Publications by Vaibhav Mohanty

Lazy electrons in graphene.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 116 (2019) 18316-18321

V Mohanty, EJ Heller

Within a tight-binding approximation, we numerically determine the time evolution of graphene electronic states in the presence of classically vibrating nuclei. There is no reliance on the Born-Oppenheimer approximation within the p-orbital tight-binding basis, although our approximation is "atomically adiabatic": the basis p-orbitals are taken to follow nuclear positions. Our calculations show that the strict adiabatic Born-Oppenheimer approximation fails badly. We find that a diabatic (lazy electrons responding weakly to nuclear distortions) Born-Oppenheimer model provides a much more accurate picture and suggests a generalized many-body Bloch orbital-nuclear basis set for describing electron-phonon interactions in graphene.

Comparison of cumulant expansion and q-space imaging estimates for diffusional kurtosis in brain.

Magnetic resonance imaging 48 (2018) 80-88

V Mohanty, ET McKinnon, JA Helpern, JH Jensen

PURPOSE:To compare estimates for the diffusional kurtosis in brain as obtained from a cumulant expansion (CE) of the diffusion MRI (dMRI) signal and from q-space (QS) imaging. THEORY AND METHODS:For the CE estimates of the kurtosis, the CE was truncated to quadratic order in the b-value and fit to the dMRI signal for b-values from 0 up to 2000s/mm2. For the QS estimates, b-values ranging from 0 up to 10,000s/mm2 were used to determine the diffusion displacement probability density function (dPDF) via Stejskal's formula. The kurtosis was then calculated directly from the second and fourth order moments of the dPDF. These two approximations were studied for in vivo human data obtained on a 3T MRI scanner using three orthogonal diffusion encoding directions. RESULTS:The whole brain mean values for the CE and QS kurtosis estimates differed by 16% or less in each of the considered diffusion encoding directions, and the Pearson correlation coefficients all exceeded 0.85. Nonetheless, there were large discrepancies in many voxels, particularly those with either very high or very low kurtoses relative to the mean values. CONCLUSION:Estimates of the diffusional kurtosis in brain obtained using CE and QS approximations are strongly correlated, suggesting that they encode similar information. However, for the choice of b-values employed here, there may be substantial differences, depending on the properties of the diffusion microenvironment in each voxel.

A 5-dimensional Tonnetz for nearly symmetric hexachords

Journal of Mathematics and Music Informa UK Limited (0) 1-11

V Mohanty

Dodecatonic Cycles and Parsimonious Voice-Leading in the Mystic-Wozzeck Genus

ArXiv (0)

V Mohanty

This paper develops a unified voice-leading model for the genus of mystic and Wozzeck chords. These voice-leading regions are constructed by perturbing symmetric partitions of the octave, and new Neo-Riemannian transformations between nearly symmetric hexachords are defined. The behaviors of these transformations are shown within visual representations of the voice-leading regions for the mystic-Wozzeck genus.