Publications


First muon-neutrino disappearance study with an off-axis beam

Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology 85 (2012)

K Abe, K Abe, N Abgrall, Y Ajima, Y Ajima, H Aihara, H Aihara, JB Albert, C Andreopoulos, B Andrieu, MD Anerella, S Aoki, O Araoka, O Araoka, J Argyriades, A Ariga, T Ariga, S Assylbekov, D Autiero, A Badertscher, M Barbi, GJ Barker, G Barr, M Bass, M Batkiewicz, F Bay, S Bentham, V Berardi, BE Berger, I Bertram, M Besnier, J Beucher, D Beznosko, S Bhadra, FDMM Blaszczyk, A Blondel, C Bojechko, J Bouchez, SB Boyd, A Bravar, C Bronner, C Bronner, DG Brook-Roberge, N Buchanan, H Budd, RG Calland, D Calvet, J Caravaca Rodríguez, SL Cartwright, A Carver, R Castillo, MG Catanesi, A Cazes, A Cervera, C Chavez, S Choi, G Christodoulou, J Coleman, G Collazuol, W Coleman, K Connolly, A Curioni, A Dabrowska, I Danko, R Das, GS Davies, S Davis, M Day, G De Rosa, JPAM De André, P De Perio, T Dealtry, T Dealtry, A Delbart, C Densham, F Di Lodovico, S Di Luise, P Dinh Tran, J Dobson, U Dore, O Drapier, T Duboyski, F Dufour, J Dumarchez, S Dytman, M Dziewiecki, M Dziomba, S Emery, A Ereditato, JE Escallier, L Escudero, LS Esposito, M Fechner, M Fechner, A Ferrero, AJ Finch, E Frank, Y Fujii, Y Fujii, Y Fukuda

We report a measurement of muon-neutrino disappearance in the T2K experiment. The 295-km muon-neutrino beam from Tokai to Kamioka is the first implementation of the off-axis technique in a long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment. With data corresponding to 1.43×1020 protons on target, we observe 31 fully-contained single μ-like ring events in Super-Kamiokande, compared with an expectation of 104±14(syst) events without neutrino oscillations. The best-fit point for two-flavor ν μ→ν τ oscillations is sin2(2θ 23)=0.98 and |Δm322|=2.65×10 -3eV2. The boundary of the 90% confidence region includes the points ( sin2(2θ 23), |Δm322|)=(1.0,3.1×10 -3eV2), (0.84, 2.65×10 -3eV2) and (1.0, 2.2×10 -3eV2). © 2012 American Physical Society.


T2K: A LONG-BASELINE EXPERIMENT TO STUDY NEUTRINOS

MODERN PHYSICS LETTERS A 27 (2012) ARTN 1230017

A Weber


The T2K ND280 off-axis pi-zero detector

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment 686 (2012) 48-63

S Assylbekov, G Barr, BE Berger, H Berns, D Beznosko, A Bodek, R Bradford, R Bradford, N Buchanan, H Budd, Y Caffari, K Connolly, I Danko, R Das, S Davis, M Day, S Dytman, M Dziomba, R Flight, D Forbush, K Gilje, D Hansen, J Hignight, J Imber, RA Johnson, CK Jung, V Kravtsov, PT Le, GD Lopez, CJ Malafis, S Manly, AD Marino, KS McFarland, C McGrew, C Metelko, G Nagashima, D Naples, TC Nicholls, B Nielsen, V Paolone, P Paul, GF Pearce, W Qian, K Ramos, E Reinherz-Aronis, PA Rodrigues, D Ruterbories, J Schmidt, J Schwehr, M Siyad, J Steffens, AS Tadepalli, IJ Taylor, M Thorpe, W Toki, W Toki, C Vanek, D Warner, A Weber, A Weber, RJ Wilkes, RJ Wilson, C Yanagisawa, C Yanagisawa, T Yuan

The pi-zero detector (POD) is one of the subdetectors that makes up the off-axis near detector for the Tokai-to-Kamioka (T2K) long baseline neutrino experiment. The primary goal for the POD is to measure the relevant cross-sections for neutrino interactions that generate π0s, especially the cross-section for neutral current π0 interactions, which are one of the dominant sources of background to the νμ→ νe appearance signal in T2K. The POD is composed of layers of plastic scintillator alternating with water bags and brass sheets or lead sheets and is one of the first detectors to use Multi-Pixel Photon Counters (MPPCs) on a large scale. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Improved measurement of muon antineutrino disappearance in MINOS

Physical Review Letters 108 (2012)

P Adamson, DS Ayres, C Backhouse, G Barr, M Bishai, A Blake, GJ Bock, DJ Boehnlein, D Bogert, SV Cao, S Childress, JAB Coelho, L Corwin, D Cronin-Hennessy, IZ Danko, JK De Jong, NE Devenish, MV Diwan, CO Escobar, JJ Evans, E Falk, GJ Feldman, MV Frohne, HR Gallagher, RA Gomes, MC Goodman, P Gouffon, N Graf, R Gran, K Grzelak, A Habig, J Hartnell, R Hatcher, A Himmel, A Holin, X Huang, J Hylen, GM Irwin, Z Isvan, DE Jaffe, C James, D Jensen, T Kafka, SMS Kasahara, G Koizumi, S Kopp, M Kordosky, A Kreymer, K Lang, J Ling, J Ling, PJ Litchfield, PJ Litchfield, L Loiacono, P Lucas, WA Mann, ML Marshak, M Mathis, N Mayer, R Mehdiyev, JR Meier, MD Messier, DG Michael, WH Miller, SR Mishra, J Mitchell, CD Moore, L Mualem, S Mufson, J Musser, D Naples, JK Nelson, HB Newman, RJ Nichol, JA Nowak, WP Oliver, M Orchanian, RB Pahlka, J Paley, J Paley, RB Patterson, G Pawloski, G Pawloski, S Phan-Budd, RK Plunkett, X Qiu, A Radovic, J Ratchford, B Rebel, C Rosenfeld, HA Rubin, MC Sanchez, MC Sanchez, MC Sanchez, J Schneps, A Schreckenberger, P Schreiner, R Sharma, A Sousa, M Strait

We report an improved measurement of ν ̄μ disappearance over a distance of 735 km using the MINOS detectors and the Fermilab Main Injector neutrino beam in a ν ̄μ-enhanced configuration. From a total exposure of 2.95×1020 protons on target, of which 42% have not been previously analyzed, we make the most precise measurement of Δm ̄2=[2.62-0.28+0.31(stat)±0. 09(syst)]×10 -3eV2 and constrain the ν ̄μ mixing angle sin2(2θ̄)>0.75 (90% C.L.). These values are in agreement with Δm2 and sin2(2θ) measured for ν μ, removing the tension reported in. © 2012 American Physical Society.


First muon-neutrino disappearance study with an off-axis beam

PHYSICAL REVIEW D 85 (2012) ARTN 031103

K Abe, N Abgrall, Y Ajima, H Aihara, JB Albert, C Andreopoulos, B Andrieu, MD Anerella, S Aoki, O Araoka, J Argyriades, A Ariga, T Ariga, S Assylbekov, D Autiero, A Badertscher, M Barbi, GJ Barker, G Barr, M Bass, M Batkiewicz, F Bay, S Bentham, V Berardi, BE Berger, I Bertram, M Besnier, J Beucher, D Beznosko, S Bhadra, FDMM Blaszczyk, A Blondel, C Bojechko, J Bouchez, SB Boyd, A Bravar, C Bronner, DG Brook-Roberge, N Buchanan, H Budd, RG Calland, D Calvet, J Caravaca Rodriguez, SL Cartwright, A Carver, R Castillo, MG Catanesi, A Cazes, A Cervera, C Chavez, S Choi, G Christodoulou, J Coleman, G Collazuol, W Coleman, K Connolly, A Curioni, A Dabrowska, I Danko, R Das, GS Davies, S Davis, M Day, G De Rosa, JPAM de Andre, P de Perio, T Dealtry, A Delbart, C Densham, F Di Lodovico, S Di Luise, PD Tran, J Dobson, U Dore, O Drapier, T Duboyski, F Dufour, J Dumarchez, S Dytman, M Dziewiecki, M Dziomba, S Emery, A Ereditato, JE Escallier, L Escudero, LS Esposito, M Fechner, A Ferrero, AJ Finch, E Frank, Y Fujii, Y Fukuda, V Galymov, GL Ganetis, FC Gannaway, A Gaudin, A Gendotti, MA George, S Giffin, C Giganti, K Gilje, AK Ghosh, T Golan, M Goldhaber, JJ Gomez-Cadenas, S Gomi, M Gonin, N Grant, A Grant, P Gumplinger, P Guzowski, DR Hadley, A Haesler, MD Haigh, K Hamano, C Hansen, D Hansen, T Hara, PF Harrison, B Hartfiel, M Hartz, T Haruyama, T Hasegawa, NC Hastings, A Hatzikoutelis, K Hayashi, Y Hayato, C Hearty, RL Helmer, R Henderson, N Higashi, J Hignight, A Hillairet, T Hiraki, E Hirose, J Holeczek, S Horikawa, K Huang, A Hyndman, AK Ichikawa, K Ieki, M Ieva, M Iida, M Ikeda, J Ilic, J Imber, T Ishida, C Ishihara, T Ishii, SJ Ives, M Iwasaki, K Iyogi, A Izmaylov, B Jamieson, RA Johnson, KK Joo, GV Jover-Manas, CK Jung, H Kaji, T Kajita, H Kakuno, J Kameda, K Kaneyuki, D Karlen, K Kasami, I Kato, H Kawamuko, E Kearns, M Khabibullin, F Khanam, A Khotjantsev, D Kielczewska, T Kikawa, J Kim, JY Kim, SB Kim, N Kimura, B Kirby, J Kisiel, P Kitching, T Kobayashi, G Kogan, S Koike, A Konaka, LL Kormos, A Korzenev, K Koseki, Y Koshio, Y Kouzuma, K Kowalik, V Kravtsov, I Kreslo, W Kropp, H Kubo, J Kubota, Y Kudenko, N Kulkarni, Y Kurimoto, R Kurjata, T Kutter, J Lagoda, K Laihem, M Laveder, M Lawe, KP Lee, PT Le, JM Levy, C Licciardi, IT Lim, T Lindner, C Lister, RP Litchfield, M Litos, A Longhin, GD Lopez, PF Loverre, L Ludovici, T Lux, M Macaire, L Magaletti, K Mahn, Y Makida, M Malek, S Manly, A Marchionni, AD Marino, AJ Marone, J Marteau, JF Martin, T Maruyama, T Maryon, J Marzec, P Masliah, EL Mathie, C Matsumura, K Matsuoka, V Matveev, K Mavrokoridis, E Mazzucato, N McCauley, KS McFarland, C McGrew, T McLachlan, M Messina, W Metcalf, C Metelko, M Mezzetto, P Mijakowski, CA Miller, A Minamino, O Mineev, S Mine, AD Missert, G Mituka, M Miura, K Mizouchi, L Monfregola, F Moreau, B Morgan, S Moriyama, A Muir, A Murakami, JF Muratore, M Murdoch, S Murphy, J Myslik, N Nagai, T Nakadaira, M Nakahata, T Nakai, K Nakajima, T Nakamoto, K Nakamura, S Nakayama, T Nakaya, D Naples, ML Navin, TC Nicholls, B Nielsen, C Nielsen, K Nishikawa, H Nishino, K Nitta, T Nobuhara, JA Nowak, Y Obayashi, T Ogitsu, H Ohhata, T Okamura, K Okumura, T Okusawa, SM Oser, M Otani, RA Owen, Y Oyama, T Ozaki, MY Pac, V Palladino, V Paolone, P Paul, D Payne, GF Pearce, JD Perkin, V Pettinacci, F Pierre, E Poplawska, B Popov, M Posiadala, J-M Poutissou, R Poutissou, P Przewlocki, W Qian, JL Raaf, E Radicioni, PN Ratoff, TM Raufer, M Ravonel, M Raymond, M Reeves, F Retiere, A Robert, PA Rodrigues, E Rondio, JM Roney, B Rossi, S Roth, A Rubbia, D Ruterbories, S Sabouri, R Sacco, K Sakashita, F Sanchez, A Sarrat, K Sasaki, K Scholberg, J Schwehr, M Scott, DI Scully, Y Seiya, T Sekiguchi, H Sekiya, M Shibata, Y Shimizu, M Shiozawa, S Short, PD Sinclair, M Siyad, BM Smith, RJ Smith, M Smy, JT Sobczyk, H Sobel, M Sorel, A Stahl, P Stamoulis, J Steinmann, B Still, J Stone, C Strabel, R Sulej, A Suzuki, K Suzuki, S Suzuki, SY Suzuki, Y Suzuki, Y Suzuki, T Szeglowski, M Szeptycka, R Tacik, M Tada, M Taguchi, S Takahashi, A Takeda, Y Takenaga, Y Takeuchi, K Tanaka, HA Tanaka, M Tanaka, MM Tanaka, N Tanimoto, K Tashiro, I Taylor, A Terashima, D Terhorst, R Terri, LF Thompson, A Thorley, W Toki, S Tobayama, T Tomaru, Y Totsuka, C Touramanis, T Tsukamoto, M Tzanov, Y Uchida, K Ueno, A Vacheret, M Vagins, G Vasseur, O Veledar, T Wachala, JJ Walding, AV Waldron, CW Walter, PJ Wanderer, J Wang, MA Ward, GP Ward, D Wark, MO Wascko, A Weber, R Wendell, N West, LH Whitehead, G Wikstroem, RJ Wilkes, MJ Wilking, Z Williamson, JR Wilson, RJ Wilson, T Wongjirad, S Yamada, Y Yamada, A Yamamoto, K Yamamoto, Y Yamanoi, H Yamaoka, T Yamauchi, C Yanagisawa, T Yano, S Yen, N Yershov, M Yokoyama, T Yuan, A Zalewska, J Zalipska, L Zambelli, K Zaremba, M Ziembicki, ED Zimmerman, M Zito, J Zmuda, T Collaboration


New measurements of the transverse beam asymmetry for elastic electron scattering from selected nuclei

Physical Review Letters 109 (2012)

S Abrahamyan, A Acha, A Afanasev, Z Ahmed, H Albataineh, K Aniol, DS Armstrong, W Armstrong, J Arrington, T Averett, B Babineau, SL Bailey, J Barber, A Barbieri, A Beck, V Bellini, R Beminiwattha, H Benaoum, J Benesch, F Benmokhtar, P Bertin, T Bielarski, W Boeglin, P Bosted, F Butaru, E Burtin, J Cahoon, A Camsonne, M Canan, P Carter, CC Chang, GD Cates, YC Chao, C Chen, JP Chen, S Choi, E Chudakov, E Cisbani, B Craver, F Cusanno, F Cusanno, MM Dalton, R De Leo, K De Jager, K De Jager, W Deconinck, W Deconinck, P Decowski, D Deepa, X Deng, A Deur, D Dutta, A Etile, C Ferdi, RJ Feuerbach, JM Finn, D Flay, GB Franklin, M Friend, S Frullani, E Fuchey, E Fuchey, SA Fuchs, K Fuoti, F Garibaldi, E Gasser, R Gilman, R Gilman, A Giusa, A Glamazdin, LE Glesener, J Gomez, M Gorchtein, M Gorchtein, J Grames, K Grimm, C Gu, O Hansen, J Hansknecht, O Hen, DW Higinbotham, RS Holmes, T Holmstrom, CJ Horowitz, J Hoskins, J Huang, J Huang, TB Humensky, CE Hyde, CE Hyde, H Ibrahim, H Ibrahim, F Itard, CM Jen, E Jensen, X Jiang, X Jiang, G Jin, S Johnston, J Katich

We have measured the beam-normal single-spin asymmetry A n in the elastic scattering of 1-3 GeV transversely polarized electrons from H1 and for the first time from He4, C12, and Pb208. For H1, He4, and C12, the measurements are in agreement with calculations that relate A n to the imaginary part of the two-photon exchange amplitude including inelastic intermediate states. Surprisingly, the Pb208 result is significantly smaller than the corresponding prediction using the same formalism. These results suggest that a systematic set of new A n measurements might emerge as a new and sensitive probe of the structure of heavy nuclei. © 2012 American Physical Society.


T2K Status and Future Prospects

Nuclear Physics B - Proceedings Supplements 217 (2011) 169-174

A Vacheret

The goal of the Tokai-to-Kamioka (T2K) experiment is to search for the neutrino oscillation parameter θ13 and determine precisely the value of θ23 and Δmθ23 2. In this proceeding we describe the T2K baseline and detector systems. We report the performance and stability of the different component during the first run covering the period from January to June 2010. Next year expectation for θ13 sensitivity is also presented. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.


Characterization and simulation of the response of Multi-Pixel Photon Counters to low light levels

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment 656 (2011) 69-83

A Vacheret, GJ Barker, M Dziewiecki, P Guzowski, MD Haigh, B Hartfiel, A Izmaylov, W Johnston, M Khabibullin, A Khotjantsev, Y Kudenko, R Kurjata, T Kutter, T Lindner, P Masliah, J Marzec, O Mineev, Y Musienko, S Oser, F Retière, RO Salih, A Shaikhiev, LF Thompson, MA Ward, RJ Wilson, N Yershov, K Zaremba, M Ziembicki

The calorimeter, range detector and active target elements of the T2K near detectors rely on the Hamamatsu Photonics Multi-Pixel Photon Counters (MPPCs) to detect scintillation light produced by charged particles. Detailed measurements of the MPPC gain, afterpulsing, crosstalk, dark noise, and photon detection efficiency for low light levels are reported. In order to account for the impact of the MPPC behavior on T2K physics observables, a simulation program has been developed based on these measurements. The simulation is used to predict the energy resolution of the detector. Copyright © 2011 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Indication of Electron Neutrino Appearance from an Accelerator-produced Off-axis Muon Neutrino Beam

ArXiv (2011)

T Collaboration, K Abe, N Abgrall, Y Ajima, H Aihara, JB Albert, C Andreopoulos, B Andrieu, S Aoki, O Araoka, J Argyriades, A Ariga, T Ariga, S Assylbekov, D Autiero, A Badertscher, M Barbi, GJ Barker, G Barr, M Bass, F Bay, S Bentham, V Berardi, BE Berger, I Bertram, M Besnier, J Beucher, D Beznosko, S Bhadra, FDM Blaszczyk, A Blondel, C Bojechko, J Bouchez, SB Boyd, A Bravar, C Bronner, DG Brook-Roberge, N Buchanan, H Budd, D Calvet, SL Cartwright, A Carver, R Castillo, MG Catanesi, A Cazes, A Cervera, C Chavez, S Choi, G Christodoulou, J Coleman, W Coleman, G Collazuol, K Connolly, A Curioni, A Dabrowska, I Danko, R Das, GS Davies, S Davis, M Day, G DeRosa, JPAMD Andre, P dePerio, A Delbart, C Densham, F DiLodovico, S DiLuise, PD Tran, J Dobson, U Dore, O Drapier, F Dufour, J Dumarchez, S Dytman, M Dziewiecki, M Dziomba, S Emery, A Ereditato, L Escudero, LS Esposito, M Fechner, A Ferrero, AJ Finch, E Frank, Y Fujii, Y Fukuda, V Galymov, FC Gannaway, A Gaudin, A Gendotti, M George, S Giffin, C Giganti, K Gilje, T Golan, M Goldhaber, JJ Gomez-Cadenas, M Gonin, N Grant, A Grant, P Gumplinger, P Guzowski, A Haesler, MD Haigh, K Hamano, C Hansen, D Hansen, T Hara, PF Harrison, B Hartfiel, M Hartz, T Haruyama, T Hasegawa, NC Hastings, S Hastings, A Hatzikoutelis, K Hayashi, Y Hayato, C Hearty, RL Helmer, R Henderson, N Higashi, J Hignight, E Hirose, J Holeczek, S Horikawa, A Hyndman, AK Ichikawa, K Ieki, M Ieva, M Iida, M Ikeda, J Ilic, J Imber, T Ishida, C Ishihara, T Ishii, SJ Ives, M Iwasaki, K Iyogi, A Izmaylov, B Jamieson, RA Johnson, KK Joo, GV Jover-Manas, CK Jung, H Kaji, T Kajita, H Kakuno, J Kameda, K Kaneyuki, D Karlen, K Kasami, I Kato, E Kearns, M Khabibullin, F Khanam, A Khotjantsev, D Kielczewska, T Kikawa, J Kim, JY Kim, SB Kim, N Kimura, B Kirby, J Kisiel, P Kitching, T Kobayashi, G Kogan, S Koike, A Konaka, LL Kormos, A Korzenev, K Koseki, Y Koshio, Y Kouzuma, K Kowalik, V Kravtsov, I Kreslo, W Kropp, H Kubo, Y Kudenko, N Kulkarni, R Kurjata, T Kutter, J Lagoda, K Laihem, M Laveder, KP Lee, PT Le, JM Levy, C Licciardi, IT Lim, T Lindner, RP Litchfield, M Litos, A Longhin, GD Lopez, PF Loverre, L Ludovici, T Lux, M Macaire, K Mahn, Y Makida, M Malek, S Manly, A Marchionni, AD Marino, J Marteau, JF Martin, T Maruyama, T Maryon, J Marzec, P Masliah, EL Mathie, C Matsumura, K Matsuoka, V Matveev, K Mavrokoridis, E Mazzucato, N McCauley, KS McFarland, C McGrew, T McLachlan, M Messina, W Metcalf, C Metelko, M Mezzetto, P Mijakowski, CA Miller, A Minamino, O Mineev, S Mine, AD Missert, G Mituka, M Miura, K Mizouchi, L Monfregola, F Moreau, B Morgan, S Moriyama, A Muir, A Murakami, M Murdoch, S Murphy, J Myslik, T Nakadaira, M Nakahata, T Nakai, K Nakajima, T Nakamoto, K Nakamura, S Nakayama, T Nakaya, D Naples, ML Navin, B Nelson, TC Nicholls, K Nishikawa, H Nishino, JA Nowak, M Noy, Y Obayashi, T Ogitsu, H Ohhata, T Okamura, K Okumura, T Okusawa, SM Oser, M Otani, RA Owen, Y Oyama, T Ozaki, MY Pac, V Palladino, V Paolone, P Paul, D Payne, GF Pearce, JD Perkin, V Pettinacci, F Pierre, E Poplawska, B Popov, M Posiadala, J-M Poutissou, R Poutissou, P Przewlocki, W Qian, JL Raaf, E Radicioni, PN Ratoff, TM Raufer, M Ravonel, M Raymond, F Retiere, A Robert, PA Rodrigues, E Rondio, JM Roney, B Rossi, S Roth, A Rubbia, D Ruterbories, S Sabouri, R Sacco, K Sakashita, F Sanchez, A Sarrat, K Sasaki, K Scholberg, J Schwehr, M Scott, DI Scully, Y Seiya, T Sekiguchi, H Sekiya, M Shibata, Y Shimizu, M Shiozawa, S Short, M Syiad, RJ Smith, M Smy, JT Sobczyk, H Sobel, M Sorel, A Stahl, P Stamoulis, J Steinmann, B Still, J Stone, C Strabel, LR Sulak, R Sulej, P Sutcliffe, A Suzuki, K Suzuki, S Suzuki, SY Suzuki, Y Suzuki, Y Suzuki, T Szeglowski, M Szeptycka, R Tacik, M Tada, S Takahashi, A Takeda, Y Takenaga, Y Takeuchi, K Tanaka, HA Tanaka, M Tanaka, MM Tanaka, N Tanimoto, K Tashiro, I Taylor, A Terashima, D Terhorst, R Terri, LF Thompson, A Thorley, W Toki, T Tomaru, Y Totsuka, C Touramanis, T Tsukamoto, M Tzanov, Y Uchida, K Ueno, A Vacheret, M Vagins, G Vasseur, T Wachala, JJ Walding, AV Waldron, CW Walter, PJ Wanderer, J Wang, MA Ward, GP Ward, D Wark, MO Wascko, A Weber, R Wendell, N West, LH Whitehead, G Wikstrom, RJ Wilkes, MJ Wilking, JR Wilson, RJ Wilson, T Wongjirad, S Yamada, Y Yamada, A Yamamoto, K Yamamoto, Y Yamanoi, H Yamaoka, C Yanagisawa, T Yano, S Yen, N Yershov, M Yokoyama, A Zalewska, J Zalipska, L Zambelli, K Zaremba, M Ziembicki, ED Zimmerman, M Zito, J Zmuda

The T2K experiment observes indications of $\nu_\mu\rightarrow \nu_e$ appearance in data accumulated with $1.43\times10^{20}$ protons on target. Six events pass all selection criteria at the far detector. In a three-flavor neutrino oscillation scenario with $|\Delta m_{23}^2|=2.4\times10^{-3}$ eV$^2$, $\sin^2 2\theta_{23}=1$ and $\sin^2 2\theta_{13}=0$, the expected number of such events is 1.5$\pm$0.3(syst.). Under this hypothesis, the probability to observe six or more candidate events is 7$\times10^{-3}$, equivalent to 2.5$\sigma$ significance. At 90% C.L., the data are consistent with 0.03(0.04)$<\sin^2 2\theta_{13}<$ 0.28(0.34) for $\delta_{\rm CP}=0$ and a normal (inverted) hierarchy.


Improved search for Muon-neutrino to electron-neutrino oscillations in MINOS.

Phys Rev Lett 107 (2011) 181802-

P Adamson, DJ Auty, DS Ayres, C Backhouse, G Barr, M Betancourt, M Bishai, A Blake, GJ Bock, DJ Boehnlein, D Bogert, SV Cao, S Cavanaugh, D Cherdack, S Childress, JA Coelho, L Corwin, D Cronin-Hennessy, IZ Danko, JK de Jong, NE Devenish, MV Diwan, M Dorman, CO Escobar, JJ Evans, E Falk, GJ Feldman, MV Frohne, HR Gallagher, RA Gomes, MC Goodman, P Gouffon, N Graf, R Gran, K Grzelak, A Habig, J Hartnell, R Hatcher, A Himmel, A Holin, X Huang, J Hylen, GM Irwin, Z Isvan, DE Jaffe, C James, D Jensen, T Kafka, SM Kasahara, G Koizumi, S Kopp, M Kordosky, A Kreymer, K Lang, G Lefeuvre, J Ling, PJ Litchfield, L Loiacono, P Lucas, WA Mann, ML Marshak, M Mathis, N Mayer, AM McGowan, R Mehdiyev, JR Meier, MD Messier, DG Michael, WH Miller, SR Mishra, J Mitchell, CD Moore, L Mualem, S Mufson, J Musser, D Naples, JK Nelson, HB Newman, RJ Nichol, JA Nowak, JP Ochoa-Ricoux, WP Oliver, M Orchanian, J Paley, RB Patterson, G Pawloski, GF Pearce, S Phan-Budd, RK Plunkett, X Qiu, J Ratchford, B Rebel, C Rosenfeld, HA Rubin, MC Sanchez, J Schneps, A Schreckenberger, P Schreiner, P Shanahan, R Sharma, A Sousa, N Tagg, RL Talaga, J Thomas, MA Thomson, R Toner, D Torretta, G Tzanakos, J Urheim, P Vahle, B Viren, JJ Walding, A Weber, RC Webb, C White, L Whitehead, SG Wojcicki, T Yang, R Zwaska, MINOS Collaboration

We report the results of a search for ν(e) appearance in a ν(μ) beam in the MINOS long-baseline neutrino experiment. With an improved analysis and an increased exposure of 8.2 × 10(20) protons on the NuMI target at Fermilab, we find that 2 sin(2) (θ(23))sin(2)(2θ(13))<0.12(0.20) at 90% confidence level for δ = 0 and the normal (inverted) neutrino mass hierarchy, with a best-fit of 2sin(2) (θ(23))sin(2)(2θ(13)) = 0.041(-0.031)(+0.047) (0.079(-0.053) (+0.071)). The θ(13) = 0 hypothesis is disfavored by the MINOS data at the 89% confidence level.


Indication of electron neutrino appearance from an accelerator-produced off-axis muon neutrino beam

Physical Review Letters 107 (2011)

K Abe, N Abgrall, Y Ajima, H Aihara, JB Albert, C Andreopoulos, B Andrieu, S Aoki, O Araoka, J Argyriades, A Ariga, T Ariga, S Assylbekov, D Autiero, A Badertscher, M Barbi, GJ Barker, G Barr, M Bass, F Bay, S Bentham, V Berardi, BE Berger, I Bertram, M Besnier, J Beucher, D Beznosko, S Bhadra, FDMM Blaszczyk, A Blondel, C Bojechko, J Bouchez, SB Boyd, A Bravar, C Bronner, DG Brook-Roberge, N Buchanan, H Budd, D Calvet, SL Cartwright, A Carver, R Castillo, MG Catanesi, A Cazes, A Cervera, C Chavez, S Choi, G Christodoulou, J Coleman, W Coleman, G Collazuol, K Connolly, A Curioni, A Dabrowska, A Dabrowska, I Danko, R Das, GS Davies, S Davis, M Day, G De Rosa, JPAM De André, P De Perio, A Delbart, C Densham, F Di Lodovico, S Di Luise, P Dinh Tran, J Dobson, U Dore, O Drapier, F Dufour, J Dumarchez, S Dytman, M Dziewiecki, M Dziomba, S Emery, A Ereditato, L Escudero, LS Esposito, M Fechner, M Fechner, A Ferrero, AJ Finch, E Frank, Y Fujii, Y Fukuda, V Galymov, FC Gannaway, A Gaudin, A Gendotti, MA George, S Giffin, C Giganti, K Gilje, T Golan, M Goldhaber, JJ Gomez-Cadenas, M Gonin, N Grant

The T2K experiment observes indications of νμ→ν e appearance in data accumulated with 1.43×1020 protons on target. Six events pass all selection criteria at the far detector. In a three-flavor neutrino oscillation scenario with |Δm232|=2.4×10⊃- 3eV2, ⊃sin⊃ 22θ23=1 and ⊃sin⊃ 22θ13=0, the expected number of such events is 1.5±0.3(syst). Under this hypothesis, the probability to observe six or more candidate events is 7×10⊃-3, equivalent to 2.5σ significance. At 90% C.L., the data are consistent with 0.03(0.04) <⊃sin⊃ 22θ13<0.28(0.34) for δCP= 0 and a normal (inverted) hierarchy.


Search for the disappearance of muon antineutrinos in the NuMI neutrino beam

Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology 84 (2011)

P Adamson, DJ Auty, DS Ayres, C Backhouse, G Barr, M Bishai, A Blake, GJ Bock, DJ Boehnlein, D Bogert, SV Cao, S Cavanaugh, D Cherdack, S Childress, BC Choudhary, JAB Coelho, SJ Coleman, L Corwin, D Cronin-Hennessy, IZ Danko, JK De Jong, NE Devenish, MV Diwan, M Dorman, CO Escobar, JJ Evans, E Falk, GJ Feldman, MV Frohne, HR Gallagher, RA Gomes, MC Goodman, P Gouffon, N Graf, R Gran, N Grant, K Grzelak, A Habig, J Hartnell, J Hartnell, R Hatcher, A Himmel, A Holin, C Howcroft, X Huang, J Hylen, GM Irwin, Z Isvan, DE Jaffe, C James, D Jensen, T Kafka, SMS Kasahara, G Koizumi, S Kopp, M Kordosky, A Kreymer, K Lang, G Lefeuvre, J Ling, J Ling, PJ Litchfield, PJ Litchfield, L Loiacono, P Lucas, WA Mann, ML Marshak, M Mathis, N Mayer, R Mehdiyev, JR Meier, MD Messier, DG Michael, WH Miller, SR Mishra, J Mitchell, CD Moore, L Mualem, S Mufson, J Musser, D Naples, JK Nelson, HB Newman, RJ Nichol, JA Nowak, JP Ochoa-Ricoux, WP Oliver, M Orchanian, R Pahlka, J Paley, J Paley, RB Patterson, G Pawloski, GF Pearce, S Phan-Budd, RK Plunkett, X Qiu, J Ratchford, B Rebel, C Rosenfeld

We report constraints on antineutrino oscillation parameters that were obtained by using the two MINOS detectors to measure the 7% muon antineutrino component of the NuMI neutrino beam. In the Far Detector, we select 130 events in the charged-current muon antineutrino sample, compared to a prediction of 136.4±11.7(stat)-8.9+10.2(syst) events under the assumption |Δm̄2|=2.32×10-3eV2, sin2(2θ̄)=1.0. Assuming no oscillations occur at the Near Detector baseline, a fit to the two-flavor oscillation approximation constrains |Δm̄2|<3.37×10-3eV2 at the 90% confidence level with sin2(2θ̄)=1.0. © 2011 American Physical Society.


The T2K near detector data acquisition systems

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science 58 (2011) 1800-1806

M Thorpe, C Angelsen, G Barr, C Metelko, T Nicholls, G Pearce, N West

T2K is a second generation long-baseline experiment in Japan, designed to perform precision studies of neutrino oscillations. A neutrino beam originating at the J-PARC facility is sampled by two near detectors, approximately 280 m distant from the source and directed towards the Kamioka underground facility, 295 km distant, where the Super-Kamiokande water Cerenkov detector is situated. Both the on-axis (INGRID) and off-axis (ND280) near detectors employ the MIDAS framework for their data acquisition systems. Events are selected via a flexible hardware trigger, which allows mixed operating modes incorporating beam spill, cosmic and calibration triggers. Data are acquired from the front-end electronics over optical Gigabit Ethernet links by custom MIDAS front-end applications distributed over a cluster of Linux computers. Event fragments from all sub-detectors are merged and logged on a central backend processor and then copied to remote storage for long-term archival. The system is also designed to allow flexible partitioning of sub-detectors for standalone diagnostics and calibration. We present the design of the DAQ system and report on experience gathered during early operation of the near detectors. © 2006 IEEE.


The T2K experiment

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment (2011)

K Abe, N Abgrall, H Aihara, Y Ajima, JB Albert, D Allan, P-A Amaudruz, C Andreopoulos, B Andrieu, MD Anerella, C Angelsen, S Aoki, O Araoka, J Argyriades, A Ariga, T Ariga, S Assylbekov, JPAM de André, D Autiero, A Badertscher, O Ballester, M Barbi, GJ Barker, P Baron, G Barr, L Bartoszek, M Batkiewicz, F Bay, S Bentham, V Berardi, BE Berger, H Berns, I Bertram, M Besnier, J Beucher, D Beznosko, S Bhadra, P Birney, D Bishop, E Blackmore, FDM Blaszczyk, J Blocki, A Blondel, A Bodek, C Bojechko, J Bouchez, T Boussuge, SB Boyd, M Boyer, N Braam, R Bradford, A Bravar, K Briggs, JD Brinson, C Bronner, DG Brook-Roberge, M Bryant, N Buchanan, H Budd, M Cadabeschi, RG Calland, D Calvet, J Caravaca Rodríguez, J Carroll, SL Cartwright, A Carver, R Castillo, MG Catanesi, C Cavata, A Cazes, A Cervera, JP Charrier, C Chavez, S Choi, S Chollet, G Christodoulou, P Colas, J Coleman, W Coleman, G Collazuol, K Connolly, P Cooke, A Curioni, A Dabrowska, I Danko, R Das, GS Davies, S Davis, M Day, X De La Broise, P de Perio, G De Rosa, T Dealtry, A Debraine, E Delagnes, A Delbart, C Densham, F Di Lodovico, S Di Luise, P Dinh Tran, J Dobson, J Doornbos, U Dore, O Drapier, F Druillole, F Dufour, J Dumarchez, T Durkin, S Dytman, M Dziewiecki, M Dziomba, B Ellison, S Emery, A Ereditato, JE Escallier, L Escudero, LS Esposito, W Faszer, M Fechner, A Ferrero, A Finch, C Fisher, M Fitton, R Flight, D Forbush, E Frank, K Fransham, Y Fujii, Y Fukuda, M Gallop, V Galymov, GL Ganetis, FC Gannaway, A Gaudin, J Gaweda, A Gendotti, M George, S Giffin, C Giganti, K Gilje, I Giomataris, J Giraud, AK Ghosh, T Golan, M Goldhaber, JJ Gomez-Cadenas, S Gomi, M Gonin, M Goyette, A Grant, N Grant, F Grañena, S Greenwood, P Gumplinger, P Guzowski, MD Haigh, K Hamano, C Hansen, T Hara, PF Harrison, B Hartfiel, M Hartz, T Haruyama, R Hasanen, T Hasegawa, NC Hastings, S Hastings, A Hatzikoutelis, K Hayashi, Y Hayato, TDJ Haycock, C Hearty, RL Helmer, R Henderson, S Herlant, N Higashi, J Hignight, K Hiraide, E Hirose, J Holeczek, N Honkanen, S Horikawa, A Hyndman, AK Ichikawa, K Ieki, M Ieva, M Iida, M Ikeda, J Ilic, J Imber, T Ishida, C Ishihara, T Ishii, SJ Ives, M Iwasaki, K Iyogi, A Izmaylov, B Jamieson, RA Johnson, KK Joo, G Jover-Manas, CK Jung, H Kaji, T Kajita, H Kakuno, J Kameda, K Kaneyuki, D Karlen, K Kasami, V Kasey, I Kato, H Kawamuko, E Kearns, L Kellet, M Khabibullin, M Khaleeq, N Khan, A Khotjantsev, D Kielczewska, T Kikawa, JY Kim, S-B Kim, N Kimura, B Kirby, J Kisiel, P Kitching, T Kobayashi, G Kogan, S Koike, T Komorowski, A Konaka, LL Kormos, A Korzenev, K Koseki, Y Koshio, Y Kouzuma, K Kowalik, V Kravtsov, I Kreslo, W Kropp, H Kubo, J Kubota, Y Kudenko, N Kulkarni, L Kurchaninov, Y Kurimoto, R Kurjata, Y Kurosawa, T Kutter, J Lagoda, K Laihem, R Langstaff, M Laveder, TB Lawson, PT Le, A Le Coguie, M Le Ross, KP Lee, M Lenckowski, C Licciardi, IT Lim, T Lindner, RP Litchfield, A Longhin, GD Lopez, P Lu, L Ludovici, T Lux, M Macaire, L Magaletti, K Mahn, Y Makida, CJ Malafis, M Malek, S Manly, A Marchionni, C Mark, AD Marino, AJ Marone, J Marteau, JF Martin, T Maruyama, T Maryon, J Marzec, P Masliah, EL Mathie, C Matsumura, K Matsuoka, V Matveev, K Mavrokoridis, E Mazzucato, N McCauley, KS McFarland, C McGrew, T McLachlan, I Mercer, M Messina, W Metcalf, C Metelko, M Mezzetto, P Mijakowski, CA Miller, A Minamino, O Mineev, S Mine, RE Minvielle, G Mituka, M Miura, K Mizouchi, J-P Mols, L Monfregola, E Monmarthe, F Moreau, B Morgan, S Moriyama, D Morris, A Muir, A Murakami, JF Muratore, M Murdoch, S Murphy, J Myslik, G Nagashima, T Nakadaira, M Nakahata, T Nakamoto, K Nakamura, S Nakayama, T Nakaya, D Naples, B Nelson, TC Nicholls, K Nishikawa, H Nishino, K Nitta, F Nizery, JA Nowak, M Noy, Y Obayashi, T Ogitsu, H Ohhata, T Okamura, K Okumura, T Okusawa, C Ohlmann, K Olchanski, R Openshaw, SM Oser, M Otani, RA Owen, Y Oyama, T Ozaki, MY Pac, V Palladino, V Paolone, P Paul, D Payne, GF Pearce, C Pearson, JD Perkin, M Pfleger, F Pierre, D Pierrepont, P Plonski, P Poffenberger, E Poplawska, B Popov, M Posiadala, J-M Poutissou, R Poutissou, R Preece, P Przewlocki, W Qian, JL Raaf, E Radicioni, K Ramos, P Ratoff, TM Raufer, M Ravonel, M Raymond, F Retiere, D Richards, J-L Ritou, A Robert, PA Rodrigues, E Rondio, M Roney, M Rooney, D Ross, B Rossi, S Roth, A Rubbia, D Ruterbories, R Sacco, S Sadler, K Sakashita, F Sanchez, A Sarrat, K Sasaki, P Schaack, J Schmidt, K Scholberg, J Schwehr, M Scott, DI Scully, Y Seiya, T Sekiguchi, H Sekiya, G Sheffer, M Shibata, Y Shimizu, M Shiozawa, S Short, M Siyad, D Smith, RJ Smith, M Smy, J Sobczyk, H Sobel, S Sooriyakumaran, M Sorel, J Spitz, A Stahl, P Stamoulis, O Star, J Statter, L Stawnyczy, J Steinmann, J Steffens, B Still, M Stodulski, J Stone, C Strabel, T Strauss, R Sulej, P Sutcliffe, A Suzuki, K Suzuki, S Suzuki, SY Suzuki, Y Suzuki, Y Suzuki, J Swierblewski, T Szeglowski, M Szeptycka, R Tacik, M Tada, AS Tadepalli, M Taguchi, S Takahashi, A Takeda, Y Takenaga, Y Takeuchi, HA Tanaka, K Tanaka, M Tanaka, MM Tanaka, N Tanimoto, K Tashiro, IJ Taylor, A Terashima, D Terhorst, R Terri, LF Thompson, A Thorley, M Thorpe, W Toki, T Tomaru, Y Totsuka, C Touramanis, T Tsukamoto, V Tvaskis, M Tzanov, Y Uchida, K Ueno, M Usseglio, A Vacheret, M Vagins, JF Van Schalkwyk, J-C Vanel, G Vasseur, O Veledar, P Vincent, T Wachala, AV Waldron, CW Walter, PJ Wanderer, MA Ward, GP Ward, D Wark, D Warner, MO Wascko, A Weber, R Wendell, J Wendland, N West, LH Whitehead, G Wikström, RJ Wilkes, MJ Wilking, Z Williamson, JR Wilson, RJ Wilson, K Wong, T Wongjirad, S Yamada, Y Yamada, A Yamamoto, K Yamamoto, Y Yamanoi, H Yamaoka, C Yanagisawa, T Yano, S Yen, N Yershov, M Yokoyama, A Zalewska, J Zalipska, K Zaremba, M Ziembicki, ED Zimmerman, M Zito, J Zmuda


The T2K Experiment

ArXiv (2011)

T Collaboration, N Abgrall, H Aihara, Y Ajima, JB Albert, D Allan, P-A Amaudruz, C Andreopoulos, B Andrieu, MD Anerella, C Angelsen, S Aoki, O Araoka, J Argyriades, A Ariga, T Ariga, S Assylbekov, JPAMD André, D Autiero, A Badertscher, O Ballester, M Barbi, GJ Barker, P Baron, G Barr, L Bartoszek, M Batkiewicz, F Bay, S Bentham, V Berardi, BE Berger, H Berns, I Bertram, M Besnier, J Beucher, D Beznosko, S Bhadra, P Birney, D Bishop, E Blackmore, FDM Blaszczyk, J Blocki, A Blondel, A Bodek, C Bojechko, J Bouchez, T Boussuge, SB Boyd, M Boyer, N Braam, R Bradford, A Bravar, K Briggs, JD Brinson, C Bronner, DG Brook-Roberge, M Bryant, N Buchanan, H Budd, M Cadabeschi, RG Calland, D Calvet, JC Rodríguez, J Carroll, SL Cartwright, A Carver, R Castillo, MG Catanesi, C Cavata, A Cazes, A Cervera, JP Charrier, C Chavez, S Choi, S Chollet, G Christodoulou, P Colas, J Coleman, W Coleman, G Collazuol, K Connolly, P Cooke, A Curioni, A Dabrowska, I Danko, R Das, GS Davies, S Davis, M Day, XDL Broise, PD Perio, GD Rosa, T Dealtry, A Debraine, E Delagnes, A Delbart, C Densham, FD Lodovico, SD Luise, PD Tran, J Dobson, J Doornbos, U Dore, O Drapier, F Druillole, F Dufour, J Dumarchez, T Durkin, S Dytman, M Dziewiecki, M Dziomba, B Ellison, S Emery, A Ereditato, JE Escallier, L Escudero, LS Esposito, W Faszer, M Fechner, A Ferrero, A Finch, C Fisher, M Fitton, R Flight, D Forbush, E Frank, K Fransham, Y Fujii, Y Fukuda, M Gallop, V Galymov, GL Ganetis, FC Gannaway, A Gaudin, J Gaweda, A Gendotti, M George, S Giffin, C Giganti, K Gilje, I Giomataris, J Giraud, AK Ghosh, T Golan, M Goldhaber, JJ Gomez-Cadenas, S Gomi, M Gonin, M Goyette, A Grant, N Grant, F Grañena, S Greenwood, P Gumplinger, P Guzowski, MD Haigh, K Hamano, C Hansen, T Hara, PF Harrison, B Hartfiel, M Hartz, T Haruyama, R Hasanen, T Hasegawa, NC Hastings, S Hastings, A Hatzikoutelis, K Hayashi, Y Hayato, TDJ Haycock, C Hearty, RL Helmer, R Henderson, S Herlant, N Higashi, J Hignight, K Hiraide, E Hirose, J Holeczek, N Honkanen, S Horikawa, A Hyndman, AK Ichikawa, K Ieki, M Ieva, M Iida, M Ikeda, J Ilic, J Imber, T Ishida, C Ishihara, T Ishii, SJ Ives, M Iwasaki, K Iyogi, A Izmaylov, B Jamieson, RA Johnson, KK Joo, G Jover-Manas, CK Jung, H Kaji, T Kajita, H Kakuno, J Kameda, K Kaneyuki, D Karlen, K Kasami, V Kasey, I Kato, H Kawamuko, E Kearns, L Kellet, M Khabibullin, M Khaleeq, N Khan, A Khotjantsev, D Kielczewska, T Kikawa, JY Kim, S-B Kim, N Kimura, B Kirby, J Kisiel, P Kitching, T Kobayashi, G Kogan, S Koike, T Komorowski, A Konaka, LL Kormos, A Korzenev, K Koseki, Y Koshio, Y Kouzuma, K Kowalik, V Kravtsov, I Kreslo, W Kropp, H Kubo, J Kubota, Y Kudenko, N Kulkarni, L Kurchaninov, Y Kurimoto, R Kurjata, Y Kurosawa, T Kutter, J Lagoda, K Laihem, R Langstaff, M Laveder, TB Lawson, PT Le, AL Coguie, ML Ross, KP Lee, M Lenckowski, C Licciardi, IT Lim, T Lindner, RP Litchfield, A Longhin, GD Lopez, P Lu, L Ludovici, T Lux, M Macaire, L Magaletti, K Mahn, Y Makida, CJ Malafis, M Malek, S Manly, A Marchionni, C Mark, AD Marino, AJ Marone, J Marteau, JF Martin, T Maruyama, T Maryon, J Marzec, P Masliah, EL Mathie, C Matsumura, K Matsuoka, V Matveev, K Mavrokoridis, E Mazzucato, N McCauley, KS McFarland, C McGrew, T McLachlan, I Mercer, M Messina, W Metcalf, C Metelko, M Mezzetto, P Mijakowski, CA Miller, A Minamino, O Mineev, S Mine, RE Minvielle, G Mituka, M Miura, K Mizouchi, J-P Mols, L Monfregola, E Monmarthe, F Moreau, B Morgan, S Moriyama, D Morris, A Muir, A Murakami, JF Muratore, M Murdoch, S Murphy, J Myslik, G Nagashima, T Nakadaira, M Nakahata, T Nakamoto, K Nakamura, S Nakayama, T Nakaya, D Naples, B Nelson, TC Nicholls, K Nishikawa, H Nishino, K Nitta, F Nizery, JA Nowak, M Noy, Y Obayashi, T Ogitsu, H Ohhata, T Okamura, K Okumura, T Okusawa, C Ohlmann, K Olchanski, R Openshaw, SM Oser, M Otani, RA Owen, Y Oyama, T Ozaki, MY Pac, V Palladino, V Paolone, P Paul, D Payne, GF Pearce, C Pearson, JD Perkin, M Pfleger, F Pierre, D Pierrepont, P Plonski, P Poffenberger, E Poplawska, B Popov, M Posiadala, J-M Poutissou, R Poutissou, R Preece, P Przewlocki, W Qian, JL Raaf, E Radicioni, K Ramos, P Ratoff, TM Raufer, M Ravonel, M Raymond, F Retiere, D Richards, J-L Ritou, A Robert, PA Rodrigues, E Rondio, M Roney, M Rooney, D Ross, B Rossi, S Roth, A Rubbia, D Ruterbories, R Sacco, S Sadler, K Sakashita, F Sanchez, A Sarrat, K Sasaki, P Schaack, J Schmidt, K Scholberg, J Schwehr, M Scott, DI Scully, Y Seiya, T Sekiguchi, H Sekiya, G Sheffer, M Shibata, Y Shimizu, M Shiozawa, S Short, M Siyad, D Smith, RJ Smith, M Smy, J Sobczyk, H Sobel, S Sooriyakumaran, M Sorel, J Spitz, A Stahl, P Stamoulis, O Star, J Statter, L Stawnyczy, J Steinmann, J Steffens, B Still, M Stodulski, J Stone, C Strabel, T Strauss, R Sulej, P Sutcliffe, A Suzuki, K Suzuki, S Suzuki, SY Suzuki, Y Suzuki, Y Suzuki, J Swierblewski, T Szeglowski, M Szeptycka, R Tacik, M Tada, AS Tadepalli, M Taguchi, S Takahashi, A Takeda, Y Takenaga, Y Takeuchi, HA Tanaka, K Tanaka, M Tanaka, MM Tanaka, N Tanimoto, K Tashiro, IJ Taylor, A Terashima, D Terhorst, R Terri, LF Thompson, A Thorley, M Thorpe, W Toki, T Tomaru, Y Totsuka, C Touramanis, T Tsukamoto, V Tvaskis, M Tzanov, Y Uchida, K Ueno, M Usseglio, A Vacheret, M Vagins, JFV Schalkwyk, J-C Vanel, G Vasseur, O Veledar, P Vincent, T Wachala, AV Waldron, CW Walter, PJ Wanderer, MA Ward, GP Ward, D Wark, D Warner, MO Wascko, A Weber, R Wendell, J Wendland, N West, LH Whitehead, G Wikström, RJ Wilkes, MJ Wilking, Z Williamson, JR Wilson, RJ Wilson, K Wong, T Wongjirad, S Yamada, Y Yamada, A Yamamoto, K Yamamoto, Y Yamanoi, H Yamaoka, C Yanagisawa, T Yano, S Yen, N Yershov, M Yokoyama, A Zalewska, J Zalipska, K Zaremba, M Ziembicki, ED Zimmerman, M Zito, J Zmuda

The T2K experiment is a long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment. Its main goal is to measure the last unknown lepton sector mixing angle {\theta}_{13} by observing {\nu}_e appearance in a {\nu}_{\mu} beam. It also aims to make a precision measurement of the known oscillation parameters, {\Delta}m^{2}_{23} and sin^{2} 2{\theta}_{23}, via {\nu}_{\mu} disappearance studies. Other goals of the experiment include various neutrino cross section measurements and sterile neutrino searches. The experiment uses an intense proton beam generated by the J-PARC accelerator in Tokai, Japan, and is composed of a neutrino beamline, a near detector complex (ND280), and a far detector (Super-Kamiokande) located 295 km away from J-PARC. This paper provides a comprehensive review of the instrumentation aspect of the T2K experiment and a summary of the vital information for each subsystem.


Characterization and simulation of the response of Multi-Pixel Photon Counters to low light levels

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment (2011)

A Vacheret, GJ Barker, M Dziewiecki, P Guzowski, MD Haigh, B Hartfiel, A Izmaylov, W Johnston, M Khabibullin, A Khotjantsev, Y Kudenko, R Kurjata, T Kutter, T Lindner, P Masliah, J Marzec, O Mineev, Y Musienko, S Oser, F Retière, RO Salih, A Shaikhiev, LF Thompson, MA Ward, RJ Wilson, N Yershov, K Zaremba, M Ziembicki


Active to sterile neutrino mixing limits from neutral-current interactions in MINOS

Physical Review Letters 107 (2011)

P Adamson, DJ Auty, DS Ayres, C Backhouse, G Barr, M Bishai, A Blake, GJ Bock, DJ Boehnlein, D Bogert, S Cavanaugh, D Cherdack, S Childress, JAB Coelho, SJ Coleman, L Corwin, D Cronin-Hennessy, IZ Danko, JK De Jong, NE Devenish, MV Diwan, M Dorman, CO Escobar, JJ Evans, E Falk, GJ Feldman, MV Frohne, HR Gallagher, RA Gomes, MC Goodman, P Gouffon, N Graf, R Gran, N Grant, K Grzelak, A Habig, D Harris, J Hartnell, J Hartnell, R Hatcher, A Himmel, A Holin, X Huang, J Hylen, J Ilic, GM Irwin, Z Isvan, DE Jaffe, C James, D Jensen, T Kafka, SMS Kasahara, G Koizumi, S Kopp, M Kordosky, A Kreymer, K Lang, G Lefeuvre, J Ling, J Ling, PJ Litchfield, PJ Litchfield, L Loiacono, P Lucas, WA Mann, ML Marshak, N Mayer, AM McGowan, R Mehdiyev, JR Meier, MD Messier, WH Miller, SR Mishra, J Mitchell, CD Moore, J Morfín, L Mualem, S Mufson, J Musser, D Naples, JK Nelson, HB Newman, RJ Nichol, TC Nicholls, JA Nowak, WP Oliver, M Orchanian, J Paley, J Paley, RB Patterson, G Pawloski, GF Pearce, DA Petyt, S Phan-Budd, R Pittam, RK Plunkett, X Qiu, J Ratchford, TM Raufer, B Rebel

Results are reported from a search for active to sterile neutrino oscillations in the MINOS long-baseline experiment, based on the observation of neutral-current neutrino interactions, from an exposure to the NuMI neutrino beam of 7.07×1020 protons on target. A total of 802 neutral-current event candidates is observed in the Far Detector, compared to an expected number of 754±28(stat)±37(syst) for oscillations among three active flavors. The fraction fs of disappearing νμ that may transition to νs is found to be less than 22% at the 90%C.L.


The T2K experiment

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment 659 (2011) 106-135

K Abe, N Abgrall, H Aihara, Y Ajima, JB Albert, D Allan, PA Amaudruz, C Andreopoulos, B Andrieu, MD Anerella, C Angelsen, S Aoki, O Araoka, J Argyriades, A Ariga, T Ariga, S Assylbekov, JPAM De André, D Autiero, A Badertscher, O Ballester, M Barbi, GJ Barker, P Baron, G Barr, L Bartoszek, M Batkiewicz, F Bay, S Bentham, V Berardi, BE Berger, H Berns, I Bertram, M Besnier, J Beucher, D Beznosko, S Bhadra, P Birney, P Birney, D Bishop, E Blackmore, FDM Blaszczyk, J Blocki, A Blondel, A Bodek, C Bojechko, J Bouchez, T Boussuge, SB Boyd, M Boyer, N Braam, R Bradford, A Bravar, K Briggs, JD Brinson, C Bronner, DG Brook-Roberge, M Bryant, N Buchanan, H Budd, M Cadabeschi, RG Calland, D Calvet, J Caravaca Rodríguez, J Carroll, SL Cartwright, A Carver, R Castillo, MG Catanesi, C Cavata, A Cazes, A Cervera, JP Charrier, C Chavez, S Choi, S Chollet, G Christodoulou, P Colas, J Coleman, W Coleman, G Collazuol, K Connolly, P Cooke, A Curioni, A Dabrowska, I Danko, R Das, GS Davies, S Davis, M Day, X De La Broise, P De Perio, G De Rosa, T Dealtry, T Dealtry, A Debraine, E Delagnes, A Delbart, C Densham, F Di Lodovico

The T2K experiment is a long baseline neutrino oscillation experiment. Its main goal is to measure the last unknown lepton sector mixing angle θ13 by observing νe appearance in a νμ beam. It also aims to make a precision measurement of the known oscillation parameters, Δ23 2+ and sin22θ23, via νμ disappearance studies. Other goals of the experiment include various neutrino cross-section measurements and sterile neutrino searches. The experiment uses an intense proton beam generated by the J-PARC accelerator in Tokai, Japan, and is composed of a neutrino beamline, a near detector complex (ND280), and a far detector (Super-Kamiokande) located 295 km away from J-PARC. This paper provides a comprehensive review of the instrumentation aspect of the T2K experiment and a summary of the vital information for each subsystem. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


First direct observation of Muon antineutrino disappearance

Physical Review Letters 107 (2011)

P Adamson, C Andreopoulos, DJ Auty, DS Ayres, C Backhouse, G Barr, M Bishai, A Blake, GJ Bock, DJ Boehnlein, D Bogert, S Cavanaugh, D Cherdack, S Childress, BC Choudhary, JAB Coelho, SJ Coleman, L Corwin, D Cronin-Hennessy, IZ Danko, JK De Jong, NE Devenish, MV Diwan, M Dorman, CO Escobar, JJ Evans, E Falk, GJ Feldman, MV Frohne, HR Gallagher, RA Gomes, MC Goodman, P Gouffon, N Graf, R Gran, N Grant, K Grzelak, A Habig, D Harris, J Hartnell, J Hartnell, R Hatcher, A Himmel, A Holin, C Howcroft, X Huang, J Hylen, J Ilic, GM Irwin, Z Isvan, DE Jaffe, C James, D Jensen, T Kafka, SMS Kasahara, G Koizumi, S Kopp, M Kordosky, A Kreymer, K Lang, G Lefeuvre, J Ling, J Ling, PJ Litchfield, PJ Litchfield, L Loiacono, P Lucas, WA Mann, ML Marshak, N Mayer, AM McGowan, R Mehdiyev, JR Meier, MD Messier, WH Miller, SR Mishra, J Mitchell, CD Moore, J Morfín, L Mualem, S Mufson, J Musser, D Naples, JK Nelson, HB Newman, RJ Nichol, TC Nicholls, JA Nowak, JP Ochoa-Ricoux, WP Oliver, M Orchanian, R Ospanov, J Paley, J Paley, RB Patterson, G Pawloski, GF Pearce, DA Petyt, S Phan-Budd, RK Plunkett

This Letter reports the first direct observation of muon antineutrino disappearance. The MINOS experiment has taken data with an accelerator beam optimized for ν̄μ production, accumulating an exposure of 1.71×1020 protons on target. In the Far Detector, 97 charged current ν̄μ events are observed. The no-oscillation hypothesis predicts 156 events and is excluded at 6.3σ. The best fit to oscillation yields |Δm⊃̄2|=[3.36-0.40+0.46(stat)±0.06(syst)] ×10⊃-3eV2, ⊃sin⊃2(2θ̄)=0.86-0.12+0.11(stat) ±0.01(syst). The MINOS νμ and ν̄μ measurements are consistent at the 2.0% confidence level, assuming identical underlying oscillation parameters. © 2011 American Physical Society.


Measurement of the neutrino mass splitting and flavor mixing by minos

Physical Review Letters 106 (2011)

P Adamson, C Andreopoulos, R Armstrong, DJ Auty, DS Ayres, C Backhouse, G Barr, M Bishai, A Blake, GJ Bock, DJ Boehnlein, D Bogert, S Cavanaugh, D Cherdack, S Childress, BC Choudhary, JAB Coelho, SJ Coleman, L Corwin, D Cronin-Hennessy, IZ Danko, JK De Jong, NE Devenish, MV Diwan, M Dorman, CO Escobar, JJ Evans, E Falk, GJ Feldman, MV Frohne, HR Gallagher, RA Gomes, MC Goodman, P Gouffon, N Graf, R Gran, N Grant, K Grzelak, A Habig, D Harris, J Hartnell, J Hartnell, R Hatcher, A Himmel, A Holin, X Huang, J Hylen, J Ilic, GM Irwin, Z Isvan, DE Jaffe, C James, D Jensen, T Kafka, SMS Kasahara, G Koizumi, S Kopp, M Kordosky, A Kreymer, K Lang, G Lefeuvre, J Ling, J Ling, PJ Litchfield, PJ Litchfield, RP Litchfield, L Loiacono, P Lucas, WA Mann, ML Marshak, N Mayer, AM McGowan, R Mehdiyev, JR Meier, MD Messier, DG Michael, WH Miller, SR Mishra, J Mitchell, CD Moore, J Morfín, L Mualem, S Mufson, J Musser, D Naples, JK Nelson, HB Newman, RJ Nichol, JA Nowak, WP Oliver, M Orchanian, R Ospanov, J Paley, J Paley, RB Patterson, G Pawloski, GF Pearce, DA Petyt, S Phan-Budd, RK Plunkett

Measurements of neutrino oscillations using the disappearance of muon neutrinos from the Fermilab NuMI neutrino beam as observed by the two MINOS detectors are reported. New analysis methods have been applied to an enlarged data sample from an exposure of 7.25×1020 protons on target. A fit to neutrino oscillations yields values of |Δm2|=(2.32-0.08+0.12) ×10-3eV2 for the atmospheric mass splitting and sin(2θ)>0.90 (90% C.L.) for the mixing angle. Pure neutrino decay and quantum decoherence hypotheses are excluded at 7 and 9 standard deviations, respectively. © 2011 American Physical Society.