Publications by Robert Smith

Quasiparticle Energy in a Strongly Interacting Homogeneous Bose-Einstein Condensate.

Phys Rev Lett 118 (2017) 210401-

R Lopes, C Eigen, A Barker, KGH Viebahn, M Robert-de-Saint-Vincent, N Navon, Z Hadzibabic, RP Smith

Using two-photon Bragg spectroscopy, we study the energy of particlelike excitations in a strongly interacting homogeneous Bose-Einstein condensate, and observe dramatic deviations from Bogoliubov theory. In particular, at large scattering length a the shift of the excitation resonance from the free-particle energy changes sign from positive to negative. For an excitation with wave number q, this sign change occurs at a≈4/(πq), in agreement with the Feynman energy relation and the static structure factor expressed in terms of the two-body contact. For a≳3/q we also see a breakdown of this theory, and better agreement with calculations based on the Wilson operator product expansion. Neither theory explains our observations across all interaction regimes, inviting further theoretical efforts.

Show full publication list