Publications by Maximilian Abitbol

Measuring the Hubble constant from the cooling of the CMB monopole

The Astrophysical Journal: an international review of astronomy and astronomical physics American Astronomical Society (0)

MH Abitbol, JC Hill, J Chluba

The cosmic microwave background (CMB) monopole temperature evolves with the inverse of the cosmological scale factor, independent of many cosmological assumptions. With sufficient sensitivity, real-time cosmological observations could thus be used to measure the local expansion rate of the Universe using the cooling of the CMB. We forecast how well a CMB spectrometer could determine the Hubble constant via this method. The primary challenge of such a mission lies in the separation of Galactic and extra-Galactic foreground signals from the CMB at extremely high precision. However, overcoming these obstacles could potentially provide an independent, highly robust method to shed light on the current low-/high-$z$ Hubble tension. We find that a 3\% measurement of the Hubble constant requires an effective sensitivity to the CMB monopole temperature of approximately $60~\mathrm{pK \sqrt{yr}}$ throughout a 10-year mission. This sensitivity would also enable high-precision measurements of the expected $\Lambda$CDM spectral distortions, but remains futuristic at this stage.

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