Publications by Tony Bell


Cosmic-ray acceleration and escape from supernova remnants

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 431 (2013) 415-429

AR Bell, KM Schure, B Reville, G Giacinti

Galactic cosmic-ray (CR) acceleration to the knee in the spectrum at a few PeV is only possible if the magnetic field ahead of a supernova remnant (SNR) shock is strongly amplified by CRs escaping the SNR. A model formulated in terms of the electric charge carried by escaping CRs predicts the maximum CR energy and the energy spectrum of CRs released into the surrounding medium. We find that historical SNRs such as Cas A, Tycho and Kepler may be expanding too slowly to accelerate CRs to the knee at the present time. © 2013 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society.


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