Publications associated with Quantum Magnetism and Quantum Phase Transitions

Temperature Dependence of the Magnetic Susceptibility for Triangular-Lattice Antiferromagnets with spatially anisotropic exchange constants

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W Zheng, RRP Singh, RH McKenzie, R Coldea

We present the temperature dependence of the uniform susceptibility of spin-half quantum antiferromagnets on spatially anisotropic triangular-lattices, using high temperature series expansions. We consider a model with two exchange constants, $J_1$ and $J_2$ on a lattice that interpolates between the limits of a square-lattice ($J_1=0$), a triangular-lattice ($J_2=J_1$), and decoupled linear chains ($J_2=0$). In all cases, the susceptibility which has a Curie-Weiss behavior at high temperatures, rolls over and begins to decrease below a peak temperature, $T_p$. Scaling the exchange constants to get the same peak temperature, shows that the susceptibilities for the square-lattice and linear chain limits have similar magnitudes near the peak. Maximum deviation arises near the triangular-lattice limit, where frustration leads to much smaller susceptibility and with a flatter temperature dependence. We compare our results to the inorganic materials Cs$_2$CuCl$_4$ and Cs$_2$CuBr$_4$ and to a number of organic molecular crystals. We find that the former (Cs$_2$CuCl$_4$ and Cs$_2$CuBr$_4$) are weakly frustrated and their exchange parameters determined through the temperature dependence of the susceptibility are in agreement with neutron-scattering measurements. In contrast, the organic materials are strongly frustrated with exchange parameters near the isotropic triangular-lattice limit.

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