Virtual reality resources

Information and resources

Observing Mars: 360 degree videos

MSL rover 360 degree panoramas

Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS

The rover's location is in the dark-sand "Bagnold Dunes" field along the northwestern flank of Mount Sharp. Images taken from orbit indicate that dunes in the Bagnold field move as much as about 3 feet (1 meter) per Earth year. More information and images from Nasa here:

Observation from Hawaii

The Mauna Kea Observatories are a number of independent astronomical research facilities and large telescope observatories that are located at the summit of Mauna Kea on the Big Island of Hawai'i, United States. These facilities are used to observe Mars and Venus. Take a 360 deg video tour of the ground based telescope used to observe Mars here:

Make or buy your own 360 viewer

You can buy a viewer for watching a 360 degree images or film on your phone. For example Google have a set here:

Alternatively google "Google Cardboard" to see viewers ranging from £0.99 from ebay. There are also templates you can download for free.

Forecasting the weather on Mars

Could the dust storm that almost kills off all the astronauts at the beginning of the Martian really happen?

We built (in the Engineering and Physics Departments) a wind sensor which will measure Martian winds and see how this causes dust.

It measures wind the same way you do if you lick your finger and hold it in the air: it has heaters on three sides of a cylinder, the side which cools off the most is probably upwind, which tells you the wind direction and speed. This allows the sensor to be very light – less than one gram for the sensor head itself (although a few more grams for cables and electronics).

Landing will be on 19 October this year – mark your calendars!!!

More information about the mission is at .

Colin Wilson with his Martian wind sensor

Help planetary scientists characterise surfaces on Mars


Help planetary scientists characterize surfaces on Mars by examining images taken with the Context Camera. Take part in the Zooniverse project here:

The exotic terrains of Mars' south pole have many forms unlike anything on Earth. We would like your help to map where they occur in images taken by the Context Camera aboard Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. We will use the locations you identify as targets for detailed study with the HiRISE camera, the highest resolution camera ever sent to a planet!

What is the Zooniverse?

The Zooniverse is the world’s largest and most popular platform for people-powered research. This research is made possible by volunteers—hundreds of thousands of people around the world who come together to assist professional researchers. Our goal is to enable research that would not be possible, or practical, otherwise. Zooniverse research results in new discoveries, datasets useful to the wider research community, and many publications.

Visit the Zooniverse website to get started:

We encourage all users to join the conversation on the discussion boards for more in-depth participation.

Zooniverse has headquarters at Oxford University and the Adler Planetarium.

Careers in Space

The space industry isn't just about the astronauts. A panel of experts explore career options in the sector and offer tips on how to get your space career to take off:

We also asked some of our own researchers to talk about their own experiences.

Dr Colin Wilson
I always enjoyed science at school, and then physics at university, but rather than being attracted by the exotic topics of relativity or quantum physics I wanted to something much more tangible, commercially relevant and environmentally responsible. That led me to a Masters degree in double glazing(!). I then decided I didn’t like glass and wanted something a bit more glamorous, so I tried to sign up to do doctoral research using Earth Observation satellites but ended up studying planetary atmospheres instead and have done so ever since. I first designed the Mars wind sensor in 2000-2001 as part of doctoral research and flew it to Mars on the Beagle 2 lander, which got to Mars on Christmas Day 2003 but never phoned home. It has taken until now, 13 years later, to get another wind sensor on a Mars lander. Meanwhile we are developing proposals for new planetary spacecraft which would launch in 2029. Planetary science is not for the impatient!

Dr. Cat Hayer
I was interested in Physics from a young age – mainly inspired by science fiction TV shows and books. I did Physics, Chemistry and Maths at A-Level and then went on to study Physics and Astronomy at University of Sheffield. Toward the end of my undergraduate degree, I realised I wanted to use my Physics degree in a more applied way and so did a Masters degree in Geophysics and Meteorology at University of Leeds. I worked on Soufrière Hills volcano, Montserrat – including a field trip to the volcano – during my main project and this led me on to my PhD project. During my PhD at University of Reading, I looked at one of the gases emitted by volcanoes, Sulphur Dioxide (SO2) and I was looking at the amounts emitted by Soufrière Hills during periods then it was actively erupting and during periods of no activity. To do this, I used satellites orbiting the Earth looking down, as well as instruments around the volcano looking up, to measure the composition of the atmosphere and see if there was any change in the amount of SO2 in the atmosphere. We used the SO2 data, together with other data sets such as the number and location of earthquakes under the volcano, to try to work out if and when Soufrière Hills was likely to erupt again.

I now work in the Physics Department at Oxford University, again using satellites orbiting Earth to look at the products emitted by volcanoes, but now I look at the whole globe rather than one volcano. My group try to improve the measurements we make of SO2 and volcanic ash and monitor Earth's atmosphere so we can see if a volcano erupts anywhere in the world.

Dr Neil Bowles
I am an Associate Professor in the department of Physics, University of Oxford. After A-levels I did a degree in Physics at Imperial College in London, then headed off to work in industry (radiation standards and computer programming) for eight years. I then went back to university, joining Oxford Physics to do a doctorate studying the atmosphere of the planet Jupiter. At Oxford I have helped develop and test parts of space missions that have been sent to Mars, the Moon and closer to home in orbit around the Earth. My research group’s most recent work has been helping NASA prepare for a mission that launched in September 2016 to return a sample from an asteroid.

Physics for all - podcasts

Visit the University podcast page for over 170 podcasts and videos covering a range of topics including cosmology, nano-particles, climate change, particle accelerators and quantum computers. These are for audiences ranging from beginner to professional:

For some shorter 20min talks about Space related topics we recommend looking at the Stargazing series.

Out of this World - Family Fun Day on Sunday 17th April 2016

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