Publications by Subir Sarkar


Combined search for neutrinos from dark matter self-annihilation in the Galactic Centre with ANTARES and IceCube

Physical Review D: Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology American Physical Society (2020)

ANTARES Collaboration, A Albert, M André, M Anghinolfi, M Ardid, J-J Aubert, J Aublin, B Baret, S Basa, B Belhorma, V Bertin, S Biagi, M Bissinger, J Boumaaza, M Bouta, MC Bouwhuis, H Brânzaş, R Bruijn, J Brunner, J Busto, A Capone, L Caramete, J Carr, S Celli, M Chabab, TN Chau, RCE Moursli, T Chiarusi, M Circella, A Coleiro, M Colomer, R Coniglione, P Coyle, A Creusot, AF Díaz, A Deschamps, C Distefano, ID Palma, A Domi, C Donzaud, D Dornic, D Drouhin, T Eberl, NE Khayati, A Enzenhöfer, A Ettahiri, P Fermani, G Ferrara, F Filippini, L Fusco, P Gay, H Glotin, R Gozzini, RG Ruiz, K Graf, C Guidi, S Hallmann, HV Haren, AJ Heijboer, Y Hello, JJ Hernández-Rey, J Hößl, J Hofestädt, F Huang, G Illuminati, CW James, MD Jong, PD Jong, M Jongen, M Kadler, O Kalekin, U Katz, NR Khan-Chowdhury, A Kouchner, I Kreykenbohm, V Kulikovskiy, R Lahmann, RL Breton, D Lefèvre, E Leonora, G Levi, M Lincetto, D Lopez-Coto, S Loucatos, G Maggi, J Manczak, M Marcelin, A Margiotta, A Marinelli, JA Martínez-Mora, R Mele, K Melis, P Migliozzi, M Moser, A Moussa, R Muller, L Nauta, S Navas, E Nezri, C Nielsen, A Nuñez-Castiñeyra, B O'Fearraigh, M Organokov, GE Păvălaş, C Pellegrino, M Perrin-Terrin, P Piattelli, C Poirè, V Popa, T Pradier, N Randazzo, S Reck, G Riccobene, A Sánchez-Losa, DFE Samtleben, M Sanguineti, P Sapienza, F Schüssler, M Spurio, T Stolarczyk, B Strandberg, M Taiuti, Y Tayalati, T Thakore, SJ Tingay, A Trovato, B Vallage, VV Elewyck, F Versari, S Viola, D Vivolo, J Wilms, D Zaborov, A Zegarelli, JD Zornoza, J Zúñiga, I Collaboration, MG Aartsen, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, M Ahrens, C Alispach, K Andeen, T Anderson, I Ansseau, G Anton, C Argüelles, J Auffenberg, S Axani, H Bagherpour, X Bai, AB V, A Barbano, SW Barwick, B Bastian, V Baum, S Baur, R Bay, JJ Beatty, K-H Becker, JB Tjus, S BenZvi, D Berley, E Bernardini, DZ Besson, G Binder, D Bindig, E Blaufuss, S Blot, C Bohm, S Böser, O Botner, J Böttcher, E Bourbeau, J Bourbeau, F Bradascio, J Braun, S Bron, J Brostean-Kaiser, A Burgman, J Buscher, RS Busse, T Carver, C Chen, E Cheung, D Chirkin, S Choi, BA Clark, K Clark, L Classen, A Coleman, GH Collin, JM Conrad, P Coppin, P Correa, DF Cowen, R Cross, P Dave, CD Clercq, JJ DeLaunay, H Dembinski, K Deoskar, SD Ridder, P Desiati, KDD Vries, GD Wasseige, MD With, T DeYoung, A Diaz, JC Díaz-Vélez, H Dujmovic, M Dunkman, E Dvorak, B Eberhardt, T Ehrhardt, P Eller, R Engel, PA Evenson, S Fahey, AR Fazely, J Felde, K Filimonov, C Finley, D Fox, A Franckowiak, E Friedman, A Fritz, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, E Ganster, S Garrappa, L Gerhardt, K Ghorbani, T Glauch, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JG Gonzalez, D Grant, T Grégoire, Z Griffith, S Griswold, M Günder, M Gündüz, C Haack, A Hallgren, R Halliday, L Halve, F Halzen, K Hanson, A Haungs, D Hebecker, D Heereman, P Heix, K Helbing, R Hellauer, F Henningsen, S Hickford, J Hignight, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, R Hoffmann, T Hoinka, B Hokanson-Fasig, K Hoshina, M Huber, T Huber, K Hultqvist, M Hünnefeld, R Hussain, S In, N Iovine, A Ishihara, M Jansson, GS Japaridze, M Jeong, K Jero, BJP Jones, F Jonske, R Joppe, D Kang, W Kang, A Kappes, D Kappesser, T Karg, M Karl, A Karle, M Kauer, M Kellermann, JL Kelley, A Kheirandish, J Kim, T Kintscher, J Kiryluk, T Kittler, SR Klein, R Koirala, H Kolanoski, L Köpke, C Kopper, S Kopper, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, K Krings, G Krückl, N Kulacz, N Kurahashi, A Kyriacou, JL Lanfranchi, MJ Larson, F Lauber, JP Lazar, K Leonard, A Leszczyńska, QR Liu, E Lohfink, CJL Mariscal, L Lu, F Lucarelli, A Ludwig, J Lünemann, W Luszczak, Y Lyu, WY Ma, J Madsen, KBM Mahn, Y Makino, P Mallik, K Mallot, S Mancina, IC Mariş, R Maruyama, K Mase, R Maunu, F McNally, K Meagher, M Medici, A Medina, M Meier, S Meighen-Berger, G Merino, T Meures, J Micallef, D Mockler, G Momenté, T Montaruli, RW Moore, R Morse, M Moulai, P Muth, R Nagai, U Naumann, G Neer, LV Nguyen, H Niederhausen, MU Nisa, SC Nowicki, DR Nygren, AO Pollmann, M Oehler, A Olivas, A O'Murchadha, E O'Sullivan, T Palczewski, H Pandya, DV Pankova, N Park, P Peiffer, CPDL Heros, S Philippen, D Pieloth, S Pieper, E Pinat, A Pizzuto, M Plum, A Porcelli, PB Price, GT Przybylski, C Raab, A Raissi, M Rameez, L Rauch, K Rawlins, IC Rea, A Rehman, R Reimann, B Relethford, M Renschler, G Renzi, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Richman, S Robertson, M Rongen, C Rott, T Ruhe, D Ryckbosch, DR Cantu, I Safa, SES Herrera, A Sandrock, J Sandroos, M Santander, S Sarkar, S Sarkar, K Satalecka, M Schaufel, H Schieler, P Schlunder, T Schmidt, A Schneider, J Schneider, FG Schröder, L Schumacher, S Sclafani, D Seckel, S Seunarine, S Shefali, M Silva, R Snihur, J Soedingrekso, D Soldin, M Song, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, J Stachurska, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, R Stein, J Stettner, A Steuer, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, ASSS l, NL Strotjohann, T Stürwald, T Stuttard, GW Sullivan, I Taboada, F Tenholt, S Ter-Antonyan, A Terliuk, S Tilav, K Tollefson, L Tomankova, C Tönnis, S Toscano, D Tosi, A Trettin, M Tselengidou, CF Tung, A Turcati, R Turcotte, CF Turley, B Ty, E Unger, MAU Elorrieta, M Usner, J Vandenbroucke, WV Driessche, DV Eijk, NV Eijndhoven, JV Santen, S Verpoest, M Vraeghe, C Walck, A Wallace, M Wallraff, N Wandkowsky, TB Watson, C Weaver, A Weindl, MJ Weiss, J Weldert, C Wendt, J Werthebach, BJ Whelan, N Whitehorn, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, L Wille, DR Williams, L Wills, M Wolf, J Wood, TR Wood, K Woschnagg, G Wrede, J Wulff, DL Xu, XW Xu, Y Xu, JP Yanez, G Yodh, S Yoshida, T Yuan, M Zöcklein

We present the results of the first combined dark matter search targeting the Galactic Centre using the ANTARES and IceCube neutrino telescopes. For dark matter particles with masses from 50 to 1000 GeV, the sensitivities on the self-annihilation cross section set by ANTARES and IceCube are comparable, making this mass range particularly interesting for a joint analysis. Dark matter self-annihilation through the $\tau^+\tau^-$, $\mu^+\mu^-$, $b\bar{b}$ and $W^+W^-$ channels is considered for both the Navarro-Frenk-White and Burkert halo profiles. In the combination of 2,101.6 days of ANTARES data and 1,007 days of IceCube data, no excess over the expected background is observed. Limits on the thermally-averaged dark matter annihilation cross section $\langle\sigma_A\upsilon\rangle$ are set. These limits present an improvement of up to a factor of two in the studied dark matter mass range with respect to the individual limits published by both collaborations. When considering dark matter particles with a mass of 200 GeV annihilating through the $\tau^+\tau^-$ channel, the value obtained for the limit is $7.44 \times 10^{-24} \text{cm}^{3}\text{s}^{-1}$ for the Navarro-Frenk-White halo profile. For the purpose of this joint analysis, the model parameters and the likelihood are unified, providing a benchmark for forthcoming dark matter searches performed by neutrino telescopes.


Computational Techniques for the Analysis of Small Signals in High-Statistics Neutrino Oscillation Experiments

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors, and Associated Equipment Elsevier (2020)

D Altmann, K Andeen, T Anderson, R Cross, P Dave, M Day, JPAMD André, GD Wasseige, Z Griffith, C Haack, A Hallgren, F Halzen, K Hanson, N Iovine, A Ishihara, D Kang, A Kappes, D Kappesser, T Karg, J Kiryluk, T Kittler, Klein, R Koirala, H Kolanoski, DJ Koskinen

The current and upcoming generation of Very Large Volume Neutrino Telescopes - collecting unprecedented quantities of neutrino events - can be used to explore subtle effects in oscillation physics, such as (but not restricted to) the neutrino mass ordering. The sensitivity of an experiment to these effects can be estimated from Monte Carlo simulations. With the very high number of events that will be collected, there is a trade-off between the computational expense of running such simulations and the inherent statistical uncertainty in the determined values. In such a scenario, it becomes impractical to produce and use adequately-sized sets of simulated events to use with traditional methods, such as Monte Carlo weighting. In this work we present a staged approach to the generation of binned event distributions in order to overcome these challenges. By combining multiple integration and smoothing techniques which address limited statistics from simulation it arrives at reliable analysis results using modest computational resources.


eV-Scale Sterile Neutrino Search Using Eight Years of Atmospheric Muon Neutrino Data from the IceCube Neutrino Observatory

Physical Review Letters American Physical Society (APS) 125 (2020) 141801

MG Aartsen, R Abbasi, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, M Ahrens, C Alispach, NM Amin, K Andeen, T Anderson, I Ansseau, G Anton, C Argüelles, J Auffenberg, S Axani, H Bagherpour, X Bai, A Balagopal, A Barbano, SW Barwick, B Bastian, V Basu, V Baum, S Baur, R Bay, JJ Beatty, K-H Becker, J Becker Tjus, S BenZvi, D Berley, E Bernardini, DZ Besson, G Binder, D Bindig, E Blaufuss, S Blot, C Bohm, S Böser, O Botner, J Böttcher, E Bourbeau, J Bourbeau, F Bradascio, J Braun, S Bron, J Brostean-Kaiser, A Burgman, J Buscher, RS Busse, T Carver, C Chen, E Cheung, D Chirkin, S Choi, BA Clark, K Clark, L Classen, A Coleman, GH Collin, JM Conrad, P Coppin, P Correa, DF Cowen, R Cross, P Dave, C De Clercq, JJ DeLaunay, H Dembinski, K Deoskar, S De Ridder, A Desai, P Desiati, KD de Vries, G de Wasseige, M de With, T DeYoung, S Dharani, A Diaz, JC Díaz-Vélez, H Dujmovic, M Dunkman, MA DuVernois, E Dvorak, T Ehrhardt, P Eller, R Engel, PA Evenson, S Fahey, AR Fazely, A Fedynitch, J Felde, AT Fienberg, K Filimonov, C Finley, D Fox, A Franckowiak, E Friedman, A Fritz, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, E Ganster, S Garrappa, L Gerhardt, T Glauch, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JG Gonzalez, D Grant, T Grégoire, Z Griffith, S Griswold, M Günder, M Gündüz, C Haack, A Hallgren, R Halliday, L Halve, F Halzen, K Hanson, J Hardin, A Haungs, S Hauser, D Hebecker, D Heereman, P Heix, K Helbing, R Hellauer, F Henningsen, S Hickford, J Hignight, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, R Hoffmann, T Hoinka, B Hokanson-Fasig, K Hoshina, F Huang, M Huber, T Huber, K Hultqvist, M Hünnefeld, R Hussain, S In, N Iovine, A Ishihara, M Jansson, GS Japaridze, M Jeong, BJP Jones, F Jonske, R Joppe, D Kang, W Kang, A Kappes, D Kappesser, T Karg, M Karl, A Karle, U Katz, M Kauer, M Kellermann, JL Kelley, A Kheirandish, J Kim, T Kintscher, J Kiryluk, T Kittler, SR Klein, R Koirala, H Kolanoski, L Köpke, C Kopper, S Kopper, DJ Koskinen, P Koundal, M Kowalski, K Krings, G Krückl, N Kulacz, N Kurahashi, A Kyriacou, JL Lanfranchi, MJ Larson, F Lauber, JP Lazar, K Leonard, A Leszczyńska, Y Li, QR Liu, E Lohfink, CJ Lozano Mariscal, L Lu, F Lucarelli, A Ludwig, J Lünemann, W Luszczak, Y Lyu, WY Ma, J Madsen, G Maggi, KBM Mahn, Y Makino, P Mallik, S Mancina, IC Mariş, R Maruyama, K Mase, R Maunu, F McNally, K Meagher, M Medici, A Medina, M Meier, S Meighen-Berger, J Merz, T Meures, J Micallef, D Mockler, G Momenté, T Montaruli, RW Moore, R Morse, M Moulai, P Muth, R Nagai, U Naumann, G Neer, LV Nguyen, H Niederhausen, MU Nisa, SC Nowicki, DR Nygren, A Obertacke Pollmann, M Oehler, A Olivas, A O’Murchadha, E O’Sullivan, T Palczewski, H Pandya, DV Pankova, N Park, GK Parker, EN Paudel, P Peiffer, C Pérez de los Heros, S Philippen, D Pieloth, S Pieper, E Pinat, A Pizzuto, M Plum, Y Popovych, A Porcelli, M Prado Rodriguez, PB Price, GT Przybylski, C Raab, A Raissi, M Rameez, L Rauch, K Rawlins, IC Rea, A Rehman, R Reimann, B Relethford, M Renschler, G Renzi, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Richman, B Riedel, S Robertson, M Rongen, C Rott, T Ruhe, D Ryckbosch, D Rysewyk Cantu, I Safa, SE Sanchez Herrera, A Sandrock, J Sandroos, M Santander, S Sarkar, S Sarkar, K Satalecka, M Scharf, M Schaufel, H Schieler, P Schlunder, T Schmidt, A Schneider, J Schneider, FG Schröder, L Schumacher, S Sclafani, D Seckel, S Seunarine, S Shefali, M Silva, B Smithers, R Snihur, J Soedingrekso, D Soldin, M Song, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, J Stachurska, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, R Stein, J Stettner, A Steuer, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, A Stößl, NL Strotjohann, T Stürwald, T Stuttard, GW Sullivan, I Taboada, F Tenholt, S Ter-Antonyan, A Terliuk, S Tilav, K Tollefson, L Tomankova, C Tönnis, S Toscano, D Tosi, A Trettin, M Tselengidou, CF Tung, A Turcati, R Turcotte, CF Turley, B Ty, E Unger, MA Unland Elorrieta, M Usner, J Vandenbroucke, W Van Driessche, D van Eijk, N van Eijndhoven, D Vannerom, J van Santen, S Verpoest, M Vraeghe, C Walck, A Wallace, M Wallraff, TB Watson, C Weaver, A Weindl, MJ Weiss, J Weldert, C Wendt, J Werthebach, BJ Whelan, N Whitehorn, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, DR Williams, L Wills, M Wolf, TR Wood, K Woschnagg, G Wrede, J Wulff, XW Xu, Y Xu, JP Yanez, G Yodh, S Yoshida, T Yuan, Z Zhang, M Zöcklein


Review of Particle Physics

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics Oxford University Press (OUP) 2020 (2020)

PA Zyla, RM Barnett, J Beringer, O Dahl, DA Dwyer, DE Groom, C-J Lin, KS Lugovsky, E Pianori, DJ Robinson, CG Wohl, W-M Yao, K Agashe, G Aielli, BC Allanach, C Amsler, M Antonelli, EC Aschenauer, DM Asner, H Baer, S Banerjee, L Baudis, CW Bauer, JJ Beatty, VI Belousov, S Bethke, A Bettini, O Biebel, KM Black, E Blucher, O Buchmuller, V Burkert, MA Bychkov, RN Cahn, M Carena, A Ceccucci, A Cerri, D Chakraborty, RS Chivukula, G Cowan, G D'Ambrosio, T Damour, D de Florian, A de Gouvêa, T DeGrand, P de Jong, G Dissertori, BA Dobrescu, M D'Onofrio, M Doser, M Drees, HK Dreiner, P Eerola, U Egede, S Eidelman, J Ellis, J Erler, VV Ezhela, W Fetscher, BD Fields, B Foster, A Freitas, H Gallagher, L Garren, H-J Gerber, G Gerbier, T Gershon, Y Gershtein, T Gherghetta, AA Godizov, MC Gonzalez-Garcia, M Goodman, C Grab, AV Gritsan, C Grojean, M Grünewald, A Gurtu, T Gutsche, HE Haber, C Hanhart, S Hashimoto, Y Hayato, A Hebecker, S Heinemeyer, B Heltsley, JJ Hernández-Rey, K Hikasa, J Hisano, A Höcker, J Holder, A Holtkamp, J Huston, T Hyodo, KF Johnson, M Kado, M Karliner, UF Katz, M Kenzie, VA Khoze, SR Klein, E Klempt, RV Kowalewski, F Krauss, M Kreps, B Krusche, Y Kwon, O Lahav, J Laiho, LP Lellouch, J Lesgourgues, AR Liddle, Z Ligeti, C Lippmann, TM Liss, L Littenberg, C Lourengo, SB Lugovsky, A Lusiani, Y Makida, F Maltoni, T Mannel, AV Manohar, WJ Marciano, A Masoni, J Matthews, U-G Meißner, M Mikhasenko, DJ Miller, D Milstead, RE Mitchell, K Mönig, P Molaro, F Moortgat, M Moskovic, K Nakamura, M Narain, P Nason, S Navas, M Neubert, P Nevski, Y Nir, KA Olive, C Patrignani, JA Peacock, ST Petcov, VA Petrov, A Pich, A Piepke, A Pomarol, S Profumo, A Quadt, K Rabbertz, J Rademacker, G Raffelt, H Ramani, M Ramsey-Musolf, BN Ratcliff, P Richardson, A Ringwald, S Roesler, S Rolli, A Romaniouk, LJ Rosenberg, JL Rosner, G Rybka, M Ryskin, RA Ryutin, Y Sakai, GP Salam, S Sarkar, F Sauli, O Schneider, K Scholberg, AJ Schwartz, J Schwiening, D Scott, V Sharma, SR Sharpe, T Shutt, M Silari, T Sjöstrand, P Skands, T Skwarnicki, GF Smoot, A Soffer, MS Sozzi, S Spanier, C Spiering, A Stahl, SL Stone, Y Sumino, T Sumiyoshi, MJ Syphers, F Takahashi, M Tanabashi, J Tanaka, M Taševský, K Terashi, J Terning, U Thoma, RS Thorne, L Tiator, M Titov, NP Tkachenko, DR Tovey, K Trabelsi, P Urquijo, G Valencia, R Van de Water, N Varelas, G Venanzoni, L Verde, MG Vincter, P Vogel, W Vogelsang, A Vogt, V Vorobyev, SP Wakely, W Walkowiak, CW Walter, D Wands, MO Wascko, DH Weinberg, EJ Weinberg, M White, LR Wiencke, S Willocq, CL Woody, RL Workman, M Yokoyama, R Yoshida, G Zanderighi, GP Zeller, OV Zenin, R-Y Zhu, S-L Zhu, F Zimmermann, J Anderson, T Basaglia, VS Lugovsky, P Schaffner, W Zheng

<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title> <jats:p>The Review summarizes much of particle physics and cosmology. Using data from previous editions, plus 3,324 new measurements from 878 papers, we list, evaluate, and average measured properties of gauge bosons and the recently discovered Higgs boson, leptons, quarks, mesons, and baryons. We summarize searches for hypothetical particles such as supersymmetric particles, heavy bosons, axions, dark photons, etc. Particle properties and search limits are listed in Summary Tables. We give numerous tables, figures, formulae, and reviews of topics such as Higgs Boson Physics, Supersymmetry, Grand Unified Theories, Neutrino Mixing, Dark Energy, Dark Matter, Cosmology, Particle Detectors, Colliders, Probability and Statistics. Among the 120 reviews are many that are new or heavily revised, including a new review on High Energy Soft QCD and Diffraction and one on the Determination of CKM Angles from B Hadrons.</jats:p> <jats:p>The Review is divided into two volumes. Volume 1 includes the Summary Tables and 98 review articles. Volume 2 consists of the Particle Listings and contains also 22 reviews that address specific aspects of the data presented in the Listings.</jats:p> <jats:p>The complete Review (both volumes) is published online on the website of the Particle Data Group (pdg.lbl.gov) and in a journal. Volume 1 is available in print as the PDG Book. A Particle Physics Booklet with the Summary Tables and essential tables, figures, and equations from selected review articles is available in print and as a web version optimized for use on phones as well as an Android app.</jats:p>


IceCube Search for Neutrinos Coincident with Compact Binary Mergers from LIGO-Virgo's First Gravitational-Wave Transient Catalog

The Astrophysical Journal: an international review of astronomy and astronomical physics American Astronomical Society (2020)

MG Aartsen, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, M Ahrens, C Alispach, K Andeen, T Anderson, I Ansseau, G Anton, C Argüelles, J Auffenberg, S Axani, H Bagherpour, X Bai, AB V, A Barbano, I Bartos, SW Barwick, B Bastian, V Baum, S Baur, R Bay, JJ Beatty, K-H Becker, JB Tjus, S BenZvi, D Berley, E Bernardini, DZ Besson, G Binder, D Bindig, E Blaufuss, S Blot, C Bohm, S Böser, O Botner, J Böttcher, E Bourbeau, J Bourbeau, F Bradascio, J Braun, S Bron, J Brostean-Kaiser, A Burgman, J Buscher, RS Busse, T Carver, C Chen, E Cheung, D Chirkin, S Choi, BA Clark, K Clark, L Classen, A Coleman, GH Collin, JM Conrad, P Coppin, KR Corley, P Correa, S Countryman, DF Cowen, R Cross, P Dave, CD Clercq, JJ DeLaunay, H Dembinski, K Deoskar, SD Ridder, P Desiati, KDD Vries, GD Wasseige, MD With, T DeYoung, S Dharani, A Diaz, JC Díaz-Vélez, H Dujmovic, M Dunkman, E Dvorak, B Eberhardt, T Ehrhardt, P Eller, R Engel, PA Evenson, S Fahey, AR Fazely, J Felde, K Filimonov, C Finley, D Fox, A Franckowiak, E Friedman, A Fritz, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, E Ganster, S Garrappa, L Gerhardt, K Ghorbani, T Glauch, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JG Gonzalez, D Grant, T Grégoire, Z Griffith, S Griswold, M Günder, M Gündüz, C Haack, A Hallgren, R Halliday, L Halve, F Halzen, K Hanson, A Haungs, S Hauser, D Hebecker, D Heereman, P Heix, K Helbing, R Hellauer, F Henningsen, S Hickford, J Hignight, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, R Hoffmann, T Hoinka, B Hokanson-Fasig, K Hoshina, F Huang, M Huber, T Huber, K Hultqvist, M Hünnefeld, R Hussain, S In, N Iovine, A Ishihara, M Jansson, GS Japaridze, M Jeong, K Jero, BJP Jones, F Jonske, R Joppe, D Kang, W Kang, A Kappes, D Kappesser, T Karg, M Karl, A Karle, U Katz, M Kauer, A Keivani, M Kellermann, JL Kelley, A Kheirandish, J Kim, T Kintscher, J Kiryluk, T Kittler, SR Klein, R Koirala, H Kolanoski, L Köpke, C Kopper, S Kopper, DJ Koskinen, P Koundal, M Kowalski, K Krings, G Krückl, N Kulacz, N Kurahashi, A Kyriacou, JL Lanfranchi, MJ Larson, F Lauber, JP Lazar, K Leonard, A Leszczynska, Y Li, QR Liu, E Lohfink, CJL Mariscal, L Lu, F Lucarelli, A Ludwig, J Lünemann, W Luszczak, Y Lyu, WY Ma, J Madsen, G Maggi, KBM Mahn, Y Makino, P Mallik, K Mallot, S Mancina, IC Mariş, S Marka, Z Marka, R Maruyama, K Mase, R Maunu, F McNally, K Meagher, M Medici, A Medina, M Meier, S Meighen-Berger, G Merino, J Merz, T Meures, J Micallef, D Mockler, G Momenté, T Montaruli, RW Moore, R Morse, M Moulai, P Muth, R Nagai, U Naumann, G Neer, LV Nguyen, H Niederhausen, MU Nisa, SC Nowicki, DR Nygren, AO Pollmann, M Oehler, A Olivas, A O'Murchadha, E O'Sullivan, T Palczewski, H Pandya, DV Pankova, N Park, P Peiffer, CPDL Heros, S Philippen, D Pieloth, S Pieper, E Pinat, A Pizzuto, M Plum, Y Popovych, A Porcelli, PB Price, GT Przybylski, C Raab, A Raissi, M Rameez, L Rauch, K Rawlins, IC Rea, A Rehman, R Reimann, B Relethford, M Renschler, G Renzi, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Richman, S Robertson, M Rongen, C Rott, T Ruhe, D Ryckbosch, DR Cantu, I Safa, SES Herrera, A Sandrock, J Sandroos, M Santander, S Sarkar, S Sarkar, K Satalecka, M Scharf, M Schaufel, H Schieler, P Schlunder, T Schmidt, A Schneider, J Schneider, FG Schröder, L Schumacher, S Sclafani, D Seckel, S Seunarine, S Shefali, M Silva, R Snihur, J Soedingrekso, D Soldin, M Song, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, J Stachurska, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, R Stein, J Stettner, A Steuer, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, A Stössl, NL Strotjohann, T Stürwald, T Stuttard, GW Sullivan, I Taboada, F Tenholt, S Ter-Antonyan, A Terliuk, S Tilav, K Tollefson, L Tomankova, C Tönnis, S Toscano, D Tosi, A Trettin, M Tselengidou, CF Tung, A Turcati, R Turcotte, CF Turley, B Ty, E Unger, MAU Elorrieta, M Usner, J Vandenbroucke, WV Driessche, DV Eijk, NV Eijndhoven, JV Santen, S Verpoest, D Veske, M Vraeghe, C Walck, A Wallace, M Wallraff, N Wandkowsky, TB Watson, C Weaver, A Weindl, MJ Weiss, J Weldert, C Wendt, J Werthebach, BJ Whelan, N Whitehorn, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, L Wille, DR Williams, L Wills, M Wolf, J Wood, TR Wood, K Woschnagg, G Wrede, J Wulff, DL Xu, XW Xu, Y Xu, JP Yanez, G Yodh, S Yoshida, T Yuan, M Zöcklein

Using the IceCube Neutrino Observatory, we search for high-energy neutrino emission coincident with compact binary mergers observed by the LIGO and Virgo gravitational wave (GW) detectors during their first and second observing runs. We present results from two searches targeting emission coincident with the sky localization of each gravitational wave event within a 1000 second time window centered around the reported merger time. One search uses a model-independent unbinned maximum likelihood analysis, which uses neutrino data from IceCube to search for point-like neutrino sources consistent with the sky localization of GW events. The other uses the Low-Latency Algorithm for Multi-messenger Astrophysics, which incorporates astrophysical priors through a Bayesian framework and includes LIGO-Virgo detector characteristics to determine the association between the GW source and the neutrinos. No significant neutrino coincidence is seen by either search during the first two observing runs of the LIGO-Virgo detectors. We set upper limits on the time-integrated neutrino emission within the 1000 second window for each of the 11 GW events. These limits range from 0.02-0.7 $\mathrm{GeV~cm^{-2}}$. We also set limits on the total isotropic equivalent energy, $E_{\mathrm{iso}}$, emitted in high-energy neutrinos by each GW event. These limits range from 1.7 $\times$ 10$^{51}$ - 1.8 $\times$ 10$^{55}$ erg. We conclude with an outlook for LIGO-Virgo observing run O3, during which both analyses are running in real time.


In-situ calibration of the single-photoelectron charge response of the IceCube photomultiplier tubes

Journal of Instrumentation IOP Publishing (2020)

TI Collaboration

We describe an improved in-situ calibration of the single-photoelectron charge distributions for each of the in-ice Hamamatsu Photonics R7081-02[MOD] photomultiplier tubes in the IceCube Neutrino Observatory. The characterization of the individual PMT charge distributions is important for PMT calibration, data and Monte Carlo simulation agreement, and understanding the effect of hardware differences within the detector. We discuss the single photoelectron identification procedure and how we extract the single-photoelectron charge distribution using a deconvolution of the multiple-photoelectron charge distribution.


A Search for Neutrino Point-Source Populations in 7 Years of IceCube Data with Neutrino-count Statistics

The Astrophysical Journal: an international review of astronomy and astronomical physics American Astronomical Society (2020)

B Eberhardt, T Ehrhardt, P Eller, R Engel, A Fritz, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, E Ganster, S Garrappa, L Gerhardt, K Ghorbani, T Glauch, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JG Gonzalez, D Grant, S Griswold, F Huang, M Huber, T Huber, K Hultqvist, GS Japaridze, M Jeong, K Jero, BJP Jones

The presence of a population of point sources in a dataset modifies the underlying neutrino-count statistics from the Poisson distribution. This deviation can be exactly quantified using the non-Poissonian template fitting technique, and in this work we present the first application this approach to the IceCube high-energy neutrino dataset. Using this method, we search in 7 years of IceCube data for point-source populations correlated with the disk of the Milky Way, the Fermi bubbles, the Schlegel, Finkbeiner, and Davis dust map, or with the isotropic extragalactic sky. No evidence for such a population is found in the data using this technique, and in the absence of a signal we establish constraints on population models with source count distribution functions that can be described by a power-law with a single break. The derived limits can be interpreted in the context of many possible source classes. In order to enhance the flexibility of the results, we publish the full posterior from our analysis, which can be used to establish limits on specific population models that would contribute to the observed IceCube neutrino flux.


Transport of high-energy charged particles through spatially-intermittent turbulent magnetic fields

Astrophysical Journal American Astronomical Society 892 (2020) 114

LE Chen, AFA Bott, P Tzeferacos, A Rigby, A Bell, R Bingham, C Graziani, J Katz, R Petrasso, G Gregori, F Miniati

Identifying the sources of the highest energy cosmic rays requires understanding how they are deflected by the stochastic, spatially intermittent intergalactic magnetic field. Here we report measurements of energetic charged-particle propagation through a laser-produced magnetized plasma with these properties. We characterize the diffusive transport of the particles experimentally. The results show that the transport is diffusive and that, for the regime of interest for the highest-energy cosmic rays, the diffusion coefficient is unaffected by the spatial intermittency of the magnetic field.


ANTARES and IceCube Combined Search for Neutrino Point-like and Extended Sources in the Southern Sky

The Astrophysical Journal: an international review of astronomy and astronomical physics American Astronomical Society (2020)

ANTARES Collaboration, A Albert, M André, M Anghinolfi, G Anton, M Ardid, J-J Aubert, J Aublin, B Baret, S Basa, B Belhorma, V Bertin, S Biagi, M Bissinger, J Boumaaza, S Bourret, M Bouta, MC Bouwhuis, H Brânzaş, R Bruijn, J Brunner, J Busto, A Capone, L Caramete, M Chabab, S SARKAR, I Collaboration

A search for point-like and extended sources of cosmic neutrinos using data collected by the ANTARES and IceCube neutrino telescopes is presented. The data set consists of all the track-like and shower-like events pointing in the direction of the Southern Sky included in the nine-year ANTARES point-source analysis, combined with the through-going track-like events used in the seven-year IceCube point-source search. The advantageous field of view of ANTARES and the large size of IceCube are exploited to improve the sensitivity in the Southern Sky by a factor $\sim$2 compared to both individual analyses. In this work, the Southern Sky is scanned for possible excesses of spatial clustering, and the positions of preselected candidate sources are investigated. In addition, special focus is given to the region around the Galactic Centre, whereby a dedicated search at the location of SgrA* is performed, and to the location of the supernova remnant RXJ 1713.7-3946. No significant evidence for cosmic neutrino sources is found and upper limits on the flux from the various searches are presented.


Search for PeV Gamma-Ray Emission from the Southern Hemisphere with 5 Years of Data from the IceCube Observatory

The Astrophysical Journal: an international review of astronomy and astronomical physics American Astronomical Society (2020)

H Bagherpour, C Argüelles, J Auffenberg, T Anderson, I Ansseau, P Backes, G Anton, S Axani, X Bai, E Bernardini, DZ Besson, E Blaufuss, D Bindig, S BenZvi, D Berley, JB Tjus, G Binder, S Blot, J Brostean-Kaiser, RS Busse, D Chirkin, A Burgman, J Buscher, T Carver, E Cheung

The measurement of diffuse PeV gamma-ray emission from the Galactic plane would provide information about the energy spectrum and propagation of Galactic cosmic rays, and the detection of a point-like source of PeV gamma rays would be strong evidence for a Galactic source capable of accelerating cosmic rays up to at least a few PeV. This paper presents several un-binned maximum likelihood searches for PeV gamma rays in the Southern Hemisphere using 5 years of data from the IceTop air shower surface detector and the in-ice array of the IceCube Observatory. The combination of both detectors takes advantage of the low muon content and deep shower maximum of gamma-ray air showers, and provides excellent sensitivity to gamma rays between $\sim$0.6 PeV and 100 PeV. Our measurements of point-like and diffuse Galactic emission of PeV gamma rays are consistent with background, so we constrain the angle-integrated diffuse gamma-ray flux from the Galactic Plane at 2 PeV to $2.61 \times 10^{-19}$ cm$^{-2}$ s$^{-1}$ TeV$^{-1}$ at 90% confidence, assuming an E$^{-3}$ spectrum, and we estimate 90% upper limits on point-like emission at 2 PeV between 10$^{-21}$ - 10$^{-20}$ cm$^{-2}$ s$^{-1}$ TeV$^{-1}$ for an E$^{-2}$ spectrum, depending on declination. Furthermore, we exclude unbroken power-law emission up to 2 PeV for several TeV gamma-ray sources observed by H.E.S.S., and calculate upper limits on the energy cutoffs of these sources at 90% confidence. We also find no PeV gamma rays correlated with neutrinos from IceCube's high-energy starting event sample. These are currently the strongest constraints on PeV gamma-ray emission.


A Search for MeV to TeV Neutrinos from Fast Radio Bursts with IceCube

The Astrophysical Journal: an international review of astronomy and astronomical physics American Astronomical Society (2020)

GW Sullivan, T Stürwald, K Tollefson, T Stuttard, L Tomankova, A Terliuk, F Tenholt, I Taboada, S Tilav, M Tselengidou, S Toscano, CF Turley, A Turcati, R Turcotte, C Tönnis, A Trettin, CF Tung, D Tosi, J Vandenbroucke, MAU Elorrieta, NV Eijndhoven, WV Driessche, S Vanheule, E Unger, M Usner

We present two searches for IceCube neutrino events coincident with 28 fast radio bursts (FRBs) and one repeating FRB. The first improves upon a previous IceCube analysis -- searching for spatial and temporal correlation of events with FRBs at energies greater than roughly 50 GeV -- by increasing the effective area by an order of magnitude. The second is a search for temporal correlation of MeV neutrino events with FRBs. No significant correlation is found in either search, therefore, we set upper limits on the time-integrated neutrino flux emitted by FRBs for a range of emission timescales less than one day. These are the first limits on FRB neutrino emission at the MeV scale, and the limits set at higher energies are an order-of-magnitude improvement over those set by any neutrino telescope.


Time-integrated Neutrino Source Searches with 10 years of IceCube Data

Physical Review Letters American Physical Society (2020)

S Robertson, M Rongen, C Rott, T Ruhe, D Ryckbosch, D Rysewyk, I Safa, SES Herrera, A Sandrock, J Sandroos, M Santander, SUBIR Sarkar, S SARKAR, K Satalecka, M Schaufel, H Schieler, P Schlunder, T Schmidt, A Schneider, J Schneider, FG Schröder, L Schumacher, S Sclafani, D Seckel, S Seunarine

This paper presents the results from point-like neutrino source searches using ten years of IceCube data collected between Apr.~6, 2008 and Jul.~10, 2018. We evaluate the significance of an astrophysical signal from a point-like source looking for an excess of clustered neutrino events with energies typically above $\sim1\,$TeV among the background of atmospheric muons and neutrinos. We perform a full-sky scan, a search within a selected source catalog, a catalog population study, and three stacked Galactic catalog searches. The most significant point in the Northern hemisphere from scanning the sky is coincident with the Seyfert II galaxy NGC 1068, which was included in the source catalog search. The excess at the coordinates of NGC 1068 is inconsistent with background expectations at the level of $2.9\,\sigma$ after accounting for statistical trials. The combination of this result along with excesses observed at the coordinates of three other sources, including TXS 0506+056, suggests that, collectively, correlations with sources in the Northern catalog are inconsistent with background at 3.3$\,\sigma$ significance. These results, all based on searches for a cumulative neutrino signal integrated over the ten years of available data, motivate further study of these and similar sources, including time-dependent analyses, multimessenger correlations, and the possibility of stronger evidence with coming upgrades to the detector.


Design and Performance of the first IceAct Demonstrator at the South Pole

Journal of Instrumentation IOP Publishing (2020)

GW Sullivan, I Taboada, A Taketa, S Ter-Antonyan, HKM Tanaka, F Tenholt, A Terliuk, S Tilav, K Tollefson, L Tomankova, C Tönnis, S Toscano, D Tosi, M Tselengidou, A Turcati, A Trettin, CF Tung, R Turcotte, CF Turley, MAU Elorrieta, B Ty, E Unger, J Vandenbroucke, M Usner, WV Driessche

In this paper we describe the first results of a compact imaging air-Cherenkov telescope, IceAct, operating in coincidence with the IceCube Neutrino Observatory (IceCube) at the geographic South Pole. An array of IceAct telescopes (referred to as the IceAct project) is under consideration as part of the IceCube-Gen2 extension to IceCube. Surface detectors in general will be a powerful tool in IceCube-Gen2 for distinguishing astrophysical neutrinos from the dominant backgrounds of cosmic-ray induced atmospheric muons and neutrinos: the IceTop array is already in place as part of IceCube, but has a high energy threshold. Although the duty cycle will be lower for the IceAct telescopes than the present IceTop tanks, the IceAct telescopes may prove to be more effective at lowering the detection threshold for air showers. Additionally, small imaging air-Cherenkov telescopes in combination with IceTop, the deep IceCube detector or other future detector systems might improve measurements of the composition of the cosmic ray energy spectrum. In this paper we present measurements of a first 7-pixel imaging air Cherenkov telescope demonstrator, proving the capability of this technology to measure air showers at the South Pole in coincidence with IceTop and the deep IceCube detector.


Development of an analysis to probe the neutrino mass ordering with atmospheric neutrinos using three years of IceCube DeepCore data: IceCube Collaboration

European Physical Journal C 80 (2020)

MG Aartsen, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, M Ahrens, C Alispach, K Andeen, T Anderson, I Ansseau, G Anton, C Argüelles, J Auffenberg, S Axani, P Backes, H Bagherpour, X Bai, A Barbano, SW Barwick, V Baum, R Bay, JJ Beatty, KH Becker, JB Tjus, S BenZvi, D Berley, E Bernardini, DZ Besson, G Binder, D Bindig, E Blaufuss, S Blot, C Bohm, M Börner, S Böser, O Botner, E Bourbeau, J Bourbeau, F Bradascio, J Braun, HP Bretz, S Bron, J Brostean-Kaiser, A Burgman, RS Busse, T Carver, C Chen, E Cheung, D Chirkin, K Clark, L Classen, GH Collin, JM Conrad, P Coppin, P Correa, DF Cowen, R Cross, P Dave, JPAM de André, C De Clercq, JJ DeLaunay, H Dembinski, K Deoskar, S De Ridder, P Desiati, KD de Vries, G de Wasseige, M de With, T DeYoung, A Diaz, JC Díaz-Vélez, H Dujmovic, M Dunkman, E Dvorak, B Eberhardt, T Ehrhardt, B Eichmann, P Eller, JJ Evans, PA Evenson, S Fahey, AR Fazely, J Felde, K Filimonov, C Finley, A Franckowiak, E Friedman, A Fritz, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, E Ganster, S Garrappa, L Gerhardt, K Ghorbani, T Glauch, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JG Gonzalez, D Grant, Z Griffith

© 2020, The Author(s). The Neutrino Mass Ordering (NMO) remains one of the outstanding questions in the field of neutrino physics. One strategy to measure the NMO is to observe matter effects in the oscillation pattern of atmospheric neutrinos above ∼1GeV, as proposed for several next-generation neutrino experiments. Moreover, the existing IceCube DeepCore detector can already explore this type of measurement. We present the development and application of two independent analyses to search for the signature of the NMO with three years of DeepCore data. These analyses include a full treatment of systematic uncertainties and a statistically-rigorous method to determine the significance for the NMO from a fit to the data. Both analyses show that the dataset is fully compatible with both mass orderings. For the more sensitive analysis, we observe a preference for normal ordering with a p-value of pIO= 15.3 % and CL s= 53.3 % for the inverted ordering hypothesis, while the experimental results from both analyses are consistent within their uncertainties. Since the result is independent of the value of δCP and obtained from energies Eν≳5GeV, it is complementary to recent results from long-baseline experiments. These analyses set the groundwork for the future of this measurement with more capable detectors, such as the IceCube Upgrade and the proposed PINGU detector.


A response to Rubin &amp; Heitlauf: "Is the expansion of the universe accelerating? All signs \emph{still} point to yes"

arXiv (2019)

J Colin, R Mohayaee, M Rameez, SUBIR Sarkar

We have shown (Colin et al. 2019) that the acceleration of the Hubble expansion rate inferred from Type Ia supernovae is essentially a dipole with 3.9$\sigma$ significance, approximately aligned with the CMB dipole, while its monopole component which may be interpreted as due to a Cosmological Constant (or more generally dark energy) is consistent with zero at 1.4$\sigma$. This is challenged by Rubin &amp; Heitlauf (2019) who assert that we incorrectly assumed the supernova light-curve parameters to be independent of redshift, and erred further in considering their measured redshifts (in the heliocentric frame) rather than transforming them to the CMB frame (in which the universe supposedly looks isotropic). We emphasize that our procedure is justified and that their criticism serves only to highlight the rather "arbitrary corrections" that are made to the data in order to infer isotropic cosmic acceleration. This is a vivid illustration of the 'Cosmological Fitting Problem' faced by observers who live in an inhomogeneous universe but still use the maximally symmetric FLRW cosmolgy to interpret observations.


Evidence for anisotropy of cosmic acceleration

Astronomy and Astrophysics: a European journal EDP Sciences (2019)

J Colin, R Mohayaee, M Rameez, S Sarkar

Observations reveal a `bulk flow' in the local Universe which is faster and extends to much larger scales than is expected around a typical observer in the standard $\Lambda$CDM cosmology. This is expected to result in a scale-dependent dipolar modulation of the acceleration of the expansion rate inferred from observations of objects within the bulk flow. From a maximum-likelihood analysis of the Joint Lightcurve Analysis (JLA) catalogue of Type Ia supernovae we find that the deceleration parameter, in addition to a small monopole, indeed has a much bigger dipole component aligned with the CMB dipole which falls exponentially with redshift $z$: $q_0 = q_\mathrm{m} + \vec{q}_\mathrm{d}.\hat{n}\exp(-z/S)$. The best fit to data yields $q_\mathrm{d} = -8.03$ and $S = 0.0262~(\Rightarrow d \sim 100~\mathrm{Mpc})$, rejecting isotropy ($q_\mathrm{d} = 0$) with $3.9\sigma$ statistical significance, while $q_\mathrm{m} = -0.157$ and consistent with no acceleration ($q_\mathrm{m} = 0$) at $1.4\sigma$. Thus the cosmic acceleration deduced from supernovae may be an artefact of our being non-Copernican observers, rather than evidence for a dominant component of `dark energy' in the Universe.


Is there really a `Hubble tension'?

arXiv (2019)

M Rameez, SUBIR Sarkar

Errors in redshift measurements as small as $\Delta z \sim 0.0001$ can have significant impact on the value of inferred cosmological parameters such as $H_0$ (Davis et al. 2019). We have earlier reported that the redshifts of over 100 Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) which are in common between the SDSSII-SNLS3 Joint Lightcurve Analysis (JLA) catalogue (Betoule et al. 2014) and the subsequent Pantheon compilation (Scolnic et al. 2018) are discrepant - some by as much as $\Delta z \sim 0.1$ (Rameez 2019a). We study the impact of this on the inferred value of $H_0$ using calibrations of the supernova absolute magnitude via the 'local distance ladder' (Riess et al. 2016). For supernovae with $\Delta z &gt; 0.025$, the JLA redshifts favour $H_0 \sim 72$~km~s$^{-1}$Mpc$^{-1}$, while the Pantheon redshifts favour $H_0 \sim 68$~km~s$^{-1}$Mpc$^{-1}$. For comparison the value inferred (assuming the flat $\Lambda$CDM model) from the Planck data on CMB anisotropies is $H_0 \sim 67.4 \pm 0.5$~km~s$^{-1}$Mpc$^{-1}$ (Aghanim et al. 2018). Thus the systematic uncertainties that apparently still plague the distance ladder measurement of $H_0$ undermine the significance of the discrepancy claimed by Riess et al. (2019).


Cosmic ray spectrum and composition from PeV to EeV using 3 years of data from IceTop and IceCube

PHYSICAL REVIEW D 100 (2019) ARTN 082002

MG Aartsen, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, M Ahrens, C Alispach, K Andeen, T Anderson, I Ansseau, G Anton, C Arguelles, J Auffenberg, S Axani, P Backes, H Bagherpour, X Bai, A Barbano, SW Barwick, V Baum, S Baur, R Bay, JJ Beatty, K-H Becker, JB Tjus, S BenZvi, D Berley, E Bernardini, DZ Besson, G Binder, D Bindig, E Blaufuss, S Blot, C Bohm, M Boerner, S Boeser, O Botner, J Boettcher, E Bourbeau, J Bourbeau, F Bradascio, J Braun, H-P Bretz, S Bron, J Brostean-Kaiser, A Burgman, J Buscher, RS Busse, T Carver, C Chen, E Cheung, D Chirkin, K Clark, L Classen, GH Collin, JM Conrad, P Coppin, P Correa, DF Cowen, R Cross, P Dave, JPAM de Andre, C De Clercq, JJ DeLaunay, H Dembinski, K Deoskar, S De Ridder, P Desiati, KD de Vries, G de Wasseige, M de With, T DeYoung, A Diaz, JC Diaz-Velez, H Dujmovic, M Dunkman, E Dvorak, B Eberhardt, T Ehrhardt, P Eller, PA Evenson, S Fahey, AR Fazely, J Felde, T Feusels, K Filimonov, C Finley, A Franckowiak, E Friedman, A Fritz, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, E Ganster, S Garrappa, L Gerhardt, K Ghorbani, T Glauch, T Gluesenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JG Gonzalez, D Grant, Z Griffith, M Guender, M Guenduez, C Haack, A Hallgren, L Halve, F Halzen, K Hanson, D Hebecker, D Heereman, P Heix, K Helbing, R Hellauer, F Henningsen, S Hickford, J Hignight, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, R Hoffmann, T Hoinka, B Hokanson-Fasig, K Hoshina, F Huang, M Huber, K Hultqvist, M Huennefeld, R Hussain, S In, N Iovine, A Ishihara, E Jacobi, GS Japaridze, M Jeong, K Jero, BJP Jones, F Jonske, R Joppe, W Kang, A Kappes, D Kappesser, T Karg, M Karl, A Karle, U Katz, M Kauer, JL Kelley, A Kheirandish, J Kim, T Kintscher, J Kiryluk, T Kittler, SR Klein, R Koirala, H Kolanoski, L Koepke, C Kopper, S Kopper, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, K Krings, G Krueckl, N Kulacz, S Kunwar, N Kurahashi, A Kyriacou, M Labare, JL Lanfranchi, MJ Larson, F Lauber, JP Lazar, K Leonard, M Leuermann, QR Liu, E Lohfink, CJL Mariscal, L Lu, F Lucarelli, J Lunemann, W Luszczak, J Madsen, G Maggi, KBM Mahn, Y Makino, P Mallik, K Mallot, S Mancina, IC Mari, R Maruyama, K Mase, R Maunu, K Meagher, M Medici, A Medina, M Meier, S Meighen-Berger, T Menne, G Merino, T Meures, S Miarecki, J Micallef, G Momente, T Montaruli, RW Moore, R Morse, M Moulai, P Muth, R Nagai, R Nahnhauer, P Nakarmi, U Naumann, G Neer, H Niederhausen, SC Nowicki, DR Nygren, AO Pollmann, A Olivas, A O'Murchadha, E O'Sullivan, T Palczewski, H Pandya, DV Pankova, N Park, P Peiffer, CP de los Heros, S Philippen, D Pieloth, E Pinat, A Pizzuto, M Plum, A Porcelli, PB Price, GT Przybylski, C Raab, A Raissi, M Rameez, L Rauch, K Rawlins, IC Rea, R Reimann, B Relethford, G Renzi, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Richman, S Robertson, M Rongen, C Rott, T Ruhe, D Ryckbosch, D Rysewyk, I Safa, SES Herrera, A Sandrock, J Sandroos, M Santander, S Sarkar, K Satalecka, M Schaufel, P Schlunder, T Schmidt, A Schneider, J Schneider, L Schumacher, S Sclafani, D Seckel, S Seunarine, S Shefali, M Silva, R Snihur, J Soedingrekso, D Soldin, M Song, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, J Stachurska, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, A Stasik, R Stein, J Stettner, A Steuer, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, A Stossl, NL Strotjohann, T Stuerwald, T Stuttard, GW Sullivan, M Sutherland, I Taboada, F Tenholt, S Ter-Antonyan, A Terliuk, S Tilav, L Tomankova, C Tonnis, S Toscano, D Tosi, M Tselengidou, CF Tung, A Turcati, R Turcotte, CF Turley, B Ty, E Unger, MAU Elorrieta, M Usner, J Vandenbroucke, W Van Driessche, D van Eijk, N van Eijndhoven, S Vanheule, J van Santen, M Vraeghe, C Walck, A Wallace, M Wallraff, N Wandkowsky, TB Watson, C Weaver, MJ Weiss, J Weldert, C Wendt, J Werthebach, S Westerhoff, BJ Whelan, N Whitehorn, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, L Wille, DR Williams, L Wills, M Wolf, J Wood, TR Wood, K Woschnagg, G Wrede, DL Xu, XW Xu, Y Xu, JP Yanez, G Yodh, S Yoshida, T Yuan, M Zoecklein, I Collaboration


Efficient propagation of systematic uncertainties from calibration to analysis with the SnowStorm method in IceCube

Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics IOP Publishing 2019 (2019) 048-048

MG Aartsen, M Ackermann, J Adams, JA Aguilar, M Ahlers, C Alispach, BA Atoum, K Andeen, T Anderson, I Ansseau, G Anton, C Argüelles, J Auffenberg, S Axani, P Backes, H Bagherpour, X Bai, AB V., A Barbano, SW Barwick, B Bastian, V Baum, S Baur, R Bay, JJ Beatty, K-H Becker, JB Tjus, S BenZvi, D Berley, E Bernardini, DZ Besson, G Binder, D Bindig, E Blaufuss, S Blot, C Bohm, M Börner, S Böser, O Botner, J Böttcher, E Bourbeau, J Bourbeau, F Bradascio, J Braun, S Bron, J Brostean-Kaiser, A Burgman, J Buscher, RS Busse, T Carver, C Chen, E Cheung, D Chirkin, S Choi, K Clark, L Classen, A Coleman, GH Collin, JM Conrad, P Coppin, P Correa, DF Cowen, R Cross, P Dave, CD Clercq, JJ DeLaunay, H Dembinski, K Deoskar, SD Ridder, P Desiati, KD de Vries, G de Wasseige, M de With, T DeYoung, A Diaz, JC Díaz-Vélez, H Dujmovic, M Dunkman, E Dvorak, B Eberhardt, T Ehrhardt, P Eller, R Engel, PA Evenson, S Fahey, AR Fazely, J Felde, K Filimonov, C Finley, A Franckowiak, E Friedman, A Fritz, TK Gaisser, J Gallagher, E Ganster, S Garrappa, L Gerhardt, K Ghorbani, T Glauch, T Glüsenkamp, A Goldschmidt, JG Gonzalez, D Grant, Z Griffith, S Griswold, M Günder, M Gündüz, C Haack, A Hallgren, L Halve, F Halzen, K Hanson, A Haungs, D Hebecker, D Heereman, P Heix, K Helbing, R Hellauer, F Henningsen, S Hickford, J Hignight, GC Hill, KD Hoffman, R Hoffmann, T Hoinka, B Hokanson-Fasig, K Hoshina, F Huang, M Huber, T Huber, K Hultqvist, M Hünnefeld, R Hussain, S In, N Iovine, A Ishihara, GS Japaridze, M Jeong, K Jero, BJP Jones, F Jonske, R Joppe, D Kang, W Kang, A Kappes, D Kappesser, T Karg, M Karl, A Karle, U Katz, M Kauer, JL Kelley, A Kheirandish, J Kim, T Kintscher, J Kiryluk, T Kittler, SR Klein, R Koirala, H Kolanoski, L Köpke, C Kopper, S Kopper, DJ Koskinen, M Kowalski, K Krings, G Krückl, N Kulacz, N Kurahashi, A Kyriacou, M Labare, JL Lanfranchi, MJ Larson, F Lauber, JP Lazar, K Leonard, A Leszczyńska, M Leuermann, QR Liu, E Lohfink, CJL Mariscal, L Lu, F Lucarelli, J Lünemann, W Luszczak, Y Lyu, WY Ma, J Madsen, G Maggi, KBM Mahn, Y Makino, P Mallik, K Mallot, S Mancina, IC Mariş, R Maruyama, K Mase, R Maunu, F McNally, K Meagher, M Medici, A Medina, M Meier, S Meighen-Berger, T Menne, G Merino, T Meures, J Micallef, D Mockler, G Momenté, T Montaruli, RW Moore, R Morse, M Moulai, P Muth, R Nagai, U Naumann, G Neer, H Niederhausen, SC Nowicki, DR Nygren, AO Pollmann, M Oehler, A Olivas, A O'Murchadha, E O'Sullivan, T Palczewski, H Pandya, DV Pankova, N Park, P Peiffer, C Pérez de los Heros, S Philippen, D Pieloth, E Pinat, A Pizzuto, M Plum, A Porcelli, PB Price, GT Przybylski, C Raab, A Raissi, M Rameez, L Rauch, K Rawlins, IC Rea, R Reimann, B Relethford, M Renschler, G Renzi, E Resconi, W Rhode, M Richman, S Robertson, M Rongen, C Rott, T Ruhe, D Ryckbosch, D Rysewyk, I Safa, SES Herrera, A Sandrock, J Sandroos, M Santander, S Sarkar, S Sarkar, K Satalecka, M Schaufel, H Schieler, P Schlunder, T Schmidt, A Schneider, J Schneider, FG Schröder, L Schumacher, S Sclafani, D Seckel, S Seunarine, S Shefali, M Silva, R Snihur, J Soedingrekso, D Soldin, M Song, GM Spiczak, C Spiering, J Stachurska, M Stamatikos, T Stanev, R Stein, P Steinmüller, J Stettner, A Steuer, T Stezelberger, RG Stokstad, A Stößl, NL Strotjohann, T Stürwald, T Stuttard, GW Sullivan, I Taboada, F Tenholt, S Ter-Antonyan, A Terliuk, S Tilav, K Tollefson, L Tomankova, C Tönnis, S Toscano, D Tosi, A Trettin, M Tselengidou, CF Tung, A Turcati, R Turcotte, CF Turley, B Ty, E Unger, MAU Elorrieta, M Usner, J Vandenbroucke, WV Driessche, DV Eijk, NV Eijndhoven, S Vanheule, JV Santen, M Vraeghe, C Walck, A Wallace, M Wallraff, N Wandkowsky, TB Watson, C Weaver, A Weindl, MJ Weiss, J Weldert, C Wendt, J Werthebach, BJ Whelan, N Whitehorn, K Wiebe, CH Wiebusch, L Wille, DR Williams, L Wills, M Wolf, J Wood, TR Wood, K Woschnagg, G Wrede, DL Xu, XW Xu, Y Xu, JP Yanez, G Yodh, S Yoshida, T Yuan, M Zöcklein


Reconstructing the EFT of inflation from cosmological data

SciPost Physics SciPost 7 (2019) 49-

A Durakovic, P Hunt, SP Patil, S Sarkar

Reconstructions of the primordial power spectrum (PPS) of curvature perturbations from cosmic microwave background anisotropies and large-scale structure data suggest that the usually assumed power-law PPS has localised features (up to $\sim 10\%$ in amplitude), although of only marginal significance in the framework of $\Lambda$CDM cosmology. On the other hand if the underlying cosmology is assumed to be Einstein-de Sitter, larger features in the PPS (up to $\sim 20\%$) are required to accurately fit the observed acoustic peaks. Within the context of single clock inflation, we show that any given reconstruction of the PPS can be mapped on to functional parameters of the underlying effective theory of the adiabatic mode within a 2nd-order formalism, provided the best fit fractional change of the PPS, $\Delta\mathcal{P}_\mathcal{R}/\mathcal{P}_\mathcal{R}$ is such that $(\Delta\mathcal{P}_\mathcal{R}/\mathcal{P}_\mathcal{R})^3$ falls within the $1\,\sigma$ confidence interval of the reconstruction for features induced by variations of either the sound speed $c_\mathrm{s}$ or the slow-roll parameter $\epsilon$. Although there is a degeneracy amongst these functional parameters (and the models that project onto them), we can identify simple representative inflationary models that yield such features in the PPS. Thus we provide a dictionary (more accurately, a thesaurus) to go from observational data, via the reconstructed PPS, to models that reproduce them to per cent level precision.

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