Publications associated with High Energy Density Physics and Inertial Fusion Energy

Towards laboratory produced relativistic electron-positron pair plasmas

High Energy Density Physics 7 (2011) 225-229

H Chen, DD Meyerhofer, SC Wilks, R Cauble, F Dollar, K Falk, G Gregori, A Hazi, EI Moses, CD Murphy, J Myatt, J Park, J Seely, R Shepherd, A Spitkovsky, C Stoeckl, CI Szabo, R Tommasini, C Zulick, P Beiersdorfer

We review recent experimental results on the path to producing electron-positron pair plasmas using lasers. Relativistic pair-plasmas and jets are believed to exist in many astrophysical objects and are often invoked to explain energetic phenomena related to Gamma Ray Bursts and Black Holes. On earth, positrons from radioactive isotopes or accelerators are used extensively at low energies (sub-MeV) in areas related to surface science positron emission tomography and basic antimatter science. Experimental platforms capable of producing the high-temperature pair-plasma and high-flux jets required to simulate astrophysical positron conditions have so far been absent. In the past few years, we performed extensive experiments generating positrons with intense lasers where we found that relativistic electron and positron jets are produced by irradiating a solid gold target with an intense picosecond laser pulse. The positron temperatures in directions parallel and transverse to the beam both exceeded 0.5 MeV, and the density of electrons and positrons in these jets are of order 10 16  cm -3 and 10 13  cm -3 , respectively. With the increasing performance of high-energy ultra-short laser pulses, we expect that a high-density, up to 10 18  cm -3 , relativistic pair-plasma is achievable, a novel regime of laboratory-produced hot dense matter. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

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