Publications by Jonathan Coulthard

Ground state phase diagram of the one-dimensional t–J model with pair hopping terms

Physical Review B: Condensed matter and materials physics American Physical Society (2018)

J Coulthard, D Jaksch

The $t$–$J$ model is a standard model of strongly correlated electrons, often studied in the context of high-$T_c$ superconductivity. However, most studies of this model neglect three-site terms, which appear at the same order as the superexchange $J$. As these terms correspond to pair-hopping, they are expected to play an important role in the physics of superconductivity when doped sufficiently far from half-filling. In this paper we present a density matrix renormalisation group study of the one-dimensional $t$–$J$ model with the pair hopping terms included. We demonstrate that these additional terms radically change the one-dimensional ground state phase diagram, extending the superconducting region at low fillings, while at larger fillings, superconductivity is completely suppressed. We explain this effect by introducing a simplified effective model of repulsive hardcore bosons.

Enhancement of superexchange pairing in the periodically driven Hubbard model

Physical Review B American Physical Society 96 (2017) 085104

J Coulthard, Clark, S Al-Assam, A Cavalleri, D Jaksch

Recent experiments performed on cuprates and alkali-doped fullerides have demonstrated that key signatures of superconductivity can be induced above the equilibrium critical temperature by optical modulation. These observations in disparate physical systems may indicate a general underlying mechanism. Multiple theories have been proposed, but these either consider specific features, such as competing instabilities, or focus on conventional BCS-type superconductivity. Here we show that periodic driving can enhance electron pairing in strongly correlated systems. Focusing on the strongly repulsive limit of the doped Hubbard model, we investigate in-gap, spatially inhomogeneous, on-site modulations. We demonstrate that such modulations substantially reduce electronic hopping, while simultaneously sustaining superexchange interactions and pair hopping via driving-induced virtual charge excitations. We calculate real-time dynamics for the one-dimensional case, starting from zero- and finite-temperature initial states, and we show that enhanced singlet-pair correlations emerge quickly and robustly in the out-of-equilibrium many-body state. Our results reveal a fundamental pairing mechanism that might underpin optically induced superconductivity in some strongly correlated quantum materials.