Publications by Jean-Loup Baudino

Near-infrared detection and characterization of the exoplanet HD 95086 b with the Gemini Planet Imager

Astronomy and Astrophysics 565 (2014)

R Galicher, J Rameau, M Bonnefoy, JL Baudino, T Currie, A Boccaletti, G Chauvin, AM Lagrange, C Marois

HD 95086 is an intermediate-mass debris-disk-bearing star. VLT/NaCo 3.8 μm observations revealed it hosts a 5 ± 2 M Jup companion (HD 95086 b) at ≠56 AU. Follow-up observations at 1.66 and 2.18 μm yielded a null detection, suggesting extremely red colors for the planet and the need for deeper direct-imaging data. In this Letter, we report H-(1.7 μm) and K 1 -(2.05 μm) band detections of HD 95086 b from Gemini Planet Imager (GPI) commissioning observations taken by the GPI team. The planet position in both spectral channels is consistent with the NaCo measurements and we confirm it to be comoving. Our photometry yields colors of H-L′ = 3.6 ± 1.0 mag and K 1 -L′ = 2.4 ± 0.7 mag, consistent with previously reported 5-σ upper limits in H and Ks. The photometry of HD 95086 b best matches that of 2M 1207 b and HR 8799 cde. Comparing its spectral energy distribution with the BT-SETTL and LESIA planet atmospheric models yields T eff ~ 600-1500 K and log g ~ 2.1-4.5. Hot-start evolutionary models yield M = 5 ± 2 M Jup . Warm-start models reproduce the combined absolute fluxes of the object for M = 4-14 M Jup for a wide range of plausible initial conditions (S init = 8-13 k B /baryon). The color-magnitude diagram location of HD 95086 b and its estimated T eff and log g suggest that the planet is a peculiar L-T transition object with an enhanced amount of photospheric dust. © 2014 ESO.

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