A gamma-ray burst detected by NASAʼs Swift satellite may be the most distant object known in the Universe. The burst marked the explosion of a massive young star at a time when the Universe was only about half a billion years old (compared to its present age of 13.7 billion years). The discovery paper was led by Antonino Cucchiara (formerly Penn State, now at UC Berkeley) and is presented in the Astrophysical Journal by an international team of astronomers, including Oxford astronomers Philipp Podsiadlowski and Christian Wolf.
The 2nd Fast Imaging Sensors Workshop was held at the Jesus College Conference Centre on 5 May 2011, organised by Andrei Nomerotski (Oxford Physics), Mark Brouard and Claire Vallance (Oxford Chemistry), and Renato Turchetta (Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, RAL). The aim of the workshop was to review progress in the field of fast two-dimensional detectors, as well as to discuss their current and potential future applications.
Oxford Photovoltaics, a company recently spun out from the University of Oxford by Isis Innovation Ltd., has developed new solar cell technology that is manufactured from cheap, abundant, non-toxic and non-corrosive materials and can be scaled to any volume.
Oxford researchers Peter Babkevich, D. Prabhakaran and Andrew Boothroyd, together with Paul Freeman from Berlin, have uncovered new evidence that dynamic stripe fluctuations play an important role in the copper oxide high temperature superconductors. Their results, which appeared in Nature magazine on 17 March, will assist the search for a mechanism of high temperature superconductivity.