, S Buitink, KS Caballero-Mora, M Carson, M Casier, D Chirkin, B Christy, F Clevermann, S Cohen, DF Cowen, AH Cruz Silva, MV D'Agostino, M Danninger, J Daughhetee, JC Davis, C De Clercq, T Degner, F Descamps, P Desiati, G De Vries-Uiterweerd, T Deyoung, JC Díaz-Vélez, J Dreyer, JP Dumm, M Dunkman, J Eisch, RW Ellsworth, O Engdegård, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, A Fedynitch, J Feintzeig, T Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, T Fischer-Wasels, S Flis, A Franckowiak, R Franke, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JA Goodman, D Góra, D Grant, A Groß, S Grullon, M Gurtner, C Ha, A Haj Ismail, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Hanson, D Heereman, P Heimann, D Heinen

The first dedicated search for ultrahigh-energy (UHE) tau neutrinos of astrophysical origin was performed using the IceCube detector in its 22-string configuration with an instrumented volume of roughly 0.25km3. The search also had sensitivity to UHE electron and muon neutrinos. After application of all selection criteria to approximately 200 live-days of data, we expect a background of 0.60±0.19(stat)+0.56-0.58(syst) events and observe three events, which after inspection, emerge as being compatible with background but are kept in the final sample. Therefore, we set an upper limit on neutrinos of all flavors from UHE astrophysical sources at 90% C.L. of Eν2Φ 90(ν x)<16.3×10 -8GeVcm -2sr -1s -1 over an estimated primary neutrino energy range of 340 TeV to 200 PeV. © 2012 American Physical Society.


A search for anisotropy in the arrival directions of ultra high energy cosmic rays recorded at the Pierre Auger Observatory

Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics 2012 (2012)

P Abreu, M Aglietta, M Ahlers, EJ Ahn, IFM Albuquerque, D Allard, I Allekotte, J Allen, P Allison, A Almela, J Alvarez Castillo, J Alvarez-Mũiz, M Ambrosio, A Aminaei, L Anchordoqui, S Andringa, T Antici'C, C Aramo, E Arganda, F Arqueros, H Asorey, P Assis, J Aublin, M Ave, M Avenier, G Avila, T Bäcker, AM Badescu, M Balzer, KB Barber, AF Barbosa, R Bardenet, SLC Barroso, B Baughman, J Bäuml, JJ Beatty, BR Becker, KH Becker, A Bellétoile, JA Bellido, S Benzvi, C Berat, X Bertou, PL Biermann, P Billoir, F Blanco, M Blanco, C Bleve, H Blümer, M Boháčová, D Boncioli, C Bonifazi, R Bonino, N Borodai, J Brack, I Brancus, P Brogueira, WC Brown, R Bruijn, P Buchholz, A Bueno, RE Burton, KS Caballero-Mora, B Caccianiga, L Caramete, R Caruso, A Castellina, O Catalano, G Cataldi, L Cazon, R Cester, J Chauvin, SH Cheng, A Chiavassa, JA Chinellato, J Chirinos Diaz, J Chudoba, M Cilmo, RW Clay, MR Coluccia, R Conceiço, F Contreras, H Cook, MJ Cooper, J Coppens, A Cordier, S Coutu, CE Covault, A Creusot, A Criss, J Cronin, A Curutiu, S Dagoret-Campagne, R Dallier, S Dasso, K Daumiller, BR Dawson, RM De Almeida, M De Domenico, C De Donato

Observations of cosmic ray arrival directions made with the Pierre Auger Observatory have previously provided evidence of anisotropy at the 99% CL using the correlation of ultra high energy cosmic rays (UHECRs) with objects drawn from the Véron-Cetty Véron catalog. In this paper we report on the use of three catalog independent methods to search for anisotropy. The 2pt-L, 2pt+ and 3pt methods, each giving a different measure of self-clustering in arrival directions, were tested on mock cosmic ray data sets to study the impacts of sample size and magnetic smearing on their results, accounting for both angular and energy resolutions. If the sources of UHECRs follow the same large scale structure as ordinary galaxies in the local Universe and if UHECRs are deflected no more than a few degrees, a study of mock maps suggests that these three methods can efficiently respond to the resulting anisotropy with a P-value = 1.0% or smaller with data sets as few as 100 events. Using data taken from January 1, 2004 to July 31, 2010 we examined the 20,30,110 highest energy events with a corresponding minimum energy threshold of about 49.3 EeV. The minimum P-values found were 13.5% using the 2pt-L method, 1.0% using the 2pt+ method and 1.1% using the 3pt method for the highest 100 energy events. In view of the multiple (correlated) scans performed on the data set, these catalog-independent methods do not yield strong evidence of anisotropy in the highest energy cosmic rays. © 2012 IOP Publishing Ltd and Sissa Medialab srl.


Search for signatures of magnetically-induced alignment in the arrival directions measured by the Pierre Auger Observatory

Astroparticle Physics 35 (2012) 354-361

P Abreu, M Aglietta, EJ Ahn, IFM Albuquerque, D Allard, I Allekotte, J Allen, P Allison, J Alvarez Castillo, J Alvarez-Muñiz, M Ambrosio, A Aminaei, L Anchordoqui, S Andringa, T Antičić, A Anzalone, C Aramo, E Arganda, F Arqueros, H Asorey, P Assis, J Aublin, M Ave, M Avenier, G Avila, T Bäcker, M Balzer, KB Barber, AF Barbosa, R Bardenet, SLC Barroso, B Baughman, J Bäuml, JJ Beatty, BR Becker, KH Becker, A Bellétoile, JA Bellido, S Benzvi, C Berat, X Bertou, PL Biermann, P Billoir, F Blanco, M Blanco, C Bleve, H Blümer, M Boháčová, D Boncioli, C Bonifazi, R Bonino, N Borodai, J Brack, P Brogueira, WC Brown, R Bruijn, P Buchholz, A Bueno, RE Burton, KS Caballero-Mora, L Caramete, R Caruso, A Castellina, O Catalano, G Cataldi, L Cazon, R Cester, J Chauvin, SH Cheng, A Chiavassa, JA Chinellato, A Chou, J Chudoba, RW Clay, MR Coluccia, R Conceião, F Contreras, H Cook, MJ Cooper, J Coppens, A Cordier, S Coutu, CE Covault, A Creusot, A Criss, J Cronin, A Curutiu, S Dagoret-Campagne, R Dallier, S Dasso, K Daumiller, BR Dawson, RM De Almeida, M De Domenico, C De Donato, SJ De Jong, G De La Vega, WJM De Mello Junior, JRT De Mello Neto, I De Mitri

We present the results of an analysis of data recorded at the Pierre Auger Observatory in which we search for groups of directionally-aligned events (or 'multiplets') which exhibit a correlation between arrival direction and the inverse of the energy. These signatures are expected from sets of events coming from the same source after having been deflected by intervening coherent magnetic fields. The observation of several events from the same source would open the possibility to accurately reconstruct the position of the source and also measure the integral of the component of the magnetic field orthogonal to the trajectory of the cosmic rays. We describe the largest multiplets found and compute the probability that they appeared by chance from an isotropic distribution. We find no statistically significant evidence for the presence of multiplets arising from magnetic deflections in the present data. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Search for ultrahigh energy neutrinos in highly inclined events at the Pierre Auger Observatory (vol 84, 122005, 2011)

PHYSICAL REVIEW D 85 (2012) ARTN 029902

P Abreu, M Aglietta, M Ahlers, EJ Ahn, IFM Albuquerque, D Allard, I Allekotte, J Allen, P Allison, A Almela, JA Castillo, J Alvarez-Muniz, M Ambrosio, A Aminaei, L Anchordoqui, S Andringa, T Anticic, C Aramo, E Arganda, F Arqueros, H Asorey, P Assis, J Aublin, M Ave, M Avenier, G Avila, T Baecker, AM Badescu, M Balzer, KB Barber, AF Barbosa, R Bardenet, SLC Barroso, B Baughman, J Baeuml, JJ Beatty, BR Becker, KH Becker, A Belletoile, JA Bellido, S BenZvi, C Berat, X Bertou, PL Biermann, P Billoir, F Blanco, M Blanco, C Bleve, H Bluemer, M Bohacova, D Boncioli, C Bonifazi, R Bonino, N Borodai, J Brack, I Brancus, P Brogueira, WC Brown, R Bruijn, P Buchholz, A Bueno, RE Burton, KS Caballero-Mora, B Caccianiga, L Caramete, R Caruso, A Castellina, O Catalano, G Cataldi, L Cazon, R Cester, J Chauvin, SH Cheng, A Chiavassa, JA Chinellato, JC Diaz, J Chudoba, RW Clay, MR Coluccia, R Conceicao, F Contreras, H Cook, MJ Cooper, J Coppens, A Cordier, S Coutu, CE Covault, A Creusot, A Criss, J Cronin, A Curutiu, S Dagoret-Campagne, R Dallier, S Dasso, K Daumiller, BR Dawson, RM de Almeida, M De Domenico, C De Donato, SJ de Jong, G De La Vega, DMWJM Jr, JRT de Mello Neto, I De Mitri, V de Souza, KD de Vries, L del Peral, M del Rio, O Deligny, H Dembinski, N Dhital, C Di Giulio, MLD Castro, PN Diep, F Diogo, C Dobrigkeit, W Docters, JC D'Olivo, PN Dong, A Dorofeev, JC dos Anjos, MT Dova, D D'Urso, I Dutan, J Ebr, R Engel, M Erdmann, CO Escobar, J Espadanal, A Etchegoyen, PFS Luis, IF Tapia, H Falcke, G Farrar, AC Fauth, N Fazzini, AP Ferguson, B Fick, A Filevich, A Filipcic, S Fliescher, CE Fracchiolla, ED Fraenkel, O Fratu, U Froehlich, B Fuchs, R Gaior, RF Gamarra, S Gambetta, B Garcia, STG Roca, D Garcia-Gamez, D Garcia-Pinto, A Gascon, H Gemmeke, PL Ghia, U Giaccari, M Giller, H Glass, MS Gold, G Golup, FG Albarracin, MG Berisso, PFG Vitale, P Goncalves, D Gonzalez, JG Gonzalez, B Gookin, A Gorgi, P Gouffon, E Grashorn, S Grebe, N Griffith, M Grigat, AF Grillo, Y Guardincerri, F Guarino, GP Guedes, A Guzman, P Hansen, D Harari, S Harmsma, TA Harrison, JL Harton, A Haungs, T Hebbeker, D Heck, AE Herve, C Hojvat, N Hollon, VC Holmes, P Homola, JR Hoerandel, A Horneffer, P Horvath, M Hrabovsky, D Huber, T Huege, A Insolia, F Ionita, A Italiano, C Jarne, S Jiraskova, M Josebachuili, K Kadija, KH Kampert, P Karhan, P Kasper, B Kegl, B Keilhauer, A Keivani, JL Kelley, E Kemp, RM Kieckhafer, HO Klages, M Kleifges, J Kleinfeller, J Knapp, D-H Koang, K Kotera, N Krohm, O Kroemer, D Kruppke-Hansen, F Kuehn, D Kuempel, JK Kulbartz, N Kunka, G La Rosa, C Lachaud, R Lauer, P Lautridou, S Le Coz, MSAB Leao, D Lebrun, P Lebrun, MAL de Oliveira, A Letessier-Selvon, I Lhenry-Yvon, K Link, R Lopez, AL Aguera, K Louedec, JL Bahilo, L Lu, A Lucero, M Ludwig, H Lyberis, C Macolino, S Maldera, D Mandat, P Mantsch, AG Mariazzi, J Marin, V Marin, IC Maris, HRM Falcon, G Marsella, D Martello, L Martin, H Martinez, OM Bravo, HJ Mathes, J Matthews, JAJ Matthews, G Matthiae, D Maurel, D Maurizio, PO Mazur, G Medina-Tanco, M Melissas, D Melo, E Menichetti, A Menshikov, P Mertsch, C Meurer, S Micanovic, MI Micheletti, L Miramonti, L Molina-Bueno, S Mollerach, M Monasor, DM Ragaigne, F Montanet, B Morales, C Morello, E Moreno, JC Moreno, M Mostafa, CA Moura, MA Muller, G Mueller, M Muenchmeyer, R Mussa, G Navarra, JL Navarro, S Navas, P Necesal, L Nellen, A Nelles, J Neuser, D Newton, PT Nhung, M Niechciol, L Niemietz, N Nierstenhoefer, D Nitz, D Nosek, L Nozka, M Nyklicek, J Oehlschlaeger, A Olinto, M Ortiz, N Pacheco, DP Selmi-Dei, M Palatka, J Pallotta, N Palmieri, G Parente, E Parizot, A Parra, S Pastor, T Paul, M Pech, J Pekala, R Pelayo, IM Pepe, L Perrone, R Pesce, E Petermann, S Petrera, P Petrinca, A Petrolini, Y Petrov, C Pfendner, R Piegaia, T Pierog, P Pieroni, M Pimenta, V Pirronello, M Platino, VH Ponce, M Pontz, A Porcelli, P Privitera, M Prouza, EJ Quel, S Querchfeld, J Rautenberg, O Ravel, D Ravignani, B Revenu, J Ridky, S Riggi, M Risse, P Ristori, H Rivera, V Rizi, J Roberts, WR de Carvalho, G Rodriguez, JR Martino, JR Rojo, I Rodriguez-Cabo, MD Rodriguez-Frias, G Ros, J Rosado, T Rossler, M Roth, B Rouille-d'Orfeuil, E Roulet, AC Rovero, C Ruehle, A Saftoiu, F Salamida, H Salazar, FS Greus, G Salina, F Sanchez, CE Santo, E Santos, EM Santos, F Sarazin, B Sarkar, S Sarkar, R Sato, N Scharf, V Scherini, H Schieler, P Schiffer, A Schmidt, O Scholten, H Schoorlemmer, J Schovancova, P Schovanek, F Schroeder, S Schulte, D Schuster, SJ Sciutto, M Scuderi, A Segreto, M Settimo, A Shadkam, RC Shellard, I Sidelnik, G Sigl, HHS Lopez, O Sima, A Smialkowski, R Smida, GR Snow, P Sommers, J Sorokin, H Spinka, R Squartini, YN Srivastava, S Stanic, J Stapleton, J Stasielak, M Stephan, A Stutz, F Suarez, T Suomijaervi, AD Supanitsky, T Susa, MS Sutherland, J Swain, Z Szadkowski, M Szuba, A Tapia, M Tartare, O Tascau, CGT Ruiz, R Tcaciuc, D Tegolo, NT Thao, D Thomas, J Tiffenberg, C Timmermans, W Tkaczyk, CJT Peixoto, G Toma, B Tome, A Tonachini, P Travnicek, DB Tridapalli, G Tristram, E Trovato, M Tueros, R Ulrich, M Unger, M Urban, JFV Galicia, I Valino, L Valore, AM van den Berg, E Varela, BV Cardenas, JR Vazquez, RA Vazquez, D Veberic, V Verzi, J Vicha, M Videla, L Villasenor, H Wahlberg, P Wahrlich, O Wainberg, D Walz, AA Watson, M Weber, K Weidenhaupt, A Weindl, F Werner, S Westerhoff, BJ Whelan, A Widom, G Wieczorek, L Wiencke, B Wilczynska, H Wilczynski, M Will, C Williams, T Winchen, M Wommer, B Wundheiler, T Yamamoto, T Yapici, P Younk, G Yuan, A Yushkov, B Zamorano, E Zas, D Zavrtanik, M Zavrtanik, I Zaw, A Zepeda, Y Zhu, MZ Silva, M Ziolkowski


REVIEW OF PARTICLE PHYSICS Particle Data Group

PHYSICAL REVIEW D 86 (2012) ARTN 010001

J Beringer, J-F Arguin, RM Barnett, K Copic, O Dahl, DE Groom, C-J Lin, J Lys, H Murayama, CG Wohl, W-M Yao, PA Zyla, C Amsler, M Antonelli, DM Asner, H Baer, HR Band, T Basaglia, CW Bauer, JJ Beatty, VI Belousov, E Bergren, G Bernardi, W Bertl, S Bethke, H Bichsel, O Biebel, E Blucher, S Blusk, G Brooijmans, O Buchmueller, RN Cahn, M Carena, A Ceccucci, D Chakraborty, M-C Chen, RS Chivukula, G Cowan, G D'Ambrosio, T Damour, D de Florian, A de Gouvea, T DeGrand, P de Jong, G Dissertori, B Dobrescu, M Doser, M Drees, DA Edwards, S Eidelman, J Erler, VV Ezhela, W Fetscher, BD Fields, B Foster, TK Gaisser, L Garren, H-J Gerber, G Gerbier, T Gherghetta, S Golwala, M Goodman, C Grab, AV Gritsan, J-F Grivaz, M Grunewald, A Gurtu, T Gutsche, HE Haber, K Hagiwara, C Hagmann, C Hanhart, S Hashimoto, KG Hayes, M Heffner, B Heltsley, JJ Hernandez-Rey, K Hikasa, A Hoecker, J Holder, A Holtkamp, J Huston, JD Jackson, KF Johnson, T Junk, D Karlen, D Kirkby, SR Klein, E Klempt, RV Kowalewski, F Krauss, M Kreps, B Krusche, YV Kuyanov, Y Kwon, O Lahav, J Laiho, P Langacker, A Liddle, Z Ligeti, TM Liss, L Littenberg, KS Lugovsky, SB Lugovsky, T Mannel, AV Manohar, WJ Marciano, AD Martin, A Masoni, J Matthews, D Milstead, R Miquel, K Moenig, F Moortgat, K Nakamura, M Narain, P Nason, S Navas, M Neubert, P Nevski, Y Nir, KA Olive, L Pape, J Parsons, C Patrignani, JA Peacock, ST Petcov, A Piepke, A Pomarol, G Punzi, A Quadt, S Raby, G Raffelt, BN Ratcliff, P Richardson, S Roesler, S Rolli, A Romaniouk, LJ Rosenberg, JL Rosner, CT Sachrajda, Y Sakai, GP Salam, S Sarkar, F Sauli, O Schneider, K Scholberg, D Scott, WG Seligman, MH Shaevitz, SR Sharpe, M Silari, T Sjostrand, P Skands, JG Smith, GF Smoot, S Spanier, H Spieler, A Stahl, T Stanev, SL Stone, T Sumiyoshi, MJ Syphers, F Takahashi, M Tanabashi, J Terning, M Titov, NP Tkachenko, NA Tornqvist, D Tovey, G Valencia, K van Bibber, G Venanzoni, MG Vincter, P Vogel, A Vogt, W Walkowiak, CW Walter, DR Ward, T Watari, G Weiglein, EJ Weinberg, LR Wiencke, L Wolfenstein, J Womersley, CL Woody, RL Workman, A Yamamoto, GP Zeller, OV Zenin, J Zhang, R-Y Zhu, PD Grp


Searches for periodic neutrino emission from binary systems with 22 and 40 strings of IceCube

Astrophysical Journal 748 (2012)

R Abbasi, Y Abdou, T Abu-Zayyad, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, MM Allen, D Altmann, K Andeen, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, R Bay, JL Bazo Alba, K Beattie, JJ Beatty, S Bechet, JK Becker, KH Becker, ML Benabderrahmane, S Benzvi, J Berdermann, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, D Bindig, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, J Blumenthal, DJ Boersma, C Bohm, D Bose, S Böser, O Botner, AM Brown, S Buitink, KS Caballero-Mora, M Carson, D Chirkin, B Christy, F Clevermann, S Cohen, C Colnard, DF Cowen, AH Cruz Silva, MV D'Agostino, M Danninger, J Daughhetee, JC Davis, C De Clercq, T Degner, L Demirörs, F Descamps, P Desiati, G De Vries-Uiterweerd, T Deyoung, JC Díaz-Vélez, M Dierckxsens, J Dreyer, JP Dumm, M Dunkman, J Eisch, RW Ellsworth, O Engdegrd, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, A Fedynitch, J Feintzeig, T Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, T Fischer-Wasels, BD Fox, A Franckowiak, R Franke, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JA Goodman, D Góra, D Grant, T Griesel, A Gro, S Grullon, M Gurtner, C Ha, A Haj Ismail, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Han, K Hanson

In this paper, we present the results of searches for periodic neutrino emission from a catalog of binary systems. Such modulation, observed in the photon flux, would be caused by the geometry of these systems. In the analysis, the period is fixed by these photon observations, while the phase and duration of the neutrino emission are treated as free parameters to be fit with the data. If the emission occurs during 20% or less of the total period, this analysis achieves better sensitivity than a time-integrated analysis. We use the IceCube data taken from 2007 May 31 to 2008 April 5 with its 22 string configuration and from 2008 April 5 to 2009 May 20 with its 40 string configuration. No evidence for neutrino emission is found, with the strongest excess occurring for CygnusX-3 at 2.1σ significance after accounting for trials. Neutrino flux upper limits for both periodic and time-integrated emission are provided. © 2012. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.


Search for ultrahigh energy neutrinos in highly inclined events at the Pierre Auger Observatory

PHYSICAL REVIEW D 84 (2011) ARTN 122005

P Abreu, M Aglietta, EJ Ahn, IFM Albuquerque, D Allard, I Allekotte, J Allen, P Allison, J Alvarez Castillo, J Alvarez-Muniz, M Ambrosio, A Aminaei, L Anchordoqui, S Andringa, T Anticic, A Anzalone, C Aramo, E Arganda, F Arqueros, H Asorey, P Assis, J Aublin, M Ave, M Avenier, G Avila, T Baecker, M Balzer, KB Barber, AF Barbosa, R Bardenet, SLC Barroso, B Baughman, J Baeuml, JJ Beatty, BR Becker, KH Becker, A Belletoile, JA Bellido, S BenZvi, C Berat, X Bertou, PL Biermann, P Billoir, F Blanco, M Blanco, C Bleve, H Bluemer, M Bohacova, D Boncioli, C Bonifazi, R Bonino, N Borodai, J Brack, P Brogueira, WC Brown, R Bruijn, P Buchholz, A Bueno, RE Burton, KS Caballero-Mora, L Caramete, R Caruso, A Castellina, O Catalano, G Cataldi, L Cazon, R Cester, J Chauvin, SH Cheng, A Chiavassa, JA Chinellato, A Chou, J Chudoba, RW Clay, MR Coluccia, R Conceicao, F Contreras, H Cook, MJ Cooper, J Coppens, A Cordier, S Coutu, CE Covault, A Creusot, A Criss, J Cronin, A Curutiu, S Dagoret-Campagne, R Dallier, S Dasso, K Daumiller, BR Dawson, RM de Almeida, M De Domenico, C De Donato, SJ de Jong, G De la Vega, WJM de Mello Junior, JRT de Mello Neto, I De Mitri, V de Souza, KD de Vries, G Decerprit, L del Peral, M del Rio, O Deligny, H Dembinski, N Dhital, C Di Giulio, JC Diaz, ML Diaz Castro, PN Diep, C Dobrigkeit, W Docters, JC D'Olivo, PN Dong, A Dorofeev, JC dos Anjos, MT Dova, D D'Urso, I Dutan, J Ebr, R Engel, M Erdmann, CO Escobar, J Espadanal, A Etchegoyen, PF San Luis, I Fajardo Tapia, H Falcke, G Farrar, AC Fauth, N Fazzini, AP Ferguson, A Ferrero, B Fick, A Filevich, A Filipcic, S Fliescher, CE Fracchiolla, ED Fraenkel, U Froehlich, B Fuchs, R Gaior, RF Gamarra, S Gambetta, B Garcia, DG Gamez, D Garcia-Pinto, A Gascon, H Gemmeke, K Gesterling, PL Ghia, U Giaccari, M Giller, H Glass, MS Gold, G Golup, F Gomez Albarracin, M Gomez Berisso, P Goncalves, D Gonzalez, JG Gonzalez, B Gookin, D Gora, A Gorgi, P Gouffon, SR Gozzini, E Grashorn, S Grebe, N Griffith, M Grigat, AF Grillo, Y Guardincerri, F Guarino, GP Guedes, A Guzman, JD Hague, P Hansen, D Harari, S Harmsma, TA Harrison, JL Harton, A Haungs, T Hebbeker, D Heck, AE Herve, C Hojvat, N Hollon, VC Holmes, P Homola, JR Hoerandel, A Horneffer, P Horvath, M Hrabovsky, T Huege, A Insolia, F Ionita, A Italiano, C Jarne, S Jiraskova, M Josebachuili, K Kadija, KH Kampert, P Karhan, P Kasper, B Kegl, B Keilhauer, A Keivani, JL Kelley, E Kemp, RM Kieckhafer, HO Klages, M Kleifges, J Kleinfeller, J Knapp, D-H Koang, K Kotera, N Krohm, O Kroemer, D Kruppke-Hansen, F Kuehn, D Kuempel, JK Kulbartz, N Kunka, G Rosa, C Lachaud, P Lautridou, MSAB Leao, D Lebrun, P Lebrun, MA Leigui de Oliveira, A Lemiere, A Letessier-Selvon, I Lhenry-Yvon, K Link, R Lopez, A Lopez Agueera, K Louedec, J Lozano Bahilo, L Lu, A Lucero, M Ludwig, H Lyberis, MC Maccarone, C Macolino, S Maldera, D Mandat, P Mantsch, AG Mariazzi, J Marin, V Marin, IC Maris, HR Marquez Falcon, G Marsella, D Martello, L Martin, H Martinez, O Martinez Bravo, HJ Mathes, J Matthews, JAJ Matthews, G Matthiae, D Maurizio, PO Mazur, G Medina-Tanco, M Melissas, D Melo, E Menichetti, A Menshikov, P Mertsch, C Meurer, S Micanovic, MI Micheletti, W Miller, L Miramonti, L Molina-Bueno, S Mollerach, M Monasor, DM Ragaigne, F Montanet, B Morales, C Morello, E Moreno, JC Moreno, C Morris, M Mostafa, CA Moura, S Mueller, MA Muller, G Mueller, M Muenchmeyer, R Mussa, G Navarra, JL Navarro, S Navas, P Necesal, L Nellen, A Nelles, J Neuser, D Newton, PT Nhung, L Niemietz, N Nierstenhoefer, D Nitz, D Nosek, L Nozka, M Nyklicek, J Oehlschlaeger, A Olinto, P Oliva, VM Olmos-Gilbaja, M Ortiz, N Pacheco, D Pakk Selmi-Dei, M Palatka, J Pallotta, N Palmieri, G Parente, E Parizot, A Parra, RD Parsons, S Pastor, T Paul, M Pech, J Pekala, R Pelayo, IM Pepe, L Perrone, R Pesce, E Petermann, S Petrera, P Petrinca, A Petrolini, Y Petrov, J Petrovic, C Pfendner, N Phan, R Piegaia, T Pierog, P Pieroni, M Pimenta, V Pirronello, M Platino, VH Ponce, M Pontz, P Privitera, M Prouza, EJ Quel, S Querchfeld, J Rautenberg, O Ravel, D Ravignani, B Revenu, J Ridky, S Riggi, M Risse, P Ristori, H Rivera, V Rizi, J Roberts, C Robledo, W Rodrigues de Carvalho, G Rodriguez, J Rodriguez Martino, J Rodriguez Rojo, I Rodriguez-Cabo, MD Rodriguez-Frias, G Ros, J Rosado, T Rossler, M Roth, B Rouille-d'Orfeuil, E Roulet, AC Rovero, C Ruehle, F Salamida, H Salazar, FS Greus, G Salina, F Sanchez, CE Santo, E Santos, EM Santos, F Sarazin, B Sarkar, S Sarkar, R Sato, N Scharf, V Scherini, H Schieler, P Schiffer, A Schmidt, F Schmidt, O Scholten, H Schoorlemmer, J Schovancova, P Schovanek, F Schroeder, S Schulte, D Schuster, SJ Sciutto, M Scuderi, A Segreto, M Settimo, A Shadkam, RC Shellard, I Sidelnik, G Sigl, HH Silva Lopez, A Smialkowski, R Smida, GR Snow, P Sommers, J Sorokin, H Spinka, R Squartini, S Stanic, J Stapleton, J Stasielak, M Stephan, E Strazzeri, A Stutz, F Suarez, T Suomijaervi, AD Supanitsky, T Susa, MS Sutherland, J Swain, Z Szadkowski, M Szuba, A Tamashiro, A Tapia, M Tartare, O Tascau, CG Tavera Ruiz, R Tcaciuc, D Tegolo, NT Thao, D Thomas, J Tiffenberg, C Timmermans, DK Tiwari, W Tkaczyk, CJ Todero Peixoto, B Tome, A Tonachini, P Travnicek, DB Tridapalli, G Tristram, E Trovato, M Tueros, R Ulrich, M Unger, M Urban, JF Valdes Galicia, I Valino, L Valore, AM van den Berg, E Varela, B Vargas Cardenas, JR Vazquez, RA Vazquez, D Veberic, V Verzi, J Vicha, M Videla, L Villasenor, H Wahlberg, P Wahrlich, O Wainberg, D Walz, D Warner, AA Watson, M Weber, K Weidenhaupt, A Weindl, S Westerhoff, BJ Whelan, G Wieczorek, L Wiencke, B Wilczynska, H Wilczynski, M Will, C Williams, T Winchen, MG Winnick, M Wommer, B Wundheiler, T Yamamoto, T Yapici, P Younk, G Yuan, A Yushkov, B Zamorano, E Zas, D Zavrtanik, M Zavrtanik, I Zaw, A Zepeda, M Zimbres Silva, M Ziolkowski, PA Collaboration


The effect of the geomagnetic field on cosmic ray energy estimates and large scale anisotropy searches on data from the Pierre Auger Observatory

Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics 2011 (2011)

P Abreu, M Aglietta, EJ Ahn, IFM Albuquerque, D Allard, I Allekotte, J Allen, P Allison, J Alvarez Castillo, J Alvarez-Muñiz, M Ambrosio, A Aminaei, L Anchordoqui, S Andringa, T Antičić, A Anzalone, C Aramo, E Arganda, F Arqueros, H Asorey, P Assis, J Aublin, M Ave, M Avenier, G Avila, T Bäcker, M Balzer, KB Barber, AF Barbosa, R Bardenet, SLC Barroso, B Baughman, J Bäuml, JJ Beatty, BR Becker, KH Becker, A Bellétoile, JA Bellido, S BenZvi, C Berat, X Bertou, PL Biermann, P Billoir, F Blanco, M Blanco, C Bleve, H Blümer, M Boháčová, D Boncioli, C Bonifazi, R Bonino, N Borodai, J Brack, P Brogueira, WC Brown, R Bruijn, P Buchholz, A Bueno, RE Burton, KS Caballero-Mora, L Caramete, R Caruso, A Castellina, O Catalano, G Cataldi, L Cazon, R Cester, J Chauvin, SH Cheng, A Chiavassa, JA Chinellato, A Chou, J Chudoba, RW Clay, MR Coluccia, R Conceiçào, F Contreras, H Cook, MJ Cooper, J Coppens, A Cordier, S Coutu, CE Covault, A Creusot, A Criss, J Cronin, A Curutiu, S Dagoret-Campagne, R Dallier, S Dasso, K Daumiller, BR Dawson, RM De Almeida, M De Domenico

We present a comprehensive study of the influence of the geomagnetic field on the energy estimation of extensive air showers with a zenith angle smaller than 60°, detected at the Pierre Auger Observatory. The geomagnetic field induces an azimuthal modulation of the estimated energy of cosmic rays up to the ∼ 2% level at large zenith angles. We present a method to account for this modulation of the reconstructed energy. We analyse the effect of the modulation on large scale anisotropy searches in the arrival direction distributions of cosmic rays. At a given energy, the geomagnetic effect is shown to induce a pseudo-dipolar pattern at the percent level in the declination distribution that needs to be accounted for. © 2011 IOP Publishing Ltd and SISSA.


Search for ultrahigh energy neutrinos in highly inclined events at the Pierre Auger Observatory

Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology 84 (2011)

P Abreu, M Aglietta, EJ Ahn, IFM Albuquerque, D Allard, I Allekotte, J Allen, P Allison, J Alvarez Castillo, J Alvarez-Muñiz, M Ambrosio, A Aminaei, L Anchordoqui, S Andringa, T Antičić, A Anzalone, C Aramo, E Arganda, F Arqueros, H Asorey, P Assis, J Aublin, M Ave, M Avenier, G Avila, T Bäcker, M Balzer, KB Barber, AF Barbosa, R Bardenet, SLC Barroso, B Baughman, J Bäuml, JJ Beatty, BR Becker, KH Becker, A Bellétoile, JA Bellido, S Benzvi, C Berat, X Bertou, PL Biermann, P Billoir, F Blanco, M Blanco, C Bleve, H Blümer, M Boháčová, D Boncioli, C Bonifazi, R Bonino, N Borodai, J Brack, P Brogueira, WC Brown, R Bruijn, P Buchholz, A Bueno, RE Burton, KS Caballero-Mora, L Caramete, R Caruso, A Castellina, O Catalano, G Cataldi, L Cazon, R Cester, J Chauvin, SH Cheng, A Chiavassa, JA Chinellato, A Chou, J Chudoba, RW Clay, MR Coluccia, R Conceição, F Contreras, H Cook, MJ Cooper, J Coppens, A Cordier, S Coutu, CE Covault, A Creusot, A Criss, J Cronin, A Curutiu, S Dagoret-Campagne, R Dallier, S Dasso, K Daumiller, BR Dawson, RM De Almeida, M De Domenico, C De Donato, SJ De Jong, G De La Vega, WJM De Mello Junior, JRT De Mello Neto, I De Mitri

The Surface Detector of the Pierre Auger Observatory is sensitive to neutrinos of all flavors above 0.1 EeV. These interact through charged and neutral currents in the atmosphere giving rise to extensive air showers. When interacting deeply in the atmosphere at nearly horizontal incidence, neutrinos can be distinguished from regular hadronic cosmic rays by the broad time structure of their shower signals in the water-Cherenkov detectors. In this paper we present for the first time an analysis based on down-going neutrinos. We describe the search procedure, the possible sources of background, the method to compute the exposure and the associated systematic uncertainties. No candidate neutrinos have been found in data collected from 1 January 2004 to 31 May 2010. Assuming an E-2 differential energy spectrum the limit on the single-flavor neutrino is E2dN/dE<1.74×10-7GeVcm -2s-1sr-1 at 90% C.L. in the energy range 1×1017eV<E<1×1020eV. © 2011 American Physical Society.


Constraints on the extremely-high energy cosmic neutrino flux with the IceCube 2008-2009 data (vol 83, 092003, 2011)

PHYSICAL REVIEW D 84 (2011) ARTN 079902

R Abbasi, Y Abdou, T Abu-Zayyad, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, K Andeen, J Auffenberg, X Bai, M Baker, SW Barwick, R Bay, JLB Alba, K Beattie, JJ Beatty, S Bechet, JK Becker, K-H Becker, ML Benabderrahmane, S BenZvi, J Berdermann, P Berghaus, D Berley, E Bernardini, D Bertrand, DZ Besson, D Bindig, M Bissok, E Blaufuss, J Blumenthal, DJ Boersma, C Bohm, D Bose, S Boeser, O Botner, J Braun, AM Brown, S Buitink, M Carson, D Chirkin, B Christy, J Clem, F Clevermann, S Cohen, C Colnard, DF Cowen, MV D'Agostino, M Danninger, J Daughhetee, JC Davis, C De Clercq, L Demiroers, T Denger, O Depaepe, F Descamps, P Desiati, G de Vries-Uiterweerd, T DeYoung, JC Diaz-Velez, M Dierckxsens, J Dreyer, JP Dumm, R Ehrlich, J Eisch, RW Ellsworth, O Engdegard, S Euler, PA Evenson, O Fadiran, AR Fazely, A Fedynitch, T Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, T Fischer-Wasels, MM Foerster, BD Fox, A Franckowiak, R Franke, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, M Geisler, L Gerhardt, L Gladstone, T Gluesenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JA Goodman, D Gora, D Grant, T Griesel, A Gross, S Grullon, M Gurtner, C Ha, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Han, K Hanson, D Heinen, K Helbing, P Herquet, S Hickford, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, A Homeier, K Hoshina, D Hubert, W Huelsnitz, J-P Huelss, PO Hulth, K Hultqvist, S Hussain, A Ishihara, J Jacobsen, GS Japaridze, H Johansson, JM Joseph, K-H Kampert, A Kappes, T Karg, A Karle, JL Kelley, P Kenny, J Kiryluk, F Kislat, SR Klein, J-H Koehne, G Kohnen, H Kolanoski, L Koepke, S Kopper, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, T Kowarik, M Krasberg, T Krings, G Kroll, T Kuwabara, M Labare, S Lafebre, K Laihem, H Landsman, MJ Larson, R Lauer, J Luenemann, J Madsen, P Majumdar, A Marotta, R Maruyama, K Mase, HS Matis, K Meagher, M Merck, P Meszaros, T Meures, E Middell, N Milke, J Miller, T Montaruli, R Morse, SM Movit, R Nahnhauer, JW Nam, U Naumann, P Niessen, DR Nygren, S Odrowski, A Olivas, M Olivo, A O'Murchadha, M Ono, S Panknin, L Paul, CP de los Heros, J Petrovic, A Piegsa, D Pieloth, R Porrata, J Posselt, PB Price, GT Przybylski, K Rawlins, P Redl, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Ribordy, A Rizzo, JP Rodrigues, P Roth, F Rothmaier, C Rott, T Ruhe, D Rutledge, B Ruzybayev, D Ryckbosch, H-G Sander, M Santander, S Sarkar, K Schatto, T Schmidt, A Schoenwald, A Schukraft, A Schultes, O Schulz, M Schunck, D Seckel, B Semburg, SH Seo, Y Sestayo, S Seunarine, A Silvestri, A Slipak, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, G Stephens, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, A Stoessl, S Stoyanov, EA Strahler, T Straszheim, M Stuer, GW Sullivan, Q Swillens, H Taavola, I Taboada, A Tamburro, A Tepe, S Ter-Antonyan, S Tilav, PA Toale, S Toscano, D Tosi, D Turcan, N van Eijndhoven, J Vandenbroucke, A Van Overloop, J van Santen, M Vehring, M Voge, C Walck, T Waldenmaier, M Wallraff, M Walter, C Weaver, C Wendt, S Westerhoff, N Whitehorn, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, DR Williams, R Wischnewski, H Wissing, M Wolf, TR Wood, K Woschnagg, C Xu, XW Xu, G Yodh, S Yoshida, P Zarzhitsky, I Collaboration

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