Publications


Improved measurement of muon antineutrino disappearance in MINOS

Physical Review Letters 108 (2012)

P Adamson, DS Ayres, C Backhouse, G Barr, M Bishai, A Blake, GJ Bock, DJ Boehnlein, D Bogert, SV Cao, S Childress, JAB Coelho, L Corwin, D Cronin-Hennessy, IZ Danko, JK De Jong, NE Devenish, MV Diwan, CO Escobar, JJ Evans, E Falk, GJ Feldman, MV Frohne, HR Gallagher, RA Gomes, MC Goodman, P Gouffon, N Graf, R Gran, K Grzelak, A Habig, J Hartnell, R Hatcher, A Himmel, A Holin, X Huang, J Hylen, GM Irwin, Z Isvan, DE Jaffe, C James, D Jensen, T Kafka, SMS Kasahara, G Koizumi, S Kopp, M Kordosky, A Kreymer, K Lang, J Ling, PJ Litchfield, L Loiacono, P Lucas, WA Mann, ML Marshak, M Mathis, N Mayer, R Mehdiyev, JR Meier, MD Messier, DG Michael, WH Miller, SR Mishra, J Mitchell, CD Moore, L Mualem, S Mufson, J Musser, D Naples, JK Nelson, HB Newman, RJ Nichol, JA Nowak, WP Oliver, M Orchanian, RB Pahlka, J Paley, RB Patterson, G Pawloski, S Phan-Budd, RK Plunkett, X Qiu, A Radovic, J Ratchford, B Rebel, C Rosenfeld, HA Rubin, MC Sanchez, J Schneps, A Schreckenberger, P Schreiner, R Sharma, A Sousa, M Strait

We report an improved measurement of ν ̄μ disappearance over a distance of 735 km using the MINOS detectors and the Fermilab Main Injector neutrino beam in a ν ̄μ-enhanced configuration. From a total exposure of 2.95×1020 protons on target, of which 42% have not been previously analyzed, we make the most precise measurement of Δm ̄2=[2.62-0.28+0.31(stat)±0. 09(syst)]×10 -3eV2 and constrain the ν ̄μ mixing angle sin2(2θ̄)>0.75 (90% C.L.). These values are in agreement with Δm2 and sin2(2θ) measured for ν μ, removing the tension reported in. © 2012 American Physical Society.


Search for Lorentz invariance and CPT violation with muon antineutrinos in the MINOS Near Detector

PHYSICAL REVIEW D 85 (2012) ARTN 031101

P Adamson, DS Ayres, G Barr, M Bishai, A Blake, GJ Bock, DJ Boehnlein, D Bogert, SV Cao, S Cavanaugh, S Childress, JAB Coelho, L Corwin, D Cronin-Hennessy, IZ Danko, JK de Jong, NE Devenish, MV Diwan, CO Escobar, JJ Evans, E Falk, GJ Feldman, MV Frohne, HR Gallagher, RA Gomes, MC Goodman, P Gouffon, N Graf, R Gran, K Grzelak, A Habig, J Hartnell, R Hatcher, A Himmel, A Holin, J Hylen, GM Irwin, Z Isvan, C James, D Jensen, T Kafka, SMS Kasahara, G Koizumi, S Kopp, M Kordosky, A Kreymer, K Lang, J Ling, PJ Litchfield, L Loiacono, P Lucas, WA Mann, ML Marshak, M Mathis, N Mayer, R Mehdiyev, JR Meier, MD Messier, WH Miller, SR Mishra, J Mitchell, CD Moore, L Mualem, S Mufson, J Musser, D Naples, JK Nelson, HB Newman, RJ Nichol, JA Nowak, WP Oliver, M Orchanian, RB Pahlka, J Paley, RB Patterson, G Pawloski, S Phan-Budd, RK Plunkett, X Qiu, A Radovic, J Ratchford, B Rebel, C Rosenfeld, HA Rubin, MC Sanchez, J Schneps, A Schreckenberger, P Schreiner, R Sharma, A Sousa, M Strait, N Tagg, RL Talaga, J Thomas, MA Thomson, G Tinti, R Toner, D Torretta, G Tzanakos, J Urheim, P Vahle, B Viren, JJ Walding, A Weber, RC Webb, C White, L Whitehead, SG Wojcicki, R Zwaska, MINOS Collaboration


First muon-neutrino disappearance study with an off-axis beam

PHYSICAL REVIEW D 85 (2012) ARTN 031103

K Abe, N Abgrall, Y Ajima, H Aihara, JB Albert, C Andreopoulos, B Andrieu, MD Anerella, S Aoki, O Araoka, J Argyriades, A Ariga, T Ariga, S Assylbekov, D Autiero, A Badertscher, M Barbi, GJ Barker, G Barr, M Bass, M Batkiewicz, F Bay, S Bentham, V Berardi, BE Berger, I Bertram, M Besnier, J Beucher, D Beznosko, S Bhadra, FDMM Blaszczyk, A Blondel, C Bojechko, J Bouchez, SB Boyd, A Bravar, C Bronner, DG Brook-Roberge, N Buchanan, H Budd, RG Calland, D Calvet, J Caravaca Rodriguez, SL Cartwright, A Carver, R Castillo, MG Catanesi, A Cazes, A Cervera, C Chavez, S Choi, G Christodoulou, J Coleman, G Collazuol, W Coleman, K Connolly, A Curioni, A Dabrowska, I Danko, R Das, GS Davies, S Davis, M Day, G De Rosa, JPAM de Andre, P de Perio, T Dealtry, A Delbart, C Densham, F Di Lodovico, S Di Luise, PD Tran, J Dobson, U Dore, O Drapier, T Duboyski, F Dufour, J Dumarchez, S Dytman, M Dziewiecki, M Dziomba, S Emery, A Ereditato, JE Escallier, L Escudero, LS Esposito, M Fechner, A Ferrero, AJ Finch, E Frank, Y Fujii, Y Fukuda, V Galymov, GL Ganetis, FC Gannaway, A Gaudin, A Gendotti, MA George, S Giffin, C Giganti, K Gilje, AK Ghosh, T Golan, M Goldhaber, JJ Gomez-Cadenas, S Gomi, M Gonin, N Grant, A Grant, P Gumplinger, P Guzowski, DR Hadley, A Haesler, MD Haigh, K Hamano, C Hansen, D Hansen, T Hara, PF Harrison, B Hartfiel, M Hartz, T Haruyama, T Hasegawa, NC Hastings, A Hatzikoutelis, K Hayashi, Y Hayato, C Hearty, RL Helmer, R Henderson, N Higashi, J Hignight, A Hillairet, T Hiraki, E Hirose, J Holeczek, S Horikawa, K Huang, A Hyndman, AK Ichikawa, K Ieki, M Ieva, M Iida, M Ikeda, J Ilic, J Imber, T Ishida, C Ishihara, T Ishii, SJ Ives, M Iwasaki, K Iyogi, A Izmaylov, B Jamieson, RA Johnson, KK Joo, GV Jover-Manas, CK Jung, H Kaji, T Kajita, H Kakuno, J Kameda, K Kaneyuki, D Karlen, K Kasami, I Kato, H Kawamuko, E Kearns, M Khabibullin, F Khanam, A Khotjantsev, D Kielczewska, T Kikawa, J Kim, JY Kim, SB Kim, N Kimura, B Kirby, J Kisiel, P Kitching, T Kobayashi, G Kogan, S Koike, A Konaka, LL Kormos, A Korzenev, K Koseki, Y Koshio, Y Kouzuma, K Kowalik, V Kravtsov, I Kreslo, W Kropp, H Kubo, J Kubota, Y Kudenko, N Kulkarni, Y Kurimoto, R Kurjata, T Kutter, J Lagoda, K Laihem, M Laveder, M Lawe, KP Lee, PT Le, JM Levy, C Licciardi, IT Lim, T Lindner, C Lister, RP Litchfield, M Litos, A Longhin, GD Lopez, PF Loverre, L Ludovici, T Lux, M Macaire, L Magaletti, K Mahn, Y Makida, M Malek, S Manly, A Marchionni, AD Marino, AJ Marone, J Marteau, JF Martin, T Maruyama, T Maryon, J Marzec, P Masliah, EL Mathie, C Matsumura, K Matsuoka, V Matveev, K Mavrokoridis, E Mazzucato, N McCauley, KS McFarland, C McGrew, T McLachlan, M Messina, W Metcalf, C Metelko, M Mezzetto, P Mijakowski, CA Miller, A Minamino, O Mineev, S Mine, AD Missert, G Mituka, M Miura, K Mizouchi, L Monfregola, F Moreau, B Morgan, S Moriyama, A Muir, A Murakami, JF Muratore, M Murdoch, S Murphy, J Myslik, N Nagai, T Nakadaira, M Nakahata, T Nakai, K Nakajima, T Nakamoto, K Nakamura, S Nakayama, T Nakaya, D Naples, ML Navin, TC Nicholls, B Nielsen, C Nielsen, K Nishikawa, H Nishino, K Nitta, T Nobuhara, JA Nowak, Y Obayashi, T Ogitsu, H Ohhata, T Okamura, K Okumura, T Okusawa, SM Oser, M Otani, RA Owen, Y Oyama, T Ozaki, MY Pac, V Palladino, V Paolone, P Paul, D Payne, GF Pearce, JD Perkin, V Pettinacci, F Pierre, E Poplawska, B Popov, M Posiadala, J-M Poutissou, R Poutissou, P Przewlocki, W Qian, JL Raaf, E Radicioni, PN Ratoff, TM Raufer, M Ravonel, M Raymond, M Reeves, F Retiere, A Robert, PA Rodrigues, E Rondio, JM Roney, B Rossi, S Roth, A Rubbia, D Ruterbories, S Sabouri, R Sacco, K Sakashita, F Sanchez, A Sarrat, K Sasaki, K Scholberg, J Schwehr, M Scott, DI Scully, Y Seiya, T Sekiguchi, H Sekiya, M Shibata, Y Shimizu, M Shiozawa, S Short, PD Sinclair, M Siyad, BM Smith, RJ Smith, M Smy, JT Sobczyk, H Sobel, M Sorel, A Stahl, P Stamoulis, J Steinmann, B Still, J Stone, C Strabel, R Sulej, A Suzuki, K Suzuki, S Suzuki, SY Suzuki, Y Suzuki, Y Suzuki, T Szeglowski, M Szeptycka, R Tacik, M Tada, M Taguchi, S Takahashi, A Takeda, Y Takenaga, Y Takeuchi, K Tanaka, HA Tanaka, M Tanaka, MM Tanaka, N Tanimoto, K Tashiro, I Taylor, A Terashima, D Terhorst, R Terri, LF Thompson, A Thorley, W Toki, S Tobayama, T Tomaru, Y Totsuka, C Touramanis, T Tsukamoto, M Tzanov, Y Uchida, K Ueno, A Vacheret, M Vagins, G Vasseur, O Veledar, T Wachala, JJ Walding, AV Waldron, CW Walter, PJ Wanderer, J Wang, MA Ward, GP Ward, D Wark, MO Wascko, A Weber, R Wendell, N West, LH Whitehead, G Wikstroem, RJ Wilkes, MJ Wilking, Z Williamson, JR Wilson, RJ Wilson, T Wongjirad, S Yamada, Y Yamada, A Yamamoto, K Yamamoto, Y Yamanoi, H Yamaoka, T Yamauchi, C Yanagisawa, T Yano, S Yen, N Yershov, M Yokoyama, T Yuan, A Zalewska, J Zalipska, L Zambelli, K Zaremba, M Ziembicki, ED Zimmerman, M Zito, J Zmuda, T Collaboration


Measurements of atmospheric neutrinos and antineutrinos in the MINOS far detector

Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology 86 (2012)

P Adamson, C Backhouse, G Barr, M Bishai, AST Blake, GJ Bock, DJ Boehnlein, D Bogert, SV Cao, JD Chapman, S Childress, JAB Coelho, L Corwin, D Cronin-Hennessy, IZ Danko, JK De Jong, NE Devenish, MV Diwan, CO Escobar, JJ Evans, E Falk, GJ Feldman, MV Frohne, HR Gallagher, RA Gomes, MC Goodman, P Gouffon, N Graf, R Gran, K Grzelak, A Habig, J Hartnell, R Hatcher, A Himmel, A Holin, J Hylen, GM Irwin, Z Isvan, DE Jaffe, C James, D Jensen, T Kafka, SMS Kasahara, G Koizumi, S Kopp, M Kordosky, A Kreymer, K Lang, J Ling, PJ Litchfield, L Loiacono, P Lucas, WA Mann, ML Marshak, M Mathis, N Mayer, MM Medeiros, R Mehdiyev, JR Meier, MD Messier, WH Miller, SR Mishra, J Mitchell, CD Moore, L Mualem, S Mufson, J Musser, D Naples, JK Nelson, HB Newman, RJ Nichol, JA Nowak, WP Oliver, M Orchanian, RB Pahlka, J Paley, RB Patterson, G Pawloski, S Phan-Budd, RK Plunkett, X Qiu, A Radovic, J Ratchford, B Rebel, C Rosenfeld, HA Rubin, MC Sanchez, J Schneps, A Schreckenberger, P Schreiner, R Sharma, A Sousa, B Speakman, M Strait, N Tagg, RL Talaga

This paper reports measurements of atmospheric neutrino and antineutrino interactions in the MINOS Far Detector, based on 2553 live-days (37.9kton-years) of data. A total of 2072 candidate events are observed. These are separated into 905 contained-vertex muons and 466 neutrino-induced rock-muons, both produced by charged-current ν μ and ν ̄μ interactions, and 701 contained-vertex showers, composed mainly of charged-current ν e and ν ̄e interactions and neutral-current interactions. The curvature of muon tracks in the magnetic field of the MINOS Far Detector is used to select separate samples of ν μ and ν ̄μ events. The observed ratio of ν ̄μ to ν μ events is compared with the MonteCarlo (MC) simulation, giving a double ratio of Rν̄/νdata/ Rν̄/νMC=1.03±0.08(stat)±0.08(syst). The ν μ and ν ̄μ data are separated into bins of L/E resolution, based on the reconstructed energy and direction of each event, and a maximum likelihood fit to the observed L/E distributions is used to determine the atmospheric neutrino oscillation parameters. This fit returns 90% confidence limits of |Δm2|=(1.9±0.4)×10 -3eV2 and sin22θ>0.86. The fit is extended to incorporate separate ν μ and ν ̄μ oscillation parameters, returning 90% confidence limits of |Δm2|-|Δm ̄2|=0.6- 0.8+2.4×10 -3eV2 on the difference between the squared-mass splittings for neutrinos and antineutrinos. © 2012 American Physical Society.


New measurements of the transverse beam asymmetry for elastic electron scattering from selected nuclei

Physical Review Letters 109 (2012)

S Abrahamyan, A Acha, A Afanasev, Z Ahmed, H Albataineh, K Aniol, DS Armstrong, W Armstrong, J Arrington, T Averett, B Babineau, SL Bailey, J Barber, A Barbieri, A Beck, V Bellini, R Beminiwattha, H Benaoum, J Benesch, F Benmokhtar, P Bertin, T Bielarski, W Boeglin, P Bosted, F Butaru, E Burtin, J Cahoon, A Camsonne, M Canan, P Carter, CC Chang, GD Cates, YC Chao, C Chen, JP Chen, S Choi, E Chudakov, E Cisbani, B Craver, F Cusanno, MM Dalton, R De Leo, K De Jager, W Deconinck, P Decowski, D Deepa, X Deng, A Deur, D Dutta, A Etile, C Ferdi, RJ Feuerbach, JM Finn, D Flay, GB Franklin, M Friend, S Frullani, E Fuchey, SA Fuchs, K Fuoti, F Garibaldi, E Gasser, R Gilman, A Giusa, A Glamazdin, LE Glesener, J Gomez, M Gorchtein, J Grames, K Grimm, C Gu, O Hansen, J Hansknecht, O Hen, DW Higinbotham, RS Holmes, T Holmstrom, CJ Horowitz, J Hoskins, J Huang, TB Humensky, CE Hyde, H Ibrahim, F Itard, CM Jen, E Jensen, X Jiang, G Jin, S Johnston, J Katich

We have measured the beam-normal single-spin asymmetry A n in the elastic scattering of 1-3 GeV transversely polarized electrons from H1 and for the first time from He4, C12, and Pb208. For H1, He4, and C12, the measurements are in agreement with calculations that relate A n to the imaginary part of the two-photon exchange amplitude including inelastic intermediate states. Surprisingly, the Pb208 result is significantly smaller than the corresponding prediction using the same formalism. These results suggest that a systematic set of new A n measurements might emerge as a new and sensitive probe of the structure of heavy nuclei. © 2012 American Physical Society.


Combining neutrino oscillation experiments with the Feldman-Cousins method

New Journal of Physics 14 (2012)

AV Waldron, MD Haigh, A Weber

In this paper we describe how two or more experimental results can be combined within the procedure of Feldman and Cousins, to provide combined confidence limits on the physical parameters of interest. We demonstrate the technique by combining the recent electron neutrino appearance results from T2K and MINOS. Our best fit point is sin 2 2θ 13 = 0.08 (0.11) and δ = 1.1 (2.0)π; in addition we exclude sin2 2θ 13 = 0 at 2.7σ (2.8σ) for the normal (inverted) neutrino mass hierarchy. © IOP Publishing Ltd and Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft.


Search for Lorentz invariance and CPT violation with muon antineutrinos in the MINOS Near Detector

Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology 85 (2012)

P Adamson, DS Ayres, G Barr, M Bishai, A Blake, GJ Bock, DJ Boehnlein, D Bogert, SV Cao, S Cavanaugh, S Childress, JAB Coelho, L Corwin, D Cronin-Hennessy, IZ Danko, JK De Jong, NE Devenish, MV Diwan, CO Escobar, JJ Evans, E Falk, GJ Feldman, MV Frohne, HR Gallagher, RA Gomes, MC Goodman, P Gouffon, N Graf, R Gran, K Grzelak, A Habig, J Hartnell, R Hatcher, A Himmel, A Holin, J Hylen, GM Irwin, Z Isvan, C James, D Jensen, T Kafka, SMS Kasahara, G Koizumi, S Kopp, M Kordosky, A Kreymer, K Lang, J Ling, PJ Litchfield, L Loiacono, P Lucas, WA Mann, ML Marshak, M Mathis, N Mayer, R Mehdiyev, JR Meier, MD Messier, WH Miller, SR Mishra, J Mitchell, CD Moore, L Mualem, S Mufson, J Musser, D Naples, JK Nelson, HB Newman, RJ Nichol, JA Nowak, WP Oliver, M Orchanian, RB Pahlka, J Paley, RB Patterson, G Pawloski, S Phan-Budd, RK Plunkett, X Qiu, A Radovic, J Ratchford, B Rebel, C Rosenfeld, HA Rubin, MC Sanchez, J Schneps, A Schreckenberger, P Schreiner, R Sharma, A Sousa, M Strait, N Tagg, RL Talaga, J Thomas

We have searched for sidereal variations in the rate of antineutrino interactions in the MINOS Near Detector. Using antineutrinos produced by the NuMI beam, we find no statistically significant sidereal modulation in the rate. When this result is placed in the context of the Standard Model Extension theory we are able to place upper limits on the coefficients defining the theory. These limits are used in combination with the results from an earlier analysis of MINOS neutrino data to further constrain the coefficients. © 2012 American Physical Society.


T2K: A LONG-BASELINE EXPERIMENT TO STUDY NEUTRINOS

MODERN PHYSICS LETTERS A 27 (2012) ARTN 1230017

A Weber


First muon-neutrino disappearance study with an off-axis beam

Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology 85 (2012)

K Abe, N Abgrall, Y Ajima, H Aihara, JB Albert, C Andreopoulos, B Andrieu, MD Anerella, S Aoki, O Araoka, J Argyriades, A Ariga, T Ariga, S Assylbekov, D Autiero, A Badertscher, M Barbi, GJ Barker, G Barr, M Bass, M Batkiewicz, F Bay, S Bentham, V Berardi, BE Berger, I Bertram, M Besnier, J Beucher, D Beznosko, S Bhadra, FDMM Blaszczyk, A Blondel, C Bojechko, J Bouchez, SB Boyd, A Bravar, C Bronner, DG Brook-Roberge, N Buchanan, H Budd, RG Calland, D Calvet, J Caravaca Rodríguez, SL Cartwright, A Carver, R Castillo, MG Catanesi, A Cazes, A Cervera, C Chavez, S Choi, G Christodoulou, J Coleman, G Collazuol, W Coleman, K Connolly, A Curioni, A Dabrowska, I Danko, R Das, GS Davies, S Davis, M Day, G De Rosa, JPAM De André, P De Perio, T Dealtry, A Delbart, C Densham, F Di Lodovico, S Di Luise, P Dinh Tran, J Dobson, U Dore, O Drapier, T Duboyski, F Dufour, J Dumarchez, S Dytman, M Dziewiecki, M Dziomba, S Emery, A Ereditato, JE Escallier, L Escudero, LS Esposito, M Fechner, A Ferrero, AJ Finch, E Frank, Y Fujii, Y Fukuda

We report a measurement of muon-neutrino disappearance in the T2K experiment. The 295-km muon-neutrino beam from Tokai to Kamioka is the first implementation of the off-axis technique in a long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment. With data corresponding to 1.43×1020 protons on target, we observe 31 fully-contained single μ-like ring events in Super-Kamiokande, compared with an expectation of 104±14(syst) events without neutrino oscillations. The best-fit point for two-flavor ν μ→ν τ oscillations is sin2(2θ 23)=0.98 and |Δm322|=2.65×10 -3eV2. The boundary of the 90% confidence region includes the points ( sin2(2θ 23), |Δm322|)=(1.0,3.1×10 -3eV2), (0.84, 2.65×10 -3eV2) and (1.0, 2.2×10 -3eV2). © 2012 American Physical Society.


The T2K ND280 off-axis pi-zero detector

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment 686 (2012) 48-63

S Assylbekov, G Barr, BE Berger, H Berns, D Beznosko, A Bodek, R Bradford, N Buchanan, H Budd, Y Caffari, K Connolly, I Danko, R Das, S Davis, M Day, S Dytman, M Dziomba, R Flight, D Forbush, K Gilje, D Hansen, J Hignight, J Imber, RA Johnson, CK Jung, V Kravtsov, PT Le, GD Lopez, CJ Malafis, S Manly, AD Marino, KS McFarland, C McGrew, C Metelko, G Nagashima, D Naples, TC Nicholls, B Nielsen, V Paolone, P Paul, GF Pearce, W Qian, K Ramos, E Reinherz-Aronis, PA Rodrigues, D Ruterbories, J Schmidt, J Schwehr, M Siyad, J Steffens, AS Tadepalli, IJ Taylor, M Thorpe, W Toki, C Vanek, D Warner, A Weber, RJ Wilkes, RJ Wilson, C Yanagisawa, T Yuan

The pi-zero detector (POD) is one of the subdetectors that makes up the off-axis near detector for the Tokai-to-Kamioka (T2K) long baseline neutrino experiment. The primary goal for the POD is to measure the relevant cross-sections for neutrino interactions that generate π0s, especially the cross-section for neutral current π0 interactions, which are one of the dominant sources of background to the νμ→ νe appearance signal in T2K. The POD is composed of layers of plastic scintillator alternating with water bags and brass sheets or lead sheets and is one of the first detectors to use Multi-Pixel Photon Counters (MPPCs) on a large scale. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Improved search for Muon-neutrino to electron-neutrino oscillations in MINOS.

Phys Rev Lett 107 (2011) 181802-

P Adamson, DJ Auty, DS Ayres, C Backhouse, G Barr, M Betancourt, M Bishai, A Blake, GJ Bock, DJ Boehnlein, D Bogert, SV Cao, S Cavanaugh, D Cherdack, S Childress, JA Coelho, L Corwin, D Cronin-Hennessy, IZ Danko, JK de Jong, NE Devenish, MV Diwan, M Dorman, CO Escobar, JJ Evans, E Falk, GJ Feldman, MV Frohne, HR Gallagher, RA Gomes, MC Goodman, P Gouffon, N Graf, R Gran, K Grzelak, A Habig, J Hartnell, R Hatcher, A Himmel, A Holin, X Huang, J Hylen, GM Irwin, Z Isvan, DE Jaffe, C James, D Jensen, T Kafka, SM Kasahara, G Koizumi, S Kopp, M Kordosky, A Kreymer, K Lang, G Lefeuvre, J Ling, PJ Litchfield, L Loiacono, P Lucas, WA Mann, ML Marshak, M Mathis, N Mayer, AM McGowan, R Mehdiyev, JR Meier, MD Messier, DG Michael, WH Miller, SR Mishra, J Mitchell, CD Moore, L Mualem, S Mufson, J Musser, D Naples, JK Nelson, HB Newman, RJ Nichol, JA Nowak, JP Ochoa-Ricoux, WP Oliver, M Orchanian, J Paley, RB Patterson, G Pawloski, GF Pearce, S Phan-Budd, RK Plunkett, X Qiu, J Ratchford, B Rebel, C Rosenfeld, HA Rubin, MC Sanchez, J Schneps, A Schreckenberger, P Schreiner, P Shanahan, R Sharma, A Sousa, N Tagg, RL Talaga, J Thomas, MA Thomson, R Toner, D Torretta, G Tzanakos, J Urheim, P Vahle, B Viren, JJ Walding, A Weber, RC Webb, C White, L Whitehead, SG Wojcicki, T Yang, R Zwaska, MINOS Collaboration

We report the results of a search for ν(e) appearance in a ν(μ) beam in the MINOS long-baseline neutrino experiment. With an improved analysis and an increased exposure of 8.2 × 10(20) protons on the NuMI target at Fermilab, we find that 2 sin(2) (θ(23))sin(2)(2θ(13))<0.12(0.20) at 90% confidence level for δ = 0 and the normal (inverted) neutrino mass hierarchy, with a best-fit of 2sin(2) (θ(23))sin(2)(2θ(13)) = 0.041(-0.031)(+0.047) (0.079(-0.053) (+0.071)). The θ(13) = 0 hypothesis is disfavored by the MINOS data at the 89% confidence level.


Characterization and simulation of the response of Multi-Pixel Photon Counters to low light levels

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment (2011)

A Vacheret, GJ Barker, M Dziewiecki, P Guzowski, MD Haigh, B Hartfiel, A Izmaylov, W Johnston, M Khabibullin, A Khotjantsev, Y Kudenko, R Kurjata, T Kutter, T Lindner, P Masliah, J Marzec, O Mineev, Y Musienko, S Oser, F Retière, RO Salih, A Shaikhiev, LF Thompson, MA Ward, RJ Wilson, N Yershov, K Zaremba, M Ziembicki


Active to sterile neutrino mixing limits from neutral-current interactions in MINOS

Physical Review Letters 107 (2011)

P Adamson, DJ Auty, DS Ayres, C Backhouse, G Barr, M Bishai, A Blake, GJ Bock, DJ Boehnlein, D Bogert, S Cavanaugh, D Cherdack, S Childress, JAB Coelho, SJ Coleman, L Corwin, D Cronin-Hennessy, IZ Danko, JK De Jong, NE Devenish, MV Diwan, M Dorman, CO Escobar, JJ Evans, E Falk, GJ Feldman, MV Frohne, HR Gallagher, RA Gomes, MC Goodman, P Gouffon, N Graf, R Gran, N Grant, K Grzelak, A Habig, D Harris, J Hartnell, R Hatcher, A Himmel, A Holin, X Huang, J Hylen, J Ilic, GM Irwin, Z Isvan, DE Jaffe, C James, D Jensen, T Kafka, SMS Kasahara, G Koizumi, S Kopp, M Kordosky, A Kreymer, K Lang, G Lefeuvre, J Ling, PJ Litchfield, L Loiacono, P Lucas, WA Mann, ML Marshak, N Mayer, AM McGowan, R Mehdiyev, JR Meier, MD Messier, WH Miller, SR Mishra, J Mitchell, CD Moore, J Morfín, L Mualem, S Mufson, J Musser, D Naples, JK Nelson, HB Newman, RJ Nichol, TC Nicholls, JA Nowak, WP Oliver, M Orchanian, J Paley, RB Patterson, G Pawloski, GF Pearce, DA Petyt, S Phan-Budd, R Pittam, RK Plunkett, X Qiu, J Ratchford, TM Raufer, B Rebel

Results are reported from a search for active to sterile neutrino oscillations in the MINOS long-baseline experiment, based on the observation of neutral-current neutrino interactions, from an exposure to the NuMI neutrino beam of 7.07×1020 protons on target. A total of 802 neutral-current event candidates is observed in the Far Detector, compared to an expected number of 754±28(stat)±37(syst) for oscillations among three active flavors. The fraction fs of disappearing νμ that may transition to νs is found to be less than 22% at the 90%C.L.


Measurement of the underground atmospheric muon charge ratio using the MINOS near detector

Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology 83 (2011)

P Adamson, C Andreopoulos, DJ Auty, DS Ayres, C Backhouse, G Barr, WL Barrett, P Bhattarai, M Bishai, A Blake, GJ Bock, DJ Boehnlein, D Bogert, S Budd, S Cavanaugh, D Cherdack, S Childress, BC Choudhary, JAB Coelho, SJ Coleman, L Corwin, D Cronin-Hennessy, D Damiani, IZ Danko, JK De Jong, NE Devenish, MV Diwan, M Dorman, CO Escobar, JJ Evans, E Falk, GJ Feldman, TH Fields, MV Frohne, HR Gallagher, RA Gomes, MC Goodman, P Gouffon, N Graf, R Gran, N Grant, K Grzelak, A Habig, D Harris, PG Harris, J Hartnell, R Hatcher, A Himmel, A Holin, X Huang, J Hylen, J Ilic, GM Irwin, Z Isvan, DE Jaffe, C James, D Jensen, T Kafka, SMS Kasahara, G Koizumi, S Kopp, M Kordosky, Z Krahn, A Kreymer, K Lang, G Lefeuvre, J Ling, PJ Litchfield, L Loiacono, P Lucas, WA Mann, ML Marshak, N Mayer, AM McGowan, R Mehdiyev, JR Meier, MD Messier, DG Michael, WH Miller, SR Mishra, J Mitchell, CD Moore, J Morfín, L Mualem, S Mufson, J Musser, D Naples, JK Nelson, HB Newman, RJ Nichol, JA Nowak, WP Oliver, M Orchanian

The magnetized MINOS Near Detector, at a depth of 225 mwe, is used to measure the atmospheric muon charge ratio. The ratio of observed positive to negative atmospheric muon rates, using 301 days of data, is measured to be 1.266±0.001(stat)-0.014+0.015(syst). This measurement is consistent with previous results from other shallow underground detectors and is 0.108±0.019(stat+syst) lower than the measurement at the functionally identical MINOS Far Detector at a depth of 2070 mwe. This increase in charge ratio as a function of depth is consistent with an increase in the fraction of muons arising from kaon decay for increasing muon surface energies. © 2011 American Physical Society.


The T2K experiment

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment (2011)

K Abe, N Abgrall, H Aihara, Y Ajima, JB Albert, D Allan, P-A Amaudruz, C Andreopoulos, B Andrieu, MD Anerella, C Angelsen, S Aoki, O Araoka, J Argyriades, A Ariga, T Ariga, S Assylbekov, JPAM de André, D Autiero, A Badertscher, O Ballester, M Barbi, GJ Barker, P Baron, G Barr, L Bartoszek, M Batkiewicz, F Bay, S Bentham, V Berardi, BE Berger, H Berns, I Bertram, M Besnier, J Beucher, D Beznosko, S Bhadra, P Birney, D Bishop, E Blackmore, FDM Blaszczyk, J Blocki, A Blondel, A Bodek, C Bojechko, J Bouchez, T Boussuge, SB Boyd, M Boyer, N Braam, R Bradford, A Bravar, K Briggs, JD Brinson, C Bronner, DG Brook-Roberge, M Bryant, N Buchanan, H Budd, M Cadabeschi, RG Calland, D Calvet, J Caravaca Rodríguez, J Carroll, SL Cartwright, A Carver, R Castillo, MG Catanesi, C Cavata, A Cazes, A Cervera, JP Charrier, C Chavez, S Choi, S Chollet, G Christodoulou, P Colas, J Coleman, W Coleman, G Collazuol, K Connolly, P Cooke, A Curioni, A Dabrowska, I Danko, R Das, GS Davies, S Davis, M Day, X De La Broise, P de Perio, G De Rosa, T Dealtry, A Debraine, E Delagnes, A Delbart, C Densham, F Di Lodovico, S Di Luise, P Dinh Tran, J Dobson, J Doornbos, U Dore, O Drapier, F Druillole, F Dufour, J Dumarchez, T Durkin, S Dytman, M Dziewiecki, M Dziomba, B Ellison, S Emery, A Ereditato, JE Escallier, L Escudero, LS Esposito, W Faszer, M Fechner, A Ferrero, A Finch, C Fisher, M Fitton, R Flight, D Forbush, E Frank, K Fransham, Y Fujii, Y Fukuda, M Gallop, V Galymov, GL Ganetis, FC Gannaway, A Gaudin, J Gaweda, A Gendotti, M George, S Giffin, C Giganti, K Gilje, I Giomataris, J Giraud, AK Ghosh, T Golan, M Goldhaber, JJ Gomez-Cadenas, S Gomi, M Gonin, M Goyette, A Grant, N Grant, F Grañena, S Greenwood, P Gumplinger, P Guzowski, MD Haigh, K Hamano, C Hansen, T Hara, PF Harrison, B Hartfiel, M Hartz, T Haruyama, R Hasanen, T Hasegawa, NC Hastings, S Hastings, A Hatzikoutelis, K Hayashi, Y Hayato, TDJ Haycock, C Hearty, RL Helmer, R Henderson, S Herlant, N Higashi, J Hignight, K Hiraide, E Hirose, J Holeczek, N Honkanen, S Horikawa, A Hyndman, AK Ichikawa, K Ieki, M Ieva, M Iida, M Ikeda, J Ilic, J Imber, T Ishida, C Ishihara, T Ishii, SJ Ives, M Iwasaki, K Iyogi, A Izmaylov, B Jamieson, RA Johnson, KK Joo, G Jover-Manas, CK Jung, H Kaji, T Kajita, H Kakuno, J Kameda, K Kaneyuki, D Karlen, K Kasami, V Kasey, I Kato, H Kawamuko, E Kearns, L Kellet, M Khabibullin, M Khaleeq, N Khan, A Khotjantsev, D Kielczewska, T Kikawa, JY Kim, S-B Kim, N Kimura, B Kirby, J Kisiel, P Kitching, T Kobayashi, G Kogan, S Koike, T Komorowski, A Konaka, LL Kormos, A Korzenev, K Koseki, Y Koshio, Y Kouzuma, K Kowalik, V Kravtsov, I Kreslo, W Kropp, H Kubo, J Kubota, Y Kudenko, N Kulkarni, L Kurchaninov, Y Kurimoto, R Kurjata, Y Kurosawa, T Kutter, J Lagoda, K Laihem, R Langstaff, M Laveder, TB Lawson, PT Le, A Le Coguie, M Le Ross, KP Lee, M Lenckowski, C Licciardi, IT Lim, T Lindner, RP Litchfield, A Longhin, GD Lopez, P Lu, L Ludovici, T Lux, M Macaire, L Magaletti, K Mahn, Y Makida, CJ Malafis, M Malek, S Manly, A Marchionni, C Mark, AD Marino, AJ Marone, J Marteau, JF Martin, T Maruyama, T Maryon, J Marzec, P Masliah, EL Mathie, C Matsumura, K Matsuoka, V Matveev, K Mavrokoridis, E Mazzucato, N McCauley, KS McFarland, C McGrew, T McLachlan, I Mercer, M Messina, W Metcalf, C Metelko, M Mezzetto, P Mijakowski, CA Miller, A Minamino, O Mineev, S Mine, RE Minvielle, G Mituka, M Miura, K Mizouchi, J-P Mols, L Monfregola, E Monmarthe, F Moreau, B Morgan, S Moriyama, D Morris, A Muir, A Murakami, JF Muratore, M Murdoch, S Murphy, J Myslik, G Nagashima, T Nakadaira, M Nakahata, T Nakamoto, K Nakamura, S Nakayama, T Nakaya, D Naples, B Nelson, TC Nicholls, K Nishikawa, H Nishino, K Nitta, F Nizery, JA Nowak, M Noy, Y Obayashi, T Ogitsu, H Ohhata, T Okamura, K Okumura, T Okusawa, C Ohlmann, K Olchanski, R Openshaw, SM Oser, M Otani, RA Owen, Y Oyama, T Ozaki, MY Pac, V Palladino, V Paolone, P Paul, D Payne, GF Pearce, C Pearson, JD Perkin, M Pfleger, F Pierre, D Pierrepont, P Plonski, P Poffenberger, E Poplawska, B Popov, M Posiadala, J-M Poutissou, R Poutissou, R Preece, P Przewlocki, W Qian, JL Raaf, E Radicioni, K Ramos, P Ratoff, TM Raufer, M Ravonel, M Raymond, F Retiere, D Richards, J-L Ritou, A Robert, PA Rodrigues, E Rondio, M Roney, M Rooney, D Ross, B Rossi, S Roth, A Rubbia, D Ruterbories, R Sacco, S Sadler, K Sakashita, F Sanchez, A Sarrat, K Sasaki, P Schaack, J Schmidt, K Scholberg, J Schwehr, M Scott, DI Scully, Y Seiya, T Sekiguchi, H Sekiya, G Sheffer, M Shibata, Y Shimizu, M Shiozawa, S Short, M Siyad, D Smith, RJ Smith, M Smy, J Sobczyk, H Sobel, S Sooriyakumaran, M Sorel, J Spitz, A Stahl, P Stamoulis, O Star, J Statter, L Stawnyczy, J Steinmann, J Steffens, B Still, M Stodulski, J Stone, C Strabel, T Strauss, R Sulej, P Sutcliffe, A Suzuki, K Suzuki, S Suzuki, SY Suzuki, Y Suzuki, Y Suzuki, J Swierblewski, T Szeglowski, M Szeptycka, R Tacik, M Tada, AS Tadepalli, M Taguchi, S Takahashi, A Takeda, Y Takenaga, Y Takeuchi, HA Tanaka, K Tanaka, M Tanaka, MM Tanaka, N Tanimoto, K Tashiro, IJ Taylor, A Terashima, D Terhorst, R Terri, LF Thompson, A Thorley, M Thorpe, W Toki, T Tomaru, Y Totsuka, C Touramanis, T Tsukamoto, V Tvaskis, M Tzanov, Y Uchida, K Ueno, M Usseglio, A Vacheret, M Vagins, JF Van Schalkwyk, J-C Vanel, G Vasseur, O Veledar, P Vincent, T Wachala, AV Waldron, CW Walter, PJ Wanderer, MA Ward, GP Ward, D Wark, D Warner, MO Wascko, A Weber, R Wendell, J Wendland, N West, LH Whitehead, G Wikström, RJ Wilkes, MJ Wilking, Z Williamson, JR Wilson, RJ Wilson, K Wong, T Wongjirad, S Yamada, Y Yamada, A Yamamoto, K Yamamoto, Y Yamanoi, H Yamaoka, C Yanagisawa, T Yano, S Yen, N Yershov, M Yokoyama, A Zalewska, J Zalipska, K Zaremba, M Ziembicki, ED Zimmerman, M Zito, J Zmuda


First direct observation of Muon antineutrino disappearance

Physical Review Letters 107 (2011)

P Adamson, C Andreopoulos, DJ Auty, DS Ayres, C Backhouse, G Barr, M Bishai, A Blake, GJ Bock, DJ Boehnlein, D Bogert, S Cavanaugh, D Cherdack, S Childress, BC Choudhary, JAB Coelho, SJ Coleman, L Corwin, D Cronin-Hennessy, IZ Danko, JK De Jong, NE Devenish, MV Diwan, M Dorman, CO Escobar, JJ Evans, E Falk, GJ Feldman, MV Frohne, HR Gallagher, RA Gomes, MC Goodman, P Gouffon, N Graf, R Gran, N Grant, K Grzelak, A Habig, D Harris, J Hartnell, R Hatcher, A Himmel, A Holin, C Howcroft, X Huang, J Hylen, J Ilic, GM Irwin, Z Isvan, DE Jaffe, C James, D Jensen, T Kafka, SMS Kasahara, G Koizumi, S Kopp, M Kordosky, A Kreymer, K Lang, G Lefeuvre, J Ling, PJ Litchfield, L Loiacono, P Lucas, WA Mann, ML Marshak, N Mayer, AM McGowan, R Mehdiyev, JR Meier, MD Messier, WH Miller, SR Mishra, J Mitchell, CD Moore, J Morfín, L Mualem, S Mufson, J Musser, D Naples, JK Nelson, HB Newman, RJ Nichol, TC Nicholls, JA Nowak, JP Ochoa-Ricoux, WP Oliver, M Orchanian, R Ospanov, J Paley, RB Patterson, G Pawloski, GF Pearce, DA Petyt, S Phan-Budd, RK Plunkett

This Letter reports the first direct observation of muon antineutrino disappearance. The MINOS experiment has taken data with an accelerator beam optimized for ν̄μ production, accumulating an exposure of 1.71×1020 protons on target. In the Far Detector, 97 charged current ν̄μ events are observed. The no-oscillation hypothesis predicts 156 events and is excluded at 6.3σ. The best fit to oscillation yields |Δm⊃̄2|=[3.36-0.40+0.46(stat)±0.06(syst)] ×10⊃-3eV2, ⊃sin⊃2(2θ̄)=0.86-0.12+0.11(stat) ±0.01(syst). The MINOS νμ and ν̄μ measurements are consistent at the 2.0% confidence level, assuming identical underlying oscillation parameters. © 2011 American Physical Society.


T2K Status and Future Prospects

Nuclear Physics B - Proceedings Supplements 217 (2011) 169-174

A Vacheret

The goal of the Tokai-to-Kamioka (T2K) experiment is to search for the neutrino oscillation parameter θ13 and determine precisely the value of θ23 and Δmθ23 2. In this proceeding we describe the T2K baseline and detector systems. We report the performance and stability of the different component during the first run covering the period from January to June 2010. Next year expectation for θ13 sensitivity is also presented. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.


Indication of electron neutrino appearance from an accelerator-produced off-axis muon neutrino beam

Physical Review Letters 107 (2011)

K Abe, N Abgrall, Y Ajima, H Aihara, JB Albert, C Andreopoulos, B Andrieu, S Aoki, O Araoka, J Argyriades, A Ariga, T Ariga, S Assylbekov, D Autiero, A Badertscher, M Barbi, GJ Barker, G Barr, M Bass, F Bay, S Bentham, V Berardi, BE Berger, I Bertram, M Besnier, J Beucher, D Beznosko, S Bhadra, FDMM Blaszczyk, A Blondel, C Bojechko, J Bouchez, SB Boyd, A Bravar, C Bronner, DG Brook-Roberge, N Buchanan, H Budd, D Calvet, SL Cartwright, A Carver, R Castillo, MG Catanesi, A Cazes, A Cervera, C Chavez, S Choi, G Christodoulou, J Coleman, W Coleman, G Collazuol, K Connolly, A Curioni, A Dabrowska, I Danko, R Das, GS Davies, S Davis, M Day, G De Rosa, JPAM De André, P De Perio, A Delbart, C Densham, F Di Lodovico, S Di Luise, P Dinh Tran, J Dobson, U Dore, O Drapier, F Dufour, J Dumarchez, S Dytman, M Dziewiecki, M Dziomba, S Emery, A Ereditato, L Escudero, LS Esposito, M Fechner, A Ferrero, AJ Finch, E Frank, Y Fujii, Y Fukuda, V Galymov, FC Gannaway, A Gaudin, A Gendotti, MA George, S Giffin, C Giganti, K Gilje, T Golan, M Goldhaber, JJ Gomez-Cadenas, M Gonin, N Grant

The T2K experiment observes indications of νμ→ν e appearance in data accumulated with 1.43×1020 protons on target. Six events pass all selection criteria at the far detector. In a three-flavor neutrino oscillation scenario with |Δm232|=2.4×10⊃- 3eV2, ⊃sin⊃ 22θ23=1 and ⊃sin⊃ 22θ13=0, the expected number of such events is 1.5±0.3(syst). Under this hypothesis, the probability to observe six or more candidate events is 7×10⊃-3, equivalent to 2.5σ significance. At 90% C.L., the data are consistent with 0.03(0.04) <⊃sin⊃ 22θ13<0.28(0.34) for δCP= 0 and a normal (inverted) hierarchy.


Measurement of the neutrino mass splitting and flavor mixing by minos

Physical Review Letters 106 (2011)

P Adamson, C Andreopoulos, R Armstrong, DJ Auty, DS Ayres, C Backhouse, G Barr, M Bishai, A Blake, GJ Bock, DJ Boehnlein, D Bogert, S Cavanaugh, D Cherdack, S Childress, BC Choudhary, JAB Coelho, SJ Coleman, L Corwin, D Cronin-Hennessy, IZ Danko, JK De Jong, NE Devenish, MV Diwan, M Dorman, CO Escobar, JJ Evans, E Falk, GJ Feldman, MV Frohne, HR Gallagher, RA Gomes, MC Goodman, P Gouffon, N Graf, R Gran, N Grant, K Grzelak, A Habig, D Harris, J Hartnell, R Hatcher, A Himmel, A Holin, X Huang, J Hylen, J Ilic, GM Irwin, Z Isvan, DE Jaffe, C James, D Jensen, T Kafka, SMS Kasahara, G Koizumi, S Kopp, M Kordosky, A Kreymer, K Lang, G Lefeuvre, J Ling, PJ Litchfield, RP Litchfield, L Loiacono, P Lucas, WA Mann, ML Marshak, N Mayer, AM McGowan, R Mehdiyev, JR Meier, MD Messier, DG Michael, WH Miller, SR Mishra, J Mitchell, CD Moore, J Morfín, L Mualem, S Mufson, J Musser, D Naples, JK Nelson, HB Newman, RJ Nichol, JA Nowak, WP Oliver, M Orchanian, R Ospanov, J Paley, RB Patterson, G Pawloski, GF Pearce, DA Petyt, S Phan-Budd, RK Plunkett

Measurements of neutrino oscillations using the disappearance of muon neutrinos from the Fermilab NuMI neutrino beam as observed by the two MINOS detectors are reported. New analysis methods have been applied to an enlarged data sample from an exposure of 7.25×1020 protons on target. A fit to neutrino oscillations yields values of |Δm2|=(2.32-0.08+0.12) ×10-3eV2 for the atmospheric mass splitting and sin(2θ)>0.90 (90% C.L.) for the mixing angle. Pure neutrino decay and quantum decoherence hypotheses are excluded at 7 and 9 standard deviations, respectively. © 2011 American Physical Society.


Characterization and simulation of the response of Multi-Pixel Photon Counters to low light levels

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment 656 (2011) 69-83

A Vacheret, GJ Barker, M Dziewiecki, P Guzowski, MD Haigh, B Hartfiel, A Izmaylov, W Johnston, M Khabibullin, A Khotjantsev, Y Kudenko, R Kurjata, T Kutter, T Lindner, P Masliah, J Marzec, O Mineev, Y Musienko, S Oser, F Retière, RO Salih, A Shaikhiev, LF Thompson, MA Ward, RJ Wilson, N Yershov, K Zaremba, M Ziembicki

The calorimeter, range detector and active target elements of the T2K near detectors rely on the Hamamatsu Photonics Multi-Pixel Photon Counters (MPPCs) to detect scintillation light produced by charged particles. Detailed measurements of the MPPC gain, afterpulsing, crosstalk, dark noise, and photon detection efficiency for low light levels are reported. In order to account for the impact of the MPPC behavior on T2K physics observables, a simulation program has been developed based on these measurements. The simulation is used to predict the energy resolution of the detector. Copyright © 2011 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.